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  • French Indochina (Now Vietnam)
    Friday Mar 9, 1945

    First Indochina War

    The Second French Indochina Campaign

    French Indochina (Now Vietnam)
    Friday Mar 9, 1945

    In March 1945, Japan launched the Second French Indochina Campaign to oust the Vichy French and formally installed Emperor Bảo Đại as head of the nominally independent Empire of Vietnam. The Japanese arrested and imprisoned most of the French officials and military officers remaining in the country.




  • Vietnam
    Tuesday Aug 14, 1945

    Ho Chi Minh

    August Revolution (1945)

    Vietnam
    Tuesday Aug 14, 1945

    Ho Chi Minh's Việt Minh (League for the Independence of Vietnam) launched revolution against French colonial rule in Vietnam, on August 14, 1945.




  • French Indochina (Now Vietnam)
    Saturday Aug 25, 1945

    First Indochina War

    Hồ Chí Minh was able to persuade Emperor Bảo Đại

    French Indochina (Now Vietnam)
    Saturday Aug 25, 1945

    Japanese forces allowed the Việt Minh and other nationalist groups to take over public buildings and weapons without resistance, which began the August Revolution. On August 25, Hồ Chí Minh was able to persuade Emperor Bảo Đại to abdicate. Bảo Đại was appointed "supreme advisor" to the new Việt Minh-led government in Hanoi.




  • Vietnam
    Sunday Sep 2, 1945

    First Indochina War

    The Democratic Republic of Vietnam

    Vietnam
    Sunday Sep 2, 1945

    On V-J (Victory on Japan) Day, September 2, Hồ Chí Minh had proclaimed in Hanoi the establishment of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV).




  • Vietnam
    Sunday Sep 2, 1945

    Ho Chi Minh

    1st Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam

    Vietnam
    Sunday Sep 2, 1945

    Following the August Revolution (1945) organized by the Việt Minh, Hồ Chí Minh became Chairman of the Provisional Government (Premier of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam) and issued a Proclamation of Independence of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.




  • Vietnam
    Sunday Sep 2, 1945

    Ho Chi Minh

    1st President of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam

    Vietnam
    Sunday Sep 2, 1945

    After the August Revolution, Ho Chi Minh became the 1st President of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam




  • Vietnam
    Sunday Sep 2, 1945

    Ho Chi Minh

    Hồ Chí Minh read the Declaration of Independence of Vietnam

    Vietnam
    Sunday Sep 2, 1945

    Following Emperor Bảo Đại's abdication on 2 September 1945, Hồ Chí Minh read the Declaration of Independence of Vietnam under the name of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.


  • French Indochina (Now Vietnam)
    Thursday Sep 13, 1945

    First Indochina War

    A Franco-British task force

    French Indochina (Now Vietnam)
    Thursday Sep 13, 1945

    On September 13, 1945, a Franco-British task force landed in Java, main island of the Dutch East Indies (for which independence was being sought by Sukarno), and Saigon, capital of Cochinchina (southern part of French Indochina), both being occupied by the Japanese and ruled by Field Marshal Hisaichi Terauchi, Commander-in-Chief of Japan's Southern Expeditionary Army Group based in Saigon.


  • French Indochina (Now Vietnam)
    Friday Sep 21, 1945

    First Indochina War

    Sir Douglas Gracey proclaimed martial law

    French Indochina (Now Vietnam)
    Friday Sep 21, 1945

    Allied troops in Saigon were an airborne detachment, two British companies of the Indian 20th Infantry Division and the French 5th Colonial Infantry Regiment, with British General Sir Douglas Gracey as supreme commander. The latter proclaimed martial law on September 21. The following night the Franco-British troops took control of Saigon.


  • Vietnam
    Sunday Sep 23, 1945

    First Indochina War

    French forces overthrew the local DRV government

    Vietnam
    Sunday Sep 23, 1945

    On 23 September 1945, with the knowledge of the British commander in Saigon, French forces overthrew the local DRV (the Democratic Republic of Vietnam) government, and declared French authority restored in Cochinchina.


  • Saigon, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
    Monday Sep 24, 1945

    Ho Chi Minh

    The call for a General Strike

    Saigon, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
    Monday Sep 24, 1945

    In Saigon, with violence between rival Vietnamese factions and French forces increasing, the British commander, General Sir Douglas Gracey, declared martial law. On 24 September, the Việt Minh leaders responded with a call for a general strike.


  • French Indochina (Now Vietnam)
    Tuesday Oct 9, 1945

    First Indochina War

    General Leclerc arrived in Saigon, accompanied by French Colonel Massu's March Group

    French Indochina (Now Vietnam)
    Tuesday Oct 9, 1945

    On October 9, 1945, General Leclerc arrived in Saigon, accompanied by French Colonel Massu's March Group (Groupement de marche). Leclerc's primary objectives were to restore public order in south Vietnam and to militarize Tonkin (north Vietnam). Secondary objectives were to wait for French backup in view to take back Chinese-occupied Hanoi, then to negotiate with the Việt Minh officials.


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