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  • Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
    Thursday Jan 1, 1948

    Malcolm X

    Prayer to God

    Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
    Thursday Jan 1, 1948

    In late 1948, Little wrote to Elijah Muhammad, the leader of the Nation of Islam. Muhammad advised him to renounce his past, humbly bow in prayer to God, and promise never to engage in destructive behavior again.




  • Myanmar
    Sunday Jan 4, 1948

    Conflict in Myanmar

    Independence from the United Kingdom

    Myanmar
    Sunday Jan 4, 1948

    On 4 January 1948, Myanmar gained independence from the United Kingdom. The communists and the ethnic minorities in the country were dissatisfied with the newly formed government, believing that they were being unfairly excluded from governing the country.




  • Dayton, Ohio, U.S.
    Friday Jan 30, 1948

    The Wright brothers

    Orville's Death

    Dayton, Ohio, U.S.
    Friday Jan 30, 1948

    Orville died on January 30, 1948.




  • Prague, Czechia (Then Czechoslovakia)
    Thursday Feb 12, 1948

    1948 Czechoslovak coup d'état

    The demands of The non-Communists in The Cabinet

    Prague, Czechia (Then Czechoslovakia)
    Thursday Feb 12, 1948

    On 12 February, the non-Communists in the cabinet demanded punishment for the offending Communists in the government and an end to their supposed subversion.




  • Prague, Czechia (Then Czechoslovakia)
    Saturday Feb 21, 1948

    1948 Czechoslovak coup d'état

    Twelve Non-Communist Ministers Resigned

    Prague, Czechia (Then Czechoslovakia)
    Saturday Feb 21, 1948

    Nosek, backed by Gottwald, refused to yield. He and his fellow Communists threatened to use force and, in order to avoid defeat in parliament, mobilised groups of their supporters in the country. On 21 February, twelve non-Communist ministers resigned in protest after Nosek refused to reinstate eight non-Communist senior police officers despite a majority vote of the cabinet in favour of doing so.




  • Prague, Czechia (Then Czechoslovakia)
    Wednesday Feb 25, 1948

    1948 Czechoslovak coup d'état

    Beneš Capitulated

    Prague, Czechia (Then Czechoslovakia)
    Wednesday Feb 25, 1948

    On 25 February 1948, Beneš, fearful of civil war and Soviet intervention, capitulated. He accepted the resignations of the non-Communist ministers and appointed a new government in accordance with KSČ (Communist Party of Czechoslovakia) demands.




  • Los Angeles, California, U.S.
    Monday Mar 1, 1948

    Marilyn Monroe

    2nd contract

    Los Angeles, California, U.S.
    Monday Mar 1, 1948

    She became a friend and occasional sex partner of Fox executive Joseph M. Schenck, who persuaded his friend Harry Cohn, the head executive of Columbia Pictures, to sign her in March 1948.


  • Paukkongyi, Bago Region, Myanmar
    Thursday Apr 1, 1948

    Conflict in Myanmar

    The first shots of the conflict in Paukkongyi

    Paukkongyi, Bago Region, Myanmar
    Thursday Apr 1, 1948

    On 2 April 1948, the CPB (the Communist Party of Burma) fired the first shots of the conflict in Paukkongyi, Pegu Region (present-day Bago Region).


  • Colombia
    Friday Apr 9, 1948

    Colombian conflict

    La Violencia

    Colombia
    Friday Apr 9, 1948

    In 1948 the assassination of populist Jorge Eliécer Gaitán radically stirred up the armed conflict. It led to the Bogotazo, an urban riot killing more than 4,000 people, and subsequently to ten years of sustained rural warfare between members of Colombian Liberal Party and the Colombian Conservative Party, a period known as La Violencia ("The Violence"), which took the lives of more than 200,000 people throughout the countryside.


  • Prague, Czechia (Then Czechoslovakia)
    Sunday May 9, 1948

    1948 Czechoslovak coup d'état

    The Parliament approved a New Constitution

    Prague, Czechia (Then Czechoslovakia)
    Sunday May 9, 1948

    On 9 May, a new constitution was approved by parliament. Although it declared Czechoslovakia a "people's democracy" under the leadership of the KSČ, it was not a completely Communist document. However, it was close enough to the Soviet model that Beneš refused to sign it.


  • South Korea
    Monday May 10, 1948

    Korean War

    General election was held in the South

    South Korea
    Monday May 10, 1948

    A general election was held in the South on 10 May 1948.


  • U.S.
    Friday May 14, 1948

    Harry S. Truman

    State of Israel recognization

    U.S.
    Friday May 14, 1948

    Truman recognized the State of Israel on May 14, 1948, eleven minutes after it declared itself a nation.


  • Israel
    Friday May 14, 1948

    David Ben-Gurion

    Israeli declaration of independence

    Israel
    Friday May 14, 1948

    On 14 May 1948, on the last day of the British Mandate, Ben-Gurion declared the independence of the state of Israel. In the Israeli declaration of independence, he stated that the new nation would "uphold the full social and political equality of all its citizens, without distinction of religion, race".


  • Yugoslavia
    Monday May 17, 1948

    Josip Broz Tito

    Cominform

    Yugoslavia
    Monday May 17, 1948

    On 17 May Tito suggested that the matter be settled at the meeting of the Cominform to be held that June. However, Tito did not attend the second meeting of the Cominform, fearing that Yugoslavia was to be openly attacked.


  • Washington D.C., U.S.
    Wednesday May 19, 1948

    Richard Nixon

    Nixon's first significant victory in Congress

    Washington D.C., U.S.
    Wednesday May 19, 1948

    By May 1948, Nixon had co-sponsored a "Mundt-Nixon Bill" to implement "a new approach to the complicated problem of internal communist subversion... It provided for registration of all Communist Party members and required a statement of the source of all printed and broadcast material issued by organizations that were found to be Communist fronts." He served as floor manager for the Republican Party. On May 19, 1948, the bill passed the House by 319 to 58 but failed to pass the Senate.


  • Changchun, Jilin, China
    Sunday May 23, 1948

    Mao Zedong

    Siege of Changchun

    Changchun, Jilin, China
    Sunday May 23, 1948

    In 1948, under direct orders from Mao, the People's Liberation Army starved out the Kuomintang forces occupying the city of Changchun. At least 160,000 civilians are believed to have perished during the siege, which lasted until October. PLA lieutenant colonel Zhang Zhenglu, who documented the siege in his book White Snow, Red Blood, compared it to Hiroshima: "The casualties were about the same. Hiroshima took nine seconds; Changchun took five months."


  • Czechia (Then Czechoslovakia)
    Sunday May 30, 1948

    1948 Czechoslovak coup d'état

    The 30 May Elections

    Czechia (Then Czechoslovakia)
    Sunday May 30, 1948

    At the 30 May elections, voters were presented with a single list from the National Front, which officially won 89.2% of the vote; within the National Front list, the Communists had an absolute majority of 214 seats (160 for the main party and 54 for the Slovak branch). This majority grew even larger when the Social Democrats merged with the Communists later in the year.


  • Prague, Czechia (Then Czechoslovakia)
    Wednesday Jun 2, 1948

    1948 Czechoslovak coup d'état

    Beneš's Resignation

    Prague, Czechia (Then Czechoslovakia)
    Wednesday Jun 2, 1948

    Beneš resigned on 2 June and was succeeded by Gottwald twelve days later.


  • Rome, Italy
    Saturday Jun 19, 1948

    Pope John Paul II

    Successfully defended his doctoral thesis

    Rome, Italy
    Saturday Jun 19, 1948

    He resided in the Belgian Pontifical College during this time, under presidency of Mgr Maximilien de Furstenberg. Wojtyła earned a licence in July 1947, passed his doctoral exam on 14 June 1948, and successfully defended his doctoral thesis titled Doctrina de fide apud S. Ioannem a Cruce (The Doctrine of Faith in St. John of the Cross) in philosophy on 19 June 1948.


  • Manchester, England
    Monday Jun 21, 1948

    Computer

    The world's First Stored-Program Computer

    Manchester, England
    Monday Jun 21, 1948

    The Manchester Baby was the world's first stored-program computer. It was built at the Victoria University of Manchester by Frederic C. Williams, Tom Kilburn and Geoff Tootill, and ran its first program on 21 June 1948. It was designed as a testbed for the Williams tube, the first random-access digital storage device. Although the computer was considered "small and primitive" by the standards of its time, it was the first working machine to contain all of the elements essential to a modern electronic computer.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Thursday Jun 24, 1948

    Harry S. Truman

    The Soviet Union blocked access to the three Western-held sectors of Berlin

    Berlin, Germany
    Thursday Jun 24, 1948

    On June 24, 1948, the Soviet Union blocked access to the three Western-held sectors of Berlin.


  • Berlin, Germany
    Friday Jun 25, 1948

    Harry S. Truman

    The Allies initiated the Berlin Airlift

    Berlin, Germany
    Friday Jun 25, 1948

    On June 25, the Allies initiated the Berlin Airlift, a campaign to deliver food, coal and other supplies using military aircraft on a massive scale. Nothing like it had ever been attempted before, and no single nation had the capability, either logistically or materially, to accomplish it.


  • South Korea
    Tuesday Jul 20, 1948

    Korean War

    South Korean President

    South Korea
    Tuesday Jul 20, 1948

    The resultant South Korean government promulgated a national political constitution on 17 July 1948, and elected Syngman Rhee as President on 20 July 1948.


  • South Korea
    Sunday Aug 15, 1948

    Korean War

    Republic of Korea (South Korea)

    South Korea
    Sunday Aug 15, 1948

    The Republic of Korea (South Korea) was established on 15 August 1948.


  • North Korea
    Wednesday Aug 25, 1948

    Korean War

    Parliamentary elections in the North

    North Korea
    Wednesday Aug 25, 1948

    North Korea held parliamentary elections three months later on 25 August.


  • Sezimovo Ústí, Czechia (Then Czechoslovakia)
    Friday Sep 3, 1948

    1948 Czechoslovak coup d'état

    Beneš's Death

    Sezimovo Ústí, Czechia (Then Czechoslovakia)
    Friday Sep 3, 1948

    Beneš died in September, bringing a symbolic close to the sequence of events, and was buried before an enormous and silent throng come to mourn the passing of a popular leader and of the democracy he had come to represent.


  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    Tuesday Sep 14, 1948

    United Nations

    Headquarters

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    Tuesday Sep 14, 1948

    The General Assembly selected New York City as the site for the headquarters of the UN, construction began on 14 September 1948 and the facility was completed on 9 October 1952. Its site—like UN headquarters buildings in Geneva, Vienna, and Nairobi—is designated as international territory. The Norwegian Foreign Minister, Trygve Lie, was elected as the first UN Secretary-General.


  • China
    Friday Sep 24, 1948

    Chinese Civil War

    Jinan and Shandong Captured

    China
    Friday Sep 24, 1948

    Following a fierce battle, the CPC captured Jinan and Shandong province on 24 September 1948.


  • Palestine
    Friday Sep 24, 1948

    David Ben-Gurion

    Killing 23 Israeli soldiers

    Palestine
    Friday Sep 24, 1948

    On 24 September, an incursion made by the Palestinian irregulars in the Latrun sector (killing 23 Israeli soldiers) precipitated the debate.


  • Palestine
    Sunday Sep 26, 1948

    David Ben-Gurion

    David put his argument to the Cabinet to attack Latrun again

    Palestine
    Sunday Sep 26, 1948

    On 26 September, David Ben-Gurion put his argument to the Cabinet to attack Latrun again and conquer the whole or a large part of West Bank.


  • Cuba
    Monday Oct 11, 1948

    Fidel Castro

    Marriage

    Cuba
    Monday Oct 11, 1948

    He married Mirta Díaz Balart, a student from a wealthy family, through whom he was exposed to the lifestyle of the Cuban elite. The relationship was a love match, disapproved of by both families, but Díaz Balart's father gave them tens of thousands of dollars, along with Batista, to spend on a three-month New York City honeymoon.


  • San Francisco, California, U.S.
    Tuesday Nov 2, 1948

    Richard Nixon

    Nixon Was Comfortably reelected

    San Francisco, California, U.S.
    Tuesday Nov 2, 1948

    In 1948, Nixon successfully cross-filed as a candidate in his district, winning both major party primaries. and was comfortably reelected.


  • U.S.
    Tuesday Nov 2, 1948

    Harry S. Truman

    The 1948 United States presidential elections

    U.S.
    Tuesday Nov 2, 1948

    The 1948 United States presidential election was the 41st quadrennial presidential election. It was held on Tuesday, November 2, 1948. Incumbent President Harry S. Truman, the Democratic nominee, defeated Republican Governor Thomas E. Dewey. Truman's victory is considered to be one of the greatest election upsets in American history.


  • China
    Sunday Nov 21, 1948

    Chinese Civil War

    Pingjin Campaign

    China
    Sunday Nov 21, 1948

    The Pingjin Campaign resulted in the Communist conquest of northern China. It lasted 64 days, from 21 November 1948, to 31 January 1949.


  • U.S.
    Tuesday Nov 23, 1948

    The Wright brothers

    One dollar agreement

    U.S.
    Tuesday Nov 23, 1948

    On November 23, 1948, the executors of Orville's estate signed an agreement for the Smithsonian to purchase the Flyer for one dollar. At the insistence of the executors, the agreement also included strict conditions for display of the airplane.


  • Paris, France
    Friday Dec 10, 1948

    United Nations

    Universal Declaration of Human Rights

    Paris, France
    Friday Dec 10, 1948

    In 1948, the General Assembly adopted a Universal Declaration of Human Rights, drafted by a committee headed by American diplomat and activist Eleanor Roosevelt, and including the French lawyer René Cassin. The document proclaims basic civil, political, and economic rights common to all human beings, though its effectiveness towards achieving these ends has been disputed since its drafting.


  • Buckingham Palace, London, England
    Wednesday Dec 15, 1948

    Prince Charles

    Baptism

    Buckingham Palace, London, England
    Wednesday Dec 15, 1948

    He was baptised in the palace's Music Room by the Archbishop of Canterbury, Geoffrey Fisher, on 15 December 1948.


  • U.S.
    Thursday Dec 30, 1948

    Marilyn Monroe

    First Starring Role

    U.S.
    Thursday Dec 30, 1948

    Her only film at the studio (Columbia Pictures) was the low-budget musical Ladies of the Chorus (1948), in which she had her first starring role as a chorus girl who is courted by a wealthy man, but her contract was not renewed in September 1948. Ladies of the Chorus was released the following month but was not a success.


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