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  • Ấp Bắc Hamlet, Định Tường Province (now Tiền Giang Province), South Vietnam
    Wednesday Jan 2, 1963

    Vietnam War

    The Battle of Ap Bac

    Ấp Bắc Hamlet, Định Tường Province (now Tiền Giang Province), South Vietnam
    Wednesday Jan 2, 1963

    The inept performance of the South Vietnamese army was exemplified by failed actions such as the Battle of Ap Bac on 2 January 1963, in which a small band of Viet Cong won a battle against a much larger and better-equipped South Vietnamese force, many of whose officers seemed reluctant even to engage in combat.




  • Iran
    Monday Jan 21, 1963

    Ruhollah Khomeini

    Khomeini issued a strongly worded declaration denouncing the Shah and his plans

    Iran
    Monday Jan 21, 1963

    On 22 January 1963 Khomeini issued a strongly worded declaration denouncing the Shah and his plans. Two days later the Shah took an armored column to Qom, and delivered a speech harshly attacking the ulama as a class.




  • London, England
    Monday Feb 11, 1963

    The Beatles

    Recording The Album "Please Please Me"

    London, England
    Monday Feb 11, 1963

    On 11 February 1963, the Beatles recorded ten songs during a single studio session for their debut LP, Please Please Me.




  • Brooklyn, New York, U.S.
    Sunday Feb 17, 1963

    Michael Jordan

    Birth

    Brooklyn, New York, U.S.
    Sunday Feb 17, 1963

    Jordan was born in Brooklyn, New York.




  • Alcatraz, San Francisco, USA
    Thursday Mar 21, 1963

    June 1962 Alcatraz escape attempt: Escape from Alcatraz

    penitentiary closing

    Alcatraz, San Francisco, USA
    Thursday Mar 21, 1963

    Because the penitentiary cost much more to operate than other prisons (nearly $10 per prisoner per day, as opposed to $3 per prisoner per day at Atlanta), and half a century of saltwater saturation had severely eroded the buildings, then-Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy ordered the penitentiary closed on March 21, 1963.




  • Birmingham, Alabama, U.S.
    Monday Apr 1, 1963

    Martin Luther King

    Birmingham campaign

    Birmingham, Alabama, U.S.
    Monday Apr 1, 1963

    In April 1963, the SCLC began a campaign against racial segregation and economic injustice in Birmingham, Alabama. The campaign used nonviolent but intentionally confrontational tactics, developed in part by Rev. Wyatt Tee Walker. Black people in Birmingham, organizing with the SCLC, occupied public spaces with marches and sit-ins, openly violating laws that they considered unjust.




  • Yugoslavia
    Sunday Apr 7, 1963

    Josip Broz Tito

    The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

    Yugoslavia
    Sunday Apr 7, 1963

    On 7 April 1963, the country changed its official name to the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.


  • United Kingdom
    Wednesday Apr 10, 1963

    James Bond

    On Her Majesty's Secret Service was published

    United Kingdom
    Wednesday Apr 10, 1963

    On Her Majesty's Secret Service is the tenth novel (and eleventh book) in Ian Fleming's James Bond series, first published in the UK by Jonathan Cape on 1 April 1963.


  • Tebedu, Sarawak, Malaysia
    Friday Apr 12, 1963

    Brunei revolt

    Capturing The Police Station at Tebedu

    Tebedu, Sarawak, Malaysia
    Friday Apr 12, 1963

    On 12 April, the police station at Tebedu in the 1st Division of Sarawak was attacked and captured. The attackers had come from Kalimantan. This marked the beginning of Confrontation.


  • Baku, Azerbaijan, U.S.S.R (Azerbaijan Present Day)
    Saturday Apr 13, 1963

    Garry Kasparov

    Birth

    Baku, Azerbaijan, U.S.S.R (Azerbaijan Present Day)
    Saturday Apr 13, 1963

    Kasparov was born Garik Kimovich Weinstein in Baku, Azerbaijan SSR (now Azerbaijan), Soviet Union.


  • Brunei
    Saturday May 18, 1963

    Brunei revolt

    A patrol of 1/7 Gurkhas Were Guided To a Camp In The Mangrove

    Brunei
    Saturday May 18, 1963

    On 18 May, a patrol of 1/7 Gurkhas were guided by an informer to a camp in the mangrove. They flushed a party of rebels towards an ambush. Ten rebels were killed or captured. They were the remnants of TNKU headquarters and one of the wounded, shot in the hip, was Yassin Affendi.


  • Iran
    Sunday Jun 2, 1963

    Ruhollah Khomeini

    The Feyziyeh madrasah speech

    Iran
    Sunday Jun 2, 1963

    On the afternoon of 'Ashura (3 June 1963), Khomeini delivered a speech at the Feyziyeh madrasah drawing parallels between the Sunni Muslim caliph Yazid, who is perceived as a 'tyrant' by Shias, and the Shah, denouncing the Shah as a "wretched, miserable man," and warning him that if he did not change his ways the day would come when the people would offer up thanks for his departure from the country.


  • Iran
    Tuesday Jun 4, 1963

    Ruhollah Khomeini

    Detained

    Iran
    Tuesday Jun 4, 1963

    On 5 June 1963 (15 of Khordad) at 3:00 am, two days after this public denunciation of the Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Khomeini was detained in Qom and transferred to Tehran.


  • Berlin, East Germany, Germany
    Wednesday Jun 26, 1963

    Berlin Wall

    John F. Kennedy supports

    Berlin, East Germany, Germany
    Wednesday Jun 26, 1963

    On 26 June 1963, 22 months after the erection of the Berlin Wall, U.S. President John F. Kennedy visited West Berlin. Speaking from a platform erected on the steps of Rathaus Schöneberg for an audience of 450,000 he declared in his Ich bin ein Berliner speech the support of the United States for West Germany and the people of West Berlin.


  • Accra, Ghana
    Tuesday Aug 27, 1963

    W. E. B. Du Bois

    Death

    Accra, Ghana
    Tuesday Aug 27, 1963

    Du Bois's health declined during the two years he was in Ghana, and he died on August 27, 1963, in the capital of Accra at the age of 95.


  • Washington D.C., U.S.
    Wednesday Aug 28, 1963

    Martin Luther King

    March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom

    Washington D.C., U.S.
    Wednesday Aug 28, 1963

    King, representing the SCLC, was among the leaders of the "Big Six" civil rights organizations who were instrumental in the organization of the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, which took place on August 28, 1963.


  • Washington D.C., U.S.
    Wednesday Aug 28, 1963

    W. E. B. Du Bois

    March on Washington

    Washington D.C., U.S.
    Wednesday Aug 28, 1963

    At the March on Washington, speaker Roy Wilkins asked the hundreds of thousands of marchers to honor Du Bois with a moment of silence.


  • Accra, Ghana
    Friday Aug 30, 1963

    W. E. B. Du Bois

    State funeral

    Accra, Ghana
    Friday Aug 30, 1963

    Du Bois was given a state funeral on August 29–30, 1963, at Nkrumah's request, and buried beside the western wall of Christiansborg Castle (now Osu Castle), then the seat of government in Accra.


  • Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
    Saturday Sep 7, 1963

    Nancy Pelosi

    Marriage

    Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
    Saturday Sep 7, 1963

    She met Paul Frank Pelosi while she was attending college. They married in Baltimore at the Cathedral of Mary Our Queen on September 7, 1963. Nancy and Paul Pelosi have five children: Nancy Corinne, Christine, Jacqueline, Paul, and Alexandra, as well as nine grandchildren.


  • United Kingdom and U.S.
    Thursday Oct 10, 1963

    James Bond

    From Russia with Love

    United Kingdom and U.S.
    Thursday Oct 10, 1963

    From Russia with Love is a 1963 spy film and the second in the James Bond series produced by Eon Productions, as well as Sean Connery's second role as MI6 agent James Bond. It was directed by Terence Young, produced by Albert R. Broccoli and Harry Saltzman, and written by Richard Maibaum and Johanna Harwood, based on Ian Fleming's similarly named 1957 novel.


  • Heathrow Airport, London, England
    Thursday Oct 31, 1963

    The Beatles

    Return to the UK

    Heathrow Airport, London, England
    Thursday Oct 31, 1963

    In late October, the Beatles began a five-day tour of Sweden. On their return to the UK on 31 October several hundred screaming fans greeted them in heavy rain at Heathrow Airport. Around 50 to 100 journalists and photographers as well as representatives from the BBC also joined the airport reception, the first of more than 100 such events.


  • U.S.
    Tuesday Nov 5, 1963

    Thanksgiving

    Proclamation 3560

    U.S.
    Tuesday Nov 5, 1963

    The day for Thanksgiving services specifically codified in the founding charter of Berkeley Hundred in 1619 was instrumental in President John F. Kennedy's attempt to strike a compromise between the regional claims, by issuing Proclamation 3560 on November 5, 1963, stating, "Over three centuries ago, our forefathers in Virginia and in Massachusetts, far from home in a lonely wilderness, set aside a time of thanksgiving. On the appointed day, they gave reverent thanks for their safety, for the health of their children, for the fertility of their fields, for the love which bound them together, and for the faith which united them with their God".


  • Dallas, Taxes, U.S.
    Friday Nov 22, 1963

    Vietnam War

    President Kennedy assassination

    Dallas, Taxes, U.S.
    Friday Nov 22, 1963

    President Kennedy was assassinated on November 22, 1963.


  • Washington D.C., U.S.
    Sunday Nov 24, 1963

    Vietnam War

    The Battle against communism

    Washington D.C., U.S.
    Sunday Nov 24, 1963

    Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson had not been heavily involved with policy toward Vietnam; however, upon becoming president, Johnson immediately focused on the war. On 24 November 1963, he said, "the battle against communism ... must be joined ... with strength and determination".


  • U.S.
    Tuesday Nov 26, 1963

    John F. Kennedy

    Withdraw 1,000 troops

    U.S.
    Tuesday Nov 26, 1963

    After Kennedy's assassination, President Johnson signed NSAM 273 on November 26, 1963. It reversed Kennedy's decision to withdraw 1,000 troops and reaffirmed the policy of assistance to the South Vietnamese.


  • U.S.
    Sunday Dec 1, 1963

    Malcolm X

    Criticism of John F.Kennedy assassination

    U.S.
    Sunday Dec 1, 1963

    On December 1, 1963, when asked to comment on the assassination of John F. Kennedy, Malcolm X said that it was a case of "chickens coming home to roost". He added that "chickens coming home to roost never did make me sad; they've always made me glad."


  • U.S.
    Thursday Dec 5, 1963

    Audrey Hepburn

    Charade

    U.S.
    Thursday Dec 5, 1963

    Hepburn next appeared opposite Cary Grant in the comic thriller Charade (1963), playing a young widow pursued by several men who chase the fortune stolen by her murdered husband. The 59-year-old Grant, who had previously withdrawn from the starring male lead roles in Roman Holiday and Sabrina, was sensitive about his age difference with 34-year-old Hepburn, and was uncomfortable about the romantic interplay. To satisfy his concerns, the filmmakers agreed to alter the screenplay so that Hepburn's character was pursuing him.


  • Cyprus
    Saturday Dec 21, 1963

    Cypriot intercommunal violence

    Bloody Christmas

    Cyprus
    Saturday Dec 21, 1963

    An armed conflict was triggered after December 21, 1963, a period remembered by Turkish Cypriots as Bloody Christmas, when a Greek Cypriot policemen that had been called to help deal with a taxi driver refusing officers already on the scene access to check the identification documents of his customers, took out his gun upon arrival and shot and killed the taxi driver and his partner.


  • Cyprus
    Sunday Dec 22, 1963

    Cypriot intercommunal violence

    Gunfire broke out, communication lines to the Turkish neighborhoods were cut

    Cyprus
    Sunday Dec 22, 1963

    In the morning after the shooting, crowds gathered in protest in Northern Nicosia, likely encouraged by the TMT, without incident. On the evening of the 22nd, gunfire broke out, communication lines to the Turkish neighborhoods were cut, and the Greek Cypriot police occupied the nearby airport.


  • Cyprus
    Monday Dec 23, 1963

    Cypriot intercommunal violence

    Ceasefire was negotiated, but did not hold

    Cyprus
    Monday Dec 23, 1963

    On the 23rd, a ceasefire was negotiated, but did not hold. Fighting, including automatic weapons fire, between Greek and Turkish Cypriots and militias increased in Nicosia and Larnaca. A force of Greek Cypriot irregulars led by Nikos Sampson entered the Nicosia suburb of Omorphita and engaged in heavy firing on armed, as well as by some accounts unarmed, Turkish Cypriots. The Omorphita clash has been described by Turkish Cypriots as a massacre, while this view has generally not been acknowledged by Greek Cypriots.


  • Cyprus
    Tuesday Dec 24, 1963

    Cypriot intercommunal violence

    Britain, Greece, and Turkey had joined talks, with all sides calling for a truce

    Cyprus
    Tuesday Dec 24, 1963

    Further ceasefires were arranged between the two sides, but also failed. By Christmas Eve, the 24th, Britain, Greece, and Turkey had joined talks, with all sides calling for a truce.


  • Cyprus
    Wednesday Dec 25, 1963

    Cypriot intercommunal violence

    Turkish fighter jets overflew Nicosia in a show of support

    Cyprus
    Wednesday Dec 25, 1963

    On Christmas day, Turkish fighter jets overflew Nicosia in a show of support. Finally it was agreed to allow a force of 2,700 British soldiers to help enforce a ceasefire. In the next days, a "buffer zone" was created in Nicosia, and a British officer marked a line on a map with green ink, separating the two sides of the city, which was the beginning of the "Green Line". Fighting continued across the island for the next several weeks.


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