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  • Timor-Leste
    Friday Nov 28, 1975

    Xanana Gusmão

    Fretilin declared The Independence of Portuguese Timor

    Timor-Leste
    Friday Nov 28, 1975

    On 28 November 1975, Fretilin declared the independence of Portuguese Timor as "The Democratic Republic of East Timor", and Gusmão was responsible for filming the ceremony.




  • Timor-Leste
    Sunday Dec 7, 1975

    Xanana Gusmão

    Indonesian occupation of East Timor

    Timor-Leste
    Sunday Dec 7, 1975

    Nine days later, Indonesia invaded East Timor. At the time Gusmão was visiting friends outside of Dili and he witnessed the invasion from the hills. For the next few days he searched for his family.




  • Santa Cruz Cemetery, Rua De Santa Cruz, Dili, Timor-Leste
    Tuesday Nov 12, 1991

    Xanana Gusmão

    Santa Cruz massacre

    Santa Cruz Cemetery, Rua De Santa Cruz, Dili, Timor-Leste
    Tuesday Nov 12, 1991

    By the mid-1980s, he was a major leader. During the early 1990s, Gusmão became deeply involved in diplomacy and media management, and was instrumental in alerting the world to the massacre in Dili that occurred in Santa Cruz on 12 November 1991.




  • Timor-Leste
    Monday Aug 30, 1999

    Xanana Gusmão

    The Independence Referendum

    Timor-Leste
    Monday Aug 30, 1999

    On 30 August 1999, a referendum was held in East Timor and an overwhelming majority voted for independence. The Indonesian military commenced a campaign of terror as a result, with terrible consequences. Although the Indonesian government denied ordering this offensive, they were widely condemned for failing to prevent it.




  • Timor-Leste
    Monday Sep 20, 1999

    Xanana Gusmão

    International Peace-Keeping Force (INTERFET) Entered East Timor

    Timor-Leste
    Monday Sep 20, 1999

    As a result of overwhelming diplomatic pressure from the United Nations, promoted by Portugal since the late 1970s and also by the United States and Australia in the 1990s, a UN-sanctioned, Australian-led international peace-keeping force (INTERFET) entered East Timor, and Gusmão was finally released. Upon his return to his native East Timor, he began a campaign of reconciliation and rebuilding.




  • Dili, Timor-Leste
    Sunday Jul 2, 2000

    Xanana Gusmão

    2nd Marriage

    Dili, Timor-Leste
    Sunday Jul 2, 2000

    In 2000, he married Australian Kirsty Sword, with whom he had three sons: Alexandre, Kay Olok and Daniel.




  • Timor-Leste
    Thursday Aug 30, 2001

    Xanana Gusmão

    The 2001 Parliamentary Election

    Timor-Leste
    Thursday Aug 30, 2001

    During this time he continually campaigned for unity and peace within East Timor, and was generally regarded as the de facto leader of the emerging nation. Elections were held in late 2001 and Gusmão, endorsed by nine parties but not by Fretilin.


  • Timor-Leste
    Sunday Apr 14, 2002

    Xanana Gusmão

    2002 East Timorese presidential election

    Timor-Leste
    Sunday Apr 14, 2002

    In the 2002 presidential election, Gusmão ran as an independent and he was comfortably elected as leader .


  • Timor-Leste
    Monday May 20, 2002

    Xanana Gusmão

    The First President of Timor-Leste

    Timor-Leste
    Monday May 20, 2002

    Gusmão became the first President of East Timor when it became formally independent on 20 May 2002.


  • Timor-Leste
    Monday Apr 9, 2007

    Xanana Gusmão

    The 2007 presidential election

    Timor-Leste
    Monday Apr 9, 2007

    Gusmão declined to run for another term in the April 2007 presidential election.


  • Timor-Leste
    Saturday Jun 30, 2007

    Xanana Gusmão

    The June 2007 Parliamentary Election

    Timor-Leste
    Saturday Jun 30, 2007

    The CNRT placed second in the June 2007 parliamentary election, behind Fretilin, taking 24.10% of the vote and 18 seats. He won a seat in parliament as the first name on the CNRT's candidate list.


  • Dili, Timor-Leste
    Monday Aug 6, 2007

    Xanana Gusmão

    Ramos-Horta announcedment about The Government Formation

    Dili, Timor-Leste
    Monday Aug 6, 2007

    The CNRT allied with other parties to form a coalition that would hold a majority of seats in parliament. After weeks of dispute between this coalition and Fretilin over who should form the government, Ramos-Horta announced on 6 August that the CNRT-led coalition would form the government and that Gusmão would become Prime Minister on 8 August.


  • Dili, Timor-Leste
    Wednesday Aug 8, 2007

    Xanana Gusmão

    Gusmão sworn as a Prime Minister

    Dili, Timor-Leste
    Wednesday Aug 8, 2007

    Gusmão was sworn in at the presidential palace in Dili on 8 August.


  • Timor-Leste
    Monday Feb 11, 2008

    Xanana Gusmão

    The Assassination attempt

    Timor-Leste
    Monday Feb 11, 2008

    On 11 February 2008, a motorcade containing Gusmão came under gunfire one hour after President José Ramos-Horta was shot in the stomach. Gusmão's residence was also occupied by rebels. According to the Associated Press, the incidents raised the possibility of a coup attempt; they have also described as possible assassination attempts and kidnap attempts.


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