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  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    Friday Jan 8, 1943
    Nikola Tesla

    Death

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    Friday Jan 8, 1943

    On 7 January 1943, at the age of 86, Tesla died alone in Room 3327 of the New Yorker Hotel.




  • Germany
    Wednesday Jan 13, 1943
    Joseph Goebbels

    Goebbels pressured Hitler to announce "total war"

    Germany
    Wednesday Jan 13, 1943

    Goebbels pressured Hitler to introduce measures that would produce "total war", including closing businesses not essential to the war effort, conscripting women into the labor force, and enlisting men in previously exempt occupations into the Wehrmacht.




  • Burbank, California, U.S.
    Thursday Jan 14, 1943
    Ronald Reagan

    First Lieutenant

    Burbank, California, U.S.
    Thursday Jan 14, 1943

    On January 14, 1943, he was promoted to first lieutenant and was sent to the Provisional Task Force Show Unit of This Is the Army at Burbank, California.




  • Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands
    Thursday Jan 14, 1943
    World War II

    Operation Ke

    Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands
    Thursday Jan 14, 1943

    Guadalcanal soon became a focal point for both sides with heavy commitments of troops and ships in the battle for Guadalcanal. By the start of 1943, the Japanese were defeated on the island (Guadalcanal) and withdrew their troops. Operation Ke was a largely successful withdrawal of Japanese forces from Guadalcanal. The operation took place between 14 January and 7 February 1943. The withdrawal was carried out on the nights of 1, 4, and 7 February by destroyers. And on 9 February, Allied forces realized that the Japanese were gone and declared Guadalcanal secure, ending the six-month campaign for control of the island.




  • Casablanca, Morocco
    Thursday Jan 14, 1943
    World War II

    Casablanca Conference

    Casablanca, Morocco
    Thursday Jan 14, 1943

    At the Casablanca Conference in early 1943, the Allies reiterated the statements issued in the 1942 Declaration, and demanded the unconditional surrender of their enemies. The British and Americans agreed to continue to press the initiative in the Mediterranean by invading Sicily to fully secure the Mediterranean supply routes.




  • Casablanca, Morocco
    Thursday Jan 14, 1943
    Winston Churchill

    Casablanca Conference

    Casablanca, Morocco
    Thursday Jan 14, 1943

    In January 1943, Churchill met Roosevelt at the Casablanca Conference (codename Symbol), which lasted ten days. It was also attended by General Charles de Gaulle on behalf of the Free French Forces. Stalin had hoped to attend but declined because of the situation at Stalingrad. Although Churchill expressed doubts on the matter, the so-called Casablanca Declaration committed the Allies to secure "unconditional surrender" by the Axis powers.




  • Germany
    Friday Jan 15, 1943
    Joseph Goebbels

    Goebbels appointed newly created Air Raid Damage committee

    Germany
    Friday Jan 15, 1943

    On 15 January 1943, Hitler appointed Goebbels as head of the newly created Air Raid Damage committee, which meant Goebbels was nominally in charge of nationwide civil air defenses and shelters as well as the assessment and repair of damaged buildings.


  • Germany
    Saturday Jan 30, 1943
    Joseph Goebbels

    Goebbels believed he had the support of the German people in his call for total war

    Germany
    Saturday Jan 30, 1943

    After receiving an enthusiastic response to his speech of 30 January 1943 on the topic, Goebbels believed he had the support of the German people in his call for total war.


  • Russia
    Tuesday Feb 2, 1943
    Joseph Goebbels

    The catastrophic defeat at the Battle of Stalingrad

    Russia
    Tuesday Feb 2, 1943

    The catastrophic defeat at the Battle of Stalingrad (February 1943) – was difficult matters to present to the German public, who were increasingly weary of the war and skeptical that it could be won.


  • United Kingdom
    Sunday Feb 7, 1943
    Winston Churchill

    Churchill arrived home

    United Kingdom
    Sunday Feb 7, 1943

    From Morocco, Churchill went to Cairo, Adana, Cyprus, Cairo again, and Algiers for various purposes. Churchill arrived home on 7 February having been out for the country for nearly a month.


  • Germany
    Thursday Feb 18, 1943
    Joseph Goebbels

    Goebbels's next speech was a passionate demand for his audience to commit to total war

    Germany
    Thursday Feb 18, 1943

    Goebbels's next speech, the Sportpalast speech of 18 February 1943, was a passionate demand for his audience to commit to total war, which he presented as the only way to stop the Bolshevik onslaught and save the German people from destruction. The speech also had a strong antisemitic element and hinted at the extermination of the Jewish people that was already underway.


  • Kharkov, U.S.S.R. (Present Day Kharkiv, Ukraine)
    Friday Feb 19, 1943
    World War II

    Third Battle of Kharkov

    Kharkov, U.S.S.R. (Present Day Kharkiv, Ukraine)
    Friday Feb 19, 1943

    The Third Battle of Kharkov was a series of battles on the Eastern Front undertaken by the German Army Group South against the Red Army, between 19 February and 15 March 1943. The German counter strike led to the recapture of the cities of Kharkov and Belgorod.


  • Soviet Union
    Monday Feb 22, 1943
    Vasily Zaitsev

    Zaytsev was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union

    Soviet Union
    Monday Feb 22, 1943

    On 22 February 1943, Zaytsev was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union. He returned to the front and finished the war at the Battle of the Seelow Heights in Germany, with the military rank of captain. He became a member of the Communist Party in 1943.


  • China
    Saturday Mar 20, 1943
    Mao Zedong

    The Chairman of the Communist Party of China

    China
    Saturday Mar 20, 1943

    On 20 March 1943, Mao Zedong became the Chairman of the Communist Party of China, and to enhance the Red Army's military operations, Mao as the Chairman of the Communist Party of China, named his close associate General Zhu De to be its Commander-in-Chief.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Thursday Apr 1, 1943
    Joseph Goebbels

    Goebbels was named Stadtpräsident of Berlin

    Berlin, Germany
    Thursday Apr 1, 1943

    On 1 April 1943, Goebbels was named Stadtpräsident of Berlin, thus uniting under his control the city's highest party and governmental offices.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Monday Apr 12, 1943
    Martin Bormann

    Hitler Officially appointed Bormann as Personal Secretary to The Führer

    Berlin, Germany
    Monday Apr 12, 1943

    Preoccupied with military matters and spending most of his time at his military headquarters on the eastern front, Hitler came to rely more and more on Bormann to handle the domestic policies of the country. On 12 April 1943, Hitler officially appointed Bormann as Personal Secretary to the Führer. By this time Bormann had de facto control over all domestic matters, and this new appointment gave him the power to act in an official capacity in any matter.


  • Scotland, United Kingdom
    Wednesday Apr 21, 1943
    Charles de Gaulle

    De Gaulle was scheduled to fly in a Wellington

    Scotland, United Kingdom
    Wednesday Apr 21, 1943

    On 21 April 1943, de Gaulle was scheduled to fly in a Wellington bomber to Scotland to inspect the Free French Navy.


  • U.S.
    Tuesday Jun 1, 1943
    Frank Sinatra

    Sinatra signed with Columbia Records

    U.S.
    Tuesday Jun 1, 1943

    Sinatra signed with Columbia Records as a solo artist on June 1, 1943 during the 1942–44 musicians' strike.


  • Algiers, Algeria
    Wednesday Jun 2, 1943
    Charles de Gaulle

    Churchill sent to Algiers to bring de Gaulle back to Britain

    Algiers, Algeria
    Wednesday Jun 2, 1943

    Churchill on 2 June he sent two passenger aircraft and his representative, Duff Cooper, to Algiers to bring de Gaulle back to Britain.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Thursday Jul 1, 1943
    Martin Bormann

    Giving Adolf Eichmann absolute Powers Over Jews

    Berlin, Germany
    Thursday Jul 1, 1943

    A further decree, signed by Bormann on 1 July 1943, gave Adolf Eichmann absolute powers over Jews, who now came under the exclusive jurisdiction of the Gestapo.


  • New Caledonia
    Friday Jul 2, 1943
    Richard Nixon

    Marine Aircraft Group 25

    New Caledonia
    Friday Jul 2, 1943

    Seeking more excitement, he requested sea duty and on July 2, 1943 was assigned to Marine Aircraft Group 25 and the South Pacific Combat Air Transport Command (SCAT), supporting the logistics of operations in the South Pacific Theater.


  • Kursk, U.S.S.R.
    Monday Jul 5, 1943
    World War II

    Battle of Kursk

    Kursk, U.S.S.R.
    Monday Jul 5, 1943

    On 5 July 1943, Germany attacked Soviet forces around the Kursk Bulge. Within a week, German forces had exhausted themselves against the Soviets' deeply echeloned and well-constructed defenses, and for the first time in the war Hitler cancelled the operation before it had achieved tactical or operational success. The battle ended on 23 August 1943. Soviets regain territory along a 2,000 km (1,200 mi) wide front after the battle.


  • Sicily, Italy
    Saturday Jul 10, 1943
    World War II

    Operation Husky

    Sicily, Italy
    Saturday Jul 10, 1943

    The Allied invasion of Sicily, code named Operation Husky, the operation begun 9 July and ended 17 August 1943.


  • Orel, U.S.S.R.
    Tuesday Jul 13, 1943
    World War II

    Operation Kutuzov

    Orel, U.S.S.R.
    Tuesday Jul 13, 1943

    Operation Kutuzov was the first of the two counteroffensives launched by the Red Army as part of the Kursk Strategic Offensive Operation. It commenced on 12 July 1943, in the Central Russian Upland, against Army Group Center of the German Wehrmacht. The Operation began on 12 July and ended on 18 August 1943 with the capture of Orel and collapse of the Orel bulge.


  • Älmhult, Sweden
    Wednesday Jul 28, 1943
    IKEA

    Founding

    Älmhult, Sweden
    Wednesday Jul 28, 1943

    Ingvar Kamprad founded IKEA in 1943 as a mostly mail-order sales business. It began to sell furniture five years later.


  • Smolensk, U.S.S.R.
    Sunday Aug 8, 1943
    World War II

    Battle of Smolensk (1943)

    Smolensk, U.S.S.R.
    Sunday Aug 8, 1943

    The Soviets captured Smolensk in the second battle of Smolensk, which begun on 7 August and ended on 2 October 1943.


  • Quebec City, Canada
    Tuesday Aug 17, 1943
    Winston Churchill

    First Quebec Conference

    Quebec City, Canada
    Tuesday Aug 17, 1943

    Churchill met Roosevelt again at the first Quebec Conference (codename Quadrant) in August.


  • Dnieper River, U.S.S.R.
    Friday Aug 27, 1943
    World War II

    Battle of the Dnieper

    Dnieper River, U.S.S.R.
    Friday Aug 27, 1943

    The Battle of the Dnieper (26 August – 23 December) was one of the largest operations in World War II, involving almost 4,000,000 troops at a time stretched on a 1,400 kilometres (870 mi) long front. Soviets reclaim left-bank Ukraine, including the city of Kiev and Donets basin.


  • Salerno, Calabria and Taranto, Italy
    Saturday Sep 4, 1943
    World War II

    Invasion of Italy

    Salerno, Calabria and Taranto, Italy
    Saturday Sep 4, 1943

    On 3 September 1943, the Western Allies invaded the Italian mainland. The invasion lasted to 17 September 1943.


  • Cassibile, Italy
    Saturday Sep 4, 1943
    World War II

    Italy surrendered

    Cassibile, Italy
    Saturday Sep 4, 1943

    The Armistice of Cassibile was an armistice signed on 3 September 1943 by Walter Bedell Smith and Giuseppe Castellano, and made public on 8 September, between the Kingdom of Italy and the Allies. The armistice was approved by both King Victor Emmanuel III and Italian Prime Minister Pietro Badoglio. The armistice stipulated the surrender of Italy to the Allies.


  • Italy, Balkans, Southern France
    Thursday Sep 9, 1943
    World War II

    One million soldier disarmed

    Italy, Balkans, Southern France
    Thursday Sep 9, 1943

    Operation Achse which lasted from 8 to 19 September, was the code name for the German operation supported by Italian fascists to forcibly disarm the Italian armed forces after Italy's armistice with the Allies on 3 September 1943. The Germans disarmed over a million Italian troops within a matter of days, annihilating the Italian military and state.


  • Tokyo, Japan
    Saturday Sep 11, 1943
    Hirohito

    The Emperor response on the American advance through the Solomon Islands

    Tokyo, Japan
    Saturday Sep 11, 1943

    On September 11 the Emperor ordered Sugiyama to work with the Navy to implement better military preparation and give adequate supply to soldiers fighting in Rabaul.


  • Hotel Campo Imperatore, Italy
    Monday Sep 13, 1943
    World War II

    Benito Mussolini rescued

    Hotel Campo Imperatore, Italy
    Monday Sep 13, 1943

    German special forces then rescued Mussolini, who then soon established a new client state in German-occupied Italy named the Italian Social Republic, causing an Italian civil war.


  • New Caledonia
    Friday Oct 1, 1943
    Richard Nixon

    Lieutenant

    New Caledonia
    Friday Oct 1, 1943

    On October 1, 1943, Nixon was promoted to lieutenant. Then Nixon commanded the SCAT forward detachments at Vella Lavella, Bougainville, and finally at Green Island (Nissan Island).


  • U.S.
    Sunday Oct 10, 1943
    John F. Kennedy

    Lieutenant junior grade

    U.S.
    Sunday Oct 10, 1943

    On October 10, he was promoted to lieutenant junior grade.


  • Changde, China
    Tuesday Nov 2, 1943
    World War II

    Awaiting Allied relief

    Changde, China
    Tuesday Nov 2, 1943

    From November 1943, during the seven-week Battle of Changde, the Chinese forced Japan to fight a costly war of attrition, while awaiting Allied relief. The Japanese capture the city, but later withdraw in January 1944.


  • Cairo, Egypt
    Monday Nov 22, 1943
    Korean War

    The Cairo Conference

    Cairo, Egypt
    Monday Nov 22, 1943

    At the Cairo Conference in November 1943, China, the United Kingdom and the United States all decided that "in due course Korea shall become free and independent".


  • Cairo, Egypt
    Monday Nov 22, 1943
    Winston Churchill

    Cairo Conference

    Cairo, Egypt
    Monday Nov 22, 1943

    In November, Churchill and Roosevelt met Chinese Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek at the Cairo Conference (Codename Sextant).


  • Cairo, Egypt
    Tuesday Nov 23, 1943
    World War II

    Cairo Conference

    Cairo, Egypt
    Tuesday Nov 23, 1943

    In November 1943, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill met with Chiang Kai-shek in Cairo, from 22 to 26 November.


  • Tehran, Iran
    Saturday Nov 27, 1943
    Josip Broz Tito

    The Tehran Conference

    Tehran, Iran
    Saturday Nov 27, 1943

    After the Partisans managed to endure and avoid these intense Axis attacks between January and June 1943, and the extent of Chetnik collaboration became evident, Allied leaders switched their support from Draža Mihailović to Tito. King Peter II, American President Franklin Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill joined Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin in officially recognising Tito and the Partisans at the Tehran Conference.


  • Tehran, Iran
    Sunday Nov 28, 1943
    Winston Churchill

    Tehran Conference

    Tehran, Iran
    Sunday Nov 28, 1943

    The most important conference of the year was soon afterward (28 November to 1 December) at Tehran (codenamed Eureka), where Churchill and Roosevelt met Stalin in the first of the "Big Three" meetings.


  • Tehran, Iran
    Monday Nov 29, 1943
    World War II

    Tehran Conference

    Tehran, Iran
    Monday Nov 29, 1943

    The Tehran Conference was a strategy meeting of Joseph Stalin, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Winston Churchill from 28 November to 1 December 1943, after the Anglo-Soviet Invasion of Iran.


  • Cairo, Egypt
    Saturday Dec 4, 1943
    Winston Churchill

    Second Cairo Conference

    Cairo, Egypt
    Saturday Dec 4, 1943

    Churchill and Roosevelt held a second Cairo conference with Turkish president Ismet Inönü, but were unable to gain any commitment from Turkey to join the Allies.


  • Tunis
    Friday Dec 10, 1943
    Winston Churchill

    Churchill went from Cairo to Tunis

    Tunis
    Friday Dec 10, 1943

    Churchill went from Cairo to Tunis, arriving on 10 December, initially as Eisenhower's guest (soon afterward, Eisenhower took over as Supreme Allied Commander of the new SHAEF just being created in London). While Churchill was in Tunis, he became seriously ill with atrial fibrillation and was forced to remain until after Christmas while a succession of specialists was drafted in to ensure his recovery. Clementine and Colville arrived to keep him company; Colville had just returned to Downing Street after more than two years in the RAF.


  • U.S.
    Saturday Dec 11, 1943
    Frank Sinatra

    Military Rejection

    U.S.
    Saturday Dec 11, 1943

    Sinatra did not serve in the military during World War II. On December 11, 1943, he was officially classified 4-F ("Registrant not acceptable for military service") by his draft board because of a perforated eardrum. However, U.S. Army files reported that Sinatra was "not acceptable material from a psychiatric viewpoint", but his emotional instability was hidden to avoid "undue unpleasantness for both the selectee and the induction service".


  • Borgo San Lorenzo, Tuscany, Italy
    Thursday Dec 30, 1943
    Fido (dog)

    Black Day

    Borgo San Lorenzo, Tuscany, Italy
    Thursday Dec 30, 1943

    This was during the Second World War, and on December 30, 1943, Borgo San Lorenzo was subjected to a violent allied bombardment: many factories were hit, and many workers, including Soriani, perished. That evening, Fido showed up as usual at the bus stop, but did not see his beloved master disembark.


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