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  • Heilsberg, East Prussia (Lidzbark Warmiński, Poland)
    Wednesday Jun 10, 1807

    Napoleon

    Battle of Heilsberg

    Heilsberg, East Prussia (Lidzbark Warmiński, Poland)
    Wednesday Jun 10, 1807

    After a period of rest and consolidation on both sides (French forces and Russian forces), the war restarted in June with an initial struggle at Heilsberg that proved indecisive.




  • Warsaw, Congress Poland, Russian Empire (Now Poland)
    Thursday Nov 7, 1867

    Marie Curie

    Born

    Warsaw, Congress Poland, Russian Empire (Now Poland)
    Thursday Nov 7, 1867

    Maria Skłodowska was born in Warsaw, in Congress Poland in the Russian Empire, on 7 November 1867, the fifth and youngest child of well-known teachers Bronisława, née Boguska, and Władysław Skłodowski.




  • Congress Poland, Russian Empire (Now Poland)
    Tuesday Jun 12, 1883

    Marie Curie

    Graduating From a Gymnasium For Girls

    Congress Poland, Russian Empire (Now Poland)
    Tuesday Jun 12, 1883

    When she was ten years old, Maria began attending the boarding school of J. Sikorska; next she attended a gymnasium for girls, from which she graduated on 12 June 1883 with a gold medal.




  • Płońsk, Congress Poland, Russian Empire (Poland now)
    Saturday Oct 16, 1886

    David Ben-Gurion

    Birth

    Płońsk, Congress Poland, Russian Empire (Poland now)
    Saturday Oct 16, 1886

    David Ben-Gurion was born in Płońsk in Congress Poland – then part of the Russian Empire.




  • Kraków, Grand Duchy of Cracow, Austro-Hungarian Empire (Present Day Poland)
    Friday Jan 25, 1901

    Itzak Stern

    Birth

    Kraków, Grand Duchy of Cracow, Austro-Hungarian Empire (Present Day Poland)
    Friday Jan 25, 1901

    Stern was born 25 January 1901, in Kraków. He was an important leader in the Jewish community, and was the vice president of the Jewish Agency for Western Poland and a member of the Zionist Central Committee.




  • Wadowice, Poland
    Tuesday May 18, 1920

    Pope John Paul II

    Birth

    Wadowice, Poland
    Tuesday May 18, 1920

    Karol Józef Wojtyła was born in the Polish town of Wadowice. He was the youngest of three children born to Karol Wojtyła (1879–1941), an ethnic Pole, and Emilia Kaczorowska (1884–1929), whose mother's maiden surname was Scholz.




  • Western Poland
    Friday Sep 1, 1939

    Adolf Hitler

    WWII Begun

    Western Poland
    Friday Sep 1, 1939

    On 1 September 1939, Germany invaded western Poland under the pretext of having been denied claims to the Free City of Danzig and the right to extraterritorial roads across the Polish Corridor, which Germany had ceded under the Versailles Treaty.


  • Poland
    Friday Sep 1, 1939

    Joseph Stalin

    WWII Began

    Poland
    Friday Sep 1, 1939

    Germany invaded Poland on 1 September 1939 starting World War II.


  • Poland
    Friday Sep 1, 1939

    World War II

    World War II Begins

    Poland
    Friday Sep 1, 1939

    On 1 September 1939, Germany invaded Poland after having staged several false flag border incidents as a pretext to initiate the attack.


  • Poland (and then Europe)
    Friday Sep 1, 1939

    United Nations

    World War II was broke up

    Poland (and then Europe)
    Friday Sep 1, 1939

    World War II was broke up.


  • Warsaw, Poland
    Friday Sep 8, 1939

    World War II

    German troops reached the suburbs of Warsaw

    Warsaw, Poland
    Friday Sep 8, 1939

    On 8 September, German troops reached the suburbs of Warsaw. Sight of Warsaw lasted from 8 to 28 September, Germany occupied Warsaw until 1945.


  • Kutno, Łódź Voivodeship, Poland
    Saturday Sep 9, 1939

    World War II

    Battle of the Bzura

    Kutno, Łódź Voivodeship, Poland
    Saturday Sep 9, 1939

    The Polish counter offensive to the west halted the German advance for several days, but it was outflanked and encircled by the Wehrmacht. The Battle of the Bzura fought between 9 and 19 September 1939, It began as a Polish counter-offensive, but ended with German victory, German forces took all of western Poland.


  • Eastern Poland
    Sunday Sep 17, 1939

    Adolf Hitler

    Soviets invaded eastern Poland

    Eastern Poland
    Sunday Sep 17, 1939

    On 17 September, Soviet forces invaded eastern Poland.


  • Poland
    Sunday Sep 17, 1939

    World War II

    Soviets invaded Poland

    Poland
    Sunday Sep 17, 1939

    Soviets invaded Poland from the east. The military operations lasted from 17 September to 6 October. Parting Poland to two divisions, division is ruled by Nazi Germany and the other by the Soviets.


  • Kock, Poland
    Monday Oct 2, 1939

    World War II

    Battle of Kock

    Kock, Poland
    Monday Oct 2, 1939

    The Battle of Kock was the final battle in the invasion of Poland by the German at the beginning of World War II in Europe. It took place between 2–5 October 1939, near the town of Kock, in Poland.


  • Kraków, Poland
    Monday Nov 13, 1939

    Oskar Schindler (Schindler's List)

    German Enamelware Factory DEF

    Kraków, Poland
    Monday Nov 13, 1939

    With the financial backing of several Jewish investors, including one of the owners, Abraham Bankier, Schindler signed an informal lease agreement on the factory on 13 November 1939 and formalized the arrangement on 15 January 1940. He renamed it Deutsche Emailwarenfabrik (German Enamelware Factory) or DEF, and it soon became known by the nickname "Emalia". He initially acquired a staff of seven Jewish workers (including Abraham Bankier, who helped him manage the company) and 250 non-Jewish Poles.


  • Poland
    Saturday Nov 18, 1939

    Itzak Stern

    Oskar Schindler was first introduced to Stern

    Poland
    Saturday Nov 18, 1939

    On 18 November 1939, during the early months of the Nazi occupation of Poland, Oskar Schindler was first introduced to Stern, who was then working as an accountant for Schindler's fellow Abwehr agent Josef "Sepp" Aue, who had taken over Stern's formerly Jewish-owned place of employment as a Treuhander (trustee). Schindler showed Stern the balance sheet of a company he was thinking of acquiring, an enamelware manufacturer called Rekord Ltd owned by a consortium of Jewish businessmen (including Abraham Bankier) that had filed for bankruptcy earlier that year. Stern advised him that rather than running the company as a trusteeship under the auspices of the Haupttreuhandstelle Ost (Main Trustee Office for the East), he should buy or lease the business directly, as that would give him more freedom from the dictates of the Nazis, including the freedom to hire more Jews.


  • Kraków, Poland
    Thursday Aug 1, 1940

    Oskar Schindler (Schindler's List)

    Decree Issuance

    Kraków, Poland
    Thursday Aug 1, 1940

    On 1 August 1940, Governor-General Hans Frank issued a decree requiring all Kraków Jews to leave the city within two weeks. Only those who had jobs directly related to the German war effort would be allowed to stay. Of the 60,000 to 80,000 Jews then living in the city, only 15,000 remained by March 1941. These Jews were then forced to leave their traditional neighborhood of Kazimierz and relocate to the walled Kraków Ghetto, established in the industrial Podgórze district. Schindler's workers traveled on foot to and from the ghetto each day to their jobs at the factory. Enlargements to the facility in the four years Schindler was in charge included the addition of an outpatient clinic, co-op, kitchen, and dining room for the workers, in addition to the expansion of the factory and its related office space.


  • Karkow, Poland
    Tuesday Feb 29, 1944

    Pope John Paul II

    Hit a German Trunk

    Karkow, Poland
    Tuesday Feb 29, 1944

    On 29 February 1944, Wojtyła was hit by a German truck. German Wehrmacht officers tended to him and sent him to a hospital. He spent two weeks there recovering from a severe concussionand a shoulder injury.


  • Rastenburg, Germany (Now Poland)
    Thursday Jul 20, 1944

    Adolf Hitler

    20 July plot assassination attempt

    Rastenburg, Germany (Now Poland)
    Thursday Jul 20, 1944

    Between 1939 and 1945, there were many plans to assassinate Hitler, some of which proceeded to significant degrees. The most well known, the 20 July plot of 1944, came from within Germany and was at least partly driven by the increasing prospect of a German defeat in the war.


  • Poland
    Wednesday Jul 26, 1944

    World War II

    Polish Committee of National Liberation

    Poland
    Wednesday Jul 26, 1944

    The Soviets formed the Polish Committee of National Liberation to control territory in Poland and combat the Polish Armia Krajowa.


  • Karkow, Poland
    Sunday Aug 6, 1944

    Pope John Paul II

    Black Sunday

    Karkow, Poland
    Sunday Aug 6, 1944

    On 6 August 1944, a day known as "Black Sunday", the Gestapo rounded up young men in Kraków to curtail the uprising there, similar to the recent uprising in Warsaw. Wojtyła escaped by hiding in the basement of his uncle's house at 10 Tyniecka Street, while the German troops searched above. More than eight thousand men and boys were taken that day, while Wojtyła escaped to the Archbishop's Palace, where he remained until after the Germans had left.


  • Warsaw, Poland
    Monday Oct 2, 1944

    World War II

    Warsaw Uprising ended

    Warsaw, Poland
    Monday Oct 2, 1944

    The Soviet Red Army remained in the Praga district on the other side of the Vistula and watched passively as the Germans quelled the Warsaw Uprising (1 August 1944- 2 October 1944) initiated by the Armia Krajowa.


  • Karkow, Poland
    Wednesday Jan 17, 1945

    Pope John Paul II

    Germans feld the City

    Karkow, Poland
    Wednesday Jan 17, 1945

    On the night of 17 January 1945, the Germans fled the city, and the students reclaimed the ruined seminary. Wojtyła and another seminarian volunteered for the task of clearing away piles of frozen excrement from the toilets. Wojtyła also helped a 14-year-old Jewish refugee girl named Edith Zierer, who had escaped from a Nazi labour camp in Częstochowa.


  • Poland and Eastern Germany
    Friday Feb 2, 1945

    World War II

    Vistula–Oder Offensive ended

    Poland and Eastern Germany
    Friday Feb 2, 1945

    The Vistula–Oder Offensive was a Red Army operation on the Eastern Front in January 1945. The army made a major advance into German-held territory, capturing Kraków, Warsaw and Poznań. The offensive lasted from 12 January till 2 February 1945. As result, most of Poland occupied by the Soviet Union.


  • Pomerania, Danzig-West Prussia inside Germany
    Wednesday Apr 4, 1945

    World War II

    East Pomeranian Offensive

    Pomerania, Danzig-West Prussia inside Germany
    Wednesday Apr 4, 1945

    Soviets entered Pomerania. The offensive lasted from 24 February to 4 April 1945.


  • East Prussia (Present Day in Poland)
    Wednesday Apr 25, 1945

    World War II

    East Prussian Offensive

    East Prussia (Present Day in Poland)
    Wednesday Apr 25, 1945

    The East Prussian Offensive was a strategic offensive by the Soviet Red Army against the German Wehrmacht on the Eastern Front (World War II). It lasted from 13 January to 25 April 1945, though some German units did not surrender until 9 May. The Battle of Königsberg was a major part of the offensive, which ended in victory for the Red Army.


  • Karkow, Poland
    Friday Nov 1, 1946

    Pope John Paul II

    A Priest

    Karkow, Poland
    Friday Nov 1, 1946

    After finishing his studies at the seminary in Kraków, Wojtyła was ordained as a priest on All Saints' Day, 1 November 1946, by the Archbishop of Kraków, Cardinal Sapieha.


  • Warsaw, Poland
    Saturday May 14, 1955

    NATO Establishment

    The Creation of The Soviet-dominated Warsaw Pact

    Warsaw, Poland
    Saturday May 14, 1955

    The joining of West Germany to the NATO was in turn a major factor in the creation of the Soviet-dominated Warsaw Pact, delineating the two opposing sides of the Cold War.


  • Warsaw, Poland
    Saturday May 14, 1955

    Hungarian Revolution of 1956

    The Warsaw Pact

    Warsaw, Poland
    Saturday May 14, 1955

    On 14 May 1955, the Soviet Union created the Warsaw Pact, binding Hungary to the Soviet Union and its satellite states in Central and Eastern Europe. Among the principles of this alliance were "respect for the independence and sovereignty of states" and "non-interference in their internal affairs".


  • Lakes region of northern Poland, Poland
    Friday Jul 4, 1958

    Pope John Paul II

    Youngest bishop in Poland

    Lakes region of northern Poland, Poland
    Friday Jul 4, 1958

    On 4 July 1958, while Wojtyła was on a kayaking holiday in the lakes region of northern Poland, Pope Pius XII appointed him as the Auxiliary Bishop of Kraków. He was then summoned to Warsaw to meet the Primate of Poland, Bishop of Sophene and Vågå, auxiliary of the Catholic Archdiocese of Wrocław, and future Cardinal and Archbishop of Wrocław) and then-Auxiliary Bishop Franciszek Jop of the Catholic Diocese of Sandomierz (Titular Bishop of Daulia; later Auxiliary Bishop of the Archdiocese of Wrocław and then Bishop of the Catholic Diocese of Opole). At the age of 38, Wojtyła became the youngest bishop in Poland.


  • Karkow, Poland
    Monday Jan 13, 1964

    Pope John Paul II

    Archbishop of Kraków

    Karkow, Poland
    Monday Jan 13, 1964

    On 13 January 1964, Pope Paul VI appointed him Archbishop of Kraków.


  • Karkow, Poland
    Monday Jun 26, 1967

    Pope John Paul II

    Promotion to the Sacred College of Cardinals

    Karkow, Poland
    Monday Jun 26, 1967

    On 26 June 1967, Paul VI announced Archbishop Karol Wojtyła's promotion to the Sacred College of Cardinals.


  • Kraków, Poland
    Saturday May 26, 2001

    Džok

    Dżok Monument

    Kraków, Poland
    Saturday May 26, 2001

    The creator of the monument sculpture is Bronisław Chromy. Her unveiling, on May 26, 2001.


  • Poland
    Thursday Jan 4, 2007

    Visa Inc.

    Polish Office of Competition and Consumer Protection fined twenty banks a total of PLN 164 million (about $56 million) for jointly setting MasterCard's and Visa's interchange fees

    Poland
    Thursday Jan 4, 2007

    The antitrust authorities of EU Member States other than the United Kingdom are also investigating MasterCard's and Visa's interchange fees. For example, on January 4, 2007, the Polish Office of Competition and Consumer Protection fined twenty banks a total of PLN 164 million (about $56 million) for jointly setting MasterCard's and Visa's interchange fees.


  • Europe
    Friday Feb 11, 2011

    Jackie Chan

    JC Dragon’s Heart Europe

    Europe
    Friday Feb 11, 2011

    In 2011, JC Dragon’s Heart Europe was established to continue the work of The Foundation throughout Europe and Africa.


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