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  • Roman Empire (now Turkey)
    Friday Dec 13, 115

    Disasters with highest death tolls

    115 Antioch Earthquake

    Roman Empire (now Turkey)
    Friday Dec 13, 115

    The 115 Antioch earthquake occurred on 13 December 115 AD. It had an estimated magnitude of 7.5 on the surface wave magnitude scale and an estimated maximum intensity of XI (Extreme) on the Mercalli intensity scale. The origin of the reported death toll of 260,000 is uncertain, as it only appears in catalogues of about the last hundred years.




  • Issus (Present-Day Hatay, Turkey)
    Sunday Nov 5, 333

    Ancient Greece

    Battle of Issus

    Issus (Present-Day Hatay, Turkey)
    Sunday Nov 5, 333

    The battle of Issus took place in November 333 BC. After Alexander's forces successfully defeated the Persians at the Battle of the Granicus, Darius took personal charge of his army, gathered a large army from the depths of the empire, and maneuvered to cut the Greek line of supply, requiring Alexander to countermarch his forces, setting the stage for the battle near the mouth of the Pinarus River and south of the village of Issus. Darius was apparently unaware that, by deciding to stage the battle on a riverbank, he was minimizing the numerical advantage his army had over Alexander's. As a result, Alexander controlled southern Asia Minor.




  • Byzantine Empire (now Turkey)
    Sunday Sep 30, 587

    Disasters with highest death tolls

    587 Antioch Earthquake

    Byzantine Empire (now Turkey)
    Sunday Sep 30, 587

    587 Antioch earthquake occurred on September 30, 587 in Byzantine Empire (now Turkey), there were an estimated 60,000 deaths.




  • Saleph River, Cilician Armenia (Present Day Turkey)
    Sunday Jun 10, 1190

    Holy Roman Empire

    Frederick's Death

    Saleph River, Cilician Armenia (Present Day Turkey)
    Sunday Jun 10, 1190

    In 1190, Frederick participated in the Third Crusade and died in the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia.




  • Phocaea, Turkey (then Ottoman Empire)
    Friday Jun 12, 1914

    Armenian Genocide

    Massacre of Phocaea

    Phocaea, Turkey (then Ottoman Empire)
    Friday Jun 12, 1914

    Occurred in June 1914, as part of the ethnic cleansing policies of the Ottoman Empire. It was perpetrated by irregular Turkish bands against the predominantly ethnic Greek town of Phocaea, modern Foça, on the east coast of the Aegean Sea. The massacre was part of a wider anti-Greek campaign of genocide launched by the Young Turk Ottoman authorities, which included boycott, intimidation, forced deportations, and massive killings; and was one of the worst attacks during the summer of 1914.




  • Turkey (then Ottoman Empire)
    Thursday Dec 24, 1914

    Armenian Genocide

    Minister of War Enver Pasha implemented a plan to encircle and destroy the Russian Caucasus Army

    Turkey (then Ottoman Empire)
    Thursday Dec 24, 1914

    On 24 December 1914, Minister of War Enver Pasha implemented a plan to encircle and destroy the Russian Caucasus Army at Sarikamish in order to regain territories lost to Russia after the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–1878. Enver Pasha's forces were routed in the battle, and almost completely destroyed. Returning to Constantinople, Enver Pasha publicly blamed his defeat on Armenians in the region having actively sided with the Russians.




  • Van, Turkey (then Ottoman Empire)
    Monday Apr 19, 1915

    Armenian Genocide

    Van City

    Van, Turkey (then Ottoman Empire)
    Monday Apr 19, 1915

    On 19 April 1915, Jevdet Bey demanded that the city of Van immediately furnish him 4,000 soldiers under the pretext of conscription. However, it was clear to the Armenian population that his goal was to massacre the able-bodied men of Van so that there would be no defenders. Jevdet Bey had already used his official writ in nearby villages, ostensibly to search for arms, but in fact to initiate wholesale massacres. The Armenians offered five hundred soldiers and exemption money for the rest in order to buy time, but Jevdet Bey accused the Armenians of "rebellion" and asserted his determination to "crush" it at any cost. "If the rebels fire a single shot", he declared, "I shall kill every Christian man, woman, and" (pointing to his knee) "every child, up to here".


  • Ankara, Turkey (then Ottoman Empire)
    Friday Apr 23, 1915

    Armenian Genocide

    The Red Sunday

    Ankara, Turkey (then Ottoman Empire)
    Friday Apr 23, 1915

    On the night of 23–24 April 1915, known as Red Sunday, the Ottoman government rounded up and imprisoned an estimated 250 Armenian intellectuals and community leaders of the Ottoman capital, Constantinople, and later those in other centers, who were moved to two holding centers near Angora (Ankara).


  • Turkey (then Ottoman Empire)
    Monday May 24, 1915

    Armenian Genocide

    The Triple Entente warned Ottoman Empire

    Turkey (then Ottoman Empire)
    Monday May 24, 1915

    On 24 May 1915, the Triple Entente (Russian Empire, France & UK) warned the Ottoman Empire that "In view of these new crimes of Turkey against humanity and civilization, the Allied Governments announce publicly to the Sublime Porte that they will hold personally responsible for these crimes all members of the Ottoman Government, as well as those of their agents who are implicated in such massacres".


  • Istanbul, Turkey (then Ottoman Empire)
    Saturday May 29, 1915

    Armenian Genocide

    Tehcir Law

    Istanbul, Turkey (then Ottoman Empire)
    Saturday May 29, 1915

    On 29 May 1915, the Committee of Union and Progress (CUP) Central Committee passed the Temporary Law of Deportation ("Tehcir Law"), giving the Ottoman government and military authorization to deport anyone it "sensed" as a threat to national security.


  • Turkey (then Ottoman Empire)
    Monday Sep 13, 1915

    Armenian Genocide

    Temporary Law of Expropriation and Confiscation

    Turkey (then Ottoman Empire)
    Monday Sep 13, 1915

    The Tehcir Law brought some measures regarding the property of the deportees, and on 13 September 1915, the Ottoman parliament passed the "Temporary Law of Expropriation and Confiscation," stating that all property, including land, livestock, and homes belonging to Armenians, was to be confiscated by the authorities.


  • Turkey (then Ottoman Empire)
    Saturday Jan 1, 1916

    Armenian Genocide

    Typhoid inoculation

    Turkey (then Ottoman Empire)
    Saturday Jan 1, 1916

    Typhoid inoculation: The Ottoman surgeon, Dr. Haydar Cemal wrote "on the order of the Chief Sanitation Office of the Third Army in January 1916, when the spread of typhus was an acute problem, innocent Armenians slated for deportation at Erzincan were inoculated with the blood of typhoid fever patients without rendering that blood 'inactive'".


  • Turkey (then Ottoman Empire)
    Saturday Nov 2, 1918

    Armenian Genocide

    The Three Pashas fled the Ottoman Empire

    Turkey (then Ottoman Empire)
    Saturday Nov 2, 1918

    On the night of 2–3 November 1918 and with the aid of Ahmed Izzet Pasha, the Three Pashas (which include Mehmet Talaat Pasha and Ismail Enver Pasha, the main perpetrators of the Genocide) fled the Ottoman Empire.


  • Turkey (then Ottoman Empire)
    Thursday Dec 5, 1918

    Armenian Genocide

    Lt. Hasan Maruf

    Turkey (then Ottoman Empire)
    Thursday Dec 5, 1918

    Lt. Hasan Maruf of the Ottoman army describes how a population of a village were taken all together and then burned. The Commander of the Third Army Vehib's 12-page affidavit, which was dated 5 December 1918, was presented in the Trebizond (Trabzon) trial series (29 March 1919) included in the Key Indictment, reporting such a mass burning of the population of an entire village near Muş: "The shortest method for disposing of the women and children concentrated in the various camps was to burn them".


  • Istanbul, Turkey (then Ottoman Empire)
    Friday Jul 11, 1919

    Armenian Genocide

    Damat Ferid Pasha

    Istanbul, Turkey (then Ottoman Empire)
    Friday Jul 11, 1919

    On 11 July 1919, Damat Ferid Pasha (Grand Visier) officially confessed to massacres against the Armenians in the Ottoman Empire and was a key figure and initiator of the war crime trials held directly after World War I to condemn to death the chief perpetrators of the Genocide.


  • Kasımpaşa, Istanbul, Turkey
    Friday Feb 26, 1954

    Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

    Birth

    Kasımpaşa, Istanbul, Turkey
    Friday Feb 26, 1954

    Erdoğan was born in the Kasımpaşa neighborhood in Istanbul, to which his family had moved from Rize Province.


  • Turkey
    Wednesday Nov 4, 1964

    Ruhollah Khomeini

    Sent to Turkey

    Turkey
    Wednesday Nov 4, 1964

    Khomeini spent more than 14 years in exile, mostly in the holy Iraqi city of Najaf. Initially, he was sent to Turkey on 4 November 1964 where he stayed in Bursa in the home of Colonel Ali Cetiner of the Turkish Military Intelligence.


  • Istanbul, Turkey
    Sunday Mar 27, 1994

    Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

    The local Election of Istanbul

    Istanbul, Turkey
    Sunday Mar 27, 1994

    In the local elections of 27 March 1994, Erdoğan was elected Mayor of Istanbul, with a plurality (25.19%) of the popular vote. He was pragmatic in office, tackling many chronic problems in Istanbul including water shortage, pollution and traffic chaos.


  • Turkey
    Friday Sep 1, 1995

    Cypriot intercommunal violence

    Rauf Denktaş repeated his claim to the famous Turkish newspaper Milliyet in Turkey

    Turkey
    Friday Sep 1, 1995

    On January 9, 1995 Rauf Denktaş repeated his claim to the famous Turkish newspaper Milliyet in Turkey.


  • Turkey
    Wednesday Mar 24, 1999

    Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

    Imprisonment

    Turkey
    Wednesday Mar 24, 1999

    In December 1997 in Siirt, Erdoğan recited a poem from a work written by Ziya Gökalp, a pan-Turkish activist of the early 20th century. His recitation included verses translated as "The mosques are our barracks, the domes our helmets, the minarets our bayonets and the faithful our soldiers...." which are not in the original version of the poem. Erdoğan said the poem had been approved by the education ministry to be published in textbooks. Under article 312/2 of the Turkish penal code his recitation was regarded as an incitement to violence and religious or racial hatred. He was given a ten-month prison sentence of which he served four months, from 24 March 1999 to 27 July 1999. Due to his conviction, Erdoğan was forced to give up his mayoral position. The conviction also stipulated a political ban, which prevented him from participating in parliamentary elections.


  • Istanbul, Turkey
    Friday Nov 19, 1999

    NATO Establishment

    Signing The Adapted Conventional Armed Forces in Europe Treaty

    Istanbul, Turkey
    Friday Nov 19, 1999

    The changes brought about by the collapse of the Soviet Union on the military balance in Europe were recognized in the Adapted Conventional Armed Forces in Europe Treaty, which was signed in 1999.


  • Turkey
    Sunday Nov 3, 2002

    Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

    The First Elections In which Erdoğan Participated as a Party Leader

    Turkey
    Sunday Nov 3, 2002

    The elections of 2002 were the first elections in which Erdoğan participated as a party leader. All parties previously elected to parliament failed to win enough votes to re-enter the parliament. The AKP won 34.3% of the national vote and formed the new government. Turkish stocks rose more than 7% on Monday morning. Politicians of the previous generation, such as Ecevit, Bahceli, Yılmaz and Çiller, resigned. The second largest party, the CHP, received 19.4% of the votes. The AKP won a landslide victory in the parliament, taking nearly two-thirds of the seats. Erdoğan could not become Prime Minister as he was still banned from politics by the judiciary for his speech in Siirt. Gül became the Prime Minister instead.


  • Siirt, Turkey
    Sunday Feb 9, 2003

    Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

    2003 New Election

    Siirt, Turkey
    Sunday Feb 9, 2003

    In December 2002, the Supreme Election Board canceled the general election results from Siirt due to voting irregularities and scheduled a new election for 9 February 2003. By this time, party leader Erdoğan was able to run for parliament due to a legal change made possible by the opposition Republican People's Party. The AKP duly listed Erdoğan as a candidate for the rescheduled election, which he won, becoming Prime Minister after Gül handed over the post.


  • Ankara, Turkey
    Saturday Apr 14, 2007

    Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

    Protest against The possible candidacy of Erdoğan in the 2007 presidential election

    Ankara, Turkey
    Saturday Apr 14, 2007

    On 14 April 2007, an estimated 300,000 people marched in Ankara to protest against the possible candidacy of Erdoğan in the 2007 presidential election, afraid that if elected as President, he would alter the secular nature of the Turkish state.


  • Istanbul, Turkey
    Tuesday Apr 24, 2007

    Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

    Erdoğan's announcement

    Istanbul, Turkey
    Tuesday Apr 24, 2007

    Erdoğan announced on 24 April 2007 that the party had nominated Abdullah Gül as the AKP candidate in the presidential election.


  • Turkey
    Monday Jun 13, 2011

    Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

    Winning 2011 elections

    Turkey
    Monday Jun 13, 2011

    In the June 2011 elections, Erdoğan's governing party won 327 seats (49.83% of the popular vote) making Erdoğan the only prime minister in Turkey's history to win three consecutive general elections, each time receiving more votes than the previous election. The second party, the Republican People's Party (CHP), received 135 seats (25.94%), the nationalist MHP received 53 seats (13.01%), and the Independents received 35 seats (6.58%).


  • Ankara, Turkey
    Wednesday Nov 23, 2011

    Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

    Erdoğan apologizes For The Dersim Massacre

    Ankara, Turkey
    Wednesday Nov 23, 2011

    On 23 November 2011, during a televised meeting of his party in Ankara, he apologised on behalf of the state for the Dersim massacre, where many Alevis and Zazas were killed.


  • Istanbul, Turkey
    Tuesday Dec 17, 2013

    Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

    Telephone Recordings

    Istanbul, Turkey
    Tuesday Dec 17, 2013

    A file containing five audio recordings of conversations between Erdoğan and his son from a 26-hour period beginning 17 December 2013, in which he appeared to be instructing his son to conceal very large amounts of money, was posted to YouTube and widely discussed on social media.


  • Istanbul, Turkey
    Wednesday Feb 26, 2014

    Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

    Erdoğan Deny The Conversation In The Records

    Istanbul, Turkey
    Wednesday Feb 26, 2014

    On 26 February 2014, Erdoğan acknowledged that his telephone had been tapped, but denied that the conversation was real, instead calling it an "immoral montage" that had been "dubbed" by combining other conversations. An analysis by Joshua Marpet of the United States, published by McClatchy, concluded that the recordings were "probably real", and if not, the fabrication was done with a sophistication he had not previously seen.


  • Turkey
    Tuesday Jul 1, 2014

    Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

    The AKP's Presidential Candidate In The Turkish Presidential Election

    Turkey
    Tuesday Jul 1, 2014

    On 1 July 2014, Erdoğan was named the AKP's presidential candidate in the Turkish presidential election. His candidacy was announced by the Deputy President of the AKP, Mehmet Ali Şahin.


  • Turkey
    Sunday Aug 10, 2014

    Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

    2014 Turkish presidential election

    Turkey
    Sunday Aug 10, 2014

    Erdoğan was elected as the President of Turkey in the first round of the election with 51.79% of the vote, obviating the need for a run-off by winning over 50%. The joint candidate of the CHP, MHP and 13 other opposition parties, former Organisation of Islamic Co-operation general secretary Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu won 38.44% of the vote. The pro-Kurdish HDP candidate Selahattin Demirtaş won 9.76%.


  • Turkey
    Friday Sep 12, 2014

    Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

    Erdoğan Tightened Controls over The Internet

    Turkey
    Friday Sep 12, 2014

    Erdoğan also tightened controls over the internet, signing into law a bill which allows the government to block websites without prior court order on 12 September 2014. In November 2016, the Turkish government blocked access to social media in all of Turkey as well as bought to completely block internet access for the citizens in the Southeast of the country.


  • Turkey
    Wednesday Jul 20, 2016

    Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

    President Erdoğan declared The State of Emergency

    Turkey
    Wednesday Jul 20, 2016

    On 20 July 2016, President Erdoğan declared the state of emergency, citing the coup d'état attempt as justification. It was first scheduled to last three months. The Turkish parliament approved this measure.The state of emergency was later extended for another three months, amidst the ongoing 2016 Turkish purges including comprehensive purges of independent media and detention of tens of thousands of Turkish citizens politically opposed to Erdoğan. More than 50,000 people have been arrested and over 160,000 fired from their jobs by March 2018.


  • Turkey
    Sunday Aug 7, 2016

    Zara

    Child labor

    Turkey
    Sunday Aug 7, 2016

    In 2016, BBC News stated they found evidence of child labor and exploitation in factories in Turkey. Zara replied that there were some issues in June 2016 in one single factory and - instead of solving these 'issues' immediately, they have given a period of six months to solve them.


  • Turkey
    Sunday Apr 16, 2017

    Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

    2017 Constitutional Referendum Vote

    Turkey
    Sunday Apr 16, 2017

    On Sunday, 16 April 2017, a constitutional referendum was held, where the voters in Turkey (and Turkish citizens abroad) voted on a set of 18 proposed amendments to the Constitution of Turkey. The amendments include the replacement of the existing parliamentary system with a presidential system. The post of Prime Minister would be abolished, and the presidency would become an executive post vested with broad executive powers. Parliament would be increased from 550 seats to 600 seats. The referendum also called for changes to the Supreme Board of Judges and Prosecutors.


  • Turkey
    Saturday Apr 29, 2017

    Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

    Erdoğan blocks Wikipedia

    Turkey
    Saturday Apr 29, 2017

    On 29 April 2017 Erdoğan's administration began an internal Internet block of all the Wikipedia online encyclopaedia site via Turkey's domestic Internet filtering system. This blocking action took place after the government had first made a request for Wikipedia to remove what it referred to as "offensive content". In response, Wikipedia co-founder Jimmy Wales replied via a post on Twitterating, "Access to information is a fundamental human right."


  • Ankara, Turkey
    Saturday Jul 27, 2019

    David Cameron

    Ankara's speech

    Ankara, Turkey
    Saturday Jul 27, 2019

    In a speech in Ankara in July 2010, Cameron stated unequivocally his support for Turkey's accession to the EU, citing economic, security and political considerations, and claimed that those who opposed Turkish membership were driven by "protectionism, narrow nationalism or prejudice".


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