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  • Berlin, Germany
    Thursday Jul 1, 1943

    Martin Bormann

    Giving Adolf Eichmann absolute Powers Over Jews

    Berlin, Germany
    Thursday Jul 1, 1943

    A further decree, signed by Bormann on 1 July 1943, gave Adolf Eichmann absolute powers over Jews, who now came under the exclusive jurisdiction of the Gestapo.




  • New Caledonia
    Friday Jul 2, 1943

    Richard Nixon

    Marine Aircraft Group 25

    New Caledonia
    Friday Jul 2, 1943

    Seeking more excitement, he requested sea duty and on July 2, 1943 was assigned to Marine Aircraft Group 25 and the South Pacific Combat Air Transport Command (SCAT), supporting the logistics of operations in the South Pacific Theater.




  • Kursk, U.S.S.R.
    Monday Jul 5, 1943

    World War II

    Battle of Kursk

    Kursk, U.S.S.R.
    Monday Jul 5, 1943

    On 5 July 1943, Germany attacked Soviet forces around the Kursk Bulge. Within a week, German forces had exhausted themselves against the Soviets' deeply echeloned and well-constructed defenses, and for the first time in the war Hitler cancelled the operation before it had achieved tactical or operational success. The battle ended on 23 August 1943. Soviets regain territory along a 2,000 km (1,200 mi) wide front after the battle.




  • Sicily, Italy
    Saturday Jul 10, 1943

    World War II

    Operation Husky

    Sicily, Italy
    Saturday Jul 10, 1943

    The Allied invasion of Sicily, code named Operation Husky, the operation begun 9 July and ended 17 August 1943.




  • Orel, U.S.S.R.
    Tuesday Jul 13, 1943

    World War II

    Operation Kutuzov

    Orel, U.S.S.R.
    Tuesday Jul 13, 1943

    Operation Kutuzov was the first of the two counteroffensives launched by the Red Army as part of the Kursk Strategic Offensive Operation. It commenced on 12 July 1943, in the Central Russian Upland, against Army Group Center of the German Wehrmacht. The Operation began on 12 July and ended on 18 August 1943 with the capture of Orel and collapse of the Orel bulge.




  • Älmhult, Sweden
    Wednesday Jul 28, 1943

    IKEA

    Founding

    Älmhult, Sweden
    Wednesday Jul 28, 1943

    Ingvar Kamprad founded IKEA in 1943 as a mostly mail-order sales business. It began to sell furniture five years later.




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