Historydraft LogoHistorydraft Logo HistorydraftbetaHistorydraft Logo Historydraftbeta

  • Albuquerque, New Mexico, U.S.
    Sunday Jan 12, 1964

    Jeff Bezos

    Birth

    Albuquerque, New Mexico, U.S.
    Sunday Jan 12, 1964

    Bezos was born in Albuquerque, New Mexico, on January 12, 1964, the son of Jacklyn Gise Jorgensen and Ted Jorgensen.




  • Karkow, Poland
    Monday Jan 13, 1964

    Pope John Paul II

    Archbishop of Kraków

    Karkow, Poland
    Monday Jan 13, 1964

    On 13 January 1964, Pope Paul VI appointed him Archbishop of Kraków.




  • Oregon, U.S.
    Saturday Jan 25, 1964

    Nike, Inc.

    Establishing

    Oregon, U.S.
    Saturday Jan 25, 1964

    Nike, originally known as Blue Ribbon Sports (BRS), was founded by University of Oregon track athlete Phil Knight and his coach, Bill Bowerman, on January 25, 1964. The company initially operated in Eugene as a distributor for Japanese shoe maker Onitsuka Tiger, making most sales at track meets out of Phil Knight's automobile.




  • New York, U.S.
    Thursday Feb 6, 1964

    Martin Luther King

    The American Race Crisis

    New York, U.S.
    Thursday Feb 6, 1964

    On February 6, 1964, King delivered the inaugural speech of a lecture series initiated at the New School called "The American Race Crisis".




  • John F. Kennedy Airport, New York, U.S.
    Friday Feb 7, 1964

    The Beatles

    The First visit to United States

    John F. Kennedy Airport, New York, U.S.
    Friday Feb 7, 1964

    On 7 February 1964, the Beatles left the United Kingdom with an estimated 4,000 fans gathered at Heathrow, waving and screaming as the aircraft took off. Upon landing at New York's John F. Kennedy Airport, an uproarious crowd estimated at 3,000 greeted them.




  • U.S.
    Sunday Feb 9, 1964

    The Beatles

    The First Live US Television Performance

    U.S.
    Sunday Feb 9, 1964

    They gave their first live US television performance two days later on The Ed Sullivan Show, watched by approximately 73 million viewers in over 23 million households, or 34 per cent of the American population.




  • Cyprus
    Sunday Feb 16, 1964

    Cypriot intercommunal violence

    The Guardian reported a massacre of Turks

    Cyprus
    Sunday Feb 16, 1964

    The Guardian reported a massacre of Turks at Limassol on 16 February 1964.


  • London, England
    Saturday Feb 22, 1964

    The Beatles

    Returning to the UK

    London, England
    Saturday Feb 22, 1964

    The band flew to Florida, where they appeared on the weekly Ed Sullivan Show a second time, before another 70 million viewers, before returning to the UK on 22 February.


  • Miami Beach, U.S.
    Tuesday Feb 25, 1964

    Muhammad Ali Clay

    First fight Vs Linston

    Miami Beach, U.S.
    Tuesday Feb 25, 1964

    By late 1963, Clay had become the top contender for Sonny Liston's title. The fight was set for February 25, 1964, in Miami Beach. Liston was an intimidating personality, a dominating fighter with a criminal past and ties to the mob. Based on Clay's uninspired performance against Jones and Cooper in his previous two fights, and Liston's destruction of former heavyweight champion Floyd Patterson in two first-round knock outs, Clay was a 7–1 underdog.


  • Pisa, Italy
    Thursday Feb 27, 1964

    Leaning Tower of Pisa

    Government efforts towards The Tower

    Pisa, Italy
    Thursday Feb 27, 1964

    Numerous efforts have been made to restore the tower to a vertical orientation or at least keep it from falling over. Most of these efforts failed; some worsened the tilt. On 27 February 1964, the government of Italy requested aid in preventing the tower from toppling. It was, however, considered important to retain the current tilt, due to the role that this element played in promoting the tourism industry of Pisa.


  • St. Augustine, Florida, U.S.
    Sunday Mar 1, 1964

    Martin Luther King

    St. Augustine Movement

    St. Augustine, Florida, U.S.
    Sunday Mar 1, 1964

    In March 1964, King and the SCLC joined forces with Robert Hayling's then-controversial movement in St. Augustine, Florida. Hayling's group had been affiliated with the NAACP but was forced out of the organization for advocating armed self-defense alongside nonviolent tactics. However, the pacifist SCLC accepted them.


  • U.S.
    Sunday Mar 1, 1964

    Malcolm X

    Left the Nation of Islam

    U.S.
    Sunday Mar 1, 1964

    On March 8, 1964, Malcolm X publicly announced his break from the Nation of Islam. He was still a Muslim, he said, but felt that the Nation had "gone as far as it can" because of its rigid teachings. He said he was planning to organize a black nationalist organization to "heighten the political consciousness" of African Americans.


  • Chattanooga, Tennessee, U.S.
    Wednesday Mar 4, 1964

    Jimmy Hoffa

    Prison Sentences

    Chattanooga, Tennessee, U.S.
    Wednesday Mar 4, 1964

    on March 4, 1964, Hoffa was convicted in Chattanooga, Tennessee, of attempted bribery of a grand juror.


  • Washington D.C., U.S.
    Thursday Mar 26, 1964

    Malcolm X

    Met Martin Luther King Jr.

    Washington D.C., U.S.
    Thursday Mar 26, 1964

    On March 26, 1964, he met Martin Luther King Jr. for the first and only time‍—‌and only long enough for photographs to be taken‍—‌in Washington, D.C., as both men attended the Senate's debate on the Civil Rights bill.


  • United Kingdom
    Thursday Mar 26, 1964

    James Bond

    You Only Live Twice was published

    United Kingdom
    Thursday Mar 26, 1964

    You Only Live Twice is the eleventh novel (and twelfth book) in Ian Fleming's James Bond series of stories. It was first published by Jonathan Cape in the United Kingdom on 26 March 1964 and sold out quickly.


  • Sarawak, Malaysia
    Monday Mar 30, 1964

    Communist insurgency in Sarawak

    Sarawak People's Guerilla Force was formed

    Sarawak, Malaysia
    Monday Mar 30, 1964

    The Sarawak People's Guerilla Force was formed on 30 March 1964 at Mount Asuansang in West Kalimantan with the assistance of the Indonesian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The SPGF's leaders included Bong Kee Chok, Yang Chu Chung, and Wen Ming Chyuan.


  • U.S.
    Tuesday Apr 7, 1964

    IBM

    IBM System/360

    U.S.
    Tuesday Apr 7, 1964

    On 7 April 1964, IBM announced the first computer system family, the IBM System/360. It spanned the complete range of commercial and scientific applications from large to small, allowing companies to upgrade to models with greater computing capability without having to rewrite their applications.


  • New York, U.S.
    Friday Apr 17, 1964

    Ford

    Ford Mustang

    New York, U.S.
    Friday Apr 17, 1964

    The Ford Mustang was introduced in April 17, 1964 during New York World's Fair.


  • U.S.
    Friday May 22, 1964

    Audrey Hepburn

    Paris When It Sizzles

    U.S.
    Friday May 22, 1964

    Hepburn reunited with her Sabrina co-star William Holden in Paris When It Sizzles (1964), a screwball comedy in which she played the young assistant of a Hollywood screenwriter, who aids his writer's block by acting out his fantasies of possible plots.


  • New Delhi, India
    Monday Jun 8, 1964

    Indira Gandhi

    The Minister of Information and Broadcasting

    New Delhi, India
    Monday Jun 8, 1964

    After her father's death in 1964 she was appointed as a member of the Rajya Sabha (upper house) and served in Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri's cabinet as Minister of Information and Broadcasting.


  • South Africa
    Friday Jun 12, 1964

    Nelson Mandela

    In The Court

    South Africa
    Friday Jun 12, 1964

    On 12 June 1964, justice De Wet found Mandela and two of his co-accused guilty on all charges; although the prosecution had called for the death sentence to be applied, the judge instead condemned them to life imprisonment.Mandela and his co-accused were transferred from Pretoria to the prison on Robben Island, remaining there for the next 18 years.


  • U.S.
    Thursday Jul 2, 1964

    W. E. B. Du Bois

    Civil Rights Act of 1964

    U.S.
    Thursday Jul 2, 1964

    The Civil Rights Act of 1964, embodying many of the reforms Du Bois had campaigned for his entire life, was enacted almost a year after his death.


  • England
    Monday Jul 6, 1964

    The Beatles

    The Movie "A Hard Day's Night"

    England
    Monday Jul 6, 1964

    Capitol Records' lack of interest throughout 1963 did not go unnoticed, and a competitor, United Artists Records, encouraged their film division to offer the Beatles a three-motion-picture deal, primarily for the commercial potential of the soundtracks in the US. Directed by Richard Lester, A Hard Day's Night involved the band for six weeks in March–April 1964 as they played themselves in a musical comedy. The film premiered in London and New York in July and August, respectively, and was an international success, with some critics drawing comparison with the Marx Brothers.


  • North Vietnam
    Sunday Aug 2, 1964

    Vietnam War

    An Intelligence Mission along North Vietnam's coast

    North Vietnam
    Sunday Aug 2, 1964

    On 2 August 1964, USS Maddox, on an intelligence mission along North Vietnam's coast, allegedly fired upon and damaged several torpedo boats that had been stalking it in the Gulf of Tonkin.


  • North Vietnam
    Friday Aug 7, 1964

    Vietnam War

    The Second "Attack"

    North Vietnam
    Friday Aug 7, 1964

    The second "attack" led to retaliatory air strikes, and prompted Congress to approve the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution on 7 August 1964.


  • Canterbury, United Kingdom
    Tuesday Aug 11, 1964

    James Bond

    Fleming's death

    Canterbury, United Kingdom
    Tuesday Aug 11, 1964

    Fleming was a heavy smoker and drinker throughout his adult life and suffered from heart disease. In 1961, aged 53, he suffered a heart attack and struggled to recuperate. On 11 August 1964, while staying at a hotel in Canterbury, Fleming went to the Royal St George's Golf Club for lunch and later dined at his hotel with friends.


  • Florida, U.S.
    Friday Sep 11, 1964

    The Beatles

    The 11 September concert problem segregated

    Florida, U.S.
    Friday Sep 11, 1964

    During the 1964 US tour, the group were confronted with the reality of racial segregation in the country at the time, particularly in the South. When informed that the venue for their 11 September concert, the Gator Bowl in Jacksonville, Florida, was segregated, the Beatles said they would refuse to perform unless the audience was integrated. Lennon stated: "We never play to segregated audiences and we aren't going to start now ... I'd sooner lose our appearance money." City officials relented and agreed to allow an integrated show. The group also cancelled their reservations at the whites-only Hotel George Washington in Jacksonville.


  • London, England, United Kingdom
    Thursday Sep 17, 1964

    James Bond

    Goldfinger

    London, England, United Kingdom
    Thursday Sep 17, 1964

    Goldfinger is a 1964 spy film and the third installment in the James Bond series produced by Eon Productions, starring Sean Connery as the fictional MI6 agent James Bond. It is based on the 1959 novel of the same name by Ian Fleming.


  • London, England
    Thursday Oct 15, 1964

    Margaret Thatcher

    She became Spokesman on Housing and Land

    London, England
    Thursday Oct 15, 1964

    After the Conservatives lost the 1964 election she became spokesman on Housing and Land, in which position she advocated her party's policy of allowing tenants to buy their council houses.


  • U.S.
    Wednesday Oct 21, 1964

    Audrey Hepburn

    My Fair Lady

    U.S.
    Wednesday Oct 21, 1964

    Hepburn's second film released in 1964 was George Cukor's film adaptation of the stage musical My Fair Lady, which premiered in October.


  • Tokyo, Japan
    Saturday Oct 24, 1964

    Harald V

    The Opening Parade of The 1964 Summer Olympics

    Tokyo, Japan
    Saturday Oct 24, 1964

    The Crown Prince carried the Norwegian flag at the opening parade of the 1964 Summer Olympics. He represented Norway in the yachting events of the Summer Olympics in Tokyo in 1964, Mexico City in 1968, and Munich in 1972.


  • Iran
    Sunday Oct 25, 1964

    Ruhollah Khomeini

    Khomeini denounced both the Shah and the United States

    Iran
    Sunday Oct 25, 1964

    On 26 October 1964, Khomeini denounced both the Shah and the United States. This time it was in response to the "capitulations" or diplomatic immunity granted by the Shah to American military personnel in Iran.


  • Utrecht, Netherlands
    Saturday Oct 31, 1964

    Marco van Basten

    Born

    Utrecht, Netherlands
    Saturday Oct 31, 1964

    Marco van Basten was born on 31 October 1964 in Utrecht.


  • Turkey
    Wednesday Nov 4, 1964

    Ruhollah Khomeini

    Sent to Turkey

    Turkey
    Wednesday Nov 4, 1964

    Khomeini spent more than 14 years in exile, mostly in the holy Iraqi city of Najaf. Initially, he was sent to Turkey on 4 November 1964 where he stayed in Bursa in the home of Colonel Ali Cetiner of the Turkish Military Intelligence.


  • Netherlands
    Sunday Nov 15, 1964

    Johan Cruyff

    Debut

    Netherlands
    Sunday Nov 15, 1964

    He made his first team debut on 15 November 1964 in the Eredivisie, against GVAV, scoring the only goal for Ajax in a 3–1 defeat. That year, Ajax finished in their lowest position since the establishment of professional football, in 13th.


  • Oslo, Norway
    Thursday Dec 10, 1964

    Martin Luther King

    Nobel Prize

    Oslo, Norway
    Thursday Dec 10, 1964

    The Nobel Peace Prize 1964 was awarded to Martin Luther King Jr.


  • New York, U.S.
    Friday Dec 11, 1964

    Che Guevara

    Criticized the United Nations

    New York, U.S.
    Friday Dec 11, 1964

    On December 11, 1964, during Guevara's hour-long, impassioned address at the UN, he criticized the United Nations' inability to confront the "brutal policy of apartheid" in South Africa, asking "Can the United Nations do nothing to stop this?"


<