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  • Korea
    Thursday Dec 4, 1884

    First Sino-Japanese War

    Gapsin Coup

    Korea
    Thursday Dec 4, 1884

    On December 4, 1884, with the help of the Japanese minister Takezoe Shinichiro who promised to mobilize Japanese legation guards to provide assistance, the reformers staged their coup under the guise of a banquet hosted by Hong Yeong-sik, the director of the General Postal Administration. The banquet was to celebrate the opening of the new national post office. King Gojong was expected to attend together with several foreign diplomats and high-ranking officials, most of whom were members of the pro-Chinese Sadaedang faction. Kim Ok-gyun and his comrades approached King Gojong falsely stating that Chinese troops had created a disturbance and escorted him to the small Gyoengu Palace, where they placed him in the custody of Japanese legation guards. They then proceeded to kill and wound several senior officials of the Sadaedang faction. Consequently, within three days, even before the reform measures were made public, the coup was suppressed by the Chinese troops who attacked and defeated the Japanese forces and restored power to the pro-Chinese Sadaedang faction.




  • Korea
    Monday Jun 4, 1894

    First Sino-Japanese War

    Violating The Convention of Tientsin

    Korea
    Monday Jun 4, 1894

    On June 4, the Korean king, Gojong, requested aid from the Qing government in suppressing the Donghak Rebellion. Although the rebellion was not as serious as it initially seemed and hence Qing reinforcements were not necessary, the Qing government still sent the General Yuan Shikai as its plenipotentiary to lead 2,800 troops to Korea.




  • Korea
    Wednesday Jun 6, 1894

    First Sino-Japanese War

    Sending Chinese Soldiers

    Korea
    Wednesday Jun 6, 1894

    About 2,465 Chinese soldiers are transported to Korea to suppress the Donghak Rebellion.




  • Seoul, South Korea
    Saturday Jun 9, 1894

    First Sino-Japanese War

    Japanese Response

    Seoul, South Korea
    Saturday Jun 9, 1894

    According to the Japanese, the Qing government had violated the Convention of Tientsin by not informing the Japanese government of its decision to send troops, but the Qing claimed that Japan had approved this. The Japanese countered by sending an 8,000-troop expeditionary force (the Oshima Composite Brigade) to Korea. The first 400 troops arrived on June 9 en route to Seoul, and 3,000 landed at Incheon on June 12.




  • Korea
    Sunday Jun 10, 1894

    First Sino-Japanese War

    End of The Donghak Rebellion

    Korea
    Sunday Jun 10, 1894

    On 11/6/1894, the Donghak Rebellion has ended.




  • Korea
    Friday Jun 22, 1894

    First Sino-Japanese War

    Additional Japanese Troops arrive in Korea

    Korea
    Friday Jun 22, 1894

    Additional Japanese troops arrive in Korea. Japanese prime minister Itō Hirobumi tells Matsukata Masayoshi that since the Qing Empire appear to be making military preparations, there is probably "no policy but to go to war". Mutsu tells Ōtori to press the Korean government on the Japanese demands.




  • Seoul, South Korea
    Monday Jun 25, 1894

    First Sino-Japanese War

    Replacing The Existing Korean Government With Members of the pro-Japanese Faction

    Seoul, South Korea
    Monday Jun 25, 1894

    In early June 1894, the 8,000 Japanese troops captured the Korean king Gojong, occupied the Gyeongbokgung in Seoul and, by June 25, replaced the existing Korean government with members of the pro-Japanese faction.


  • Korea
    Tuesday Jun 26, 1894

    First Sino-Japanese War

    Japanesse reform Proposals

    Korea
    Tuesday Jun 26, 1894

    Ōtori presents a set of reform proposals to the Korean king Gojong. Gojong's government rejects the proposals and instead insists on troop withdrawals.


  • Seoul, Korea (Now South Korea))
    Monday Jul 23, 1894

    First Sino-Japanese War

    Occuping Seoul

    Seoul, Korea (Now South Korea))
    Monday Jul 23, 1894

    Japanese troops occupy Seoul, capture Gojong, and establish a new, pro-Japanese government, which terminates all Sino-Korean treaties and grants the Imperial Japanese Army the right to expel the Qing Empire's Beiyang Army from Korea.


  • Asan, Korea (Now South Korea))
    Wednesday Jul 25, 1894

    First Sino-Japanese War

    The Battle of Pungdo

    Asan, Korea (Now South Korea))
    Wednesday Jul 25, 1894

    On 25 July 1894, the cruisers Yoshino, Naniwa and Akitsushima of the Japanese flying squadron, which had been patrolling off Asan Bay, encountered the Chinese cruiser Tsi-yuan and gunboat Kwang-yi. These vessels had steamed out of Asan to meet the transport Kow-shing, escorted by the Chinese gunboat Tsao-kiang. After an hour-long engagement, the Tsi-yuan escaped while the Kwang-yi grounded on rocks, where its powder-magazine exploded.


  • South Korea
    Monday May 10, 1948

    Korean War

    General election was held in the South

    South Korea
    Monday May 10, 1948

    A general election was held in the South on 10 May 1948.


  • South Korea
    Tuesday Jul 20, 1948

    Korean War

    South Korean President

    South Korea
    Tuesday Jul 20, 1948

    The resultant South Korean government promulgated a national political constitution on 17 July 1948, and elected Syngman Rhee as President on 20 July 1948.


  • South Korea
    Sunday Aug 15, 1948

    Korean War

    Republic of Korea (South Korea)

    South Korea
    Sunday Aug 15, 1948

    The Republic of Korea (South Korea) was established on 15 August 1948.


  • South Korea
    Sunday Jun 11, 1950

    Korean War

    The North sent three diplomats to the South as a peace overture

    South Korea
    Sunday Jun 11, 1950

    On 11 June, the North sent three diplomats to the South as a peace overture that Rhee rejected outright.


  • South Korea
    Sunday Jun 25, 1950

    Harry S. Truman

    The Korean War

    South Korea
    Sunday Jun 25, 1950

    On June 25, 1950, the North Korean army under Kim Il-sung invaded South Korea, starting the Korean War.


  • South Korea
    Sunday Jun 25, 1950

    Korean War

    North Korean military (KPA) forces crossed the border and advanced into South Korea

    South Korea
    Sunday Jun 25, 1950

    The conflict escalated into warfare when North Korean military (KPA) forces—supported by the Soviet Union and China—crossed the border and advanced into South Korea on 25 June 1950.


  • South Korea
    Tuesday Jun 27, 1950

    Korean War

    Rhee evacuated from Seoul

    South Korea
    Tuesday Jun 27, 1950

    On 27 June, Rhee evacuated from Seoul with some of the government.


  • South Korea
    Wednesday Jun 28, 1950

    Korean War

    The Massacre of suspected political opponents

    South Korea
    Wednesday Jun 28, 1950

    On 28 June, Rhee ordered the massacre of suspected political opponents in his own country.


  • Osan, South Korea
    Wednesday Jul 5, 1950

    Korean War

    The Battle of Osan

    Osan, South Korea
    Wednesday Jul 5, 1950

    The Battle of Osan, the first significant US engagement of the Korean War, involved the 540-soldier Task Force Smith, which was a small forward element of the 24th Infantry Division which had been flown in from Japan. On 5 July 1950, Task Force Smith attacked the KPA at Osan but without weapons capable of destroying the KPA tanks. They were unsuccessful; the result was 180 dead, wounded, or taken prisoner.


  • South Korea
    Thursday Jul 6, 1950

    Korean War

    General MacArthur ordered Major General Hobart R. Gay, commander of the US 1st Cavalry Division, to plan the division's amphibious landing at Incheon

    South Korea
    Thursday Jul 6, 1950

    Against the rested and re-armed Pusan Perimeter defenders and their reinforcements, the KPA were undermanned and poorly supplied; unlike the UN forces, they lacked naval and air support. To relieve the Pusan Perimeter, General MacArthur recommended an amphibious landing at Incheon, near Seoul and well over 160 km (100 mi) behind the KPA lines. On 6 July, he ordered Major General Hobart R. Gay, commander of the US 1st Cavalry Division, to plan the division's amphibious landing at Incheon.


  • South Korea
    Sunday Aug 27, 1950

    Korean War

    67th Fighter Squadron aircraft mistakenly attacked facilities in Chinese territory

    South Korea
    Sunday Aug 27, 1950

    On 27 August, 67th Fighter Squadron aircraft mistakenly attacked facilities in Chinese territory and the Soviet Union called the UN Security Council's attention to China's complaint about the incident.


  • Busan, South Korea
    Saturday Sep 16, 1950

    Korean War

    Eighth Army began its breakout from the Pusan Perimeter

    Busan, South Korea
    Saturday Sep 16, 1950

    On 16 September Eighth Army began its breakout from the Busan Perimeter. Task Force Lynch, 3rd Battalion, 7th Cavalry Regiment, and two 70th Tank Battalion units (Charlie Company and the Intelligence–Reconnaissance Platoon) advanced through 171.2 km (106.4 mi) of KPA territory to join the 7th Infantry Division at Osan on 27 September.


  • Seoul, South Korea
    Monday Sep 25, 1950

    Korean War

    Seoul was recaptured by UN forces

    Seoul, South Korea
    Monday Sep 25, 1950

    On 25 September, Seoul was recaptured by UN forces. US air raids caused heavy damage to the KPA, destroying most of its tanks and much of its artillery. KPA troops in the south, instead of effectively withdrawing north, rapidly disintegrated, leaving Pyongyang vulnerable.


  • South Korea
    Wednesday Sep 27, 1950

    Korean War

    MacArthur received the top secret National Security Council Memorandum

    South Korea
    Wednesday Sep 27, 1950

    On 27 September, MacArthur received the top secret National Security Council Memorandum 81/1 from Truman reminding him that operations north of the 38th Parallel were authorized only if "at the time of such operation there was no entry into North Korea by major Soviet or Chinese Communist forces, no announcements of intended entry, nor a threat to counter our operations militarily".


  • South Korea
    Friday Sep 29, 1950

    Korean War

    MacArthur restored Syngman Rhee

    South Korea
    Friday Sep 29, 1950

    On 29 September MacArthur restored the government of the Republic of Korea under Syngman Rhee.


  • South Korea
    Saturday Sep 30, 1950

    Korean War

    Warning the US that China was prepared to intervene in Korea if the US crossed the 38th Parallel

    South Korea
    Saturday Sep 30, 1950

    On 30 September, Zhou Enlai warned the US that China was prepared to intervene in Korea if the US crossed the 38th Parallel. Zhou attempted to advise KPA commanders on how to conduct a general withdrawal by using the same tactics that allowed Chinese communist forces to successfully escape Chiang Kai-shek's Encirclement Campaigns in the 1930s, but by some accounts KPA commanders did not use these tactics effectively.


  • Korea
    Thursday Oct 19, 1950

    Mao Zedong

    People's Volunteer Army

    Korea
    Thursday Oct 19, 1950

    In 19 October 1950, Mao made the decision to send the People's Volunteer Army (PVA), a special unit of the People's Liberation Army, into the Korean war and fight as well as to reinforce the armed forces of North Korea, the Korean People's Army, which had been in full retreat. Historical records showed that Mao directed the PVA campaigns to the minutest details.


  • Seoul, South Korea
    Thursday Jan 4, 1951

    Korean War

    The PVA and KPA to capture Seoul

    Seoul, South Korea
    Thursday Jan 4, 1951

    The offensive overwhelmed UN forces, allowing the PVA and KPA to capture Seoul for the second time on 4 January 1951.


  • Han River, South Korea
    Thursday Jan 25, 1951

    Korean War

    Operation Thunderbolt

    Han River, South Korea
    Thursday Jan 25, 1951

    In late January, upon finding that the PVA had abandoned their battle lines, General Ridgway ordered a reconnaissance-in-force, which became Operation Thunderbolt (25 January 1951).


  • Seoul, South Korea
    Wednesday Mar 14, 1951

    Korean War

    The KPA and PVA expelled from Seoul

    Seoul, South Korea
    Wednesday Mar 14, 1951

    On 7 March 1951, the Eighth Army attacked with Operation Ripper, expelling the PVA and the KPA from Seoul on 14 March 1951.


  • South Korea
    Friday Mar 23, 1951

    Korean War

    Operation Tomahawk

    South Korea
    Friday Mar 23, 1951

    Operation Tomahawk was an airborne military operation by the 187th Regimental Combat Team (187th RCT) on 23 March 1951 at Munsan-ni as part of Operation Courageous in the Korean War. Operation Courageous was designed to trap large numbers of Chinese People's Volunteer Army (PVA) and Korean People's Army (KPA) forces between the Han and Imjin Rivers north of Seoul, opposite the Republic of Korea Army (ROK) I Corps. The intent of Operation Courageous was for US I Corps, which was composed of the US 25th and 3rd Infantry Divisions and the ROK 1st Division, to advance quickly on the PVA/KPA positions and reach the Imjin River with all possible speed.


  • South Korea
    Friday Mar 23, 1951

    Korean War

    Operation Courageous

    South Korea
    Friday Mar 23, 1951

    Operation Courageous was a military operation performed by the United Nations Command (UN) during the Korean War designed to trap large numbers of Chinese People's Volunteer Army (PVA) and Korean People's Army (KPA) troops between the Han and Imjin Rivers north of Seoul, opposite the Republic of Korea Army (ROK) I Corps. The intent of Operation Courageous was for US I Corps, which was composed of the US 25th and 3rd Infantry Divisions and the ROK 1st Infantry Division, to advance quickly on the PVA/KPA forces and reach the Imjin River with all possible speed.


  • South Korea
    Wednesday Apr 11, 1951

    Korean War

    Relieved the General MacArthur as Supreme Commander in Korea

    South Korea
    Wednesday Apr 11, 1951

    On 11 April 1951, President Truman relieved the General MacArthur as Supreme Commander in Korea. There were several reasons for the dismissal. MacArthur crossed the 38th Parallel in the mistaken belief that the Chinese would not enter the war, leading to major allied losses. He believed that whether to use nuclear weapons should be his decision, not the President's.


  • Yanggu County, Gangwon Province, South Korea
    Wednesday Sep 5, 1951

    Korean War

    The Battle of Bloody Ridge

    Yanggu County, Gangwon Province, South Korea
    Wednesday Sep 5, 1951

    The Battle of Bloody Ridge was a ground combat battle that took place during the Korean War from 18 August to 5 September 1951. By the summer of 1951, the Korean War had reached a stalemate as peace negotiations began at Kaesong. The opposing armies faced each other across a line which ran from east to west, through the middle of the Korean peninsula, located in hills a few miles north of the 38th Parallel in the central Korean mountain range. United Nation and the North Korean Korean People's Army (KPA) and Chinese People's Volunteer Army (PVA) forces jockeyed for position along this line, clashing in several relatively small but intense and bloody battles. Bloody Ridge began as an attempt by UN forces to seize a ridge of hills which they believed were being used as observation posts to call in artillery fire on a UN supply road.


  • Yanggu County, Gangwon Province, South Korea
    Thursday Sep 13, 1951

    Korean War

    The Battle of Heartbreak Ridge

    Yanggu County, Gangwon Province, South Korea
    Thursday Sep 13, 1951

    The Battle of Heartbreak Ridge , also known as the Battle of Wendengli , was a month-long battle in the Korean War which took place between 13 September and 15 October 1951. After withdrawing from Bloody Ridge, the Korean People's Army (KPA) set up new positions just 1,500 yards (1,400 m) away on a 7-mile (11 km) long hill mass. If anything, the defenses were even more formidable here than on Bloody Ridge. The Battle of Heartbreak Ridge was one of several major engagements in the hills of North Korea a few miles north of the 38th Parallel (the pre-war boundary between North and South Korea), near Chorwon. For the Chinese, this battle is often confused with the Battle of Triangle Hill, which occurred a year later.


  • South Korea
    Thursday Jun 26, 1952

    Korean War

    The Battle of Old Baldy

    South Korea
    Thursday Jun 26, 1952

    The Battle of Old Baldy refers to a series of five engagements for Hill 266 in west-central Korea. They occurred over a period of 10 months in 1952–1953, though there was also vicious fighting both before and after these engagements. UN victory in 1952 action Chinese victory in 1953 action


  • Northwest of Cheorwon, South Korea
    Monday Oct 6, 1952

    Korean War

    The Battle of White Horse

    Northwest of Cheorwon, South Korea
    Monday Oct 6, 1952

    The Battle of White Horse, was a battle during the Korean War hill in the Iron Triangle, formed by Pyonggang at its peak and Gimhwa-eup and Cheorwon-eup at its base, a strategic transportation route in the central region of the Korean peninsula.


  • North of Yeoncheon, South Korea
    Thursday Apr 16, 1953

    Korean War

    The Battle of Pork Chop Hill

    North of Yeoncheon, South Korea
    Thursday Apr 16, 1953

    The Battle of Pork Chop Hill comprises a pair of related Korean War infantry battles during April and July of 1953. These were fought while the United Nations Command (UN) and the Chinese and North Koreans negotiated the Korean Armistice Agreement. In the U.S., they were controversial because of the many soldiers killed for terrain of no strategic or tactical value, although the Chinese lost many times the number of US soldiers killed and wounded. The first battle was described in the eponymous history Pork Chop Hill: The American Fighting Man in Action, Korea, Spring 1953, by S.L.A. Marshall, from which the film Pork Chop Hill was drawn. The UN won the first battle but the Chinese won the second battle.


  • South Korea
    Wednesday Jun 10, 1953

    Korean War

    Outpost Harry

    South Korea
    Wednesday Jun 10, 1953

    Outpost Harry was a remote Korean War outpost located on a tiny hilltop in what was commonly referred to as the "Iron Triangle" on the Korean Peninsula. This was an area approximately 60 miles (100 km) northeast of Seoul and was the most direct route to the South Korean capital.


  • P'anmunjŏm, South Korea
    Monday Jul 27, 1953

    Korean War

    The Korean Armistice Agreement

    P'anmunjŏm, South Korea
    Monday Jul 27, 1953

    the KPA, the PVA and the UN Command signed the Korean Armistice Agreement on 27 July 1953.


  • Busan, South Korea
    Saturday Aug 1, 1953

    Samsung

    Founding Cheil Jedang

    Busan, South Korea
    Saturday Aug 1, 1953

    When the Korean War broke out, he was forced to leave Seoul. He started a sugar refinery in Busan named Cheil Jedang.


  • Chimsan-dong, Daegu, South Korea
    Wednesday Sep 15, 1954

    Samsung

    Founding Cheil Mojik

    Chimsan-dong, Daegu, South Korea
    Wednesday Sep 15, 1954

    In 1954, Lee founded Cheil Mojik and built the plant in Chimsan-dong, Daegu. It was the largest woollen mill ever in the country.


  • Seoul, South Korea
    Wednesday Mar 17, 1976

    St. Patrick's Day

    Irish Association of Korea's Saint Patrick's Day

    Seoul, South Korea
    Wednesday Mar 17, 1976

    The Irish Association of Korea has celebrated Saint Patrick's Day since 1976 in Seoul, the capital city of South Korea. The place of the parade and festival has been moved from Itaewon and Daehangno to Cheonggyecheon.


  • South Korea
    Wednesday Mar 9, 1977

    Jimmy Carter

    South Korea

    South Korea
    Wednesday Mar 9, 1977

    During a March 9, 1977 news conference, Carter reaffirmed his interest in having a gradual withdrawal of American troops from South Korea and stated he wanted South Korea to eventually have "adequate ground forces owned by and controlled by the South Korean Government to protect themselves against any intrusion from North Korea".


  • South Korea
    Friday May 14, 1982

    Internet

    South Korea's first Internet system

    South Korea
    Friday May 14, 1982

    South Korea's first Internet system, the System Development Network (SDN) began operation on 15 May 1982. SDN was connected to the rest of the world in August 1983 using UUCP (Unixto-Unix-Copy); connected to CSNET in December 1984; and formally connected to the U.S. Internet in 1990.


  • Seoul, South Korea
    Thursday Nov 19, 1987

    Samsung

    The Founder's Death

    Seoul, South Korea
    Thursday Nov 19, 1987

    After Lee, the founder's death in 1987, Samsung Group was separated into four business groups—Samsung Group, Shinsegae Group, CJ Group and the Hansol Group.


  • Seoul, South Korea
    Wednesday Nov 9, 1994

    Samsung

    Founding Samsung Medical Center

    Seoul, South Korea
    Wednesday Nov 9, 1994

    The Samsung Medical Center was founded on 9 November 1994, under the philosophy of "contributing to improving the nation's health through the best medical service, advanced medical research and development of outstanding medical personnel". The Samsung Medical Center consists of a hospital and a cancer center. The hospital is located in an intelligent building with floor space of more than 200,000 square meters and 20 floors above ground and 5 floors underground, housing 40 departments, 10 specialist centers, 120 special clinics and 1,306 beds.The 655-bed Cancer Center has 11 floors above ground and 8 floors underground, with floor space of over 100,000 square meters. SMC is a tertiary hospital manned by approximately 7,400 staff including over 1,200 doctors and 2,300 nurses. Since its foundation, the Samsung Medical Center has successfully incorporated and developed an advanced model with the motto of becoming a "patient-centered hospital", a new concept in Korea.


  • Seoul, South Korea
    Friday Nov 7, 1997

    1997 Asian financial crisis

    Seoul stock exchange fell

    Seoul, South Korea
    Friday Nov 7, 1997

    The Seoul stock exchange fell by 4% on 7 November 1997.


  • South Korea
    Saturday Nov 8, 1997

    1997 Asian financial crisis

    Biggest one-day drop

    South Korea
    Saturday Nov 8, 1997

    On 8 November, it plunged by 7%, its biggest one-day drop to that date.


  • South Korea
    Thursday Dec 11, 1997

    1997 Asian financial crisis

    Moody's lowered the credit rating of South Korea from A1 to B2

    South Korea
    Thursday Dec 11, 1997

    In the wake of the Asian market downturn, Moody's lowered the credit rating of South Korea from A1 to A3, on 28 November 1997, and downgraded again to B2 on 11 December.


  • Seoul, South Korea
    Wednesday Oct 19, 2011

    Samsung

    Samsung companies was fined

    Seoul, South Korea
    Wednesday Oct 19, 2011

    On 19 October 2011, Samsung companies was fined €145,727,000 for being part of a price cartel of ten companies for DRAMs which lasted from 1 July 1998 to 15 June 2002.


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