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  • Vatican City (then Rome, Roman Empire)
    Thursday Nov 1, 835

    Halloween

    All Hallows' Day was officially switched to 1 November

    Vatican City (then Rome, Roman Empire)
    Thursday Nov 1, 835

    In 835, All Hallows' Day was officially switched to 1 November, the same date as Samhain, at the behest of Pope Gregory IV.




  • Rome, Holy Roman Empire
    Wednesday Jun 29, 1312

    Holy Roman Empire

    Henry VII is Holy Roman Emperor

    Rome, Holy Roman Empire
    Wednesday Jun 29, 1312

    Instead, Henry VII, of the House of Luxembourg, was elected with six votes at Frankfurt on 27 November 1308. Given his background, although he was a vassal of king Philip (King Philip IV of France), Henry was bound by few national ties, an aspect of his suitability as a compromise candidate among the electors, the great territorial magnates who had lived without a crowned emperor for decades, and who were unhappy with both Charles and Rudolf. Henry of Cologne's brother, Baldwin, Archbishop of Trier, won over a number of the electors, including Henry, in exchange for some substantial concessions. Henry VII was crowned king at Aachen on 6 January 1309, and emperor by Pope Clement V on 29 June 1312 in Rome, ending the interregnum.




  • Rome, Holy Roman Empire
    Friday Mar 19, 1452

    Holy Roman Empire

    Frederick III Holy Roman Emperor (Frederick III of Habsburg)

    Rome, Holy Roman Empire
    Friday Mar 19, 1452

    Frederick III (21 September 1415 – 19 August 1493) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1452 until his death. He was the first emperor of the House of Habsburg, and the fourth member of the House of Habsburg to be elected King of Germany after Rudolf I of Germany, Albert I in the 13th century and his predecessor Albert II of Germany. He was the penultimate emperor to be crowned by the Pope, and the last to be crowned in Rome.




  • Rome, Papal States
    Saturday Jul 8, 1623

    Galileo Galilei

    Pope Gregory XV died and was succeeded by Pope Urban VIII

    Rome, Papal States
    Saturday Jul 8, 1623

    In 1623, Pope Gregory XV died and was succeeded by Pope Urban VIII who showed greater favor to Galileo, particularly after Galileo traveled to Rome to congratulate the new Pontiff.




  • Vatican City, Italy
    Thursday Sep 28, 1978

    Pope John Paul II

    The death of Pope John Paul I

    Vatican City, Italy
    Thursday Sep 28, 1978

    The papal conclave of October 1978 was triggered by the death of Pope John Paul I on 28 September just 33 days after his election on 26 August.




  • Vatican City
    Saturday Oct 31, 1992

    Galileo Galilei

    Pope John Paul II expressed regret for how the Galileo affair was handled

    Vatican City
    Saturday Oct 31, 1992

    On 31 October 1992, Pope John Paul II expressed regret for how the Galileo affair was handled, and issued a declaration acknowledging the errors committed by the Catholic Church tribunal that judged the scientific positions of Galileo Galilei, as the result of a study conducted by the Pontifical Council for Culture.




  • Vatican City
    Wednesday Mar 13, 2013

    Pope Francis

    A Pope

    Vatican City
    Wednesday Mar 13, 2013

    Bergoglio was elected pope on 13 March 2013, the second day of the 2013 papal conclave, taking the papal name Francis.


  • Vatican City
    Saturday Mar 16, 2013

    Pope Francis

    The Name

    Vatican City
    Saturday Mar 16, 2013

    At his first audience on 16 March 2013, Francis told journalists that he had chosen the name in honor of Saint Francis of Assisi, and had done so because he was especially concerned for the well-being of the poor.


  • Vatican City
    Sunday Mar 31, 2013

    Pope Francis

    First Easter homily

    Vatican City
    Sunday Mar 31, 2013

    On 31 March 2013, Francis used his first Easter homily to make a plea for peace throughout the world, specifically mentioning the Middle East, Africa, and North and South Korea.


  • Vatican City
    Friday May 10, 2013

    Pope Francis

    Met with Pope Tawadros II of Alexandria

    Vatican City
    Friday May 10, 2013

    In May 2013, Pope Francis met with Pope Tawadros II of Alexandria in the Vatican. The meeting coincided with the 40th anniversary of the first visit by a Pope of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria to the Vatican; when Pope Shenouda III of Alexandria met with Pope Paul VI on 10 May 1973.


  • Vatican City
    Saturday Jun 29, 2013

    Pope Francis

    First Encyclical

    Vatican City
    Saturday Jun 29, 2013

    On 29 June 2013, Pope Francis published his first encyclical, titled Lumen fidei.


  • Vatican City
    Saturday Aug 16, 2014

    Pope Francis

    The pope has also continued the practice of having beatifications

    Vatican City
    Saturday Aug 16, 2014

    The pope has also continued the practice of having beatifications celebrated in the place of the individual's origin though has presided over beatifications himself on three occasions for Paul Yun Ji-Chung and 123 companions on 16 August 2014, his predecessor Pope Paul VI on 19 October 2014 and two Colombian martyrs on 8 September 2017.


  • Vatican City
    Tuesday May 12, 2015

    Pope Francis

    First Canonizations

    Vatican City
    Tuesday May 12, 2015

    On 12 May, Francis carried out his first canonizations of candidates approved for sainthood during the reign of Benedict XVI: the first Colombian saint, Laura of Saint Catherine of Siena, the second female Mexican saint, Maria Guadalupe Garcia Zavala, both of the 20th century, and the 813 15th-century Martyrs of Otranto.


  • Vatican City
    Thursday Jun 18, 2015

    Pope Francis

    Laudato si'

    Vatican City
    Thursday Jun 18, 2015

    On 18 June 2015, Pope Francis issued a papal encyclical called Laudato si' on climate change, care for the environment, and sustainable development. The encyclical, although dated 24 May 2015, was officially made public on 18 June 2015.


  • Vatican City
    Friday Jun 19, 2015

    Pope Francis

    Met with Moran Mor Ignatius Aphrem II

    Vatican City
    Friday Jun 19, 2015

    In June 2015, Pope Francis met with Moran Mor Ignatius Aphrem II, Patriarch of the Syriac Orthodox Church.


  • Vatican City, Italy
    Monday Mar 20, 2017

    Rwandan genocide

    Pope Francis

    Vatican City, Italy
    Monday Mar 20, 2017

    On 20 March 2017, Pope Francis acknowledged that while some Catholic nuns and priests in the country were killed during the genocide, others were complicit in it and took part in preparing and executing the genocide.


  • Vatican City
    Monday Oct 16, 2017

    Pope Francis

    World Food Day

    Vatican City
    Monday Oct 16, 2017

    On the October 16, 2017 World Food Day ceremony, held at the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), which is headquartered in Rome, Pope Francis called for collaboration among world leaders to assure food security which requires tackling the "root of problem" of food insecurity. Pope Francis cited "studies conducted by the United Nations and many other civil society organisations" that said the "two main obstacles to overcome" are "conflicts and climate change".


  • Vatican City
    Friday Dec 8, 2017

    Pope Francis

    Pope Francis signed a new apostolic constitution

    Vatican City
    Friday Dec 8, 2017

    On 8 December 2017, Pope Francis signed a new apostolic constitution on ecclesiastical universities and faculties Veritatis gaudium, published 29 January 2018.


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