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  • Holy Roman Empire
    Monday Dec 25, 800

    Holy Roman Empire

    Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne emperor

    Holy Roman Empire
    Monday Dec 25, 800

    On Christmas Day of 800, Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne emperor, restoring the title in the West for the first time in over three centuries.




  • Zemstvo, Russian Empire
    Sunday Dec 25, 1904

    1905 Russian Revolution

    Tsar issued a manifesto promising the broadening of the Zemstvo

    Zemstvo, Russian Empire
    Sunday Dec 25, 1904

    Tsar Nicholas II made a move to fulfil many of these demands, appointing liberal Pyotr Dmitrievich Sviatopolk-Mirsky Minister of the Interior after the assassination of Vyacheslav von Plehve. On 25 December [O.S. 12 December] 1904, the Tsar issued a manifesto promising the broadening of the Zemstvo and more authority local municipal councils, insurance for industrial workers, the emancipation of Inorodtsy and the abolition of censorship. The crucial demand of representative national legislature was missing in the manifesto.




  • Harlem, New York City, New York, U.S.
    Thursday Dec 25, 1919

    Marcus Garvey

    Marriage

    Harlem, New York City, New York, U.S.
    Thursday Dec 25, 1919

    Shortly after the incident, Garvey proposed marriage to Amy Ashwood and she accepted. On Christmas Day, they had a private Roman Catholic church wedding, followed by a major ceremonial celebration in Liberty Hall, attended by 3000 UNIA members. Jacques was Ashwood's maid of honor. After the wedding, Garvey moved into Ashwood's apartment.




  • Tokyo, Japan
    Saturday Dec 25, 1926

    Hirohito

    Hirohito assumed The Throne

    Tokyo, Japan
    Saturday Dec 25, 1926

    On 25 December 1926, Hirohito assumed the throne upon the death of his father, Yoshihito. The Crown Prince was said to have received the succession (senso).




  • Ljubljana, Slovenia
    Tuesday Dec 25, 1934

    Josip Broz Tito

    Tito was elected as a member of the Politburo for the first time

    Ljubljana, Slovenia
    Tuesday Dec 25, 1934

    On Christmas Day 1934, a secret meeting of the Central Committee of the CPY was held in Ljubljana, and Tito was elected as a member of the Politburo for the first time. The Politburo decided to send him to Moscow to report on the situation in Yugoslavia, and in early February 1935 he arrived there as full-time official of the Comintern.




  • China
    Saturday Dec 25, 1937

    Mao Zedong

    The Formation of a United Front

    China
    Saturday Dec 25, 1937

    Although Chiang intended to ignore Mao's message and continue the civil war, he was arrested by one of his own generals, Zhang Xueliang, in Xi'an, leading to the Xi'an Incident; Zhang forced Chiang to discuss the issue with the Communists, resulting in the formation of a United Front with concessions on both sides on December 25, 1937.




  • Cyprus
    Wednesday Dec 25, 1963

    Cypriot intercommunal violence

    Turkish fighter jets overflew Nicosia in a show of support

    Cyprus
    Wednesday Dec 25, 1963

    On Christmas day, Turkish fighter jets overflew Nicosia in a show of support. Finally it was agreed to allow a force of 2,700 British soldiers to help enforce a ceasefire. In the next days, a "buffer zone" was created in Nicosia, and a British officer marked a line on a map with green ink, separating the two sides of the city, which was the beginning of the "Green Line". Fighting continued across the island for the next several weeks.


  • Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Saturday Dec 25, 1971

    Justin Trudeau

    Birth

    Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Saturday Dec 25, 1971

    Justin Trudeau was born on Christmas Day 1971 at 9:27 pm EST at the Ottawa Civic Hospital.


  • Iraq
    Thursday Dec 25, 1986

    Iran–Iraq War

    Operation Karbala-4

    Iraq
    Thursday Dec 25, 1986

    On 25 December 1986, Iran launched Operation Karbala-4 (Karbala referring to Hussein ibn Ali's Battle of Karbala). According to Iraqi General Ra'ad al-Hamdani, this was a diversionary attack. The Iranians launched an amphibious assault against the Iraqi island of Umm al-Rassas in the Shatt-Al-Arab river, parallel to Khoramshahr. They then set up a pontoon bridge and continued the attack, eventually capturing the island in a costly success but failing to advance further; the Iranians had 60,000 casualties, while the Iraqis 9,500.


  • Washington D.C., U.S.
    Wednesday Dec 25, 1991

    Dissolution of the Soviet Union

    President of the U.S. televised speech recognizing the independence of the 11 remaining republics

    Washington D.C., U.S.
    Wednesday Dec 25, 1991

    The President of the United States George H.W. Bush held a brief televised speech officially recognizing the independence of the 11 remaining republics.


  • Moscow, Russia
    Wednesday Dec 25, 1991

    Dissolution of the Soviet Union

    Gorbachev resigned

    Moscow, Russia
    Wednesday Dec 25, 1991

    In a nationally televised speech early in the morning of December 25, 1991, Gorbachev resigned as president of the USSR.


  • Russia
    Wednesday Dec 25, 1991

    Mikhail Gorbachev

    Gorbachev resigns from the office

    Russia
    Wednesday Dec 25, 1991

    Gorbachev resigns from the office.


  • Phoenix, Arizona, U.S.
    Thursday Dec 25, 2008

    Shaquille O'Neal

    O'Neal missed his 5,000th free throw

    Phoenix, Arizona, U.S.
    Thursday Dec 25, 2008

    On December 25, 2008, O'Neal missed his 5,000th free throw, becoming the second player in NBA history to do so, along with Chamberlain.


  • Cairo, Egypt
    Saturday Dec 25, 2010

    Mohamed Salah

    First goal

    Cairo, Egypt
    Saturday Dec 25, 2010

    He scored his first goal for them on 25 December 2010 in a 1–1 away draw against Al Ahly.


  • Istanbul, Turkey
    Wednesday Dec 25, 2013

    Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

    Erdoğan Reshuffled his Cabinet

    Istanbul, Turkey
    Wednesday Dec 25, 2013

    In December 2013, Turkish police detained more than 50 people and arrested 16 others, including the general manager of Halkbank and the sons of three government ministers, on charges of corruption. Erdoğan reshuffled his Cabinet on 25 December, replacing 10 ministers hours after three ministers, whose sons were detained in relation to the probe, resigned.


  • Tokyo, Japan
    Thursday Dec 25, 2014

    PlayStation Network

    Denial-of-service attack

    Tokyo, Japan
    Thursday Dec 25, 2014

    On December 25, 2014, PlayStation Network and Xbox Live suffered network disruption after a denial-of-service attack.


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