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  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    Friday Jan 8, 1943

    Nikola Tesla

    Death

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    Friday Jan 8, 1943

    On 7 January 1943, at the age of 86, Tesla died alone in Room 3327 of the New Yorker Hotel.




  • Burbank, California, U.S.
    Thursday Jan 14, 1943

    Ronald Reagan

    First Lieutenant

    Burbank, California, U.S.
    Thursday Jan 14, 1943

    On January 14, 1943, he was promoted to first lieutenant and was sent to the Provisional Task Force Show Unit of This Is the Army at Burbank, California.




  • Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands
    Thursday Jan 14, 1943

    World War II

    Operation Ke

    Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands
    Thursday Jan 14, 1943

    Guadalcanal soon became a focal point for both sides with heavy commitments of troops and ships in the battle for Guadalcanal. By the start of 1943, the Japanese were defeated on the island (Guadalcanal) and withdrew their troops. Operation Ke was a largely successful withdrawal of Japanese forces from Guadalcanal. The operation took place between 14 January and 7 February 1943. The withdrawal was carried out on the nights of 1, 4, and 7 February by destroyers. And on 9 February, Allied forces realized that the Japanese were gone and declared Guadalcanal secure, ending the six-month campaign for control of the island.




  • Casablanca, Morocco
    Thursday Jan 14, 1943

    World War II

    Casablanca Conference

    Casablanca, Morocco
    Thursday Jan 14, 1943

    At the Casablanca Conference in early 1943, the Allies reiterated the statements issued in the 1942 Declaration, and demanded the unconditional surrender of their enemies. The British and Americans agreed to continue to press the initiative in the Mediterranean by invading Sicily to fully secure the Mediterranean supply routes.




  • Kharkov, U.S.S.R. (Present Day Kharkiv, Ukraine)
    Friday Feb 19, 1943

    World War II

    Third Battle of Kharkov

    Kharkov, U.S.S.R. (Present Day Kharkiv, Ukraine)
    Friday Feb 19, 1943

    The Third Battle of Kharkov was a series of battles on the Eastern Front undertaken by the German Army Group South against the Red Army, between 19 February and 15 March 1943. The German counter strike led to the recapture of the cities of Kharkov and Belgorod.




  • Soviet Union
    Monday Feb 22, 1943

    Vasily Zaitsev

    Zaytsev was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union

    Soviet Union
    Monday Feb 22, 1943

    On 22 February 1943, Zaytsev was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union. He returned to the front and finished the war at the Battle of the Seelow Heights in Germany, with the military rank of captain. He became a member of the Communist Party in 1943.




  • China
    Saturday Mar 20, 1943

    Mao Zedong

    The Chairman of the Communist Party of China

    China
    Saturday Mar 20, 1943

    On 20 March 1943, Mao Zedong became the Chairman of the Communist Party of China, and to enhance the Red Army's military operations, Mao as the Chairman of the Communist Party of China, named his close associate General Zhu De to be its Commander-in-Chief.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Monday Apr 12, 1943

    Martin Bormann

    Hitler Officially appointed Bormann as Personal Secretary to The Führer

    Berlin, Germany
    Monday Apr 12, 1943

    Preoccupied with military matters and spending most of his time at his military headquarters on the eastern front, Hitler came to rely more and more on Bormann to handle the domestic policies of the country. On 12 April 1943, Hitler officially appointed Bormann as Personal Secretary to the Führer. By this time Bormann had de facto control over all domestic matters, and this new appointment gave him the power to act in an official capacity in any matter.


  • U.S.
    Tuesday Jun 1, 1943

    Frank Sinatra

    Sinatra signed with Columbia Records

    U.S.
    Tuesday Jun 1, 1943

    Sinatra signed with Columbia Records as a solo artist on June 1, 1943 during the 1942–44 musicians' strike.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Thursday Jul 1, 1943

    Martin Bormann

    Giving Adolf Eichmann absolute Powers Over Jews

    Berlin, Germany
    Thursday Jul 1, 1943

    A further decree, signed by Bormann on 1 July 1943, gave Adolf Eichmann absolute powers over Jews, who now came under the exclusive jurisdiction of the Gestapo.


  • New Caledonia
    Friday Jul 2, 1943

    Richard Nixon

    Marine Aircraft Group 25

    New Caledonia
    Friday Jul 2, 1943

    Seeking more excitement, he requested sea duty and on July 2, 1943 was assigned to Marine Aircraft Group 25 and the South Pacific Combat Air Transport Command (SCAT), supporting the logistics of operations in the South Pacific Theater.


  • Kursk, U.S.S.R.
    Monday Jul 5, 1943

    World War II

    Battle of Kursk

    Kursk, U.S.S.R.
    Monday Jul 5, 1943

    On 5 July 1943, Germany attacked Soviet forces around the Kursk Bulge. Within a week, German forces had exhausted themselves against the Soviets' deeply echeloned and well-constructed defenses, and for the first time in the war Hitler cancelled the operation before it had achieved tactical or operational success. The battle ended on 23 August 1943. Soviets regain territory along a 2,000 km (1,200 mi) wide front after the battle.


  • Sicily, Italy
    Saturday Jul 10, 1943

    World War II

    Operation Husky

    Sicily, Italy
    Saturday Jul 10, 1943

    The Allied invasion of Sicily, code named Operation Husky, the operation begun 9 July and ended 17 August 1943.


  • Orel, U.S.S.R.
    Tuesday Jul 13, 1943

    World War II

    Operation Kutuzov

    Orel, U.S.S.R.
    Tuesday Jul 13, 1943

    Operation Kutuzov was the first of the two counteroffensives launched by the Red Army as part of the Kursk Strategic Offensive Operation. It commenced on 12 July 1943, in the Central Russian Upland, against Army Group Center of the German Wehrmacht. The Operation began on 12 July and ended on 18 August 1943 with the capture of Orel and collapse of the Orel bulge.


  • Älmhult, Sweden
    Wednesday Jul 28, 1943

    IKEA

    Founding

    Älmhult, Sweden
    Wednesday Jul 28, 1943

    Ingvar Kamprad founded IKEA in 1943 as a mostly mail-order sales business. It began to sell furniture five years later.


  • Smolensk, U.S.S.R.
    Sunday Aug 8, 1943

    World War II

    Battle of Smolensk (1943)

    Smolensk, U.S.S.R.
    Sunday Aug 8, 1943

    The Soviets captured Smolensk in the second battle of Smolensk, which begun on 7 August and ended on 2 October 1943.


  • Dnieper River, U.S.S.R.
    Friday Aug 27, 1943

    World War II

    Battle of the Dnieper

    Dnieper River, U.S.S.R.
    Friday Aug 27, 1943

    The Battle of the Dnieper (26 August – 23 December) was one of the largest operations in World War II, involving almost 4,000,000 troops at a time stretched on a 1,400 kilometres (870 mi) long front. Soviets reclaim left-bank Ukraine, including the city of Kiev and Donets basin.


  • Salerno, Calabria and Taranto, Italy
    Saturday Sep 4, 1943

    World War II

    Invasion of Italy

    Salerno, Calabria and Taranto, Italy
    Saturday Sep 4, 1943

    On 3 September 1943, the Western Allies invaded the Italian mainland. The invasion lasted to 17 September 1943.


  • Cassibile, Italy
    Saturday Sep 4, 1943

    World War II

    Italy surrendered

    Cassibile, Italy
    Saturday Sep 4, 1943

    The Armistice of Cassibile was an armistice signed on 3 September 1943 by Walter Bedell Smith and Giuseppe Castellano, and made public on 8 September, between the Kingdom of Italy and the Allies. The armistice was approved by both King Victor Emmanuel III and Italian Prime Minister Pietro Badoglio. The armistice stipulated the surrender of Italy to the Allies.


  • Italy, Balkans, Southern France
    Thursday Sep 9, 1943

    World War II

    One million soldier disarmed

    Italy, Balkans, Southern France
    Thursday Sep 9, 1943

    Operation Achse which lasted from 8 to 19 September, was the code name for the German operation supported by Italian fascists to forcibly disarm the Italian armed forces after Italy's armistice with the Allies on 3 September 1943. The Germans disarmed over a million Italian troops within a matter of days, annihilating the Italian military and state.


  • Tokyo, Japan
    Saturday Sep 11, 1943

    Hirohito

    The Emperor Response on The American advance Through The Solomon Islands

    Tokyo, Japan
    Saturday Sep 11, 1943

    On September 11 the Emperor ordered Sugiyama to work with the Navy to implement better military preparation and give adequate supply to soldiers fighting in Rabaul.


  • Hotel Campo Imperatore, Italy
    Monday Sep 13, 1943

    World War II

    Benito Mussolini rescued

    Hotel Campo Imperatore, Italy
    Monday Sep 13, 1943

    German special forces then rescued Mussolini, who then soon established a new client state in German-occupied Italy named the Italian Social Republic, causing an Italian civil war.


  • New Caledonia
    Friday Oct 1, 1943

    Richard Nixon

    Lieutenant

    New Caledonia
    Friday Oct 1, 1943

    On October 1, 1943, Nixon was promoted to lieutenant. Then Nixon commanded the SCAT forward detachments at Vella Lavella, Bougainville, and finally at Green Island (Nissan Island).


  • U.S.
    Sunday Oct 10, 1943

    John F. Kennedy

    Lieutenant junior grade

    U.S.
    Sunday Oct 10, 1943

    On October 10, he was promoted to lieutenant junior grade.


  • Changde, China
    Tuesday Nov 2, 1943

    World War II

    Awaiting Allied relief

    Changde, China
    Tuesday Nov 2, 1943

    From November 1943, during the seven-week Battle of Changde, the Chinese forced Japan to fight a costly war of attrition, while awaiting Allied relief. The Japanese capture the city, but later withdraw in January 1944.


  • Cairo, Egypt
    Monday Nov 22, 1943

    Korean War

    The Cairo Conference

    Cairo, Egypt
    Monday Nov 22, 1943

    At the Cairo Conference in November 1943, China, the United Kingdom and the United States all decided that "in due course Korea shall become free and independent".


  • Cairo, Egypt
    Tuesday Nov 23, 1943

    World War II

    Cairo Conference

    Cairo, Egypt
    Tuesday Nov 23, 1943

    In November 1943, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill met with Chiang Kai-shek in Cairo, from 22 to 26 November.


  • Tehran, Iran
    Saturday Nov 27, 1943

    Josip Broz Tito

    The Tehran Conference

    Tehran, Iran
    Saturday Nov 27, 1943

    After the Partisans managed to endure and avoid these intense Axis attacks between January and June 1943, and the extent of Chetnik collaboration became evident, Allied leaders switched their support from Draža Mihailović to Tito. King Peter II, American President Franklin Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill joined Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin in officially recognising Tito and the Partisans at the Tehran Conference.


  • Tehran, Iran
    Monday Nov 29, 1943

    World War II

    Tehran Conference

    Tehran, Iran
    Monday Nov 29, 1943

    The Tehran Conference was a strategy meeting of Joseph Stalin, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Winston Churchill from 28 November to 1 December 1943, after the Anglo-Soviet Invasion of Iran.


  • U.S.
    Saturday Dec 11, 1943

    Frank Sinatra

    Military Rejection

    U.S.
    Saturday Dec 11, 1943

    Sinatra did not serve in the military during World War II. On December 11, 1943, he was officially classified 4-F ("Registrant not acceptable for military service") by his draft board because of a perforated eardrum. However, U.S. Army files reported that Sinatra was "not acceptable material from a psychiatric viewpoint", but his emotional instability was hidden to avoid "undue unpleasantness for both the selectee and the induction service".


  • Borgo San Lorenzo, Tuscany, Italy
    Thursday Dec 30, 1943

    Fido (dog)

    Black Day

    Borgo San Lorenzo, Tuscany, Italy
    Thursday Dec 30, 1943

    This was during the Second World War, and on December 30, 1943, Borgo San Lorenzo was subjected to a violent allied bombardment: many factories were hit, and many workers, including Soriani, perished. That evening, Fido showed up as usual at the bus stop, but did not see his beloved master disembark.


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