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  • Basel, Holy Roman Empire
    Wednesday Sep 26, 1212
    Holy Roman Empire

    Golden Bull of Sicily

    Basel, Holy Roman Empire
    Wednesday Sep 26, 1212

    The Kingdom of Bohemia was a significant regional power during the Middle Ages. In 1212, King Ottokar I (bearing the title "king" since 1198) extracted a Golden Bull of Sicily (a formal edict) from the emperor Frederick II, confirming the royal title for Ottokar and his descendants and the Duchy of Bohemia was raised to a kingdom. Bohemian kings would be exempt from all future obligations to the Holy Roman Empire except for participation in the imperial councils. Charles IV set Prague to be the seat of the Holy Roman Emperor.




  • Switzerland
    Thursday Mar 11, 1847
    Revolutions of 1848

    Sonderbund War

    Switzerland
    Thursday Mar 11, 1847

    The Sonderbund War of November 1847 was a civil war in Switzerland, then still a relatively loose confederacy of cantons.




  • Central Europe (Present-Day Switzerland)
    Wednesday May 9, 1849
    German revolutions of 1848–1849

    Wagner left Dresden for Switzerland to avoid arrest

    Central Europe (Present-Day Switzerland)
    Wednesday May 9, 1849

    On May 9, 1849, together with the leaders of the uprising, Wagner left Dresden for Switzerland to avoid arrest. He spent a number of years in exile abroad, in Switzerland, Italy, and Paris. Finally, the government lifted its ban against him and he returned to Germany.




  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Tuesday Feb 17, 1863
    United Nations

    International Committee of the Red Cross

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Tuesday Feb 17, 1863

    In the century prior to the UN's creation, several international treaty organizations such as the International Committee of the Red Cross were formed to ensure protection and assistance for victims of armed conflict and strife.




  • Switzerland
    Thursday Mar 19, 1903
    Benito Mussolini

    Mussolini invited for general strike

    Switzerland
    Thursday Mar 19, 1903

    In 1903, he was arrested by the Bernese police because of his advocacy of a violent general strike, spent two weeks in jail, and was deported to Italy. After he was released there, he returned to Switzerland.




  • Clarens, Switzerland
    Thursday Jul 14, 1904
    Second Boer War

    President Kruger Death

    Clarens, Switzerland
    Thursday Jul 14, 1904

    President Kruger first went to Marseille and then on to the Netherlands, where he stayed for a while before moving finally to Clarens, Switzerland, where he died in exile on 14 July 1904.




  • Zürich, Switzerland
    Sunday Apr 30, 1905
    Albert Einstein

    First scientific papers

    Zürich, Switzerland
    Sunday Apr 30, 1905

    In 1900, Einstein's paper "Folgerungen aus den Capillaritätserscheinungen" ("Conclusions from the Capillarity Phenomena") was published in the journal Annalen der Physik. On 30 April 1905, Einstein completed his thesis, with Alfred Kleiner, Professor of Experimental Physics, serving as pro-forma advisor. As a result, Einstein was awarded a PhD by the University of Zürich, with his dissertation A New Determination of Molecular Dimensions.


  • Lausanne, Switzerland
    Friday Sep 23, 1910
    Igor Stravinsky

    Their Second Son Was born

    Lausanne, Switzerland
    Friday Sep 23, 1910

    On 23 September, their second son, Sviatoslav Soulima, was born at a maternity clinic in Lausanne; at the end of the month, they took up residence in Clarens.


  • Lausanne, Switzerland
    Saturday Nov 29, 1913
    Martial arts

    Féderation Internationale d'Escrime founded

    Lausanne, Switzerland
    Saturday Nov 29, 1913

    European swordsmanship always had a sportive component, but the duel was always a possibility until World War I. Modern sport fencing began developing during the 19th century as the French and Italian military academies began codifying instruction. The Olympic games led to standard international rules, with the Féderation Internationale d'Escrime founded in 1913.


  • Lausanne, Switzerland
    Thursday Jan 15, 1914
    Igor Stravinsky

    Their Fourth son was born

    Lausanne, Switzerland
    Thursday Jan 15, 1914

    The Stravinsky family returned to Switzerland (as usual) in the fall of 1913. On 15 January 1914, a fourth child, Marie Milène (or Maria Milena), was born in Lausanne. After her delivery, Katya was discovered to have tuberculosis and was confined to the sanatorium at Leysin, high in the Alps. Igor and the family took up residence nearby.


  • Leysin, Switzerland
    Saturday Mar 28, 1914
    Igor Stravinsky

    Completing his first Opera

    Leysin, Switzerland
    Saturday Mar 28, 1914

    Stravinsky turned his attention to completing his first opera, the Nightingale (usually known by its French title Le Rossignol), which he had begun in 1908 (that is, before his association with the Ballets Russes). The work had been commissioned by the Moscow Free Theatre for the handsome fee of 10,000 rubles. and he completed Le Rossignol at Leysin on 28 March, 1914.


  • Lausanne, Switzerland
    Saturday Sep 28, 1918
    Igor Stravinsky

    Reinhart Sponsored and Largely Underwrote The First Performance of L'Histoire du soldat

    Lausanne, Switzerland
    Saturday Sep 28, 1918

    Stravinsky struggled financially during this period. Russia (and its successor, the USSR) did not adhere to the Berne Convention and this created problems for Stravinsky when collecting royalties for the performances of all his Ballets Russes compositions. Stravinsky blamed Diaghilev for his financial troubles, accusing him of failing to live up to the terms of a contract they had signed. He approached the Swiss philanthropist Werner Reinhart for financial assistance while he was writing L'Histoire du soldat (The Soldier's Tale). Reinhart sponsored and largely underwrote its first performance, conducted by Ernest Ansermet on 28 September 1918 at the Théâtre Municipal de Lausanne. In gratitude, Stravinsky dedicated the work to Reinhart and gave him the original manuscript.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Saturday Jun 28, 1919
    League of Nations

    Establishment of League of Nations

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Saturday Jun 28, 1919

    On 28 June 1919, 44 states signed the Covenant, including 31 states which had taken part in the war on the side of the Triple Entente or joined it during the conflict.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Saturday Jan 10, 1920
    World War II

    League of Nations

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Saturday Jan 10, 1920

    The League of Nations was the first worldwide international organization whose principle mission to maintain world peace. It was founded on 10 January 1920 following the Paris Peace Conference that ended World War I, and the headquarters was in Geneva, Switzerland.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Saturday Jan 10, 1920
    United Nations

    League of Nations

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Saturday Jan 10, 1920

    On 10 January 1920, the League of Nations formally came into being when the Covenant of the League of Nations, ratified by 42 nations in 1919, took effect.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Friday Jan 16, 1920
    League of Nations

    First meeting of "League of Nations"

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Friday Jan 16, 1920

    The League of Nations held its first meeting on January 16, 1920, that is, six days after the entry into force of the Treaty of Versailles and the official end of World War I.


  • Basel, Switzerland
    Saturday May 17, 1930
    Bretton Woods Conference

    Bank for International Settlements

    Basel, Switzerland
    Saturday May 17, 1930

    The Bank for International Settlements (BIS) became an object of scrutiny when the Norwegian delegation put forth evidence that the BIS was involved in war crimes. The BIS, formed in 1930, was originally primarily intended to facilitate settling financial obligations arising from the peace treaties that concluded the First World War.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Tuesday Sep 22, 1931
    World War II

    China appealed to the League of Nations

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Tuesday Sep 22, 1931

    China appealed to the League of Nations to stop the Japanese invasion of Manchuria.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Friday Feb 24, 1933
    World War II

    Japan withdrew from the League of Nations

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Friday Feb 24, 1933

    Japan withdrew from the League of Nations after being condemned for its incursion into Manchuria.


  • Visp, Canton of Valais, Switzerland
    Tuesday Mar 10, 1936
    Sepp Blatter

    Born

    Visp, Canton of Valais, Switzerland
    Tuesday Mar 10, 1936

    Blatter was born in Visp in the Swiss canton of Valais with the given name of Josef.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Wednesday May 26, 1937
    League of Nations

    Egypt became the last state to join the League

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Wednesday May 26, 1937

    On 26 May 1937, Egypt became the last state to join the League.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Thursday Dec 14, 1939
    World War II

    Soviet Union was expelled from the League of Nations

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Thursday Dec 14, 1939

    Soviet Union was expelled from the League of Nations.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Thursday Apr 18, 1946
    United Nations

    Final meeting of the League of Nations

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Thursday Apr 18, 1946

    The final meeting of the League of Nations took place on 18 April 1946 in Geneva.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Monday Apr 26, 1954
    Ho Chi Minh

    The 1954 Geneva Accords

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Monday Apr 26, 1954

    The 1954 Geneva Accords concluded between France and the Việt Minh, allowing the latter's forces to regroup in the North whilst anti-Communist groups settled in the South.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Friday May 7, 1954
    Vietnam War

    The Geneva Conference

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Friday May 7, 1954

    On 7 May 1954, the French garrison at Dien Bien Phu surrendered. The defeat marked the end of French military involvement in Indochina. At the Geneva Conference, the French negotiated a ceasefire agreement with the Viet Minh, and independence was granted to Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam.


  • Switzerland
    Wednesday Jun 16, 1954
    FIFA World Cup

    First World Cup Televised

    Switzerland
    Wednesday Jun 16, 1954

    The 1954 World Cup, held in Switzerland, was the first to be televised.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Tuesday Jul 20, 1954
    Ho Chi Minh

    Resolving the remaining outstanding issues

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Tuesday Jul 20, 1954

    By the afternoon of 20 July, the remaining outstanding issues were resolved as the parties agreed that the partition line should be at the 17th parallel and the elections for a reunified government should be held in July 1956, two years after the ceasefire.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Wednesday Jul 21, 1954
    First Indochina War

    The International Geneva Conference

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Wednesday Jul 21, 1954

    At the International Geneva Conference on July 21, 1954, the new socialist French government and the Việt Minh made an agreement which effectively gave the Việt Minh control of North Vietnam above the 17th parallel. The south continued under Bảo Đại. The agreement was denounced by the State of Vietnam and by the United States. A year later, Bảo Đại would be deposed by his prime minister, Ngô Đình Diệm, creating the Republic of Vietnam.


  • Switzerland
    Saturday Sep 25, 1954
    Audrey Hepburn

    Marriage

    Switzerland
    Saturday Sep 25, 1954

    During the production, Hepburn and her co-star, Mel Ferrer began a relationship and were married on 25 September 1954 in Switzerland.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Monday Jul 18, 1955
    Dwight D. Eisenhower

    Open Skies

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Monday Jul 18, 1955

    In 1955, the American nuclear arms policy became one aimed primarily at arms control as opposed to disarmament. The failure of negotiations over arms until 1955 was due mainly to the refusal of the Russians to permit any sort of inspections. In talks located in London that year, they expressed a willingness to discuss inspections; the tables were then turned on Eisenhower when he responded with an unwillingness on the part of the U.S. to permit inspections. In May of that year, the Russians agreed to sign a treaty giving independence to Austria and paved the way for a Geneva summit with the US, UK, and France. At the Geneva Conference, Eisenhower presented a proposal called "Open Skies" to facilitate disarmament, which included plans for Russia and the U.S. to provide mutual access to each other's skies for open surveillance of military infrastructure. Russian leader Nikita Khrushchev dismissed the proposal out of hand.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Monday Mar 23, 1964
    United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

    Geneva Conference

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Monday Mar 23, 1964

    In response to developing country (Least Developed Country, LDC) anxiety at their worsening position in world trade, the United Nations General Assembly voted for a 'one off' conference. These early discussions paved the way for new IMF facilities to provide finance for shortfalls in commodity earnings and for the Generalised Preference Schemes which increased access to Northern markets for manufactured imports from the South. At Geneva, the LDCs were successful in their proposal for the conference with its secretariat to become a permanent organ of the UN, with meetings every four years. At the Geneva meeting, Raul Prebisch—a prominent Argentinian economist from the United Nations Economic Commission on Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLA)--became the organization's first secretary-general.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Monday May 4, 1964
    World Trade Organization

    Kennedy Round

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Monday May 4, 1964

    The Kennedy Round was the sixth session of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) multilateral trade negotiations held between 1964 and 1967 in Geneva, Switzerland. Congressional passage of the U.S. Trade Expansion Act in 1962 authorized the White House to conduct mutual tariff negotiations, ultimately leading to the Kennedy Round. Participation greatly increased over previous rounds. Sixty-six nations, representing 80% of world trade, attended the official opening on May 4, 1964, at the Palais des Nations. Despite several disagreements over details, the director-general announced the round’s success on May 15, 1967, and the final agreement was signed on June 30, 1967—the last day permitted under the Trade Expansion Act. The main objectives of the Kennedy Round were to: Slash tariffs by half with a minimum of exceptions. Break down farm trade restrictions. Remove non-tariff barriers. Help developing countries.


  • Zurich, Switzerland
    Wednesday Jun 5, 1985
    Heysel Stadium Events

    FIFA extended the ban

    Zurich, Switzerland
    Wednesday Jun 5, 1985

    On 6 June, FIFA extended this ban to all worldwide matches, but this was modified a week later to allow friendly matches outside of Europe to take place.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Wednesday Jan 1, 1986
    United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

    Kenneth K.S. Dadzie

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Wednesday Jan 1, 1986

    Kenneth K.S. Dadzie was appointed to lead United Nations Conference on Trade and Development from 1986 to 31 March 1994.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Wednesday Jul 8, 1987
    United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

    Geneva Conference 1987

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Wednesday Jul 8, 1987

    The Seventh conference was held in Geneva, Switzerland from 8 July to 3 August 1987.


  • Spain and Switzerland
    Monday Oct 10, 1988
    Freddie Mercury

    Barcelona

    Spain and Switzerland
    Monday Oct 10, 1988

    His second album, Barcelona, recorded with Spanish soprano vocalist Montserrat Caballé, combines elements of popular music and opera. Many critics were uncertain what to make of the album; one referred to it as "the most bizarre CD of the year".


  • Tolochenaz, Vaud, Switzerland
    Wednesday Jan 20, 1993
    Audrey Hepburn

    Death

    Tolochenaz, Vaud, Switzerland
    Wednesday Jan 20, 1993

    On the evening of 20 January 1993, Hepburn died in her sleep at home. After her death, Gregory Peck went on camera and tearfully recited her favorite poem, "Unending Love" by Rabindranath Tagore.


  • Tolochenaz, Vaud, Switzerland
    Sunday Jan 24, 1993
    Audrey Hepburn

    Funeral

    Tolochenaz, Vaud, Switzerland
    Sunday Jan 24, 1993

    Funeral services were held at the village church of Tolochenaz on 24 January 1993.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Thursday Jul 1, 1993
    World Trade Organization

    Founding Director-General of the World Trade Organization

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Thursday Jul 1, 1993

    Peter Sutherland was founding Director-General of the World Trade Organization.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Sunday Jan 1, 1995
    World Trade Organization

    World Trade Organization

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Sunday Jan 1, 1995

    It officially commenced operations on 1 January 1995, pursuant to the 1994 Marrakesh Agreement, thus replacing the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) that had been established in 1948. The WTO is the world's largest international economic organization, with 164 member states representing over 96% of global trade and global GDP.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Monday May 1, 1995
    World Trade Organization

    Renato Ruggiero

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Monday May 1, 1995

    Renato Ruggiero was an Italian politician. He was Director-General of the World Trade Organization from 1995 to 1999.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Friday Sep 15, 1995
    United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

    Rubens Ricupero

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Friday Sep 15, 1995

    Rubens Ricupero served as the fifth Secretary-General of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development from September 1995 to September 2004.


  • Montreux, Switzerland
    Monday Nov 25, 1996
    Freddie Mercury

    A statue in Montreux

    Montreux, Switzerland
    Monday Nov 25, 1996

    A statue in Montreux, Switzerland, by sculptor Irena Sedlecká, was erected as a tribute to Mercury. It stands almost 10 feet (3 metres) high overlooking Lake Geneva and was unveiled on 25 November 1996 by Mercury's father and Montserrat Caballé, with bandmates Brian May and Roger Taylor also in attendance.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Monday May 18, 1998
    World Trade Organization

    World Trade Organization Ministerial Conference of 1998

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Monday May 18, 1998

    The second ministerial conference (1998) was held in Geneva in Switzerland.


  • FIFA headquarters, Zurich, Switzerland
    Monday Jun 8, 1998
    Sepp Blatter

    1998 Election

    FIFA headquarters, Zurich, Switzerland
    Monday Jun 8, 1998

    Sepp Blatter's 1998 election to the presidency of FIFA over UEFA President Lennart Johansson occurred amidst much controversy.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Wednesday Sep 1, 1999
    World Trade Organization

    Mike Moore

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Wednesday Sep 1, 1999

    Following his retirement from New Zealand politics, Moore was Director-General of the World Trade Organization from 1999 to 2002.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Monday Aug 27, 2001
    Angelina Jolie

    Goodwill Ambassador

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Monday Aug 27, 2001

    Jolie was named a UNHCR Goodwill Ambassador at UNHCR headquarters in Geneva on August 27, 2001.


  • FIFA headquarters, Zurich, Switzerland
    Tuesday May 28, 2002
    Sepp Blatter

    2002 Election

    FIFA headquarters, Zurich, Switzerland
    Tuesday May 28, 2002

    He was re-elected as head of FIFA in 2002. Blatter's 2002 candidacy has been marked with rumours of financial irregularities and backroom dealings.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Sunday Sep 1, 2002
    World Trade Organization

    Supachai Panitchpakdi

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Sunday Sep 1, 2002

    Supachai was the Director-General of the World Trade Organization (WTO) from 1 September 2002 to 1 September 2005.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Wednesday Mar 12, 2003
    SARS Coronavirus (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome)

    WHO: First Global alert.

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Wednesday Mar 12, 2003

    On March 12, WHO issued a global alert about a new infectious disease of unknown origin in both Vietnam and Hong Kong.


  • Geneva, Switzerland
    Saturday Mar 15, 2003
    SARS Coronavirus (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome)

    WHO: Intense Global Health alert

    Geneva, Switzerland
    Saturday Mar 15, 2003

    On March 15, WHO issued a heightened global health alert about mysterious pneumonia with a case definition of SARS after cases in Singapore and Canada were also identified. The alert included a rare emergency travel advisory to international travellers, healthcare professionals, and health authorities.


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