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  • Pleiku, South Vietnam
    Sunday Feb 7, 1965

    Vietnam War

    Attack on a U.S. Army base

    Pleiku, South Vietnam
    Sunday Feb 7, 1965

    The National Security Council recommended a three-stage escalation of the bombing of North Vietnam. Following an attack on a U.S. Army base in Pleiku on 7 February 1965, a series of air strikes was initiated.




  • Washington D.C., U.S.
    Monday Feb 8, 1965

    Neil Armstrong

    The backup Crew for Gemini 5

    Washington D.C., U.S.
    Monday Feb 8, 1965

    On February 8, 1965, Armstrong and Elliot See were announced as the backup crew for Gemini 5, with Armstrong as commander, supporting the prime crew of Gordon Cooper and Pete Conrad.




  • U.S.
    Friday Feb 19, 1965

    Malcolm X

    2 days before assassination

    U.S.
    Friday Feb 19, 1965

    On February 19, 1965, Malcolm X told interviewer Gordon Parks that the Nation of Islam was actively trying to kill him.




  • Algiers, Algeria
    Wednesday Feb 24, 1965

    Che Guevara

    Last public appearance

    Algiers, Algeria
    Wednesday Feb 24, 1965

    In Algiers, Algeria, on February 24, 1965, Guevara made what turned out to be his last public appearance on the international stage when he delivered a speech at an economic seminar on Afro-Asian solidarity.




  • North Vietnam
    Tuesday Mar 2, 1965

    Vietnam War

    Operation Rolling Thunder

    North Vietnam
    Tuesday Mar 2, 1965

    Operation Rolling Thunder and Operation Arc Light expanded aerial bombardment and ground support operations.




  • Selma, Alabama, U.S.
    Sunday Mar 7, 1965

    Martin Luther King

    Selma voting rights movement

    Selma, Alabama, U.S.
    Sunday Mar 7, 1965

    Acting on James Bevel's call for a march from Selma to Montgomery, King, Bevel, and the SCLC, in partial collaboration with SNCC, attempted to organize the march to the state's capital. The first attempt to march on March 7, 1965, was aborted because of mob and police violence against the demonstrators. This day has become known as Bloody Sunday and was a major turning point in the effort to gain public support for the civil rights movement.




  • South Vietnam
    Monday Mar 8, 1965

    Vietnam War

    3,500 U.S. Marines were unilaterally dispatched

    South Vietnam
    Monday Mar 8, 1965

    On 8 March 1965, 3,500 U.S. Marines were unilaterally dispatched to South Vietnam.


  • Vietnam
    Monday Mar 8, 1965

    John F. Kennedy

    Committed the first combat troops to Vietnam

    Vietnam
    Monday Mar 8, 1965

    On March 8, 1965, his successor, President Lyndon Johnson, committed the first combat troops to Vietnam and greatly escalated U.S. involvement, with forces reaching 184,000 that year and 536,000 in 1968.


  • United Kingdom
    Thursday Apr 1, 1965

    James Bond

    The Man with the Golden Gun was published

    United Kingdom
    Thursday Apr 1, 1965

    The Man with the Golden Gun is the twelfth novel (and thirteenth book) of Ian Fleming's James Bond series. It was first published by Jonathan Cape in the UK on 1 April 1965, eight months after the author's death.


  • Brussels, Belgium
    Thursday Apr 8, 1965

    Brexit

    The Merger Treaty

    Brussels, Belgium
    Thursday Apr 8, 1965

    In 1967, these became known as the European Communities (EC). The Merger Treaty, also known as the Treaty of Brussels, was a European treaty that unified the executive institutions of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), Atomic Energy Community (Euratom) and the Economic Community (EEC). The treaty was signed in Brussels on 8 April 1965 and came into force on 1 July 1967. It set out that the Commission of the EEC and the Council of the EEC should replace the Commission and Council of Euratom and the High Authority and Council of the ECSC. Although each Community remained legally independent, they shared common institutions (prior to this treaty, they already shared a Parliamentary Assembly and Court of Justice) and were together known as the European Communities. This treaty is regarded by some as the real beginning of the modern European Union.


  • Congo
    Saturday Apr 24, 1965

    Che Guevara

    Cuban Expeditionaries

    Congo
    Saturday Apr 24, 1965

    Guevara, his second-in-command Víctor Dreke, and 12 other Cuban Expeditionaries arrived in Congo on April 24, 1965, and a contingent of approximately 100 Afro-Cubans joined them soon afterward.


  • Lewiston, Maine, U.S.
    Tuesday May 25, 1965

    Muhammad Ali Clay

    Linston Rematch

    Lewiston, Maine, U.S.
    Tuesday May 25, 1965

    Ali then faced a rematch with Liston scheduled for May 1965 in Lewiston, Maine. and Ali Won the match in 2 minutes.


  • Sarawak, Malaysia
    Wednesday Jun 30, 1965

    Communist insurgency in Sarawak

    Goodsir Plan

    Sarawak, Malaysia
    Wednesday Jun 30, 1965

    On 30 June 1965, the Sarawak government's Operations Sub-Committee of the State Security Executive Council (Ops SSEC) implemented the Goodsir Plan. This plan involved the resettlement of 7,500 people in five "temporary settlements" along the Kuching-Serian road in Sarawak's First and Third Divisions. The Goodsir Plan was named after David Goodsir, the British acting commissioner of police in Sarawak.


  • Cambridge, England
    Wednesday Jul 14, 1965

    Stephen Hawking

    Marriage

    Cambridge, England
    Wednesday Jul 14, 1965

    When Hawking was a graduate student at Cambridge, his relationship with Jane Wilde, a friend of his sister whom he had met shortly before his late 1963 diagnosis with motor neurone disease, continued to develop. The couple became engaged in October 1964 – Hawking later said that the engagement gave him "something to live for" – and the two were married on 14 July 1965.


  • West Berlin, West Germany
    Tuesday Jul 20, 1965

    Martin Bormann

    Excavations Failed To Locate The Bodies

    West Berlin, West Germany
    Tuesday Jul 20, 1965

    Excavations on 20-21 July 1965 at the site specified by Axmann and Krumnow failed to locate the bodies.


  • Shea Stadium, New York, U.S.
    Sunday Aug 15, 1965

    The Beatles

    The Opening Concert of The third US tour

    Shea Stadium, New York, U.S.
    Sunday Aug 15, 1965

    The group's third US tour opened with a performance before a world-record crowd of 55,600 at New York's Shea Stadium on 15 August 1965 – "perhaps the most famous of all Beatles' concerts", in Lewisohn's description


  • Washington D.C., U.S.
    Monday Sep 20, 1965

    Neil Armstrong

    Announcing the Crew assignments for Gemini 8

    Washington D.C., U.S.
    Monday Sep 20, 1965

    The crew assignments for Gemini 8 were announced on September 20, 1965. Under the normal rotation system, the backup crew for one mission became the prime crew for the third mission after, but Slayton designated David Scott as the pilot of Gemini 8. Scott was the first member of the third group of astronauts, whose selection was announced on October 18, 1963, to receive a prime crew assignment.


  • Havana, Cuba
    Sunday Oct 3, 1965

    Raúl Castro

    Second Secretary of The Communist Party of Cuba

    Havana, Cuba
    Sunday Oct 3, 1965

    He served as a member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba and Second Secretary of its Politburo from the Party's formation in October 1965.


  • Netherlands
    Sunday Oct 24, 1965

    Johan Cruyff

    Started to make an impression

    Netherlands
    Sunday Oct 24, 1965

    Cruyff really started to make an impression in the 1965–66 season and established himself as a regular first team player after scoring two goals against DWS in the Olympic stadium on 24 October 1965 in a 2–0 victory.


  • Buckingham Palace, London, England
    Tuesday Oct 26, 1965

    The Beatles

    Receive Their (MBE) Medals

    Buckingham Palace, London, England
    Tuesday Oct 26, 1965

    The Beatles went to Buckingham Palace to receive their (MBE) medals from the Queen on October 26, 1965, after Queen Elizabeth II appointed all four Beatles Members of the Order of the British Empire (MBE) after Prime Minister Harold Wilson nominated them for the award.


  • West Kalimantan, Indonesia
    Tuesday Oct 26, 1965

    Communist insurgency in Sarawak

    North Kalimantan People's Army was formed

    West Kalimantan, Indonesia
    Tuesday Oct 26, 1965

    The North Kalimantan People's Army was formed by Bong Kee Chok near Melawi River in West Kalimantan with the assistance of the PKI on 26 October 1965.


  • Congo
    Saturday Nov 20, 1965

    Che Guevara

    Guevara left Congo

    Congo
    Saturday Nov 20, 1965

    Later that year, on November 20, 1965, suffering from dysentery and acute asthma, and disheartened after seven months of defeats, Guevara left Congo with the six Cuban survivors of his 12-man column.


  • Philippine Sea
    Sunday Dec 5, 1965

    Atomic Bomb

    1965 Philippine Sea A-4 crash

    Philippine Sea
    Sunday Dec 5, 1965

    1965 Philippine Sea A-4 crash, where a Skyhawk attack aircraft with a nuclear weapon fell into the sea.The pilot, the aircraft, and the B43 nuclear bomb were never recovered. It was not until 1989 that the Pentagon revealed the loss of the one-megaton bomb.


  • Tokyo, Japan
    Thursday Dec 9, 1965

    James Bond

    Thunderball premiere

    Tokyo, Japan
    Thursday Dec 9, 1965

    Thunderball is a 1965 spy film and the fourth in the James Bond series produced by Eon Productions, starring Sean Connery as the fictional MI6 agent James Bond. It is an adaptation of the 1961 novel of the same name by Ian Fleming, which in turn was based on an original story by Kevin McClory, Jack Whittingham, and Fleming.


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