Historydraft LogoHistorydraft Logo
Historydraft
beta
Historydraft Logo
Historydraft
beta

  • Haiphong, Vietnam
    Saturday Oct 8, 1881
    Disasters with highest death tolls

    1881 Haiphong Typhoon

    Haiphong, Vietnam
    Saturday Oct 8, 1881

    The 1881 Haiphong typhoon was a typhoon that struck Haiphong, in Dai Nam (now Vietnam), and the northern part of the Captaincy General of the Philippines (now the Philippines) on October 8, 1881. About 300000 people were killed in and around Haiphong by the typhoon alone (casualties likely went up even in the storm's passing due to disease and starvation).




  • Kim Liên, Nam Đàn District, Nghe An, Vietnam
    Monday May 19, 1890
    Ho Chi Minh

    Born

    Kim Liên, Nam Đàn District, Nghe An, Vietnam
    Monday May 19, 1890

    Hồ Chí Minh was born as Nguyễn Sinh Cung in 1890 in the village of Hoàng Trù, his mother's village.




  • Vietnam
    Monday Jun 5, 1911
    Ho Chi Minh

    Working on a French Steamer

    Vietnam
    Monday Jun 5, 1911

    He worked as a kitchen helper on a French steamer, the Amiral de Latouche-Tréville while using the alias Văn Ba.




  • Vietnam
    Sunday Mar 31, 1935
    Ho Chi Minh

    Member of the Politburo

    Vietnam
    Sunday Mar 31, 1935

    On 31 March 1935, Hồ Chí Minh became Member of the Politburo




  • French Indochina (Now Vietnam)
    Sunday Sep 22, 1940
    First Indochina War

    Japan launched its invasion of French Indochina

    French Indochina (Now Vietnam)
    Sunday Sep 22, 1940

    Japan launched its invasion of French Indochina, mirroring its ally Germany's conquest of metropolitan France.




  • Vietnam
    Tuesday Oct 29, 1940
    First Indochina War

    Phan Bội Châu death

    Vietnam
    Tuesday Oct 29, 1940

    Due to his popularity, Châu was spared from execution and placed under house arrest until his death in 1940.




  • French Indochina (Now Vietnam)
    Friday Mar 9, 1945
    First Indochina War

    The Second French Indochina Campaign

    French Indochina (Now Vietnam)
    Friday Mar 9, 1945

    In March 1945, Japan launched the Second French Indochina Campaign to oust the Vichy French and formally installed Emperor Bảo Đại as head of the nominally independent Empire of Vietnam. The Japanese arrested and imprisoned most of the French officials and military officers remaining in the country.


  • Vietnam
    Tuesday Aug 14, 1945
    Ho Chi Minh

    August Revolution (1945)

    Vietnam
    Tuesday Aug 14, 1945

    Ho Chi Minh's Việt Minh (League for the Independence of Vietnam) launched revolution against French colonial rule in Vietnam, on August 14, 1945.


  • French Indochina (Now Vietnam)
    Saturday Aug 25, 1945
    First Indochina War

    Hồ Chí Minh was able to persuade Emperor Bảo Đại

    French Indochina (Now Vietnam)
    Saturday Aug 25, 1945

    Japanese forces allowed the Việt Minh and other nationalist groups to take over public buildings and weapons without resistance, which began the August Revolution. On August 25, Hồ Chí Minh was able to persuade Emperor Bảo Đại to abdicate. Bảo Đại was appointed "supreme advisor" to the new Việt Minh-led government in Hanoi.


  • Vietnam
    Sunday Sep 2, 1945
    First Indochina War

    The Democratic Republic of Vietnam

    Vietnam
    Sunday Sep 2, 1945

    On V-J (Victory on Japan) Day, September 2, Hồ Chí Minh had proclaimed in Hanoi the establishment of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV).


  • Vietnam
    Sunday Sep 2, 1945
    Ho Chi Minh

    1st President of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam

    Vietnam
    Sunday Sep 2, 1945

    After the August Revolution, Ho Chi Minh became the 1st President of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam


  • Vietnam
    Sunday Sep 2, 1945
    Ho Chi Minh

    Hồ Chí Minh read the Declaration of Independence of Vietnam

    Vietnam
    Sunday Sep 2, 1945

    Following Emperor Bảo Đại's abdication on 2 September 1945, Hồ Chí Minh read the Declaration of Independence of Vietnam under the name of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.


  • Vietnam
    Sunday Sep 2, 1945
    Ho Chi Minh

    1st Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam

    Vietnam
    Sunday Sep 2, 1945

    Following the August Revolution (1945) organized by the Việt Minh, Hồ Chí Minh became Chairman of the Provisional Government (Premier of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam) and issued a Proclamation of Independence of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.


  • French Indochina (Now Vietnam)
    Thursday Sep 13, 1945
    First Indochina War

    A Franco-British task force

    French Indochina (Now Vietnam)
    Thursday Sep 13, 1945

    On September 13, 1945, a Franco-British task force landed in Java, main island of the Dutch East Indies (for which independence was being sought by Sukarno), and Saigon, capital of Cochinchina (southern part of French Indochina), both being occupied by the Japanese and ruled by Field Marshal Hisaichi Terauchi, Commander-in-Chief of Japan's Southern Expeditionary Army Group based in Saigon.


  • French Indochina (Now Vietnam)
    Friday Sep 21, 1945
    First Indochina War

    Sir Douglas Gracey proclaimed martial law

    French Indochina (Now Vietnam)
    Friday Sep 21, 1945

    Allied troops in Saigon were an airborne detachment, two British companies of the Indian 20th Infantry Division and the French 5th Colonial Infantry Regiment, with British General Sir Douglas Gracey as supreme commander. The latter proclaimed martial law on September 21. The following night the Franco-British troops took control of Saigon.


  • Vietnam
    Sunday Sep 23, 1945
    First Indochina War

    French forces overthrew the local DRV government

    Vietnam
    Sunday Sep 23, 1945

    On 23 September 1945, with the knowledge of the British commander in Saigon, French forces overthrew the local DRV (the Democratic Republic of Vietnam) government, and declared French authority restored in Cochinchina.


  • Saigon, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
    Monday Sep 24, 1945
    Ho Chi Minh

    The call for a General Strike

    Saigon, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
    Monday Sep 24, 1945

    In Saigon, with violence between rival Vietnamese factions and French forces increasing, the British commander, General Sir Douglas Gracey, declared martial law. On 24 September, the Việt Minh leaders responded with a call for a general strike.


  • French Indochina (Now Vietnam)
    Tuesday Oct 9, 1945
    First Indochina War

    General Leclerc arrived in Saigon, accompanied by French Colonel Massu's March Group

    French Indochina (Now Vietnam)
    Tuesday Oct 9, 1945

    On October 9, 1945, General Leclerc arrived in Saigon, accompanied by French Colonel Massu's March Group (Groupement de marche). Leclerc's primary objectives were to restore public order in south Vietnam and to militarize Tonkin (north Vietnam). Secondary objectives were to wait for French backup in view to take back Chinese-occupied Hanoi, then to negotiate with the Việt Minh officials.


  • Vietnam
    Wednesday Mar 6, 1946
    Ho Chi Minh

    Recognizing Vietnam as an autonomous State

    Vietnam
    Wednesday Mar 6, 1946

    When Chiang forced the French to give the French concessions in Shanghai back to China in exchange for withdrawing from northern Indochina, he had no choice but to sign an agreement with France on 6 March 1946 in which Vietnam would be recognized as an autonomous state in the Indochinese Federation and the French Union. The agreement soon broke down.


  • Haiphong, Vietnam
    Saturday Nov 23, 1946
    First Indochina War

    The French fleet began a naval bombardment of the Vietnamese sections of Haiphong

    Haiphong, Vietnam
    Saturday Nov 23, 1946

    On November 23, 1946, the French fleet began a naval bombardment of the Vietnamese sections of Haiphong that killed over 6,000 Vietnamese civilians in one afternoon. The Việt Minh quickly agreed to a cease-fire and left the cities. This is known as the Haiphong incident.


  • Haiphong, Vietnam
    Saturday Nov 23, 1946
    Ho Chi Minh

    Haiphong Incident

    Haiphong, Vietnam
    Saturday Nov 23, 1946

    The bombardment of Haiphong by French forces at Hanoi only strengthened the belief that France had no intention of allowing an autonomous, independent state in Vietnam. The bombardment of Haiphong reportedly killed more than 6000 Vietnamese civilians. French forces marched into Hanoi, now the capital city of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.


  • Vietnam
    Thursday Dec 19, 1946
    First Indochina War

    All-out war broke out

    Vietnam
    Thursday Dec 19, 1946

    After over one year of latent conflict, all-out war broke out in December 1946 between French and Việt Minh forces as Hồ Chí Minh and his government went underground.


  • Vietnam
    Thursday Dec 19, 1946
    Ho Chi Minh

    Ho Chi Minh declared war against The French Union

    Vietnam
    Thursday Dec 19, 1946

    On 19 December 1946, after the Haiphong incident, Ho Chi Minh declared war against the French Union, marking the beginning of the Indochina War.


  • Vietnam
    Friday Jun 30, 1950
    First Indochina War

    The First U.S. Supplies For Indochina Were Delivered

    Vietnam
    Friday Jun 30, 1950

    On June 30, 1950, the first U.S. supplies for Indochina were delivered. In September, Truman sent the Military Assistance Advisory Group (MAAG) to Indochina to assist the French.


  • Vietnam
    Friday Sep 15, 1950
    First Indochina War

    Thái attacked Đông Khê

    Vietnam
    Friday Sep 15, 1950

    Major general Thái attacked Đông Khê on September 15, and Đông Khê fell on September 18.


  • Vietnam
    Saturday Jan 13, 1951
    First Indochina War

    Giáp moved the 308th and 312th Divisions

    Vietnam
    Saturday Jan 13, 1951

    On January 13, 1951, Giáp moved the 308th and 312th Divisions, made up of over 20,000 men, to attack Vĩnh Yên, 20 miles (32 km) northwest of Hanoi, which was manned by the 6,000-strong 9th Foreign Legion Brigade.


  • Vĩnh Yên, Vĩnh Phúc, Vietnam
    Tuesday Jan 16, 1951
    First Indochina War

    The Battle of Vĩnh Yên and Giáp's withdrawal

    Vĩnh Yên, Vĩnh Phúc, Vietnam
    Tuesday Jan 16, 1951

    By January 16, the Battle of Vĩnh Yên ended as Giáp was forced to withdraw, with over 6,000 of his troops killed, 8,000 wounded and 500 captured.


  • Saigon, South Vietnam
    Friday Jan 26, 1951
    First Indochina War

    USS Windham Bay delivered Grumman F8F Bearcat fighter aircraft to Saigon

    Saigon, South Vietnam
    Friday Jan 26, 1951

    USS Windham Bay delivered Grumman F8F Bearcat fighter aircraft to Saigon on January 26, 1951.


  • Vietnam
    Monday Feb 19, 1951
    Ho Chi Minh

    The Chairman of the Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Vietnam

    Vietnam
    Monday Feb 19, 1951

    On 19 February 1951, Hồ Chí Minh became the Chairman of the Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Vietnam.


  • Mạo Khê, Vietnam
    Friday Mar 23, 1951
    First Indochina War

    Giáp tried again

    Mạo Khê, Vietnam
    Friday Mar 23, 1951

    On March 23, Giáp tried again, launching an attack against Mạo Khê, 20 miles (32 km) north of Haiphong. The 316th Division, composed of 11,000 men, with the partly rebuilt 308th and 312th Divisions in reserve, went forward and were beaten in bitter hand-to-hand fighting against French troops. Giap withdrew, having lost around 500 troops (by Việt Minh estimation) to over 3,000 (by French estimation) dead and wounded by March 28.


  • French Indochina (Now Vietnam)
    Tuesday May 29, 1951
    First Indochina War

    The Battle of the Day River

    French Indochina (Now Vietnam)
    Tuesday May 29, 1951

    Giáp launched yet another attack, the Battle of the Day River, on May 29 with the 304th Division at Phủ Lý, the 308th Division at Ninh Bình, and the main attack delivered by the 320th Division at Phat Diem south of Hanoi.


  • South Vietnam
    Tuesday Jul 31, 1951
    First Indochina War

    French General Charles Chanson was assassinated

    South Vietnam
    Tuesday Jul 31, 1951

    On July 31, French General Charles Chanson was assassinated during a propaganda suicide attack at Sa Đéc in South Vietnam that was blamed on the Việt Minh although it was argued in some quarters that Cao Đài nationalist Trình Minh Thế could have been involved in its planning.


  • Hòa Bình, Vietnam
    Wednesday Nov 14, 1951
    First Indochina War

    The French seized Hòa Bình

    Hòa Bình, Vietnam
    Wednesday Nov 14, 1951

    On November 14, 1951, the French seized Hòa Bình, 25 miles (40 km) west of the De Lattre Line, by a parachute drop and extended their perimeter.


  • Hòa Bình, Vietnam
    Friday Feb 22, 1952
    First Indochina War

    The Việt Minh launched attacks on Hòa Bình

    Hòa Bình, Vietnam
    Friday Feb 22, 1952

    The Việt Minh launched attacks on Hòa Bình, forcing the French to withdraw back to their main positions on the De Lattre line by February 22, 1952.


  • Nà Sản, Sơn La Province, Vietnam
    Thursday Oct 2, 1952
    First Indochina War

    Battle of Nà Sản

    Nà Sản, Sơn La Province, Vietnam
    Thursday Oct 2, 1952

    In the Battle of Nà Sản, starting on October 2, French commanders began using "hedgehog" tactics, consisting in setting up well-defended outposts to get the Việt Minh out of the jungle and force them to fight conventional battles instead of using guerrilla tactics.


  • Nghĩa Lộ, Vietnam
    Friday Oct 17, 1952
    First Indochina War

    Giáp launched attacks against the French garrisons along Nghĩa Lộ

    Nghĩa Lộ, Vietnam
    Friday Oct 17, 1952

    On October 17, 1952, Giáp launched attacks against the French garrisons along Nghĩa Lộ, northwest of Hanoi, and overran much of the Black River valley, except for the airfield of Nà Sản where a strong French garrison entrenched.


  • Vietnam
    Wednesday Oct 29, 1952
    First Indochina War

    The largest operation in Indochina

    Vietnam
    Wednesday Oct 29, 1952

    On October 29, 1952, in the largest operation in Indochina to date, 30,000 French Union soldiers moved out from the De Lattre line to attack the Việt Minh supply dumps at Phú Yên.


  • Phú Thọ, Vietnam
    Wednesday Nov 5, 1952
    First Indochina War

    Salan took Phú Thọ

    Phú Thọ, Vietnam
    Wednesday Nov 5, 1952

    Salan took Phú Thọ on November 5.


  • Phu Doan, Vietnam
    Sunday Nov 9, 1952
    First Indochina War

    Salan Took Phu Doan

    Phu Doan, Vietnam
    Sunday Nov 9, 1952

    Salan took Phu Doan on November 9 by a parachute drop.


  • Phú Yên, Vietnam
    Thursday Nov 13, 1952
    First Indochina War

    Salan took Phú Yên

    Phú Yên, Vietnam
    Thursday Nov 13, 1952

    Salan took Phú Yên on November 13.


  • Vietnam
    Friday Nov 14, 1952
    First Indochina War

    Salan Correctly Guessed what The Việt Minh Were up To

    Vietnam
    Friday Nov 14, 1952

    Salan correctly guessed what the Việt Minh were up to and cancelled the operation on November 14, beginning to withdraw back to the De Lattre Line.


  • Chan Muong, Vietnam
    Monday Nov 17, 1952
    First Indochina War

    Việt Minh ambushed the French column

    Chan Muong, Vietnam
    Monday Nov 17, 1952

    The only major fighting during the operation came during the withdrawal, when the Việt Minh ambushed the French column at Chan Muong on November 17.


  • Dien Bien Phu, Vietnam
    Friday Nov 20, 1953
    First Indochina War

    Operation Castor

    Dien Bien Phu, Vietnam
    Friday Nov 20, 1953

    Operation Castor was launched on November 20, 1953, with 1,800 men of the French 1st and 2nd Airborne Battalions dropping into the valley of Điện Biên Phủ and sweeping aside the local Việt Minh garrison. The paratroopers gained control of a heart-shaped valley 12 miles (19 km) long and 8 miles (13 km) wide surrounded by heavily wooded hills. Encountering little opposition, the French and Tai units operating from Lai Châu to the north patrolled the hills.


  • Vicinity of Điện Biên Phủ, French Indochina (Now Vietnam)
    Saturday Mar 13, 1954
    First Indochina War

    Battle of Dien Bien Phu

    Vicinity of Điện Biên Phủ, French Indochina (Now Vietnam)
    Saturday Mar 13, 1954

    The Battle of Dien Bien Phu occurred in 1954 between Việt Minh forces under Võ Nguyên Giáp, supported by China and the Soviet Union, and the French Union's French Far East Expeditionary Corps, supported by US financing and Indochinese allies. The battle was fought near the village of Điện Biên Phủ in northern Vietnam and became the last major battle between the French and the Vietnamese in the First Indochina War.


  • Vietnam
    Tuesday May 4, 1954
    First Indochina War

    The Last French offensive Took Place

    Vietnam
    Tuesday May 4, 1954

    With French supply lines interrupted, the French position became untenable, particularly when the advent of the monsoon season made dropping supplies and reinforcements by parachute difficult. With defeat imminent, the French sought to hold on until the opening of the Geneva peace meeting on April 26. The last French offensive took place on May 4, but it was ineffective. The Việt Minh then began to hammer the outpost with newly supplied Soviet Katyusha rockets and other weaponry provided by communist allies.


  • Vietnam
    Thursday May 6, 1954
    First Indochina War

    The Final Fall Took Two Days

    Vietnam
    Thursday May 6, 1954

    The final fall took two days, May 6 and 7, during which the French fought on but were eventually overrun by a huge frontal assault. General Cogny, based in Hanoi, ordered General de Castries, who was commanding the outpost, to cease fire at 5:30 pm and to destroy all materiél (weapons, transmissions, etc.) to deny their use to the enemy. A formal order was given to not use the white flag so that the action would be considered a ceasefire instead of a surrender. Much of the fighting ended on May 7; however, the ceasefire was not respected on Isabelle, the isolated southern position, where the battle lasted until May 8, 1:00 am.


  • Điện Biên Phủ, Dien Bien, Vietnam
    Friday May 7, 1954
    Ho Chi Minh

    The Battle of Dien Bien Phu

    Điện Biên Phủ, Dien Bien, Vietnam
    Friday May 7, 1954

    In 1954, after the crushing defeat of French Union forces at Battle of Dien Bien Phu, 2300 French soldiers died during the Battle of Dien Bien Phu more than 10000 french soldiers have surrendered to Vieth Minh. France gave up its fight against the Việt Minh, losing 70,000 soldiers from the eight years of the First Indochina War.


  • Mang Yang, Vietnam
    Thursday Jun 24, 1954
    First Indochina War

    Battle of Mang Yang Pass

    Mang Yang, Vietnam
    Thursday Jun 24, 1954

    One month after Điện Biên Phủ, the composite Groupe Mobile 100 (GM100) of the French Union forces evacuated the An Khê outpost and was ambushed by a larger Việt Minh force at the Battle of Mang Yang Pass from June 24 to July 17.


  • Vietnam
    Thursday Jul 22, 1954
    First Indochina War

    Armistice and partition of Vietnam

    Vietnam
    Thursday Jul 22, 1954

    In August 1954, in support to the French navy and the merchant navy, the U.S. Navy launched Operation Passage to Freedom and sent hundreds of ships, including USS Montague, in order to evacuate non-communist—especially Catholic—Vietnamese refugees from North Vietnam following the July 20, 1954, armistice and partition of Vietnam.


  • Vietnam
    Sunday Oct 23, 1955
    Vietnam War

    Referendum on the future of the State of Vietnam

    Vietnam
    Sunday Oct 23, 1955

    In a referendum on the future of the State of Vietnam on 23 October 1955, Diệm rigged the poll supervised by his brother Ngô Đình Nhu and was credited with 98.2 percent of the vote, including 133% in Saigon. His American advisors had recommended a more modest winning margin of "60 to 70 percent." Diệm, however, viewed the election as a test of authority.


  • Vietnam
    Thursday Nov 1, 1956
    Ho Chi Minh

    The First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Vietnam

    Vietnam
    Thursday Nov 1, 1956

    On 1 November 1956, Hồ Chí Minh became the First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Vietnam.


<