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  • Basel, Holy Roman Empire
    Wednesday Sep 26, 1212

    Holy Roman Empire

    Golden Bull of Sicily

    Basel, Holy Roman Empire
    Wednesday Sep 26, 1212

    The Kingdom of Bohemia was a significant regional power during the Middle Ages. In 1212, King Ottokar I (bearing the title "king" since 1198) extracted a Golden Bull of Sicily (a formal edict) from the emperor Frederick II, confirming the royal title for Ottokar and his descendants and the Duchy of Bohemia was raised to a kingdom. Bohemian kings would be exempt from all future obligations to the Holy Roman Empire except for participation in the imperial councils. Charles IV set Prague to be the seat of the Holy Roman Emperor.




  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Tuesday Feb 17, 1863

    United Nations

    International Committee of the Red Cross

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Tuesday Feb 17, 1863

    In the century prior to the UN's creation, several international treaty organizations such as the International Committee of the Red Cross were formed to ensure protection and assistance for victims of armed conflict and strife.




  • Clarens, Switzerland
    Thursday Jul 14, 1904

    Second Boer War

    President Kruger Death

    Clarens, Switzerland
    Thursday Jul 14, 1904

    President Kruger first went to Marseille and then on to the Netherlands, where he stayed for a while before moving finally to Clarens, Switzerland, where he died in exile on 14 July 1904.




  • Zürich, Switzerland
    Sunday Apr 30, 1905

    Albert Einstein

    First scientific papers

    Zürich, Switzerland
    Sunday Apr 30, 1905

    In 1900, Einstein's paper "Folgerungen aus den Capillaritätserscheinungen" ("Conclusions from the Capillarity Phenomena") was published in the journal Annalen der Physik. On 30 April 1905, Einstein completed his thesis, with Alfred Kleiner, Professor of Experimental Physics, serving as pro-forma advisor. As a result, Einstein was awarded a PhD by the University of Zürich, with his dissertation A New Determination of Molecular Dimensions.




  • Lausanne, Switzerland
    Friday Sep 23, 1910

    Igor Stravinsky

    Their Second Son Was born

    Lausanne, Switzerland
    Friday Sep 23, 1910

    On 23 September, their second son, Sviatoslav Soulima, was born at a maternity clinic in Lausanne; at the end of the month, they took up residence in Clarens.




  • Lausanne, Switzerland
    Saturday Nov 29, 1913

    Martial arts

    Féderation Internationale d'Escrime founded

    Lausanne, Switzerland
    Saturday Nov 29, 1913

    European swordsmanship always had a sportive component, but the duel was always a possibility until World War I. Modern sport fencing began developing during the 19th century as the French and Italian military academies began codifying instruction. The Olympic games led to standard international rules, with the Féderation Internationale d'Escrime founded in 1913.




  • Lausanne, Switzerland
    Thursday Jan 15, 1914

    Igor Stravinsky

    Their Fourth son was born

    Lausanne, Switzerland
    Thursday Jan 15, 1914

    The Stravinsky family returned to Switzerland (as usual) in the fall of 1913. On 15 January 1914, a fourth child, Marie Milène (or Maria Milena), was born in Lausanne. After her delivery, Katya was discovered to have tuberculosis and was confined to the sanatorium at Leysin, high in the Alps. Igor and the family took up residence nearby.


  • Leysin, Switzerland
    Saturday Mar 28, 1914

    Igor Stravinsky

    Completing his first Opera

    Leysin, Switzerland
    Saturday Mar 28, 1914

    Stravinsky turned his attention to completing his first opera, the Nightingale (usually known by its French title Le Rossignol), which he had begun in 1908 (that is, before his association with the Ballets Russes). The work had been commissioned by the Moscow Free Theatre for the handsome fee of 10,000 rubles. and he completed Le Rossignol at Leysin on 28 March, 1914.


  • Lausanne, Switzerland
    Saturday Sep 28, 1918

    Igor Stravinsky

    Reinhart Sponsored and Largely Underwrote The First Performance of L'Histoire du soldat

    Lausanne, Switzerland
    Saturday Sep 28, 1918

    Stravinsky struggled financially during this period. Russia (and its successor, the USSR) did not adhere to the Berne Convention and this created problems for Stravinsky when collecting royalties for the performances of all his Ballets Russes compositions. Stravinsky blamed Diaghilev for his financial troubles, accusing him of failing to live up to the terms of a contract they had signed. He approached the Swiss philanthropist Werner Reinhart for financial assistance while he was writing L'Histoire du soldat (The Soldier's Tale). Reinhart sponsored and largely underwrote its first performance, conducted by Ernest Ansermet on 28 September 1918 at the Théâtre Municipal de Lausanne. In gratitude, Stravinsky dedicated the work to Reinhart and gave him the original manuscript.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Saturday Jan 10, 1920

    World War II

    League of Nations

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Saturday Jan 10, 1920

    The League of Nations was the first worldwide international organization whose principle mission to maintain world peace. It was founded on 10 January 1920 following the Paris Peace Conference that ended World War I, and the headquarters was in Geneva, Switzerland.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Saturday Jan 10, 1920

    United Nations

    League of Nations

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Saturday Jan 10, 1920

    On 10 January 1920, the League of Nations formally came into being when the Covenant of the League of Nations, ratified by 42 nations in 1919, took effect.


  • Basel, Switzerland
    Saturday May 17, 1930

    Bretton Woods Conference

    Bank for International Settlements

    Basel, Switzerland
    Saturday May 17, 1930

    The Bank for International Settlements (BIS) became an object of scrutiny when the Norwegian delegation put forth evidence that the BIS was involved in war crimes. The BIS, formed in 1930, was originally primarily intended to facilitate settling financial obligations arising from the peace treaties that concluded the First World War.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Tuesday Sep 22, 1931

    World War II

    China appealed to the League of Nations

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Tuesday Sep 22, 1931

    China appealed to the League of Nations to stop the Japanese invasion of Manchuria.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Friday Feb 24, 1933

    World War II

    Japan withdrew from the League of Nations

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Friday Feb 24, 1933

    Japan withdrew from the League of Nations after being condemned for its incursion into Manchuria.


  • Visp, Canton of Valais, Switzerland
    Tuesday Mar 10, 1936

    Sepp Blatter

    Born

    Visp, Canton of Valais, Switzerland
    Tuesday Mar 10, 1936

    Blatter was born in Visp in the Swiss canton of Valais with the given name of Josef.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Thursday Dec 14, 1939

    World War II

    Soviet Union was expelled from the League of Nations

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Thursday Dec 14, 1939

    Soviet Union was expelled from the League of Nations.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Thursday Apr 18, 1946

    United Nations

    Final meeting of the League of Nations

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Thursday Apr 18, 1946

    The final meeting of the League of Nations took place on 18 April 1946 in Geneva.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Monday Apr 26, 1954

    Ho Chi Minh

    The 1954 Geneva Accords

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Monday Apr 26, 1954

    The 1954 Geneva Accords concluded between France and the Việt Minh, allowing the latter's forces to regroup in the North whilst anti-Communist groups settled in the South.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Friday May 7, 1954

    Vietnam War

    The Geneva Conference

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Friday May 7, 1954

    On 7 May 1954, the French garrison at Dien Bien Phu surrendered. The defeat marked the end of French military involvement in Indochina. At the Geneva Conference, the French negotiated a ceasefire agreement with the Viet Minh, and independence was granted to Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam.


  • Switzerland
    Wednesday Jun 16, 1954

    FIFA World Cup

    First World Cup Televised

    Switzerland
    Wednesday Jun 16, 1954

    The 1954 World Cup, held in Switzerland, was the first to be televised.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Tuesday Jul 20, 1954

    Ho Chi Minh

    Resolving the remaining outstanding issues

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Tuesday Jul 20, 1954

    By the afternoon of 20 July, the remaining outstanding issues were resolved as the parties agreed that the partition line should be at the 17th parallel and the elections for a reunified government should be held in July 1956, two years after the ceasefire.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Wednesday Jul 21, 1954

    First Indochina War

    The International Geneva Conference

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Wednesday Jul 21, 1954

    At the International Geneva Conference on July 21, 1954, the new socialist French government and the Việt Minh made an agreement which effectively gave the Việt Minh control of North Vietnam above the 17th parallel. The south continued under Bảo Đại. The agreement was denounced by the State of Vietnam and by the United States. A year later, Bảo Đại would be deposed by his prime minister, Ngô Đình Diệm, creating the Republic of Vietnam.


  • Switzerland
    Saturday Sep 25, 1954

    Audrey Hepburn

    Marriage

    Switzerland
    Saturday Sep 25, 1954

    During the production, Hepburn and her co-star, Mel Ferrer began a relationship and were married on 25 September 1954 in Switzerland.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Monday Jul 18, 1955

    Dwight D. Eisenhower

    Open Skies

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Monday Jul 18, 1955

    In 1955, the American nuclear arms policy became one aimed primarily at arms control as opposed to disarmament. The failure of negotiations over arms until 1955 was due mainly to the refusal of the Russians to permit any sort of inspections. In talks located in London that year, they expressed a willingness to discuss inspections; the tables were then turned on Eisenhower when he responded with an unwillingness on the part of the U.S. to permit inspections. In May of that year, the Russians agreed to sign a treaty giving independence to Austria and paved the way for a Geneva summit with the US, UK, and France. At the Geneva Conference, Eisenhower presented a proposal called "Open Skies" to facilitate disarmament, which included plans for Russia and the U.S. to provide mutual access to each other's skies for open surveillance of military infrastructure. Russian leader Nikita Khrushchev dismissed the proposal out of hand.


  • Zurich, Switzerland
    Wednesday Jun 5, 1985

    Heysel Stadium Events

    FIFA extended the ban

    Zurich, Switzerland
    Wednesday Jun 5, 1985

    On 6 June, FIFA extended this ban to all worldwide matches, but this was modified a week later to allow friendly matches outside of Europe to take place.


  • Spain and Switzerland
    Monday Oct 10, 1988

    Freddie Mercury

    Barcelona

    Spain and Switzerland
    Monday Oct 10, 1988

    His second album, Barcelona, recorded with Spanish soprano vocalist Montserrat Caballé, combines elements of popular music and opera. Many critics were uncertain what to make of the album; one referred to it as "the most bizarre CD of the year".


  • Tolochenaz, Vaud, Switzerland
    Wednesday Jan 20, 1993

    Audrey Hepburn

    Death

    Tolochenaz, Vaud, Switzerland
    Wednesday Jan 20, 1993

    On the evening of 20 January 1993, Hepburn died in her sleep at home. After her death, Gregory Peck went on camera and tearfully recited her favorite poem, "Unending Love" by Rabindranath Tagore.


  • Tolochenaz, Vaud, Switzerland
    Sunday Jan 24, 1993

    Audrey Hepburn

    Funeral

    Tolochenaz, Vaud, Switzerland
    Sunday Jan 24, 1993

    Funeral services were held at the village church of Tolochenaz on 24 January 1993.


  • Montreux, Switzerland
    Monday Nov 25, 1996

    Freddie Mercury

    A statue in Montreux

    Montreux, Switzerland
    Monday Nov 25, 1996

    A statue in Montreux, Switzerland, by sculptor Irena Sedlecká, was erected as a tribute to Mercury. It stands almost 10 feet (3 metres) high overlooking Lake Geneva and was unveiled on 25 November 1996 by Mercury's father and Montserrat Caballé, with bandmates Brian May and Roger Taylor also in attendance.


  • FIFA headquarters, Zurich, Switzerland
    Monday Jun 8, 1998

    Sepp Blatter

    1998 Election

    FIFA headquarters, Zurich, Switzerland
    Monday Jun 8, 1998

    Sepp Blatter's 1998 election to the presidency of FIFA over UEFA President Lennart Johansson occurred amidst much controversy.


  • FIFA headquarters, Zurich, Switzerland
    Tuesday May 28, 2002

    Sepp Blatter

    2002 Election

    FIFA headquarters, Zurich, Switzerland
    Tuesday May 28, 2002

    He was re-elected as head of FIFA in 2002. Blatter's 2002 candidacy has been marked with rumours of financial irregularities and backroom dealings.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Wednesday Mar 12, 2003

    SARS Coronavirus (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome)

    WHO: First Global alert.

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Wednesday Mar 12, 2003

    On March 12, WHO issued a global alert about a new infectious disease of unknown origin in both Vietnam and Hong Kong.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Saturday Mar 15, 2003

    SARS Coronavirus (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome)

    WHO: Intense Global Health alert

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Saturday Mar 15, 2003

    On March 15, WHO issued a heightened global health alert about mysterious pneumonia with a case definition of SARS after cases in Singapore and Canada were also identified. The alert included a rare emergency travel advisory to international travellers, healthcare professionals, and health authorities.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Friday Apr 11, 2003

    SARS Coronavirus (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome)

    SARS Spreading by global air confirmation

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Friday Apr 11, 2003

    On April 11, the World Health Organization issued a global health alert for SARS as it became clear the disease was being spread by global air travel.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Wednesday Apr 16, 2003

    SARS Coronavirus (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome)

    The virus has a name SARS

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Wednesday Apr 16, 2003

    On April 16, the WHO issued a press release stating that the coronavirus identified by a number of laboratories was the official cause of SARS. The virus was officially named the SARS virus ( The Severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus )


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Wednesday Apr 23, 2003

    SARS Coronavirus (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome)

    WHO Travel Advisories Updates

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Wednesday Apr 23, 2003

    On April 23, The WHO issued travel advisories against Beijing, Toronto, and Shanxi Province.


  • Zurich, Switzerland
    Saturday May 3, 2003

    SARS Coronavirus (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome)

    FIFA moves women's world cup to USA

    Zurich, Switzerland
    Saturday May 3, 2003

    On May 3, the 2003 FIFA Women's World Cup was abruptly moved to the United States due to the outbreak.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Tuesday May 20, 2003

    SARS Coronavirus (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome)

    WHO refused to lift tourism warning!

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Tuesday May 20, 2003

    On May 20, the WHO refused to lift the Tourism Warning for Hong Kong and Guangdong.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Friday May 23, 2003

    SARS Coronavirus (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome)

    WHO lifted tourism warning from Hong Kong

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Friday May 23, 2003

    On May 23, after a recount of the number of SARS patients, the WHO lifted the Tourism Warning from Hong Kong and Guangdong.


  • Singapore
    Saturday May 31, 2003

    SARS Coronavirus (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome)

    Singapore was removed from WHO's list of infected areas

    Singapore
    Saturday May 31, 2003

    On May 31, Singapore was removed from WHO's list of 'Infected Areas'.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Monday Jun 23, 2003

    SARS Coronavirus (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome)

    Hong Kong was removed from WHO's list of infected areas

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Monday Jun 23, 2003

    On June 23, Hong Kong was removed from WHO's list of 'Affected Areas', while Toronto, Beijing, and Taiwan remained.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Saturday Jul 5, 2003

    SARS Coronavirus (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome)

    SARS outbreak contained

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Saturday Jul 5, 2003

    On July 5, WHO declared the SARS outbreak contained and removed Taiwan from the list of affected areas. There had been no new cases for 20 days although around 200 people were still hospitalized with the disease.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Wednesday Apr 21, 2004

    SARS Coronavirus (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome)

    WHO last report

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Wednesday Apr 21, 2004

    WHO announced that cumulative number of cases reached 8096 and number of deaths reached 774.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Wednesday May 19, 2004

    SARS Coronavirus (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome)

    WHO announced China as free of SARS

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Wednesday May 19, 2004

    On May 19, As no new infections had been reported in a three-week period, WHO announced China as free of further cases of SARS.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Wednesday Mar 15, 2006

    United Nations

    Human Rights Council

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Wednesday Mar 15, 2006

    In 2006, "The United Nations Commission on Human Rights" was replaced by a Human Rights Council consisting of 47 nations.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Thursday Apr 6, 2006

    Hurricane Katrina

    Retirement of The Name Katrina

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Thursday Apr 6, 2006

    Because of the large death toll and destruction of property along the Gulf Coast, the name Katrina was officially retired on April 6, 2006, by the World Meteorological Organization at the request of the U.S. government. The name will never again be used for another North Atlantic hurricane. It was replaced by Katia on List III of the Atlantic hurricane naming lists, which was used in the 2011 Atlantic hurricane season.


  • FIFA headquarters, Zurich, Switzerland
    Thursday May 31, 2007

    Sepp Blatter

    2007 Election

    FIFA headquarters, Zurich, Switzerland
    Thursday May 31, 2007

    Blatter was re-elected unopposed for another four years on 31 May 2007, even though only 66 of 207 FIFA members nominated him.


  • Davos, Switzerland
    Wednesday Jan 28, 2009

    Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

    The relationship between Israel and Turkey worsened

    Davos, Switzerland
    Wednesday Jan 28, 2009

    The relationship between Israel and Turkey worsened at the 2009 World Economic Forum conference over Israel's actions during the Gaza War. Erdoğan was interrupted by the moderator while he was responding to Peres, and left the panel, accusing the moderator of giving Peres more time than all the other panelists combined. Tensions increased further following the Gaza flotilla raid in May 2010. Erdoğan strongly condemned the raid, describing it as "state terrorism", and demanded an Israeli apology. In February 2013, Erdoğan called Zionism a "crime against humanity", comparing it to Islamophobia, antisemitism, and fascism.


  • Kongresshaus Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland
    Monday Dec 21, 2009

    Lionel Messi

    World Player of the Year of 2009

    Kongresshaus Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland
    Monday Dec 21, 2009

    Lionel Messi was announced as the World Player of the Year with a record points total.


  • Zurich, Switzerland
    Friday Jan 15, 2010

    Diego Maradona

    Two-month ban

    Zurich, Switzerland
    Friday Jan 15, 2010

    After winning his first three matches in charge of the national team, he oversaw a 6–1 defeat to Bolivia, equalling the team's worst-ever margin of defeat. With two matches remaining in the qualification tournament for the 2010 World Cup, Argentina was in fifth place and faced the possibility of failing to qualify, but victory in the last two matches secured qualification for the finals. After Argentina's qualification, Maradona used abusive language at the live post-game press conference, telling members of the media to "suck it and keep on sucking it". FIFA responded with a two-month ban on all footballing activity, which expired on 15 January 2010, and a CHF 25,000 fine, with a warning as to his future conduct.


  • Zürich, Switzerland
    Monday Jan 10, 2011

    Lionel Messi

    2010 FIFA Ballon d'Or

    Zürich, Switzerland
    Monday Jan 10, 2011

    La Masia, the FC Barcelona academy, achieved a record-breaking honor in becoming the first youth academy ever to have all three finalists for the Ballon d'Or in one same year, with Lionel Messi, Andrés Iniesta and Xavi. Messi won the award, his second consecutive Ballon d'Or victory.


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