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  • France
    Friday May 10, 1940

    Adolf Hitler

    Germany attacked France

    France
    Friday May 10, 1940

    In May 1940, Germany attacked France. and conquered Luxembourg, the Netherlands, and Belgium.




  • France, Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg
    Friday May 10, 1940

    World War II

    Fall of France

    France, Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg
    Friday May 10, 1940

    Germany launched an offensive against France. To circumvent the strong Maginot Line fortifications on the Franco-German border, Germany directed its attack at the neutral nations of Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg.




  • France
    Sunday May 12, 1940

    Charles de Gaulle

    De Gaulle activated his new division

    France
    Sunday May 12, 1940

    De Gaulle activated his new division on 12 May. which gave him command of the 4th Armoured Division.




  • France
    Wednesday May 15, 1940

    Charles de Gaulle

    De Gaulle was given command of the 4th Armoured Division

    France
    Wednesday May 15, 1940

    In late-March de Gaulle was told by Reynaud that he would be given command of the 4th Armoured Division, due to form by 15 May.




  • France
    Wednesday May 15, 1940

    Charles de Gaulle

    The Germans broke through at Sedan

    France
    Wednesday May 15, 1940

    The Germans broke through at Sedan on 15 May 1940.




  • France
    Saturday May 18, 1940

    Charles de Gaulle

    De Gaulle was reinforced by two fresh regiments

    France
    Saturday May 18, 1940

    On 18 May he was reinforced by two fresh regiments of armored cavalry, bringing his strength up to 150 vehicles.




  • Montcornet, France
    Sunday May 19, 1940

    Charles de Gaulle

    De Gaulle attacked again and his forces were once again devastated

    Montcornet, France
    Sunday May 19, 1940

    Charles attacked again on 19 May and his forces were once again devastated by German Stukas and artillery. He ignored orders from General Georges to withdraw, and in the early afternoon demanded two more divisions from Touchon, who refused his request.


  • Montcornet, France
    Monday May 20, 1940

    Charles de Gaulle

    De Gaulle delayed his retreat

    Montcornet, France
    Monday May 20, 1940

    Charles delayed his retreat until 20 May.


  • Montcornet, France
    Tuesday May 21, 1940

    Charles de Gaulle

    De Gaulle gave a talk on French radio

    Montcornet, France
    Tuesday May 21, 1940

    On 21 May, at the request of propaganda officers, he gave a talk on French radio about his recent attack.


  • France
    Thursday May 23, 1940

    Charles de Gaulle

    De Gaulle was promoted to the rank of temporary

    France
    Thursday May 23, 1940

    In recognition of his efforts de Gaulle was promoted to the rank of temporary (acting, in Anglophone parlance) brigadier-general on 23 May 1940.


  • France
    Saturday Jun 1, 1940

    Charles de Gaulle

    De Gaulle's rank of brigadier-general

    France
    Saturday Jun 1, 1940

    De Gaulle's rank of brigadier-general became effective on 1 June 1940.UTC (GMT -00:00)


  • Paris, France
    Sunday Jun 2, 1940

    Charles de Gaulle

    De Gaulle sent a memo to Weygand

    Paris, France
    Sunday Jun 2, 1940

    On 2 June he sent a memo to Weygand vainly urging that the French armored divisions be consolidated from four weak divisions into three stronger ones and concentrated into an armored corps under his command. He made the same suggestion to Reynaud.


  • Dunkirk, France
    Tuesday Jun 4, 1940

    Winston Churchill

    Operation Dynamo

    Dunkirk, France
    Tuesday Jun 4, 1940

    Operation Dynamo, the evacuation of 338,226 Allied servicemen from Dunkirk, ended on Tuesday, 4 June when the French rearguard surrendered. The total was far in excess of expectations and it gave rise to a popular view that Dunkirk had been a miracle, and even a victory. Churchill himself referred to "a miracle of deliverance" in his "we shall fight on the beaches" speech to the Commons that afternoon, though he shortly reminded everyone that: "We must be very careful not to assign to this deliverance the attributes of a victory. Wars are not won by evacuations". The speech ended on a note of defiance coupled with a clear appeal to the United States: We shall go on to the end. We shall fight in France, we shall fight on the seas and oceans, we shall fight with growing confidence and growing strength in the air. We shall defend our Island, whatever the cost may be. We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills. We shall never surrender, and even if, which I do not for a moment believe, this Island or a large part of it were subjugated and starving, then our Empire beyond the seas, armed and guarded by the British Fleet, would carry on the struggle, until, in God's good time, the New World, with all its power and might, steps forth to the rescue and the liberation of the old.


  • France
    Saturday Jun 8, 1940

    Charles de Gaulle

    De Gaulle suggested fighting on

    France
    Saturday Jun 8, 1940

    On 8 June, de Gaulle visited Weygand, who believed it was "the end" and that after France was defeated Britain would also soon sue for peace. He hoped that after an armistice the Germans would allow him to retain enough of a French Army to "maintain order" in France. He gave a "despairing laugh" when de Gaulle suggested fighting on.


  • Italian-French Boarders
    Monday Jun 10, 1940

    World War II

    Battle of Alps

    Italian-French Boarders
    Monday Jun 10, 1940

    On 10 June, Italy invaded France, declaring war on both France and the United Kingdom. It was the first major engagement of the World War II.


  • France
    Tuesday Jun 11, 1940

    Charles de Gaulle

    De Gaulle offered General Hunziger as Commander-in-Chief

    France
    Tuesday Jun 11, 1940

    On 11 June, Charles de Gaulle drove to Arcis-Sur-Aube and offered General Hunziger (Commander of the Central Army Group) Weygand's job as Commander-in-Chief.


  • France
    Tuesday Jun 11, 1940

    Charles de Gaulle

    De Gaulle attended the meeting of the Anglo-French Supreme War Council at the Chateau

    France
    Tuesday Jun 11, 1940

    Later on, 11 June de Gaulle attended the meeting of the Anglo-French Supreme War Council at the Chateau du Muguet at Briare. The British were represented by Churchill, Anthony Eden, John Dill, General Ismay, and Edward Spears, and the French by Reynaud, Pétain, Weygand, and Georges.


  • France
    Thursday Jun 13, 1940

    Charles de Gaulle

    De Gaulle attended another Anglo-French

    France
    Thursday Jun 13, 1940

    On 13 June de Gaulle attended another Anglo-French conference at Tours with Churchill, Lord Halifax, Lord Beaverbrook, Spears, Ismay, and Alexander Cadogan. This time few other major French figures were present apart from Reynaud and Baudoin.


  • Bordeaux, France
    Friday Jun 14, 1940

    Charles de Gaulle

    De Gaulle arrived at Bordeaux

    Bordeaux, France
    Friday Jun 14, 1940

    De Gaulle arrived at Bordeaux on 14 June and was given a new mission to go to London to discuss the potential evacuation to North Africa.


  • Paris, France
    Friday Jun 14, 1940

    World War II

    Surrender of Paris

    Paris, France
    Friday Jun 14, 1940

    German soldiers marched past the Arch de Triomphe after the surrender of Paris.


  • Compiègne, France
    Friday Jun 21, 1940

    Charles de Gaulle

    Armistice was signed

    Compiègne, France
    Friday Jun 21, 1940

    The armistice of 22 June 1940 was signed.


  • Compiègne, France
    Saturday Jun 22, 1940

    Adolf Hitler

    France armistice

    Compiègne, France
    Saturday Jun 22, 1940

    France and Germany signed an armistice on 22 June.


  • Bordeaux, France
    Sunday Jun 23, 1940

    Charles de Gaulle

    The Bordeaux government declared that De Gaulle compulsorily retired from the French Army

    Bordeaux, France
    Sunday Jun 23, 1940

    The Bordeaux government declared him compulsorily retired from the French Army (with the rank of colonel) on 23 June 1940.


  • France
    Sunday Jun 30, 1940

    Charles de Gaulle

    Admiral Muselier joined the Free French

    France
    Sunday Jun 30, 1940

    On 30 June 1940 Admiral Muselier joined the Free French.


  • France
    Tuesday Jul 2, 1940

    Charles de Gaulle

    Prime Minister Pétain moved the government to Vichy

    France
    Tuesday Jul 2, 1940

    Prime Minister Pétain moved the government to Vichy (2 July) and had the National Assembly (10 July) vote to dissolve itself and give him dictatorial powers, making the beginning of his Révolution Nationale (National Revolution) intended to "reorient" French society. This was the dawn of the Vichy regime.


  • France
    Friday Aug 2, 1940

    Charles de Gaulle

    De Gaulle was condemned to death

    France
    Friday Aug 2, 1940

    The Vichy regime had already sentenced de Gaulle to four years' imprisonment; on 2 August 1940, he was condemned to death by court-martial in absentia, although Pétain commented that he would ensure that the sentence was never carried out.


  • Hendaye, France
    Wednesday Oct 23, 1940

    Francisco Franco

    Meeting with Hitler

    Hendaye, France
    Wednesday Oct 23, 1940

    On 23 October 1940, Hitler and Franco met in Hendaye in France to discuss the possibility of Spain's entry on the side of the Axis. Franco's demands, including supplies of food and fuel, as well as Spanish control of Gibraltar and French North Africa, proved too much for Hitler.


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