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  • Sarajevo, Kingdom of Serbia (Present-Day in Bosnia and Herzegovina)
    Sunday Jun 28, 1914

    United Nations

    Archduke Franz Ferdinand assassination

    Sarajevo, Kingdom of Serbia (Present-Day in Bosnia and Herzegovina)
    Sunday Jun 28, 1914

    In 1914, a political assassination in Sarajevo set off a chain of events that led to the outbreak of World War I. As more and more young men were sent down into the trenches, influential voices in the United States and Britain began calling for the establishment of a permanent international body to maintain peace in the postwar world.




  • Yugoslavia
    Sunday Mar 1, 1942

    Josip Broz Tito

    The Second Proletarian Brigade

    Yugoslavia
    Sunday Mar 1, 1942

    On 1 March 1942, Tito created the Second Proletarian Brigade.




  • Bosnia and Herzegovina (Yugoslavia)
    Thursday Nov 26, 1942

    Josip Broz Tito

    The Anti-Fascist Council of National Liberation of Yugoslavia (AVNOJ)

    Bosnia and Herzegovina (Yugoslavia)
    Thursday Nov 26, 1942

    In liberated territories, the Partisans organised People's Committees to act as civilian government. The Anti-Fascist Council of National Liberation of Yugoslavia (AVNOJ) convened in Bihać on 26–27 November 1942.




  • Bosnia and Herzegovina (Yugoslavia)
    Thursday May 25, 1944

    Josip Broz Tito

    Operation Rösselsprung

    Bosnia and Herzegovina (Yugoslavia)
    Thursday May 25, 1944

    On 25 May 1944, he managed to evade the Germans after the Raid on Drvar (Operation Rösselsprung), an airborne assault outside his Drvar headquarters in Bosnia.




  • Yugoslavia
    Monday May 14, 1945

    Josip Broz Tito

    Tito dispatched a telegram to the supreme headquarters Slovene Partisan Army prohibiting the execution of prisoners of war

    Yugoslavia
    Monday May 14, 1945

    On 14 May, he dispatched a telegram to the supreme headquarters Slovene Partisan Army prohibiting the execution of prisoners of war and commanding the transfer of the possible suspects to a military court.




  • Yugoslavia
    Monday May 17, 1948

    Josip Broz Tito

    Cominform

    Yugoslavia
    Monday May 17, 1948

    On 17 May Tito suggested that the matter be settled at the meeting of the Cominform to be held that June. However, Tito did not attend the second meeting of the Cominform, fearing that Yugoslavia was to be openly attacked.




  • Yugoslavia
    Tuesday Jun 28, 1949

    Josip Broz Tito

    The other member countries of the Cominform expelled Yugoslavia

    Yugoslavia
    Tuesday Jun 28, 1949

    On 28 June, the other member countries of the Cominform expelled Yugoslavia, citing "nationalist elements" that had "managed in the course of the past five or six months to reach a dominant position in the leadership" of the CPY.


  • Yugoslavia
    Monday Jun 26, 1950

    Josip Broz Tito

    The National Assembly supported a crucial bill written by Milovan Đilas

    Yugoslavia
    Monday Jun 26, 1950

    On 26 June 1950, the National Assembly supported a crucial bill written by Milovan Đilas and Tito regarding "self-management", a type of cooperative independent socialist experiment that introduced profit sharing and workplace democracy in previously state-run enterprises, which then became the direct social ownership of the employees.


  • Yugoslavia
    Sunday Apr 7, 1963

    Josip Broz Tito

    The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

    Yugoslavia
    Sunday Apr 7, 1963

    On 7 April 1963, the country changed its official name to the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Sunday Nov 18, 1990

    Bosnian War

    The First multi-party election

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Sunday Nov 18, 1990

    In the First multi-party election in Bosnia and Herzegovina, in November 1990, votes were cast largely according to ethnicity, leading to the success of the Bosniak Party of Democratic Action, the Serbian Democratic Party and the Croatian Democratic Union.


  • Yugoslavia
    Wednesday May 15, 1991

    Croatian War of Independence

    Blocked appointment

    Yugoslavia
    Wednesday May 15, 1991

    On 15 May, Stjepan Mesić, a Croat, was scheduled to be the chairman of the rotating presidency of Yugoslavia. Serbia, aided by Kosovo, Montenegro, and Vojvodina, whose presidency votes were at that time under Serbian control, blocked the appointment, which was otherwise seen as largely ceremonial.


  • Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Thursday Sep 19, 1991

    Bosnian War

    The JNA moved extra troops to the area around the city of Mostar

    Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Thursday Sep 19, 1991

    On 19 September 1991, the JNA moved extra troops to the area around the city of Mostar, which was publicly protested by the local government.


  • Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Tuesday Oct 15, 1991

    Bosnian War

    Memorandum on the Sovereignty of Bosnia-Herzegovina

    Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Tuesday Oct 15, 1991

    On 15 October 1991, the parliament of the Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Sarajevo passed a "Memorandum on the Sovereignty of Bosnia-Herzegovina" by a simple majority.


  • Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Monday Nov 18, 1991

    Bosnian War

    The Croatian Community of Herzeg-Bosnia

    Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Monday Nov 18, 1991

    On 18 November 1991, the Croatian Community of Herzeg-Bosnia was established in Mostar. Mate Boban was chosen as its president. Its founding document said: "The Community will respect the democratically elected government of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina for as long as exists the state independence of Bosnia and Herzegovina in relation to the former, or any other, Yugoslavia".


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Thursday Jan 9, 1992

    Bosnian War

    Republic of the Serbian People in Bosnia-Herzegovina

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Thursday Jan 9, 1992

    On 9 January 1992, the Bosnian Serbs proclaimed the "Republic of the Serbian People in Bosnia-Herzegovina" (SR BiH, later Republika Srpska), but did not officially declare independence.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Saturday Feb 29, 1992

    Bosnian War

    Boycott the referendums held on 29 February and 1 March 1992

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Saturday Feb 29, 1992

    The Bosnian Serb assembly members advised Serbs to boycott the referendums held on 29 February and 1 March 1992. The turnout to the referendums was reported as 63.7%, with 92.7% of voters voting in favour of independence (implying that Bosnian Serbs, which made up approximately 34% of the population, largely boycotted the referendum).


  • Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Sunday Mar 1, 1992

    Bosnian War

    The Sarajevo wedding shooting

    Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Sunday Mar 1, 1992

    Serbs consider the Sarajevo wedding shooting, when a groom's father was killed on the second day of the Bosnian independence referendum, 1 March 1992, to have been the first victim of the war.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Tuesday Mar 3, 1992

    Bosnian War

    Independence

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Tuesday Mar 3, 1992

    The Serb political leadership used the referendum as a pretext to set up roadblocks in protest. Independence was formally declared by the Bosnian parliament on 3 March 1992.


  • Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Saturday Mar 28, 1992

    Bosnian War

    Opposition to any type of ethnic division of Bosnia

    Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Saturday Mar 28, 1992

    on 28 March 1992, Izetbegović, after meeting with the then-US ambassador to Yugoslavia Warren Zimmermann in Sarajevo, withdrew his signature and declared his opposition to any type of ethnic division of Bosnia.


  • Bijeljina, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Wednesday Apr 1, 1992

    Bosnian War

    The Bijeljina Killings

    Bijeljina, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Wednesday Apr 1, 1992

    The Bijeljina Killings (of mostly Bosniaks) on 1–2 April.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Friday Apr 3, 1992

    Bosnian War

    Battle of Kupres

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Friday Apr 3, 1992

    On 3 April, the Battle of Kupres began between the JNA and a combined HV-HVO force that ended in a JNA victory.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Monday Apr 6, 1992

    Bosnian War

    Full-scale hostilities had broken out by 6 April

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Monday Apr 6, 1992

    "full-scale hostilities had broken out by 6 April", the same day that the United States and European Economic Community (EEC) recognized Bosnia and Herzegovina.


  • Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Monday Apr 6, 1992

    Bosnian War

    Serb forces began shelling Sarajevo

    Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Monday Apr 6, 1992

    On 6 April Serb forces began shelling Sarajevo, and in the next two days crossed the Drina from Serbia proper and besieged Muslim-majority Zvornik, Višegrad and Foča.


  • Čapljina, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Thursday Apr 23, 1992

    Bosnian War

    the JNA evacuated its personnel by helicopters from the barracks in Čapljina

    Čapljina, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Thursday Apr 23, 1992

    On 23 April, the JNA evacuated its personnel by helicopters from the barracks in Čapljina, which was under blockade since 4 March.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Monday Apr 27, 1992

    Bosnian War

    The Bosnian government ordered the JNA

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Monday Apr 27, 1992

    On 27 April, the Bosnian government ordered the JNA to be put under civilian control or expelled, which was followed by a series of conflicts in early May between the two.


  • Prijedor, Bosnia and Herzegovania
    Thursday Apr 30, 1992

    Bosnian War

    Prijedor was taken over by Serbs

    Prijedor, Bosnia and Herzegovania
    Thursday Apr 30, 1992

    Prijedor was taken over by Serbs on 30 April.


  • Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Saturday May 2, 1992

    Bosnian War

    Cutting Sarajevo in two

    Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Saturday May 2, 1992

    On 2 May, the Green Berets and local gang members fought back a disorganized Serb attack aimed at cutting Sarajevo in two.


  • Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Sunday May 3, 1992

    Bosnian War

    Izetbegović was kidnapped

    Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Sunday May 3, 1992

    On May 3, Izetbegović was kidnapped at the Sarajevo airport by JNA officers, and used to gain safe passage of JNA troops from downtown Sarajevo.


  • Tuzla, Bosna and Herzegovina
    Friday May 15, 1992

    Bosnian War

    A JNA column was ambushed in Tuzla

    Tuzla, Bosna and Herzegovina
    Friday May 15, 1992

    On 15 May 1992, a JNA column was ambushed in Tuzla. 92nd Motorised JNA Brigade (stationed in "Husinska buna" barracks in Tuzla) received orders to leave the city of Tuzla and Bosnia-Herzegovina, and to enter Serbia.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Friday May 22, 1992

    Bosnian War

    A member State of the United Nations

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Friday May 22, 1992

    The Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina was admitted as a member State of the United Nations on 22 May 1992.


  • Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Sunday May 24, 1992

    Bosnian War

    Shelling on Sarajevo

    Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Sunday May 24, 1992

    The Army of Republika Srpska was newly established and put under the command of General Ratko Mladić, in a new phase of the war. Shelling on Sarajevo on 24, 26, 28 and 29 May were attributed to Mladić by UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali.


  • Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Friday Jun 5, 1992

    Bosnian War

    The last JNA personnel left the city

    Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Friday Jun 5, 1992

    On 5 and 6 June the last JNA personnel left the city during heavy street fighting and shelling.


  • Novi Travnik, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Friday Jun 19, 1992

    Bosnian War

    A conflict in Novi Travnik

    Novi Travnik, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Friday Jun 19, 1992

    On 19 June, a conflict between the units of the TO on one side, and HVO and HOS units on the other side broke out in Novi Travnik.


  • Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Saturday Jun 20, 1992

    Bosnian War

    The 20 June cease-fire

    Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Saturday Jun 20, 1992

    The 20 June cease-fire, executed in order for UN takeover of the Sarajevo airport for humanitarian flights, was broken as both sides battled for control of the territory between the city and airport.


  • Srebrenica, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Sunday Jun 21, 1992

    Bosnian War

    Bosniak forces entered the Bosnian Serb village of Ratkovići

    Srebrenica, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Sunday Jun 21, 1992

    On 21 June 1992, Bosniak forces entered the Bosnian Serb village of Ratkovići near Srebrenica and murdered 24 Serb civilians.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Wednesday Jun 24, 1992

    Bosnian War

    Operation Corridor 92

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Wednesday Jun 24, 1992

    In June 1992, the Bosnian Serbs started Operation Corridor 92.


  • Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Friday Jun 26, 1992

    Bosnian War

    Boutros-Ghali's ultimatum

    Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Friday Jun 26, 1992

    The airport crisis led to Boutros-Ghali's ultimatum on 26 June, that the Serbs stop attacks on the city, allow the UN to take control of the airport, and place their heavy weapons under UN supervision.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Tuesday Jul 21, 1992

    Bosnian War

    Military Cooperation

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Tuesday Jul 21, 1992

    On 21 July 1992, the Agreement on Friendship and Cooperation was signed by Tuđman and Izetbegović, establishing a military cooperation between the two armies.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Wednesday Aug 12, 1992

    Bosnian War

    Republika Srpska

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Wednesday Aug 12, 1992

    On 12 August 1992, the name of the Serbian Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina was changed to Republika Srpska (RS).


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Sunday Oct 18, 1992

    Croatian War of Independence

    The Croat-Bosniak conflict

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Sunday Oct 18, 1992

    In 1992, the Croat-Bosniak conflict erupted in Bosnia and Herzegovina, just as each was fighting with the Bosnian Serbs. The war was originally fought between the Croatian Defense Council and Croatian volunteer troops on one side and the Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina (ARBiH) on the other, but by 1994, the Croatian Army had an estimated 3,000 to 5,000 troops involved in the fighting.


  • Kravica, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Thursday Jan 7, 1993

    Bosnian War

    Bratunac Killings

    Kravica, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Thursday Jan 7, 1993

    On 7 January 1993, Orthodox Christmas Day, 8th Operational Unit Srebrenica, a unit of the ARBiH under the command of Bratunac Killings, attacked the village of Kravica near Bratunac. 46 Serbs died in the attack: 35 soldiers and 11 civilians.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Friday Jan 8, 1993

    Bosnian War

    The Serbs killed the deputy prime minister of the ARBiH Hakija Turajlić

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Friday Jan 8, 1993

    On 8 January 1993, the Serbs killed the deputy prime minister of the ARBiH Hakija Turajlić after stopping the UN convoy taking him from the airport.


  • Skelani, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Saturday Jan 16, 1993

    Bosnian War

    The ARBiH attacked the Bosnian Serb village of Skelani

    Skelani, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Saturday Jan 16, 1993

    On 16 January 1993, soldiers of the ARBiH attacked the Bosnian Serb village of Skelani, near Srebrenica. 69 people were killed, 185 were wounded. Among the victims were 6 children.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Tuesday Jan 26, 1993

    Bosnian War

    The ARBiH seized control of several villages in the area

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Tuesday Jan 26, 1993

    By 26 January, the ARBiH seized control of several villages in the area, including Kaćuni and Bilalovac on the Busovača–Kiseljak road, thus isolating Kiseljak from Busovača. In the Kiseljak area, the ARBiH secured the villages northeast of the town of Kiseljak, but most of the municipality and the town itself remained in HVO control.


  • Vitez, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Saturday Jan 30, 1993

    Bosnian War

    A Ceasefire in the area of central Bosnia

    Vitez, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Saturday Jan 30, 1993

    On 30 January, ARBiH and HVO leaders met in Vitez, together with representatives from UNPROFOR and other foreign observers, and signed a ceasefire in the area of central Bosnia, which came into effect on the following day.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Monday Feb 22, 1993

    Bosnian War

    Resolution 808

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Monday Feb 22, 1993

    On 22 February 1993, the United Nations Security Council passed Resolution 808 that decided "that an international tribunal shall be established for the prosecution of persons responsible for serious violations of international humanitarian law".


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Wednesday Mar 31, 1993

    Bosnian War

    A no-fly zone over Bosnia-Herzegovina

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Wednesday Mar 31, 1993

    On 31 March 1993, the United Nations Security Council issued Resolution 816, calling on member states to enforce a no-fly zone over Bosnia-Herzegovina.


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Monday Apr 12, 1993

    Bosnian War

    Operation Deny Flight

    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Monday Apr 12, 1993

    On 12 April 1993, NATO commenced Operation Deny Flight to enforce this no-fly zone.


  • Vitez, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Thursday Apr 15, 1993

    Bosnian War

    The Outnumbered HVO in the Zenica municipality was quickly defeated

    Vitez, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Thursday Apr 15, 1993

    The April incidents escalated into an armed conflict on 15 April in the area of Vitez, Busovača, Kiseljak and Zenica. The outnumbered HVO in the Zenica municipality was quickly defeated, followed by a large exodus of Croat civilians.


  • Trusina, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Friday Apr 16, 1993

    Bosnian War

    Killings by the ARBiH in the village of Trusina

    Trusina, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Friday Apr 16, 1993

    On 16 April, 15 Croat civilians and 7 POWs were killed by the ARBiH in the village of Trusina, north of Jablanica.


  • Ahmići, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Friday Apr 16, 1993

    Bosnian War

    the HVO launched a spoiling attack on the village of Ahmići

    Ahmići, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Friday Apr 16, 1993

    On 16 April, the HVO (The Croatian Defence Council) launched a spoiling attack on the village of Ahmići, east of Vitez. After the attacking units breached the ARBiH lines and entered the village, groups of irregular HVO units went from house to house, burning them and killing civilians. The massacre in Ahmići resulted in more than 100 killed Bosniak civilians.


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