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  • Leningrad, Novgorod and Narva, U.S.S.R.
    Friday Jan 14, 1944

    World War II

    Leningrad–Novgorod Offensive

    Leningrad, Novgorod and Narva, U.S.S.R.
    Friday Jan 14, 1944

    The Leningrad–Novgorod strategic offensive was launched by the Red Army on January 14, 1944. The strategic offensive ended a month later on 1 March, when Stavka ordered the troops of the Leningrad Front to a follow-on operation across the Narva River.




  • Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
    Saturday Jan 15, 1944

    Igor Stravinsky

    Stravinsky's incident with the Boston Police

    Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
    Saturday Jan 15, 1944

    Stravinsky's unconventional dominant seventh chord in his arrangement of the "Star-Spangled Banner" led to an incident with the Boston police on 15 January 1944, and he was warned that the authorities could impose a $100 fine upon any "re-arrangement of the national anthem in whole or in part". The police, as it turned out, were wrong. The law in question merely forbade using the national anthem "as dance music, as an exit march, or as a part of a medley of any kind", but the incident soon established itself as a myth, in which Stravinsky was supposedly arrested, held in custody for several nights, and photographed for police records.




  • Monte Cassino, Italy
    Monday Jan 17, 1944

    World War II

    Battle of Monte Cassino

    Monte Cassino, Italy
    Monday Jan 17, 1944

    The Allies launched series of successful attacks against Axis forces in Winter Line, the attacks lasted from 17 January until 18 May 1944. The intention was a breakthrough to Rome.




  • Anzio and Nettuno, Italy
    Saturday Jan 22, 1944

    World War II

    Battle of Anzio

    Anzio and Nettuno, Italy
    Saturday Jan 22, 1944

    The Battle of Anzio was a battle of the Italian Campaign of World War II that took place from 22 January 1944 to 5 June 1944 (ending with the capture of Rome). The operation was opposed by German forces in the area of Anzio and Nettuno.




  • Leningrad, U.S.S.R. (Present Day Saint Petersburg, Russia)
    Thursday Jan 27, 1944

    World War II

    Siege of Leningrad ended

    Leningrad, U.S.S.R. (Present Day Saint Petersburg, Russia)
    Thursday Jan 27, 1944

    On 27 January 1944, Soviet troops launched a major offensive that expelled German forces from the Leningrad region, thereby ending the most lethal siege in history. The siege began on the 8 September 1941, when the Wehrmacht severed the last road to the city. Although Soviet forces managed to open a narrow land corridor to the city on 18 January 1943, the Red Army did not lift the siege until 27 January 1944, 872 days after it began.




  • Brazzaville, Congo
    Sunday Jan 30, 1944

    Charles de Gaulle

    De Gaulle's speech at the opening of the Brazzaville Conference

    Brazzaville, Congo
    Sunday Jan 30, 1944

    General de Gaulle giving a speech at the opening of the Brazzaville Conference on 30 January 1944.




  • Narva, Estonia
    Wednesday Feb 2, 1944

    World War II

    Battle of Narva

    Narva, Estonia
    Wednesday Feb 2, 1944

    The Battle of Narva was a military campaign between the German Army Detachment "Narwa" and the Soviet Leningrad Front fought for possession of the strategically important Narva Isthmus on 2 February – 10 August 1944. As a result of the tough defense of the German forces the Soviet war effort in the Baltic Sea region was hampered for seven and a half months.


  • Bletchley Park, Sherwood Dr, Bletchley, Milton Keynes, England
    Saturday Feb 5, 1944

    Computer

    Colossus's First Attack

    Bletchley Park, Sherwood Dr, Bletchley, Milton Keynes, England
    Saturday Feb 5, 1944

    The Colossus attacked its first message on 5 February 1944.


  • Truk, Caroline Islands
    Thursday Feb 17, 1944

    World War II

    Operation Hailstone

    Truk, Caroline Islands
    Thursday Feb 17, 1944

    Operation Hailstone took place 17 to 18 February 1944, was a massive United States Navy air and surface attack on Truk Lagoon conducted as part of the American offensive drive against the Imperial Japanese Navy. As a result, Japanese reinforcement of Eniwetok garrison prevented.


  • Karkow, Poland
    Tuesday Feb 29, 1944

    Pope John Paul II

    Hit a German Trunk

    Karkow, Poland
    Tuesday Feb 29, 1944

    On 29 February 1944, Wojtyła was hit by a German truck. German Wehrmacht officers tended to him and sent him to a hospital. He spent two weeks there recovering from a severe concussionand a shoulder injury.


  • Algeria
    Tuesday Mar 7, 1944

    Algerian War

    Equality of rights was proclaimed

    Algeria
    Tuesday Mar 7, 1944

    After World War II, equality of rights was proclaimed by the Ordonnance of March 7, 1944.


  • Crimea, U.S.S.R.
    Saturday Apr 8, 1944

    World War II

    Crimean Offensive

    Crimea, U.S.S.R.
    Saturday Apr 8, 1944

    By May 1944, the Soviets had liberated Crimea. The Crimean Offensive was led by the Red Army on Crimea, the Offensive begun on 8 April 1944, and ended with the evacuation of the Crimea by the Germans.


  • Ukraine, Romania, Eastern Poland, Moldavia and Carpathian Mountains
    Monday Apr 17, 1944

    World War II

    Dnieper–Carpathian Offensive ended

    Ukraine, Romania, Eastern Poland, Moldavia and Carpathian Mountains
    Monday Apr 17, 1944

    The German forces had lost from Soviets in Dnieper–Carpathian Offensive, which fought from 24 December 1943 to 17 April 1944.


  • Burbank, California, U.S.
    Wednesday Apr 19, 1944

    The Wright brothers

    A Long Flight

    Burbank, California, U.S.
    Wednesday Apr 19, 1944

    On April 19, 1944, the second production Lockheed Constellation, piloted by Howard Hughes and TWA president Jack Frye, flew from Burbank, California, to Washington, D.C. in 6 hours and 57 minutes (2300 mi – 330.9 mph).


  • Henan, China - Hunan, China - Guangxi, China
    Wednesday Apr 19, 1944

    Second Sino-Japanese War

    Operation Ichi-Go

    Henan, China - Hunan, China - Guangxi, China
    Wednesday Apr 19, 1944

    In 1944, with the Japanese position in the Pacific deteriorating rapidly, the IJA mobilized over 500,000 men and launched Operation Ichi-Go, their largest offensive of World War II, to attack the American airbases in China and link up the railway between Manchuria and Vietnam. This brought major cities in Hunan, Henan and Guangxi under Japanese occupation.


  • Washington D.C., U.S.
    Friday Apr 21, 1944

    Bretton Woods Conference

    International Monetary Fund

    Washington D.C., U.S.
    Friday Apr 21, 1944

    Early in the Second World War, John Maynard Keynes of the British Treasury and Harry Dexter White of the United States Treasury Department independently began to develop ideas about the financial order of the postwar world. After negotiation between officials of the United States and United Kingdom, and consultation with some other Allies, a "Joint Statement by Experts on the Establishment of an International Monetary Fund," was published simultaneously in a number of Allied countries on April 21, 1944.


  • Territory of New Guinea and Netherlands New Guinea
    Saturday Apr 22, 1944

    World War II

    Western New Guinea Campaign

    Territory of New Guinea and Netherlands New Guinea
    Saturday Apr 22, 1944

    In April, the Allies launched an operation to retake Western New Guinea. The Western New Guinea campaign was a series of actions in the New Guinea campaign, the campaign begun on 22 April 1944. Fighting in western New Guinea continued until the end of the war.


  • India
    Friday May 5, 1944

    Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi

    Gandhi's release

    India
    Friday May 5, 1944

    Gandhi was released before the end of the war on 6 May 1944 because of his failing health and necessary surgery; the Raj did not want him to die in prison and enrage the nation. He came out of detention to an altered political scene – the Muslim League for example, which a few years earlier had appeared marginal, "now occupied the centre of the political stage".


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina (Yugoslavia)
    Thursday May 25, 1944

    Josip Broz Tito

    Operation Rösselsprung

    Bosnia and Herzegovina (Yugoslavia)
    Thursday May 25, 1944

    On 25 May 1944, he managed to evade the Germans after the Raid on Drvar (Operation Rösselsprung), an airborne assault outside his Drvar headquarters in Bosnia.


  • Washington D.C., U.S.
    Thursday May 25, 1944

    Bretton Woods Conference

    The U.S. government invited the Allied countries to send representatives to an international monetary conference

    Washington D.C., U.S.
    Thursday May 25, 1944

    On May 25, 1944, the U.S. government invited the Allied countries to send representatives to an international monetary conference, "for the purpose of formulating definite proposals for an International Monetary Fund and possibly a Bank for Reconstruction and Development".


  • Rome, Italy
    Sunday Jun 4, 1944

    World War II

    Rome was captured

    Rome, Italy
    Sunday Jun 4, 1944

    The Allied offensives in Italy had succeeded and, at the expense of allowing several German divisions to retreat, on 4 June Rome was captured.


  • Northern France, France
    Tuesday Jun 6, 1944

    Adolf Hitler

    Battle of Normandy

    Northern France, France
    Tuesday Jun 6, 1944

    On 6 June 1944, the Western Allied armies landed in northern France in one of the largest amphibious operations in history, Operation Overlord. Battle of Normandy


  • Normandy, U.S.
    Tuesday Jun 6, 1944

    Dwight D. Eisenhower

    The D-Day

    Normandy, U.S.
    Tuesday Jun 6, 1944

    The D-Day Normandy landings on June 6, 1944, were costly but successful.


  • Normandy, France
    Tuesday Jun 6, 1944

    Winston Churchill

    D-Day

    Normandy, France
    Tuesday Jun 6, 1944

    Churchill was determined to be actively involved in the Normandy invasion and hoped to cross the Channel on D-Day itself (6 June 1944) or at least on D-Day+1. His desire caused unnecessary consternation at SHAEF until he was effectively vetoed by the King who told Churchill that, as head of all three services, he (the King) ought to go too. Churchill expected an Allied death toll of 20,000 on D-Day but he was proven to be pessimistic because less than 8,000 died in the whole of June.


  • Eastern Romania
    Tuesday Jun 6, 1944

    World War II

    First Jassy–Kishinev offensive failed

    Eastern Romania
    Tuesday Jun 6, 1944

    Soviets made incursions into Romania, which was repulsed by Axis forces. The military engagements of first Jassy–Kishinev offensive occurred between 8 April and 6 June 1944.


  • Normandy, France
    Wednesday Jun 7, 1944

    World War II

    D-Day

    Normandy, France
    Wednesday Jun 7, 1944

    The Allied forces landed on Normandy beaches, establishing five beachheads in Normandy. It was the largest seaborne invasion in history. The operation began the liberation of German-occupied France (and later western Europe) and laid the foundations of the Allied victory on the Western Front.


  • Normandy, France
    Monday Jun 12, 1944

    Winston Churchill

    Churchill made his first visit to Normandy

    Normandy, France
    Monday Jun 12, 1944

    Churchill made his first visit to Normandy on 12 June to visit Montgomery, whose HQ was then about five miles inland.


  • France
    Wednesday Jun 14, 1944

    Charles de Gaulle

    De Gaulle left Britain for France

    France
    Wednesday Jun 14, 1944

    On 14 June 1944, Charles left Britain for France for what was supposed to be a one-day trip. Despite an agreement that he would take only two staff, he was accompanied by a large entourage with extensive luggage, and although many rural Normans remained mistrustful of him, he was warmly greeted by the inhabitants of the towns he visited, such as the badly damaged Isigny.


  • Atlantic City, New Jersey, U.S.
    Thursday Jun 15, 1944

    Bretton Woods Conference

    Preliminary conference

    Atlantic City, New Jersey, U.S.
    Thursday Jun 15, 1944

    The United States also invited a smaller group of countries to send experts to a preliminary conference in Atlantic City, New Jersey, to develop draft proposals for the Bretton Woods conference. The Atlantic City conference was held from June 15–30, 1944.


  • Rome, Italy
    Friday Jun 16, 1944

    Charles de Gaulle

    De Gaulle meet the Pope and the new Italian government

    Rome, Italy
    Friday Jun 16, 1944

    On 16 June and then went on to Rome to meet the Pope and the new Italian government.


  • Algiers, Algeria
    Friday Jun 16, 1944

    Charles de Gaulle

    De Gaulle flew to Algiers

    Algiers, Algeria
    Friday Jun 16, 1944

    De Gaulle flew to Algiers on 16 June.


  • the Dalmatian island of Vis, Croatia
    Saturday Jun 17, 1944

    Josip Broz Tito

    The Treaty of Vis

    the Dalmatian island of Vis, Croatia
    Saturday Jun 17, 1944

    On 17 June 1944, on the Dalmatian island of Vis, the Treaty of Vis was signed in an attempt to merge Tito's government (the AVNOJ) with the government in exile of King Peter II.


  • The Philippine Sea
    Monday Jun 19, 1944

    World War II

    Battle of the Philippine Sea

    The Philippine Sea
    Monday Jun 19, 1944

    Imperial Japanese Navy received heavy defeat from the U.S. forces in The Philippine Sea battle. The battle took place on 19-20 June 1944.


  • Kohima, Nagaland, India
    Friday Jun 23, 1944

    World War II

    Battle of Kohima ended

    Kohima, Nagaland, India
    Friday Jun 23, 1944

    The Battle of Kohima was the turning point of the Japanese U-Go offensive into India in 1944 during the Second World War. The battle was fought in three stages from 4 April to 22 June 1944 around the town of Kohima, the capital of Nagaland in northeast India. From 3 to 16 April, the Japanese attempted to capture Kohima ridge, a feature which dominated the road by which the besieged British and Indian troops. From 18 April to 13 May, British and Indian reinforcements counter-attacked to drive the Japanese from the positions they had captured. The Japanese abandoned the ridge at this point but continued to block the Kohima–Imphal road. From 16 May to 22 June, the British and Indian troops pursued the retreating Japanese and reopened the road. The battle ended on 22 June when British and Indian troops from Kohima and Imphal met at Milestone 109, ending the Siege of Imphal.


  • New Hampshire, United States
    Saturday Jul 1, 1944

    World Bank

    Bretton Woods conference

    New Hampshire, United States
    Saturday Jul 1, 1944

    Early in the Second World War, John Maynard Keynes of the British Treasury and Harry Dexter White of the United States Treasury Department independently began to develop ideas about the financial order of the postwar world. (See below on Keynes's proposal for an International Clearing Union.) After negotiation between officials of the United States and United Kingdom, and consultation with some other Allies, a "Joint Statement by Experts on the Establishment of an International Monetary Fund," was published simultaneously in a number of Allied countries on April 21, 1944. On May 25, 1944, the U.S. government invited the Allied countries to send representatives to an international monetary conference, "for the purpose of formulating definite proposals for an International Monetary Fund and possibly a Bank for Reconstruction and Development." (The word "International" was only added to the Bank's title late in the Bretton Woods Conference.) The United States also invited a smaller group of countries to send experts to a preliminary conference in Atlantic City, New Jersey, to develop draft proposals for the Bretton Woods conference. The Atlantic City conference was held from June 15–30, 1944.


  • New Hampshire, United States
    Saturday Jul 1, 1944

    Bretton Woods Conference

    Bretton Woods Conference

    New Hampshire, United States
    Saturday Jul 1, 1944

    The conference was held from July 1 to 22, 1944. Agreements were signed that, after legislative ratification by member governments, established the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and the International Monetary Fund (IMF).


  • Imphal, Manipur, India
    Monday Jul 3, 1944

    World War II

    Japanese lift Imphal

    Imphal, Manipur, India
    Monday Jul 3, 1944

    The Battle of Imphal took place in the region around the city of Imphal, the capital of the state of Manipur in northeast India from 8 March until 3 July 1944. Japanese armies attempted to destroy the Allied forces at Imphal and invade India, but were driven back into Burma with heavy losses.


  • London, England, United Kingdom
    Tuesday Jul 4, 1944

    Charles de Gaulle

    De Gaulle arrival at RAF Northolt

    London, England, United Kingdom
    Tuesday Jul 4, 1944

    Upon his arrival at RAF Northolt on 4 June 1944 he received an official welcome, and a letter reading "My dear general! Welcome to these shores, very great military events are about to take place!.


  • Western Ukraine and Eastern Poland
    Thursday Jul 13, 1944

    World War II

    Lvov–Sandomierz Offensive

    Western Ukraine and Eastern Poland
    Thursday Jul 13, 1944

    The Red Army attacked the German forces in Ukraine and Eastern Poland. The operations started on 13 July 1944, and lasted for 47 days.


  • Normandy, France
    Sunday Jul 16, 1944

    World War II

    Invasion of Normandy

    Normandy, France
    Sunday Jul 16, 1944

    The Allies invaded northern France, which lasted from the D-Day to Mid-July 1944. As Result, Germans retreated eastwards to Paris.


  • New Hampshire, United States
    Wednesday Jul 19, 1944

    Bretton Woods Conference

    The main goal of the conference

    New Hampshire, United States
    Wednesday Jul 19, 1944

    The main goal of the conference was to achieve an agreement on the IMF. Enough consensus existed that the conference was also able to achieve an agreement on the IBRD. Doing so required extending the conference from its original closing date of July 19, 1944 to July 22.


  • Rastenburg, Germany (Now Poland)
    Thursday Jul 20, 1944

    Adolf Hitler

    20 July plot assassination attempt

    Rastenburg, Germany (Now Poland)
    Thursday Jul 20, 1944

    Between 1939 and 1945, there were many plans to assassinate Hitler, some of which proceeded to significant degrees. The most well known, the 20 July plot of 1944, came from within Germany and was at least partly driven by the increasing prospect of a German defeat in the war.


  • China
    Saturday Jul 22, 1944

    Mao Zedong

    The Dixie Mission

    China
    Saturday Jul 22, 1944

    In 1944, the Americans sent a special diplomatic envoy, called the Dixie Mission, to the Communist Party of China.


  • Japan
    Saturday Jul 22, 1944

    World War II

    Hideki Tojo resignation

    Japan
    Saturday Jul 22, 1944

    The Japanese Prime Minister Hideki Tojo has resigned on 22 July 1944.


  • Germany
    Sunday Jul 23, 1944

    Joseph Goebbels

    Goebbels appointed as Reich Plenipotentiary for Total War

    Germany
    Sunday Jul 23, 1944

    Goebbels was appointed on 23 July as Reich Plenipotentiary for Total War, charged with maximizing the manpower for the Wehrmacht and the armaments industry at the expense of sectors of the economy not critical to the war effort.


  • Rome, Italy
    Tuesday Jul 25, 1944

    Winston Churchill

    King Victor Emmanuel sacked Mussolini

    Rome, Italy
    Tuesday Jul 25, 1944

    King Victor Emmanuel sacked Mussolini on 25 July and appointed Marshal Badoglio as Prime Minister. Badoglio opened negotiations with the Allies which resulted in the Armistice of Cassibile on 3 September.


  • Poland
    Wednesday Jul 26, 1944

    World War II

    Polish Committee of National Liberation

    Poland
    Wednesday Jul 26, 1944

    The Soviets formed the Polish Committee of National Liberation to control territory in Poland and combat the Polish Armia Krajowa.


  • Myitkyina, Burma
    Friday Aug 4, 1944

    World War II

    Siege of Myitkyina

    Myitkyina, Burma
    Friday Aug 4, 1944

    Myitkyina airfield and town captured by the Allies.


  • Karkow, Poland
    Sunday Aug 6, 1944

    Pope John Paul II

    Black Sunday

    Karkow, Poland
    Sunday Aug 6, 1944

    On 6 August 1944, a day known as "Black Sunday", the Gestapo rounded up young men in Kraków to curtail the uprising there, similar to the recent uprising in Warsaw. Wojtyła escaped by hiding in the basement of his uncle's house at 10 Tyniecka Street, while the German troops searched above. More than eight thousand men and boys were taken that day, while Wojtyła escaped to the Archbishop's Palace, where he remained until after the Germans had left.


  • Hengyang, Hunan, China
    Wednesday Aug 9, 1944

    World War II

    Japanese captured Hengyang

    Hengyang, Hunan, China
    Wednesday Aug 9, 1944

    On June 22, Japanese divisions received their orders to attack the city, which started the 48 days of siege and defense. Japanese have captured the city of Hengyang by August.


  • The English Canal, United Kingdom
    Saturday Aug 12, 1944

    John F. Kennedy

    Older brother killed

    The English Canal, United Kingdom
    Saturday Aug 12, 1944

    On August 12, 1944, Kennedy's older brother, Joe Jr., a navy pilot, was killed while volunteering for a special and hazardous air mission. His explosive-laden plane blew up when the plane's bombs detonated prematurely while the aircraft was flying over the English Channel.


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