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  • Birán, Cuba
    Friday Aug 13, 1926

    Fidel Castro

    Born

    Birán, Cuba
    Friday Aug 13, 1926

    Castro was born out of wedlock at his father's farm on 13 August 1926.




  • Havana, Cuba
    Wednesday Oct 19, 1927

    Juan Trippe

    Pan Am's First Flight

    Havana, Cuba
    Wednesday Oct 19, 1927

    Pan Am's first flight took off on October 19, 1927, from Key West, Florida, to Havana, Cuba, in a hired Fairchild FC-2 floatplane being delivered to West Indian Aerial Express in the Dominican Republic.




  • Birán, Cuba
    Wednesday Jun 3, 1931

    Raúl Castro

    Born

    Birán, Cuba
    Wednesday Jun 3, 1931

    Raúl Modesto Castro Ruz was born in Birán, Cuba.




  • Cuba
    Tuesday Oct 29, 1946

    Lucky Luciano

    To latin America

    Cuba
    Tuesday Oct 29, 1946

    In October 1946, Luciano secretly moved to Havana, Cuba. Luciano first took a freighter from Naples to Caracas, Venezuela, then flew to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. He then flew to Mexico City and doubled back to Caracas, where he took a private plane to Camaguey, Cuba, finally arriving on October 29. Luciano was then driven to Havana, where he moved into an estate in the Miramar section of the city. His objective was to be closer to the US so that he could resume control over American Mafia operations and eventually return home.




  • Havana, Cuba
    Friday Dec 20, 1946

    Lucky Luciano

    The three topics under discussion

    Havana, Cuba
    Friday Dec 20, 1946

    In 1946, Lansky called a meeting of the heads of the major crime families in Havana that December, dubbed the Havana Conference. The ostensible reason was to see singer Frank Sinatra perform. However, the real reason was to discuss mob business with Luciano in attendance. The three topics under discussion were: the heroin trade, Cuban gambling, and what to do about Siegel and his floundering Flamingo Hotel project in Las Vegas.




  • Cuba
    Friday Feb 21, 1947

    Lucky Luciano

    The US started putting pressure

    Cuba
    Friday Feb 21, 1947

    Soon after the Conference began, the US government learned that Luciano was in Cuba. Luciano had been publicly fraternizing with Sinatra as well as visiting numerous nightclubs, so his presence was no secret in Havana. The US started putting pressure on the Cuban government to expel him. On February 21, 1947, U.S. Narcotics Commissioner Harry J. Anslinger notified the Cubans that the US would block all shipment of narcotic prescription drugs while Luciano was there.




  • Cuba
    Monday Oct 11, 1948

    Fidel Castro

    Marriage

    Cuba
    Monday Oct 11, 1948

    He married Mirta Díaz Balart, a student from a wealthy family, through whom he was exposed to the lifestyle of the Cuban elite. The relationship was a love match, disapproved of by both families, but Díaz Balart's father gave them tens of thousands of dollars, along with Batista, to spend on a three-month New York City honeymoon.


  • Cuba
    Sunday Nov 13, 1949

    Fidel Castro

    Castro volunteered to deliver a Speech

    Cuba
    Sunday Nov 13, 1949

    Castro volunteered to deliver a speech for the Movement on 13 November, exposing the government's secret deals with the gangs and identifying key members. Attracting the attention of the national press, the speech angered the gangs and Castro fled into hiding, first in the countryside and then in the United States.


  • Santiago de Cuba, Cuba
    Sunday Jul 26, 1953

    Raúl Castro

    Attack on Moncada Barracks

    Santiago de Cuba, Cuba
    Sunday Jul 26, 1953

    In 1953, Raúl served as a member of the 26th of July Movement group that attacked the Moncada Barracks; he spent 22 months in prison as a result of this action.


  • Santiago de Cuba, Cuba
    Sunday Jul 26, 1953

    Fidel Castro

    Moncada Attack

    Santiago de Cuba, Cuba
    Sunday Jul 26, 1953

    Castro gathered 165 revolutionaries for the mission, ordering his troops not to cause bloodshed unless they met armed resistance. The attack took place on 26 July 1953, but ran into trouble; 3 of the 16 cars that had set out from Santiago failed to get there. Reaching the barracks, the alarm was raised, with most of the rebels pinned down by machine gun fire. Four were killed before Castro ordered a retreat. The rebels suffered 6 fatalities and 15 other casualties, whilst the army suffered 19 dead and 27 wounded. Meanwhile, some rebels took over a civilian hospital; subsequently stormed by government soldiers, the rebels were rounded up, tortured and 22 were executed without trial.


  • Isla de la Juventud, Cuba
    Friday Oct 16, 1953

    Fidel Castro

    Imprisonment

    Isla de la Juventud, Cuba
    Friday Oct 16, 1953

    Castro was sentenced on 16 October, during which he delivered a speech that would have been printed under the title of History Will Absolve Me. Castro was sent to 15 years' imprisonment in the hospital wing of the Model Prison (Presidio Modelo), a relatively comfortable and modern


  • Isla de la Juventud, Cuba
    Sunday May 15, 1955

    Fidel Castro

    Castro's Release

    Isla de la Juventud, Cuba
    Sunday May 15, 1955

    In 1954, Batista's government held presidential elections, but no politician standing against him; the election was widely considered fraudulent. It had allowed some political opposition to be voiced, and Castro's supporters had agitated for an amnesty for the Moncada incident's perpetrators. Some politicians suggested an amnesty would be good publicity, and the Congress and Batista agreed. Backed by the US and major corporations, Batista believed Castro to be no threat, and on 15 May 1955, the prisoners were released.


  • Cuba
    Sunday Jun 12, 1955

    Bay of Pigs Invasion

    26th of July Movement

    Cuba
    Sunday Jun 12, 1955

    The best known of these anti-Batista groups was the "26th of July Movement" (MR-26-7), founded by a lawyer named Fidel Castro. With Castro as the MR-26-7's head, the organization was based upon a clandestine cell system, with each cell containing ten members, none of whom knew the whereabouts or activities of the other cells.


  • Cuba
    Sunday Nov 25, 1956

    Che Guevara

    Cuba's Revolution

    Cuba
    Sunday Nov 25, 1956

    The first step in Castro's revolutionary plan was an assault on Cuba from Mexico via the Granma, an old, leaky cabin cruiser. They set out for Cuba on November 25, 1956. Attacked by Batista's military soon after landing, many of the 82 men were either killed in the attack or executed upon capture; only 22 found each other afterwards.


  • Cuba
    Sunday Nov 25, 1956

    Che Guevara

    Batista's attack

    Cuba
    Sunday Nov 25, 1956

    The first step in Castro's revolutionary plan was an assault on Cuba from Mexico via the Granma, an old, leaky cabin cruiser. They set out for Cuba on November 25, 1956. Attacked by Batista's military soon after landing, many of the 82 men were either killed in the attack or executed upon capture; only 22 found each other afterwards.


  • Manzanillo and Santiago, Cuba
    Friday Nov 30, 1956

    Fidel Castro

    MR-26-7 members led an armed uprisingdays of intermittent attacks.

    Manzanillo and Santiago, Cuba
    Friday Nov 30, 1956

    The plan had been for the crossing to take 5 days, and on the Granma's scheduled day of arrival, 30 November, MR-26-7 members ("26th of July Movement") under Frank País led an armed uprising in Santiago and Manzanillo. However, the Granma's journey ultimately lasted 7 days, and with Castro and his men unable to provide reinforcements, País and his militants dispersed after two days of intermittent attacks


  • Playa las Coloradas, Cuba
    Sunday Dec 2, 1956

    Raúl Castro

    Granma Attack

    Playa las Coloradas, Cuba
    Sunday Dec 2, 1956

    During his exile in Mexico, he participated in the preparations for the expedition of the boat Grandma to Cuba. When the Granma landing failed and the 82 expeditionaries were detected by government troops soon after, Raúl was one of only 12 fighters who managed to reach a safe haven in the Sierra Maestra mountains, forming the core of the nascent rebel army (see the Cuban Revolution). As Fidel's brother and trusted right-hand man, and given his proven leadership abilities during and after the Moncada attack, he was given progressively bigger commands.


  • Playa Las Coloradas, Cuba
    Sunday Dec 2, 1956

    Fidel Castro

    The Granma Ran aground

    Playa Las Coloradas, Cuba
    Sunday Dec 2, 1956

    The Granma ran aground in a mangrove swamp at Playa Las Coloradas, close to Los Cayuelos, on 2 December 1956.


  • Oriente Province, Cuba
    Thursday Feb 27, 1958

    Raúl Castro

    Commander in the Cuban Revolution

    Oriente Province, Cuba
    Thursday Feb 27, 1958

    On 27 February 1958 Raúl was made comandante and assigned the mission to cross the old province of Oriente leading a column of guerrillas to open, to the northeast of that territory, the "Frank País Eastern Front". As a result of Raúl's "Eastern Front" operations, he was not involved in the pivotal Operation Verano (which came close to destroying the main body of fighters but ended up a spectacular victory for Fidel), but Raúl's forces remained active and grew over time.


  • Maffo, Contramaestre, Cuba
    Tuesday Dec 30, 1958

    Raúl Castro

    Capturing Maffo

    Maffo, Contramaestre, Cuba
    Tuesday Dec 30, 1958

    While Che Guevara and Camilo Cienfuegos were operating in Santa Clara, Fidel and Raúl's army laid siege to Maffo, capturing it on 30 December. Their victorious army then headed to Santiago de Cuba, capital of Oriente province.


  • Cuba
    Wednesday Dec 31, 1958

    Bay of Pigs Invasion

    Batista Resigned and Fled into Exile

    Cuba
    Wednesday Dec 31, 1958

    Between December 1956 and 1959, Castro led a guerrilla army against the forces of Batista from his base camp in the Sierra Maestra mountains. Batista's repression of revolutionaries had earned him widespread unpopularity, and by 1958 his armies were in retreat. On 31 December 1958, Batista resigned and fled into exile, taking with him an amassed fortune of more than US$300,000,000.


  • Cuba
    Wednesday Dec 31, 1958

    Fidel Castro

    Batista's Escape

    Cuba
    Wednesday Dec 31, 1958

    Fearing Castro was a socialist, the U.S. instructed Cantillo to oust Batista. By this time the great majority of Cuban people had turned against the Batista regime. Ambassador to Cuba, E. T. Smith, who felt the whole CIA mission had become too close to the MR-26-7 movement, personally went to Batista and informed him that the US no longer would support him and felt he no longer could control the situation in Cuba. General Cantillo secretly agreed to a ceasefire with Castro, promising that Batista would be tried as a war criminal; however, Batista was warned, and fled into exile with over US$300,000,000 on 31 December 1958.


  • Cuba
    Thursday Jan 1, 1959

    Raúl Castro

    President Fulgencio Batista fled Cuba

    Cuba
    Thursday Jan 1, 1959

    In response to the victory by Che Guevara at the Battle of Santa Clara, the U.S.-backed President Fulgencio Batista fled Cuba in the early morning of 1 January 1959. After Batista's fall, Raúl had the task of overseeing trials and execution of scores (between 30 and 70) of soldiers loyal to deposed president Batista convicted of war crimes.


  • Havana, Cuba
    Friday Jan 2, 1959

    Che Guevara

    Control the Capital

    Havana, Cuba
    Friday Jan 2, 1959

    On January 2, Guevara entered Havana to take final control of the capital.


  • Cuba
    Thursday Jan 8, 1959

    Che Guevara

    Rally support in several large cities on his way to rolling victoriously

    Cuba
    Thursday Jan 8, 1959

    Fidel Castro took six more days to arrive, as he stopped to rally support in several large cities on his way to rolling victoriously into Havana on January 8, 1959.


  • Havana, Cuba
    Friday Jan 9, 1959

    Fidel Castro

    Castro reached Havana

    Havana, Cuba
    Friday Jan 9, 1959

    Heading toward Havana, he greeted cheering crowds at every town, giving press conferences and interviews. Castro reached Havana on 9 January 1959.


  • Cuba
    Monday Jan 26, 1959

    Raúl Castro

    Marriage

    Cuba
    Monday Jan 26, 1959

    Castro married Vilma Espín, a former Massachusetts Institute of Technology chemical engineering student and the daughter of a wealthy lawyer for the Bacardi rum company, on 26 January 1959.


  • Cuba
    Tuesday Jan 27, 1959

    Che Guevara

    Significant Speeches

    Cuba
    Tuesday Jan 27, 1959

    Along with ensuring "revolutionary justice", the other key early platform of Guevara was establishing agrarian land reform. Almost immediately after the success of the revolution, on January 27, 1959, Guevara made one of his most significant speeches where he talked about "the social ideas of the rebel army".


  • Havana, Cuba
    Monday Feb 16, 1959

    Fidel Castro

    The Prime Minister of Cuba

    Havana, Cuba
    Monday Feb 16, 1959

    On 16 February 1959, Castro was sworn in as Prime Minister of Cuba.


  • Havana, Cuba
    Monday Feb 16, 1959

    Bay of Pigs Invasion

    Castro took on the role of Prime Minister

    Havana, Cuba
    Monday Feb 16, 1959

    The presidency fell to Castro's chosen candidate, the lawyer Manuel Urrutia Lleó, while members of the MR-26-7 took control of most positions in the cabinet. On 16 February 1959, Castro himself took on the role of Prime Minister. Dismissing the need for elections, Castro proclaimed the new administration an example of direct democracy, in which the Cuban populace could assemble en masse at demonstrations and express their democratic will to him personally. Critics instead condemned the new regime as un-democratic.


  • Havana, Cuba
    Monday Feb 16, 1959

    Raúl Castro

    The Minister of Defence

    Havana, Cuba
    Monday Feb 16, 1959

    He was appointed Minister of the Revolutionary Armed Forces when it was founded in October 1959 and served in that capacity until February 2008.


  • Tarara, Havana, Cuba
    Tuesday Jun 2, 1959

    Che Guevara

    Second Marriage

    Tarara, Havana, Cuba
    Tuesday Jun 2, 1959

    On June 2, 1959, he married Aleida March, a Cuban-born member of the 26th of July movement with whom he had been living since late 1958. Guevara returned to the seaside village of Tarara in June for his honeymoon with Aleida.


  • Cuba
    Friday Jun 12, 1959

    Che Guevara

    A three-month tour

    Cuba
    Friday Jun 12, 1959

    On June 12, 1959, Castro sent Guevara out on a three-month tour of 14 mostly Bandung Pact countries (Morocco, Sudan, Egypt, Syria, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Burma, Thailand, Indonesia, Japan, Yugoslavia, Greece) and the cities of Singapore and Hong Kong.


  • Havana, Cuba
    Wednesday Sep 28, 1960

    Fidel Castro

    The Committees for the Defense of the Revolution

    Havana, Cuba
    Wednesday Sep 28, 1960

    In September 1960, they created the Committees for the Defense of the Revolution (CDR), a nationwide civilian organization which implemented neighborhood spying to detect counter-revolutionary activities as well as organizing health and education campaigns, becoming a conduit for public complaints.


  • Cuba
    Friday Oct 14, 1960

    Bay of Pigs Invasion

    The Retaliation

    Cuba
    Friday Oct 14, 1960

    In retaliation, the Cuban National Institute for Agrarian Reform took control of 383 private-run businesses on 14 October, and on 25 October a further 166 US companies operating in Cuba had their premises seized and nationalized, including Coca-Cola and Sears Roebuck.


  • Cuba
    Friday Oct 14, 1960

    Fidel Castro

    The Retaliation

    Cuba
    Friday Oct 14, 1960

    In retaliation, the National Institute for Agrarian Reform INRA took control of 383 private-run businesses on 14 October.


  • Cuba
    Tuesday Oct 25, 1960

    Fidel Castro

    U.S. Companies' Nationalization

    Cuba
    Tuesday Oct 25, 1960

    On 25 October a further 166 U.S. companies operating in Cuba had their premises seized and nationalized.


  • Cuba
    Monday Oct 31, 1960

    Bay of Pigs Invasion

    The CIA Fail

    Cuba
    Monday Oct 31, 1960

    By 31 October 1960, most guerrilla infiltrations and supply drops directed by the CIA into Cuba had failed, and developments of further guerrilla strategies were replaced by plans to mount an initial amphibious assault, with a minimum of 1,500 men. The election of John Kennedy as US President sped up preparations for the invasion; Kennedy reached out to Cuban exiles who supported Batista and hinted he was willing to bring Batista back to power in order to overthrow Castro.


  • Bayamo, Cuba
    Monday Apr 3, 1961

    Bay of Pigs Invasion

    Bomb attack on militia barracks

    Bayamo, Cuba
    Monday Apr 3, 1961

    Soon after the success of the Cuban Revolution, militant counter-revolutionary groups developed in an attempt to overthrow the new regime. Undertaking armed attacks against government forces. On 3 April 1961, a bomb attack on militia barracks in Bayamo killed four militia, and wounded eight more.


  • Havana, Cuba
    Thursday Apr 13, 1961

    Bay of Pigs Invasion

    The El Encanto Fire

    Havana, Cuba
    Thursday Apr 13, 1961

    The Cuban security apparatus knew the invasion was coming, via their extensive secret intelligence network. Nevertheless, days before the invasion, multiple acts of sabotage were carried out, such as the El Encanto fire, an arson attack in a department store in Havana on 13 April that killed one shop worker.


  • Baracoa, Cuba
    Saturday Apr 15, 1961

    Bay of Pigs Invasion

    Sending reconnaissance sortie

    Baracoa, Cuba
    Saturday Apr 15, 1961

    During the night of 14/15 April, a diversionary landing was planned near Baracoa, Oriente Province, by about 164 Cuban exiles commanded by Higinio 'Nino' Diaz.The reconnaissance boats turned back to the ship after their crews detected activities by Cuban militia forces along the coastline. As a result of those activities, at daybreak, a reconnaissance sortie over the Baracoa area was launched from Santiago de Cuba. That was a FAR (Fuerza Aérea Revolucionaria) (Cuban Air Force) T-33, piloted by Lt Orestes Acosta, and it crashed fatally into the sea.


  • Havana, Cuba
    Saturday Apr 15, 1961

    Bay of Pigs Invasion

    The Cuban national police Reaction

    Havana, Cuba
    Saturday Apr 15, 1961

    On April 15,The Cuban national police, led by Efigenio Ameijeiras, started the process of arresting thousands of suspected anti-revolutionary individuals, and detaining them in provisional locations such as the Karl Marx Theatre, the moat of Fortaleza de la Cabana and the Principe Castle all in Havana, and the baseball park in Matanzas.


  • Cuba
    Saturday Apr 15, 1961

    Fidel Castro

    The CIA Attack

    Cuba
    Saturday Apr 15, 1961

    On 15 April, CIA-supplied B-26s bombed three Cuban military airfields; the U.S. announced that the perpetrators were defecting Cuban air force pilots, but Castro exposed these claims as false flag misinformation.


  • Baracoa, Cuba
    Sunday Apr 16, 1961

    Bay of Pigs Invasion

    Failing to land near Baracoa

    Baracoa, Cuba
    Sunday Apr 16, 1961

    On the night of 15/16 April, the Nino Diaz group failed in a second attempted diversionary landing at a different location near Baracoa.


  • Las Villas, Santiago de Cuba, Cuba
    Sunday Apr 16, 1961

    Bay of Pigs Invasion

    The armed uprising

    Las Villas, Santiago de Cuba, Cuba
    Sunday Apr 16, 1961

    On 16 April, Merardo Leon, Jose Leon, and 14 others staged an armed uprising at Las Delicias Estate in Las Villas, with only four surviving. Leonel Martinez and three others took to the countryside.


  • Cuba
    Monday Apr 17, 1961

    Che Guevara

    Bay of Pigs

    Cuba
    Monday Apr 17, 1961

    On April 17, 1961, 1,400 U.S.-trained Cuban exiles invaded Cuba during the Bay of Pigs Invasion. Guevara did not play a key role in the fighting, as one day before the invasion a warship carrying Marines faked an invasion off the West Coast of Pinar del Río and drew forces commanded by Guevara to that region.


  • Aromas de Velázquez, Cuba
    Monday Apr 17, 1961

    Bay of Pigs Invasion

    Capturing Osvaldo Ramírez

    Aromas de Velázquez, Cuba
    Monday Apr 17, 1961

    On 17 April 1961, Osvaldo Ramírez (leader of the rural resistance to Castro) was captured by Castro's forces in Aromas de Velázquez, and immediately executed.


  • The Bay of Pigs, Cuba
    Monday Apr 17, 1961

    Fidel Castro

    The Bay of Pigs Invasion

    The Bay of Pigs, Cuba
    Monday Apr 17, 1961

    The CIA and the Democratic Revolutionary Front had based a 1,400-strong army, Brigade 2506, in Nicaragua. On the night of 16 to 17 April, Brigade 2506 landed along Cuba's Bay of Pigs and engaged in a firefight with a local revolutionary militia .


  • Cuba
    Monday Apr 17, 1961

    John F. Kennedy

    Bay of Pigs

    Cuba
    Monday Apr 17, 1961

    The Bay of Pigs Invasion began on April 17, 1961.


  • Bahía Honda, Pinar del Río Province, Cuba
    Monday Apr 17, 1961

    Bay of Pigs Invasion

    The mock diversionary Landing

    Bahía Honda, Pinar del Río Province, Cuba
    Monday Apr 17, 1961

    During the night of 16/17 April, a mock diversionary landing was organized by CIA operatives near Bahía Honda, Pinar del Río Province. A flotilla containing equipment that broadcast sounds and other effects of a shipborne invasion landing provided the source of Cuban reports that briefly lured Fidel Castro away from the Bay of Pigs battlefront area.


  • Cuba
    Monday Apr 17, 1961

    Bay of Pigs Invasion

    Attacking CEF ships

    Cuba
    Monday Apr 17, 1961

    At daybreak around 06:30 am, three FAR Sea Furies, one B-26 bomber and two Lockheed T-33 fighter jets started attacking those CEF ships still unloading troops.


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