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  • Algeria
    Friday Jul 14, 1865

    Algerian War

    Code de l'indigénat

    Algeria
    Friday Jul 14, 1865

    Under the Second Empire (1852–1871), the Code de l'indigénat (Indigenous Code) was implemented by the Sénatus-consulte of July 14, 1865. It allowed Muslims to apply for full French citizenship, a measure that few took, since it involved renouncing the right to be governed by sharia law in personal matters and was considered a kind of apostasy.




  • French Morocco and French Algeria
    Sunday Nov 8, 1942

    World War II

    Operation Torch

    French Morocco and French Algeria
    Sunday Nov 8, 1942

    Second Battle of El Alamein was followed up shortly after by Anglo-American landings (Operation Torch) in French North Africa, which resulted in the region joining the Allies. Operation Torch took place between 8 to 16 November 1942.




  • Algiers, Algeria
    Wednesday Jun 2, 1943

    Charles de Gaulle

    Churchill sent to Algiers to bring de Gaulle back to Britain

    Algiers, Algeria
    Wednesday Jun 2, 1943

    Churchill on 2 June he sent two passenger aircraft and his representative, Duff Cooper, to Algiers to bring de Gaulle back to Britain.




  • Algeria
    Tuesday Mar 7, 1944

    Algerian War

    Equality of rights was proclaimed

    Algeria
    Tuesday Mar 7, 1944

    After World War II, equality of rights was proclaimed by the Ordonnance of March 7, 1944.




  • Algiers, Algeria
    Friday Jun 16, 1944

    Charles de Gaulle

    De Gaulle flew to Algiers

    Algiers, Algeria
    Friday Jun 16, 1944

    De Gaulle flew to Algiers on 16 June.




  • Algeria
    Tuesday May 8, 1945

    Algerian War

    The Sétif Massacre

    Algeria
    Tuesday May 8, 1945

    At first, and despite the Sétif massacre of May 8, 1945, and the pro-Independence struggle before World War II, most Algerians were in favor of a relative status-quo. While Messali Hadj had radicalized by forming the FLN, Ferhat Abbas maintained a more moderate, electoral strategy.




  • Algeria
    Saturday Sep 20, 1947

    Algerian War

    Granted French citizenship to all Algerian subjects

    Algeria
    Saturday Sep 20, 1947

    The Law of September 20, 1947, granted French citizenship to all Algerian subjects, who were not required to renounce their personal status.


  • Algeria
    Monday Nov 1, 1954

    Algerian War

    The National Liberation Front

    Algeria
    Monday Nov 1, 1954

    Effectively started by members of the National Liberation Front (FLN) on November 1, 1954, during the Toussaint Rouge ("Red All Saints' Day"), the conflict led to serious political crises in France, causing the fall of the Fourth French Republic (1946–58) replaced by the Fifth Republic with a strengthened Presidency.


  • Algeria
    Monday Nov 1, 1954

    Algerian War

    The Toussaint Rouge

    Algeria
    Monday Nov 1, 1954

    In the early morning hours of November 1, 1954, FLN (the National Liberation Front) maquisards (guerrillas) attacked military and civilian targets throughout Algeria in what became known as the Toussaint Rouge (Red All-Saints' Day).


  • Skikda, Algeria
    Saturday Aug 20, 1955

    Algerian War

    The massacre of Pieds-Noirs

    Skikda, Algeria
    Saturday Aug 20, 1955

    The FLN adopted tactics similar to those of nationalist groups in Asia, and the French did not realize the seriousness of the challenge they faced until 1955, when the FLN moved into urbanized areas. "An important watershed in the War of Independence was the massacre of Pieds-Noirs civilians by the FLN near the town of Philippeville (now known as Skikda) in August 1955. Before this operation, FLN policy was to attack only military and government-related targets. The commander of the Constantine wilaya/region, however, decided a drastic escalation was needed. The killing by the FLN and its supporters of 123 people, including 71 French,S including old women and babies, shocked Jacques Soustelle into calling for more repressive measures against the rebels.


  • Algeria
    Tuesday Jun 19, 1956

    Algerian War

    Two FLN prisoners were executed

    Algeria
    Tuesday Jun 19, 1956

    On 19 June 1956 two FLN prisoners were executed by guillotine at the Barberousse Prison.


  • Algeria
    Thursday Jun 21, 1956

    Algerian War

    Immediate reprisals

    Algeria
    Thursday Jun 21, 1956

    Abane Ramdane ordered immediate reprisals against the French and Yacef Saâdi, who had assumed command in Algiers following Bitat's arrest was ordered to "shoot down any European, from 18 to 54. No women, no children, no elder." A series of random attacks in the city followed with 49 civilians shot by the FLN between 21 and 24 June.


  • Algeria
    Wednesday Aug 1, 1956

    Algerian War

    73 Algerian are killed

    Algeria
    Wednesday Aug 1, 1956

    On the night of 10 August 1956, helped by members of Robert Martel's Union française nord-africaine, Achiary planted a bomb at Thèbes Road in the Casbah targeted at the FLN responsible for the June shootings, the explosion killed 73 Algerian.


  • Algeria
    Sunday Sep 30, 1956

    Algerian War

    The Milk Bar bombed

    Algeria
    Sunday Sep 30, 1956

    On the evening of 30 September 1956, a trio of female FLN militants recruited by Yacef Saâdi, Djamila Bouhired, Zohra Drif and Samia Lakhdari, carried out the first series of bomb attacks on three civilian targets in European Algiers. The bombs at the Milk Bar on Place Bugeaud and the Cafeteria on Rue Michelet killed 3 and injured 50, while the bomb at the Air France terminus failed to explode due to a faulty timer.


  • Algeria
    Friday Dec 28, 1956

    Algerian War

    Ali La Pointe assassinated the Mayor of Boufarik and President of the Federation of Mayors of Algeria

    Algeria
    Friday Dec 28, 1956

    On 28 December 1956, on the orders of Ben M'hidi, Ali La Pointe assassinated the Mayor of Boufarik and President of the Federation of Mayors of Algeria, Amedee Froger outside his house on Rue Michelet. The following day, a bomb exploded in the cemetery where Froger was to be buried; enraged European civilians responded by carrying out random revenge attacks (ratonnade), killing four Muslims and injuring 50.


  • Algeria
    Monday Jan 7, 1957

    Algerian War

    Lacoste summoned General Salan and General Massu

    Algeria
    Monday Jan 7, 1957

    On 7 January 1957, Governor-General Robert Lacoste summoned General Salan and General Massu commander of the 10th Parachute Division (10e DP) and explained that, as the Algiers police force was incapable of dealing with the FLN and controlling the Pied-noirs, Massu was to be granted full responsibility for the maintenance of order in Algiers.


  • Algeria
    Saturday Jan 26, 1957

    Algerian War

    Female FLN operatives again planted bombs

    Algeria
    Saturday Jan 26, 1957

    On the afternoon of Saturday 26 January, female FLN operatives again planted bombs in European Algiers, the targets were the Otomatic on Rue Michelet, the Cafeteria and the Coq-Hardi brasserie. The explosions killed 4 and wounded 50 and a Muslim was killed by Pied-Noirs in retaliation.


  • Algiers, Algeria
    Monday Jan 28, 1957

    Algerian War

    The FLN called an 8-day general strike

    Algiers, Algeria
    Monday Jan 28, 1957

    In late January the FLN called an 8-day general strike across Algeria commencing on Monday 28 January. The strike appeared to be a success with most Muslim shops remaining shuttered, workers failed to turn up and children didn't attend school. However Massu soon deployed his troops and used armored cars to pull the steel shutters off shops while army trucks rounded up workers and schoolchildren and forced them to attend their jobs and studies. Within a few days the strike had been broken.


  • Algeria
    Saturday Feb 9, 1957

    Algerian War

    2e RCP arrested a prominent young lawyer and FLN sympathiser Ali Boumendjel

    Algeria
    Saturday Feb 9, 1957

    On 9 February, paratroopers of the 2nd Parachute Chasseur Regiment (2e RCP) arrested a prominent young lawyer and FLN sympathiser Ali Boumendjel. After attempting suicide Boumendjel volunteered everything he knew, including his involvement in the murder of a European family.


  • Algeria
    Tuesday Feb 19, 1957

    Algerian War

    the 3e RPC raided the bomb factory finding 87 bombs, 70 kg of explosives

    Algeria
    Tuesday Feb 19, 1957

    While females had not previously been searched in Algiers; following the Coq Hardi explosion one of the waiters identified the bomber as a woman. Accordingly, female suspects were subsequently searched by metal detectors or physically, limiting the ability of the FLN to continue the bombing campaign from the Casbah. In February Bigeard's troops captured Yacef's bomb transporter, who under extreme interrogation gave the address of the bomb factory at 5 Impasse de la Grenade. On 19 February the 3e RPC raided the bomb factory finding 87 bombs, 70 kg of explosives, detonators and other material, Yacef's bomb-making organisation within the Casbah had been destroyed.


  • Algeria
    Monday Feb 25, 1957

    Algerian War

    Colonel Trinqier's intelligence sources located Ben M'hidi who was captured

    Algeria
    Monday Feb 25, 1957

    On 25 February Colonel Trinqier's intelligence sources located Ben M'hidi who was captured in his pyjamas by Paras at Rue Claude-Debussy.


  • Algeria
    Wednesday Mar 6, 1957

    Algerian War

    It was announced that Ben M'hidi had committed suicide by hanging himself with his shirt

    Algeria
    Wednesday Mar 6, 1957

    On 6 March it was announced that Ben M'hidi had committed suicide by hanging himself with his shirt.


  • Algeria
    Saturday Mar 23, 1957

    Algerian War

    A meeting between Massu, Trinquier, Fossy-Francois and Aussaresses

    Algeria
    Saturday Mar 23, 1957

    On 23 March following a meeting between Massu, Trinquier, Fossy-Francois and Aussaresses to discuss what was to be done with Ali Boumendjel, Aussaresses went to the prison where Boumendjel was being held and ordered that he be transferred to another building, in the process he was thrown from a 6th floor skybridge to his death.


  • Algeria
    Saturday Jun 1, 1957

    Algerian War

    Maurice Audin a Communist university professor was arrested

    Algeria
    Saturday Jun 1, 1957

    The use of torture was not restricted to Muslims, French FLN sympathisers were also picked up and subjected to it. Maurice Audin a Communist university professor was arrested by the paras on 11 June on suspicion of harboring and aiding FLN operatives, Henri Alleg the Communist editor of Alger républicain was arrested by the Paras at Audin's apartment the following day and was told by Audin that he had been tortured, Audin was never seen again and it is believed that he either died while being interrogated or was summarily executed.


  • Algiers, Algeria
    Monday Jun 3, 1957

    Algerian War

    Yacef's forces planted bombs in street lamps at bus stops in the centre of Algiers

    Algiers, Algeria
    Monday Jun 3, 1957

    On 3 June Yacef's forces planted bombs in street lamps at bus stops in the centre of Algiers, the explosions killed eight and wounded 90, a mix of French and Muslims., the explosions killed eight and wounded 90, a mix of French and Muslims.


  • Algiers, Algeria
    Sunday Jun 9, 1957

    Algerian War

    A bomb exploded at the Casino on the outskirts of Algiers killing nine and injuring 85

    Algiers, Algeria
    Sunday Jun 9, 1957

    On 9 June a bomb exploded at the Casino on the outskirts of Algiers killing nine and injuring 85. Following the burial of the dead from the casino, the Pied-Noirs started a ratonnade that resulted in five ِAlgerians dead and more than 50 injured. As a result of this upturn in violence, the 10e DP was again deployed to Algiers.


  • Algeria
    Monday Aug 26, 1957

    Algerian War

    Intelligence gained by Colonel Godard's operatives

    Algeria
    Monday Aug 26, 1957

    On 26 August following intelligence gained by Colonel Godard's operatives, the 3e RPC raided a house in the Impasse Saint-Vincent where Yacef's new bomb-maker and deputy were believed to be hiding. After suffering several casualties trying to capture the two alive, both men were eventually killed.


  • Algeria
    Monday Sep 23, 1957

    Algerian War

    A Courier for Yacef was arrested

    Algeria
    Monday Sep 23, 1957

    On 23 September a courier for Yacef was arrested by Godard's men.


  • Algeria
    Tuesday Sep 24, 1957
    05 AM

    Algerian War

    the 1e REP commanded by Colonel Pierre Jeanpierre sealed off Rue Caton and raided Yacef's hideout

    Algeria
    Tuesday Sep 24, 1957
    05 AM

    At 5am on 24 September the 1e REP commanded by Colonel Pierre Jeanpierre sealed off Rue Caton and raided Yacef's hideout at No. 3. Yacef and Zohra Drif hid in a wall cavity, but this was soon located by the French troops. Yacef threw a grenade at the French troops but they were eager to take him alive and he and Zohra Drif eventually surrendered. Across the street at No 4, Ali La Pointe escaped the French cordon and went to another safe-house in the Casbah.


  • Algeria
    Tuesday Oct 8, 1957

    Algerian War

    the 1e REP surrounded Ali La Pointe's hideout at 5 Rue de s Abderames

    Algeria
    Tuesday Oct 8, 1957

    On the evening of 8 October the 1e REP surrounded Ali La Pointe's hideout at 5 Rue de s Abderames. The paratroops laid charges to blow away the false partition behind which Ali and his comrades were hiding, unfortunately the explosion detonated a store of bombs destroying the house and several neighbouring buildings, killing Ali, his two comrades and 17 other Muslims in neighbouring houses.


  • Algeria
    Wednesday Jun 4, 1958

    Algerian War

    I have understood you

    Algeria
    Wednesday Jun 4, 1958

    On his June 4 trip to Algeria, de Gaulle calculatedly made an ambiguous and broad emotional appeal to all the inhabitants, declaring, "Je vous ai compris" ("I have understood you").


  • Algiers, Algeria
    Monday Feb 1, 1960

    Algerian War

    Most of the Army heeded De Gaulle's call

    Algiers, Algeria
    Monday Feb 1, 1960

    Most of the Army heeded De Gaulle's call, and the siege of Algiers ended on February 1 with Lagaillarde surrendering to General Challe's command of the French Army in Algeria.


  • Algiers, Algeria
    Saturday Feb 13, 1960

    Charles de Gaulle

    France became the world's fourth nuclear power

    Algiers, Algeria
    Saturday Feb 13, 1960

    On 13 February 1960, France became the world's fourth nuclear power when a high-powered nuclear device was exploded in the Sahara some 700 miles south-south-west of Algiers.


  • Algeria
    Saturday Dec 3, 1960

    Algerian War

    Secret Army Organization

    Algeria
    Saturday Dec 3, 1960

    The loss of many ultra leaders who were imprisoned or transferred to other areas did not deter the French Algeria militants. Sent to prison in Paris and then paroled, Lagaillarde fled to Spain. There, with another French army officer, Raoul Salan, who had entered clandestinely, and with Jean-Jacques Susini, he created the Organisation armée secrète (Secret Army Organization, OAS) on December 3, 1960, with the purpose of continuing the fight for French Algeria. Highly organized and well-armed, the OAS stepped up its terrorist activities, which were directed against both Algerians and pro-government French citizens, as the move toward negotiated settlement of the war and self-determination gained momentum.


  • France and Algeria
    Sunday Jan 8, 1961

    Algerian War

    The first referendum on the self-determination of Algeria

    France and Algeria
    Sunday Jan 8, 1961

    De Gaulle convoked the first referendum on the self-determination of Algeria on January 8, 1961, which 75% of the voters (both in France and Algeria) approved and de Gaulle's government began secret peace negotiations with the FLN. In the Algerian départements 69.51% voted in favor of self-determination.


  • Algeria
    Wednesday Jan 10, 1962

    Algerian War

    A "General Offensive"

    Algeria
    Wednesday Jan 10, 1962

    On 10 January 1962, the FLN started a "general offensive" against the OAS, staging a series on the pied-noir communities as a way of applying pressure.


  • Algeria
    Tuesday Jul 3, 1962

    Charles de Gaulle

    France recognized Algerian independence

    Algeria
    Tuesday Jul 3, 1962

    France recognized Algerian independence on 3 July 1962.


  • Algeria
    Thursday Jul 5, 1962

    Algerian War

    The declaration of independence

    Algeria
    Thursday Jul 5, 1962

    The declaration of independence on July 5, 1962, the last French forces did not leave the naval base of Mers El Kébir until 1967.


  • Algeria
    Monday Oct 8, 1962

    Algerian War

    Algeria was admitted as the 109th member of the United Nations

    Algeria
    Monday Oct 8, 1962

    Algeria was admitted as the 109th member of the United Nations on October 8, 1962.


  • Algiers, Algeria
    Wednesday Feb 24, 1965

    Che Guevara

    Last public appearance

    Algiers, Algeria
    Wednesday Feb 24, 1965

    In Algiers, Algeria, on February 24, 1965, Guevara made what turned out to be his last public appearance on the international stage when he delivered a speech at an economic seminar on Afro-Asian solidarity.


  • Algiers, Algeria
    Monday Dec 22, 1975

    Carlos the Jackal

    The hostages' release

    Algiers, Algeria
    Monday Dec 22, 1975

    On 22 December, the government provided the PFLP and 42 hostages an airplane and flew them to Algiers, as demanded for the hostages' release. Ex-Royal Navy pilot Neville Atkinson, at that time the personal pilot for Libya's leader Muammar al-Gaddafi, flew Carlos and a number of others, including Hans-Joachim Klein, a supporter of the imprisoned Red Army Faction and a member of the Revolutionary Cells, and Gabriele Kröcher-Tiedemann, from Algiers.


  • Algeria
    Monday Jan 19, 1981

    Iranian Revolution

    The Algiers Accords and The hostages release

    Algeria
    Monday Jan 19, 1981

    The hostage crisis ended with the signing of the Algiers Accords in Algeria on 19 January 1981. The hostages were formally released to United States custody the following day, just minutes after Ronald Reagan was sworn in as the new American president.


  • Boufarik Airport, Algeria
    Wednesday Apr 11, 2018

    Plane Accidents

    Algerian Air Force Il-76

    Boufarik Airport, Algeria
    Wednesday Apr 11, 2018

    Algerian Air Force Il-76 transport plane crashed shortly after take-off from Boufarik Airport, On April 11, 2018, killing all 247 passengers and 10 crew on board.


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