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  • Smiljan, Austrian Empire (Present day Smiljan, Croatia)
    Friday Jul 11, 1856

    Nikola Tesla

    Birth

    Smiljan, Austrian Empire (Present day Smiljan, Croatia)
    Friday Jul 11, 1856

    Nikola Tesla was born an ethnic Serb in the village of Smiljan, wihin the Military Frontier, in the Austrian Empire (present day Croatia), on 10 July [O.S. 28 June] 1856.




  • Croatia
    Friday Apr 18, 1879

    Nikola Tesla

    Father's death

    Croatia
    Friday Apr 18, 1879

    On 17 April 1879, Milutin Tesla died at the age of 60 after contracting an unspecified illness. During that year, Tesla taught a large class of students in his old school in Gospić.




  • Kumrovec, Croatia-Slavonia, Austria-Hungary (Now Croatia)
    Saturday May 7, 1892

    Josip Broz Tito

    Birth

    Kumrovec, Croatia-Slavonia, Austria-Hungary (Now Croatia)
    Saturday May 7, 1892

    Josip Broz was born on 7 May 1892 in Kumrovec, a village in the northern Croatian region of Hrvatsko Zagorje, which at that time was part of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia within the Austro-Hungarian Empire.




  • Kumrovec, Croatia-Slavonia, Austria-Hungary (Now Croatia)
    Saturday May 1, 1909

    Josip Broz Tito

    May day

    Kumrovec, Croatia-Slavonia, Austria-Hungary (Now Croatia)
    Saturday May 1, 1909

    During his apprenticeship he was encouraged to mark May Day in 1909, and read and sold Slobodna Reč (Free Word), a socialist newspaper.




  • Zagreb, Croatia
    Tuesday Aug 2, 1921

    Josip Broz Tito

    The assassination of Milorad Drašković

    Zagreb, Croatia
    Tuesday Aug 2, 1921

    After the assassination of Milorad Drašković, the Yugoslav Minister of the Interior, by a young communist named Alija Alijagić on 2 August 1921, the CPY was declared illegal under the Yugoslav State Security Act of 1921.




  • Croatia
    Friday Mar 16, 1934

    Josip Broz Tito

    Released from jail

    Croatia
    Friday Mar 16, 1934

    After completing the full term of his sentence, he was released, only to be arrested outside the prison gates and taken to Ogulin to serve the four-month sentence he had avoided in 1927. He was finally released from prison on 16 March 1934, but even then he was subject to orders that required him to live in Kumrovec and report to the police daily.




  • Zagreb, Croatia
    Sunday Aug 1, 1937

    Josip Broz Tito

    The new party was inaugurated at a conference

    Zagreb, Croatia
    Sunday Aug 1, 1937

    Tito travelled several times between Paris and Zagreb organising the movement of volunteers and creating a separate Communist Party of Croatia. The new party was inaugurated at a conference at Samobor on the outskirts of Zagreb on 1–2 August 1937.


  • Croatia
    Thursday Apr 10, 1941

    Josip Broz Tito

    Independent State of Croatia

    Croatia
    Thursday Apr 10, 1941

    On 10 April 1941, Slavko Kvaternik proclaimed the Independent State of Croatia, and Tito responded by forming a Military Committee within the Central Committee of the Yugoslav Communist Party.


  • the Dalmatian island of Vis, Croatia
    Saturday Jun 17, 1944

    Josip Broz Tito

    The Treaty of Vis

    the Dalmatian island of Vis, Croatia
    Saturday Jun 17, 1944

    On 17 June 1944, on the Dalmatian island of Vis, the Treaty of Vis was signed in an attempt to merge Tito's government (the AVNOJ) with the government in exile of King Peter II.


  • Croatia
    Sunday Apr 22, 1990

    Croatian War of Independence

    The First Free Elections

    Croatia
    Sunday Apr 22, 1990

    The first free elections in Croatia and Slovenia were scheduled for a few months later. The first round of elections in Croatia was held on 22 April, and the second round on 6 May.


  • Zagreb, Croatia
    Sunday May 13, 1990

    Croatian War of Independence

    A Tense Atmosphere Prevailed

    Zagreb, Croatia
    Sunday May 13, 1990

    A tense atmosphere prevailed on May 13, 1990, when a football game was held at Zagreb in Maksimir Stadium between Zagreb's Dinamo team and Belgrade's Red Star. The game erupted into violence between the Croatian and Serbian fans and with the police.


  • Croatia
    Monday May 14, 1990

    Croatian War of Independence

    The Weapons of The TO of Croatia

    Croatia
    Monday May 14, 1990

    On 14 May 1990, the weapons of the TO of Croatia, in Croat-majority regions, were taken away by the JNA, preventing the possibility of Croatia having its own weapons as was done in Slovenia. Borisav Jović, Serbia's representative in the Federal Presidency and a close ally of Slobodan Milošević, claimed that this action came at the behest of Serbia.


  • Croatia
    Wednesday May 30, 1990

    Croatian War of Independence

    The New Croatian Parliament

    Croatia
    Wednesday May 30, 1990

    On 30 May 1990, the new Croatian Parliament held its first session.


  • Srb, Croatia
    Wednesday Jul 25, 1990

    Croatian War of Independence

    Sovereignty and Autonomy of the Serb people in Croatia

    Srb, Croatia
    Wednesday Jul 25, 1990

    After the election of Tuđman (Croatian President) and the HDZ, a Serb Assembly was established in Srb, north of Knin, on 25 July 1990 as the political representation of the Serb people in Croatia. The Serb Assembly declared "sovereignty and autonomy of the Serb people in Croatia".


  • Croatia
    Friday Dec 21, 1990

    Croatian War of Independence

    The SAO Krajina

    Croatia
    Friday Dec 21, 1990

    On 21 December 1990, the SAO Krajina (Serbian Autonomous Oblast of Krajina) was proclaimed by the municipalities of the regions of Northern Dalmatia and Lika, in south-western Croatia. Article 1 of the Statute of the SAO Krajina defined the SAO Krajina as "a form of territorial autonomy within the Republic of Croatia" in which the Constitution of the Republic of Croatia, state laws, and the Statute of the SAO Krajina were applied.


  • Croatia
    Saturday Dec 22, 1990

    Croatian War of Independence

    The new constitution

    Croatia
    Saturday Dec 22, 1990

    On 22 December 1990, the Parliament of Croatia ratified the new constitution, which was seen by Serbs as taking away rights that had been granted by the Socialist constitution.


  • Croatia
    Thursday Apr 11, 1991

    Croatian War of Independence

    Croatian Army

    Croatia
    Thursday Apr 11, 1991

    The Croatian military was in a much worse state than that of the Serbs. In the early stages of the war, lack of military units meant that the Croatian Police force would take the brunt of the fighting. The Croatian National Guard, the new Croatian military, was formed on 11 April 1991, and gradually developed into the Croatian Army by 1993.


  • Sotin, Croatia
    Sunday May 5, 1991

    Croatian War of Independence

    A Serb civilian was killed

    Sotin, Croatia
    Sunday May 5, 1991

    While in Sotin, a Serb civilian was killed on 5 May when he was caught in a crossfire between Serb and Croat paramilitaries.


  • Croatia
    Sunday May 19, 1991

    Croatian War of Independence

    The Croatian authorities held a referendum on independence

    Croatia
    Sunday May 19, 1991

    On 19 May 1991, the Croatian authorities held a referendum on independence with the option of remaining in Yugoslavia as a looser union. Serb local authorities issued calls for a boycott, which were largely followed by Croatian Serbs. The referendum passed with 94% in favor.


  • Zagreb, Croatia
    Tuesday May 28, 1991

    Croatian War of Independence

    A Military Parade and Review

    Zagreb, Croatia
    Tuesday May 28, 1991

    The newly constituted Croatian military units held a military parade and review at Stadion Kranjčevićeva in Zagreb on 28 May 1991.


  • Croatia
    Thursday Jun 6, 1991

    Bosnian War

    A Weak Confederation

    Croatia
    Thursday Jun 6, 1991

    On 6 June, Izetbegović and Macedonian president Kiro Gligorov proposed a weak confederation between Croatia, Slovenia and a federation of the other four republics, which was rejected by Milošević.


  • Croatia
    Tuesday Jun 25, 1991

    Bosnian War

    Slovenia and Croatia declared independence

    Croatia
    Tuesday Jun 25, 1991

    On 25 June 1991, both Slovenia and Croatia declared independence, which led to a short armed conflict in Slovenia called the Ten-Day War, and an all-out war in Croatia in the Croatian War of Independence in areas with a substantial ethnic Serb population.


  • Croatia
    Tuesday Jun 25, 1991

    Croatian War of Independence

    Croatia's independence

    Croatia
    Tuesday Jun 25, 1991

    The parliament of Croatia declared Croatia's independence and dissolved its association with Yugoslavia on 25 June 1991.


  • Slovenia
    Wednesday Jun 26, 1991

    Ten-Day War (Slovenian Independence War)

    Yugoslav People's Army's 13th Corps moved towards Slovenia's borders with Italy

    Slovenia
    Wednesday Jun 26, 1991

    On the morning of 26 June, units of the Yugoslav People's Army's 13th Corps left their barracks in Rijeka, Croatia, to move towards Slovenia's borders with Italy.


  • Vukovar, Croatia
    Sunday Aug 25, 1991

    Croatian War of Independence

    Battle of Vukovar

    Vukovar, Croatia
    Sunday Aug 25, 1991

    In August 1991, the Battle of Vukovar began. The Battle of Vukovar was an 87-day siege of Vukovar in eastern Croatia by the Yugoslav People's Army (JNA), supported by various paramilitary forces from Serbia, between August and November 1991. Before the Croatian War of Independence the Baroque town was a prosperous, mixed community of Croats, Serbs and other ethnic groups. As Yugoslavia began to break up, Serbia's President Slobodan Milošević and Croatia's President Franjo Tuđman began pursuing nationalist politics. In 1990, an armed insurrection was started by Croatian Serb militias, supported by the Serbian government and paramilitary groups, who seized control of Serb-populated areas of Croatia. The JNA began to intervene in favour of the rebellion, and conflict broke out in the eastern Croatian region of Slavonia in May 1991. In August, the JNA launched a full-scale attack against Croatian-held territory in eastern Slavonia, including Vukovar.


  • Croatia
    Saturday Sep 14, 1991

    Croatian War of Independence

    Battle of the barracks

    Croatia
    Saturday Sep 14, 1991

    This move followed months of standoff for JNA positions in Dalmatia and elsewhere now known as the Battle of the barracks.


  • Bosanski Brod, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Sunday Sep 15, 1991

    Bosnian War

    Croatian National Guard (ZNG) raided Bosanski Brod

    Bosanski Brod, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Sunday Sep 15, 1991

    In September 1991, Croatian National Guard (ZNG) organised armed incursions across the Croatian border into Bosnia. ZNG opened mortar fire on Bosanska Dubica on 13 September 1991, and raided Bosanski Brod on 15 September 1991.


  • Croatia
    Monday Sep 16, 1991

    Croatian War of Independence

    Operation Coast-91

    Croatia
    Monday Sep 16, 1991

    It also coincided with the end of Operation Coast-91, in which the JNA failed to occupy the coastline in an attempt to cut off Dalmatia's access to the rest of Croatia.


  • Vokovar, Croatia
    Friday Sep 20, 1991

    Bosnian War

    The JNA transferred troops to the front at Vukovar

    Vokovar, Croatia
    Friday Sep 20, 1991

    On 20 September 1991, the JNA transferred troops to the front at Vukovar via the Višegrad region of northeastern Bosnia. In response, local Croats and Bosniaks set up barricades and machine-gun posts. They halted a column of 60 JNA tanks but were dispersed by force the following day. More than 1,000 people had to flee the area. This action, nearly seven months before the start of the Bosnian War, caused the first casualties of the Yugoslav Wars in Bosnia.


  • Croatia
    Thursday Oct 3, 1991

    Croatian War of Independence

    Blockade of the main ports of Croatia

    Croatia
    Thursday Oct 3, 1991

    On October 3, the Yugoslav Navy renewed its blockade of the main ports of Croatia.


  • Croatia
    Saturday Oct 5, 1991

    Croatian War of Independence

    A Speech against "Greater Serbian imperialism"

    Croatia
    Saturday Oct 5, 1991

    On October 5, President Tuđman made a speech in which he called upon the whole population to mobilize and defend against "Greater Serbian imperialism" pursued by the Serb-led JNA, Serbian paramilitary formations, and rebel Serb forces.


  • Zagreb, Croatia
    Monday Oct 7, 1991

    Croatian War of Independence

    Bombing of Banski dvori

    Zagreb, Croatia
    Monday Oct 7, 1991

    On 7 October, the Yugoslav air force attacked the main government building in Zagreb, an incident referred to as the bombing of Banski dvori.


  • Croatia
    Tuesday Oct 8, 1991

    Croatian War of Independence

    Independence day of Croatia

    Croatia
    Tuesday Oct 8, 1991

    The next day, as a previously agreed three-month moratorium on implementation of the declaration of independence expired, the Croatian Parliament severed all remaining ties with Yugoslavia. 8 October is now celebrated as Independence Day in Croatia.


  • Croatia
    Tuesday Oct 15, 1991

    Croatian War of Independence

    The Dubrovnik Republic

    Croatia
    Tuesday Oct 15, 1991

    On 15 October after the capture of Cavtat by the JNA, local Serbs led by Aco Apolonio proclaimed the Dubrovnik Republic.


  • Croatia and Slovenia
    Tuesday Oct 29, 1991

    Croatian War of Independence

    Operation Orkan 91

    Croatia and Slovenia
    Tuesday Oct 29, 1991

    Croatian forces made further advances in the second half of December, including Operation Orkan 91 which was a military offensive undertaken by the Croatian Army (Hrvatska vojska – HV) against the Yugoslav People's Army (Jugoslovenska Narodna Armija – JNA) and SAO Western Slavonia Territorial Defense Forces in the Sava River valley, in the region of Western Slavonia during the Croatian War of Independence. The operation began on 29 October 1991 and ended on 3 January 1992 when a nationwide ceasefire was signed to implement the Vance plan. The offensive was aimed at recapturing the region, in conjunction with two other HV offensives launched against SAO Western Slavonia in the north of the region within days.


  • Croatia and Slovenia
    Thursday Oct 31, 1991

    Croatian War of Independence

    Operation Otkos 10

    Croatia and Slovenia
    Thursday Oct 31, 1991

    Operation Otkos 10 (31 October to 4 November) resulted in Croatia recapturing an area between the Bilogora and Papuk mountains.


  • Croatia
    Friday Nov 1, 1991

    Croatian War of Independence

    Croatian successful counterattack

    Croatia
    Friday Nov 1, 1991

    The Croatian army began a successful counterattack in early November 1991, its first major offensive operation of the war.


  • Bosanski Brod, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Tuesday Nov 12, 1991

    Bosnian War

    The Croatian Community of Bosnian Posavina

    Bosanski Brod, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Tuesday Nov 12, 1991

    On 12 November 1991, the Croatian Community of Bosnian Posavina was established in Bosanski Brod. It covered eight municipalities in northern Bosnia.


  • Croatia
    Thursday Nov 14, 1991

    Croatian War of Independence

    The Navy blockade of Dalmatian ports

    Croatia
    Thursday Nov 14, 1991

    On 14 November, the Navy blockade of Dalmatian ports was challenged by civilian ships. The confrontation culminated in the Battle of the Dalmatian channels, when Croatian coastal and island based artillery damaged, sank, or captured a number of Yugoslav navy vessels, including Mukos PČ 176, later rechristened PB 62 Šolta.


  • Istria, Croatia
    Saturday Dec 21, 1991

    Croatian War of Independence

    Istria was under attack

    Istria, Croatia
    Saturday Dec 21, 1991

    On December 21, 1991 for the first time in the war Istria was under attack.


  • Croatia
    Tuesday Dec 31, 1991

    Croatian War of Independence

    Croatian Army expansion

    Croatia
    Tuesday Dec 31, 1991

    Croatia lost much territory, but expanded the Croatian Army from the seven brigades it had at the time of the first ceasefire to 60 brigades and 37 independent battalions by December 31, 1991.


  • Croatia
    Thursday Jan 2, 1992

    Croatian War of Independence

    A new UN-sponsored ceasefire

    Croatia
    Thursday Jan 2, 1992

    A new UN-sponsored ceasefire, the fifteenth in just six months, was agreed on January 2, 1992, and came into force the next day.


  • Croatia
    Wednesday Jan 15, 1992

    Croatian War of Independence

    Croatia was officially recognized by the European Community

    Croatia
    Wednesday Jan 15, 1992

    This so-called Sarajevo Agreement became a lasting ceasefire. Croatia was officially recognized by the European Community on January 15, 1992.


  • Sijekovac, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Thursday Mar 26, 1992

    Bosnian War

    The Sijekovac killings

    Sijekovac, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Thursday Mar 26, 1992

    The Sijekovac killings of Serbs took place on 26 March.


  • Križ Hill, Croatia
    Friday May 22, 1992

    Croatian War of Independence

    Operation Jaguar

    Križ Hill, Croatia
    Friday May 22, 1992

    Operation Jaguar at Križ Hill near Bibinje and Zadar, on May 22, 1992.


  • Croatia
    Friday May 22, 1992

    Croatian War of Independence

    A member of the UN

    Croatia
    Friday May 22, 1992

    Croatia became a member of the UN on May 22, 1992, which was conditional upon Croatia amending its constitution to protect the human rights of minority groups and dissidents.


  • Croatia
    Wednesday Jul 1, 1992

    Croatian War of Independence

    Operation Tigar

    Croatia
    Wednesday Jul 1, 1992

    A series of military actions in the Dubrovnik hinterland: Operation Tigar, on 1–13 July 1992.


  • Croatia
    Friday Jan 22, 1993

    Croatian War of Independence

    Operation Maslenica

    Croatia
    Friday Jan 22, 1993

    The Croatian army launched Operation Maslenica, an offensive operation in the Zadar area on January 22.


  • Croatia
    Thursday Feb 18, 1993

    Croatian War of Independence

    A Secret agreement

    Croatia
    Thursday Feb 18, 1993

    On February 18, 1993, Croatian authorities signed the Daruvar Agreement with local Serb leaders in Western Slavonia. The aim of the secret agreement was normalizing life for local populations near the frontline. However, authorities in Knin learned of this and arrested the Serb leaders responsible.


  • Gospić, Croatia
    Thursday Sep 9, 1993

    Croatian War of Independence

    Operation Medak Pocket

    Gospić, Croatia
    Thursday Sep 9, 1993

    Operation Medak Pocket took place in a salient south of Gospić, from September 9–17. The offensive was undertaken by the Croatian army to stop Serbian artillery in the area from shelling nearby Gospić.


  • Zagreb, Croatia
    Wednesday Feb 23, 1994

    Bosnian War

    The Croat-Bosniak war

    Zagreb, Croatia
    Wednesday Feb 23, 1994

    The Croat-Bosniak war ended with the signing of a ceasefire agreement between the HVO Chief of Staff, general Ante Roso, and the ARBiH Chief of Staff, general Rasim Delić, on 23 February 1994 in Zagreb. The agreement went into effect on 25 February.


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