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  • 68 Wall Street, Manhattan, New York City, New York, U.S.
    Thursday May 17, 1792

    Buttonwood Agreement

    68 Wall Street, Manhattan, New York City, New York, U.S.
    Thursday May 17, 1792

    The earliest recorded organization of securities trading in New York among brokers directly dealing with each other can be traced to the Buttonwood Agreement. Previously, securities exchange had been intermediated by the auctioneers, who also conducted more mundane auctions of commodities such as wheat and tobacco. On May 17, 1792, twenty-four brokers signed the Buttonwood Agreement, which set a floor commission rate charged to clients and bound the signers to give preference to the other signers in securities sales.




  • 82 Wall Street, Manhattan, New York City, New York, U.S.
    1817

    New reforms

    82 Wall Street, Manhattan, New York City, New York, U.S.
    1817

    In 1817, the stockbrokers of New York, operating under the Buttonwood Agreement, instituted new reforms and reorganized. After sending a delegation to Philadelphia to observe the organization of their board of brokers, restrictions on manipulative trading were adopted, as well as formal organs of governance. After re-forming as the New York Stock and Exchange Board, the broker organization began renting out space exclusively for securities trading, which previously had been taking place at the Tontine Coffee House. Several locations were used between 1817 and 1865 when the present location was adopted.




  • 16 and 18 Broad Street, Manhattan, New York City, United States
    1864

    Open Board of Stock Brokers

    16 and 18 Broad Street, Manhattan, New York City, United States
    1864

    The Open Board of Stock Brokers was established in 1864 as a competitor to the NYSE. With 354 members, the Open Board of Stock Brokers rivaled the NYSE in membership (which had 533) "because it used a more modern, continuous trading system superior to the NYSE’s twice-daily call sessions".




  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    1865

    New York Gold Exchange was acquired by the NYSE

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    1865

    In 1865, the New York Gold Exchange was acquired by the NYSE.




  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    1867

    Stock tickers were first introduced

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    1867

    In 1867, stock tickers were first introduced.




  • New York, U.S.
    1869

    Open Board of Stock Brokers merged with the NYSE

    New York, U.S.
    1869

    The Open Board of Stock Brokers merged with the NYSE in 1869.




  • New York, U.S.
    1869

    Membership had to be capped

    New York, U.S.
    1869

    The Civil War greatly stimulated speculative securities trading in New York. By 1869, membership had to be capped and has been sporadically increased since. The latter half of the nineteenth century saw rapid growth in securities trading.


  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    1885

    400 NYSE members in the Consolidated Stock Exchange withdraw from Consolidated over disagreements on exchange trade areas

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    1885

    In 1885, the 400 NYSE members in the Consolidated Stock Exchange withdraw from Consolidated over disagreements on exchange trade areas.


  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    1896

    Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) is first published in The Wall Street Journal

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    1896

    In 1896, the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) is first published in The Wall Street Journal.


  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    Wednesday Aug 3, 1898

    Stock Exchange Luncheon Club

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    Wednesday Aug 3, 1898

    The Stock Exchange Luncheon Club was situated on the seventh floor from 1898 until its closure in 2006.


  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    1903

    New York Stock Exchange Building

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    1903

    The main New York Stock Exchange Building, built in 1903, is at 18 Broad Street, between the corners of Wall Street and Exchange Place, and was designed in the Beaux Arts style by George B. Post.


  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    1909

    Trading in bonds begins

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    1909

    In 1909, trading in bonds begins.


  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    Friday Jul 31, 1914

    Exchange was closed in WWI

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    Friday Jul 31, 1914

    The exchange was closed shortly after the beginning of World War I (July 31, 1914), but it partially re-opened on November 28 of that year in order to help the war effort by trading bonds and completely reopened for stock trading in mid-December.


  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    1915

    Basis of quoting and trading in stocks changes from percent of par value to dollars

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    1915

    In 1915, basis of quoting and trading in stocks changes from percent of par value to dollars.


  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    Thursday Sep 16, 1920

    Wall Street bombing

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    Thursday Sep 16, 1920

    On September 16, 1920, the Wall Street bombing occurred outside the building, killing thirty-eight people and injuring hundreds more.


  • U.S.
    1923

    Poor's Publishing introduced their "Composite Index"

    U.S.
    1923

    In 1923, Poor's Publishing introduced their "Composite Index", today referred to as the S&P 500, which tracked a small number of companies on the NYSE.


  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    Thursday Oct 24, 1929

    Black Thursday crash

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    Thursday Oct 24, 1929

    The Black Thursday crash of the Exchange on October 24, 1929, and the sell-off panic which started on Black Tuesday, October 29, are often blamed for precipitating the Great Depression. In an effort to restore investor confidence, the Exchange unveiled a fifteen-point program aimed to upgrade protection for the investing public on October 31, 1938.


  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    Monday Oct 1, 1934

    Exchange was registered as a national securities exchange

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    Monday Oct 1, 1934

    On October 1, 1934, the exchange was registered as a national securities exchange with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, with a president and a thirty-three member board.


  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    1943

    Trading floor is opened to women while men were serving in WWII

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    1943

    In 1943, the trading floor is opened to women while men were serving in WWII.


  • New York, U.S.
    1949

    Third-longest (eight-year) bull market begins

    New York, U.S.
    1949

    In 1949, the third-longest (eight-year) bull market begins.


  • U.S.
    1957

    Becoming known as the S&P 500

    U.S.
    1957

    In 1957, after Poor's Publishing merged with the Standard Statistics Bureau, the Standard & Poors composite index grew to track 500 companies on the NYSE, becoming known as the S&P 500.


  • U.S.
    1966

    Common Stock Index

    U.S.
    1966

    In 1966, NYSE begins a composite index of all listed common stocks. This is referred to as the "Common Stock Index" and is transmitted daily. The starting point of the index is 50. It is later renamed the NYSE Composite Index.


  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    Thursday Aug 24, 1967

    One of Abbie Hoffman's well-known publicity stunts

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    Thursday Aug 24, 1967

    One of Abbie Hoffman's well-known publicity stunts took place in 1967 when he led members of the Yippie movement to the Exchange's gallery. The provocateurs hurled fistfuls of dollars toward the trading floor below. Some traders booed, and some laughed and waved. Three months later the stock exchange enclosed the gallery with bulletproof glass. Hoffman wrote a decade later, "We didn't call the press; at that time we really had no notion of anything called a media event."


  • Washington D.C., U.S.
    1970

    Securities Investor Protection Corporation was established

    Washington D.C., U.S.
    1970

    In 1970, the Securities Investor Protection Corporation was established.


  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    Monday Feb 8, 1971

    NASDAQ was founded and competes with the NYSE as the world's first electronic stock market

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    Monday Feb 8, 1971

    In 1971, the NASDAQ was founded and competes with the NYSE as the world's first electronic stock market. To date, the NASDAQ is the second-largest exchange in the world by market capitalization, behind only the NYSE.


  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    Thursday Feb 18, 1971

    Non-profit corporation was formed

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    Thursday Feb 18, 1971

    On February 18, 1971, the non-profit corporation was formed, and the number of board members was reduced to twenty-five.


  • New York, U.S.
    Tuesday Nov 14, 1972

    Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above 1,000 for the first time

    New York, U.S.
    Tuesday Nov 14, 1972

    In 1972, the Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above 1,000 for the first time on November 14.


  • New York, U.S.
    1977

    Foreign brokers are admitted to NYSE

    New York, U.S.
    1977

    In 1977, foreign brokers are admitted to NYSE.


  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    1980

    New York Futures Exchange was established

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    1980

    In 1980, the New York Futures Exchange was established.


  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    Monday Oct 19, 1987

    Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) dropped 508 points

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    Monday Oct 19, 1987

    On October 19, 1987, the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) dropped 508 points, a 22.6% loss in a single day, the second-biggest one-day drop the exchange had experienced. Black Monday was followed by Terrible Tuesday, a day in which the Exchange's systems did not perform well and some people had difficulty completing their trades.


  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    Thursday Sep 14, 1989

    "SELL WELCOME"

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    Thursday Sep 14, 1989

    In 1989, On September 14, seven members of ACT-UP, The AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power, entered the NYSE and protested by chaining themselves to the balcony overlooking the trading floor and unfurling a banner, "SELL WELCOME," in reference to drug manufacturer Burroughs Wellcome. Following the protest, Burroughs Wellcome reduced the price of AZT (a drug used by people living with HIV and AIDS) by over 30%.


  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    Friday Oct 13, 1989

    Mini-Crash of 1989

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    Friday Oct 13, 1989

    Subsequently, there was another major drop for the Dow on October 13, 1989—the Mini-Crash of 1989. The crash was apparently caused by a reaction to a news story of a $6.75 billion leveraged buyout deal for UAL Corporation, the parent company of United Airlines, which broke down. When the UAL deal fell through, it helped trigger the collapse of the junk bond market causing the Dow to fall 190.58 points or 6.91 percent.


  • New York, U.S.
    1990

    Longest (ten-year) bull market begins

    New York, U.S.
    1990

    In 1990, the longest (ten-year) bull market begins.


  • New York, U.S.
    1995

    Dow Jones Industrial Average exceeds 5,000

    New York, U.S.
    1995

    In 1995, the Dow Jones Industrial Average exceeds 5,000.


  • New York, U.S.
    1996

    Real-time ticker was introduced

    New York, U.S.
    1996

    In 1996, real-time ticker was introduced.


  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    Monday Oct 27, 1997

    1997 Mini-Crash

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    Monday Oct 27, 1997

    Similarly, there was a panic in the financial world during the year 1997; the Asian Financial Crisis. Like the fall of many foreign markets, the Dow suffered a 7.18% drop in value (554.26 points) on October 27, 1997, in what later became known as the 1997 Mini-Crash but from which the DJIA recovered quickly. This was the first time that the "circuit breaker" rule had operated.


  • New York, U.S.
    Monday Mar 29, 1999

    Dow Jones Industrial Average exceeds 10,000

    New York, U.S.
    Monday Mar 29, 1999

    In 1999, the Dow Jones Industrial Average exceeds 10,000 on March 29.


  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    Wednesday Jan 26, 2000

    "Sleep Now in the Fire"

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    Wednesday Jan 26, 2000

    On January 26, 2000, an altercation during the filming of the music video for Rage Against the Machine's "Sleep Now in the Fire", directed by Michael Moore, caused the doors of the exchange to be closed and the band to be escorted from the site by security after the members attempted to gain entry into the exchange.


  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    Monday Sep 17, 2001

    Resuming on Monday

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    Monday Sep 17, 2001

    In the aftermath of the September 11 attacks, the NYSE was closed for four trading sessions, resuming on Monday, September 17, one of the rare times the NYSE was closed for more than one session and only the third time since March 1933.


  • New York, U.S.
    2003

    NYSE Composite Index was relaunched

    New York, U.S.
    2003

    In 2003, NYSE Composite Index was relaunched and value set equal to 5,000 points.


  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    Thursday Apr 21, 2005

    NYSE announced its plans to merge with Archipelago in a deal intended to reorganize the NYSE as a publicly-traded company

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    Thursday Apr 21, 2005

    On April 21, 2005, the NYSE announced its plans to merge with Archipelago in a deal intended to reorganize the NYSE as a publicly-traded company.


  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    Tuesday Dec 6, 2005

    NYSE's governing board voted to merge with rival Archipelago

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    Tuesday Dec 6, 2005

    NYSE's governing board voted to merge with rival Archipelago on December 6, 2005, and became a for-profit, public company.


  • Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
    2006

    NYSE Arca

    Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
    2006

    In 2006, NYSE and ArcaEx merge, creating NYSE Arca and forming the publicly owned, for-profit NYSE Group, Inc.; in turn, NYSE Group merges with Euronext, creating the first trans-Atlantic stock exchange group; DJIA tops 12,000 on October 19.


  • U.S.
    Wednesday Jan 31, 2007

    US President George W. Bush shows up unannounced to the Floor about an hour and a half before a Federal Open Market Committee interest-rate decision

    U.S.
    Wednesday Jan 31, 2007

    In 2007, US President George W. Bush shows up unannounced to the Floor about an hour and a half before a Federal Open Market Committee interest-rate decision on January 31; NYSE announces its merger with the American Stock Exchange; NYSE Composite closes above 10,000 on June 1.


  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    Wednesday Apr 4, 2007

    NYSE Group completed its merger with Euronext

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    Wednesday Apr 4, 2007

    On April 4, 2007, the NYSE Group completed its merger with Euronext, the European combined stock market, thus forming NYSE Euronext, the first transatlantic stock exchange.


  • New York, U.S.
    Monday Sep 15, 2008

    DJIA loses more than 500 points

    New York, U.S.
    Monday Sep 15, 2008

    In 2008, the DJIA loses more than 500 points on September 15 amid fears of bank failures, resulting in a permanent prohibition of naked short selling and a three-week temporary ban on all short-selling of financial stocks; in spite of this, record volatility continues for the next two months, culminating at 5+1⁄2-year market lows.


  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    Oct, 2008

    NYSE Euronext completed the acquisition of the American Stock Exchange (AMEX)

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    Oct, 2008

    In October 2008, NYSE Euronext completed the acquisition of the American Stock Exchange (AMEX) for $260 million in stock.


  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    Wednesday Oct 14, 2009

    Second-longest bull market begins

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    Wednesday Oct 14, 2009

    In 2009, the second-longest and current bull market begins on March 9 after the DJIA closes at 6,547.05 reaching a 12-year low; DJIA returns to 10,015.86 on October 14.


  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    Thursday May 6, 2010

    2010 Flash Crash

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    Thursday May 6, 2010

    On May 6, 2010, the Dow Jones Industrial Average posted its largest intraday percentage drop since the crash on October 19, 1987, with a 998-point loss later being called the 2010 Flash Crash (as the drop occurred in minutes before rebounding).


  • Frankfurt, Germany
    Tuesday Feb 15, 2011

    NYSE and Deutsche Börse announced their merger to form a new company

    Frankfurt, Germany
    Tuesday Feb 15, 2011

    On February 15, 2011, NYSE and Deutsche Börse announced their merger to form a new company, as yet unnamed, wherein Deutsche Börse shareholders would have 60% ownership of the new entity, and NYSE Euronext shareholders would have 40%.


  • Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.
    Apr, 2011

    Intercontinental Exchange and NASDAQ OMX Group had together made an unsolicited proposal to buy NYSE Euronext

    Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.
    Apr, 2011

    In April 2011, Intercontinental Exchange (ICE), an American futures exchange, and NASDAQ OMX Group had together made an unsolicited proposal to buy NYSE Euronext for approximately US$11,000,000,000, a deal in which NASDAQ would have taken control of the stock exchanges. NYSE Euronext rejected this offer twice, but it was finally terminated after the United States Department of Justice indicated their intention to block the deal due to antitrust concerns.


  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    2012

    NYSE imposed rules restricting brokers from voting uninstructed shares

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    2012

    The NYSE has also imposed additional rules in response to shareholder protection controls, e.g. in 2012, the NYSE imposed rules restricting brokers from voting uninstructed shares.


  • Brussels, Belgium
    Wednesday Feb 1, 2012

    Near-monopoly in European financial derivatives worldwide

    Brussels, Belgium
    Wednesday Feb 1, 2012

    On February 1, 2012, the European Commission blocked the merger of NYSE with Deutsche Börse, after commissioner Joaquín Almunia stated that the merger "would have led to a near-monopoly in European financial derivatives worldwide". Instead, Deutsche Börse and NYSE would have to sell either their Eurex derivatives or LIFFE shares in order to not create a monopoly. On February 2, 2012, NYSE Euronext and Deutsche Börse agreed to scrap the merger.


  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    Monday Oct 29, 2012

    Hurricane Sandy shut down

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    Monday Oct 29, 2012

    On October 29, 2012, the stock exchange was shut down for two days due to Hurricane Sandy.


  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    Thursday May 1, 2014

    Market rules violation

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    Thursday May 1, 2014

    On May 1, 2014, the stock exchange was fined $4.5 million by the Securities and Exchange Commission to settle charges that it had violated market rules.


  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    Thursday Aug 14, 2014

    $200,000 a share

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    Thursday Aug 14, 2014

    On August 14, 2014, Berkshire Hathaway's A Class shares, the highest-priced shares on the NYSE, hit $200,000 a share for the first time.


  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    Tuesday Dec 23, 2014

    DJIA closes above 18,000

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    Tuesday Dec 23, 2014

    In 2014, the DJIA closes above 17,000 on July 3 and above 18,000 on December 23.


  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    Tuesday May 19, 2015

    DJIA achieved an all-time high of 18,351.36

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    Tuesday May 19, 2015

    In 2015, the DJIA achieved an all-time high of 18,351.36 on May 19.


  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    Wednesday Jul 8, 2015

    Technical issues

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    Wednesday Jul 8, 2015

    On July 8, 2015, technical issues affected the stock exchange, halting trading at 11:32 am ET. The NYSE reassured stock traders that the outage was "not a result of a cyber breach", and the Department of Homeland Security confirmed that there was "no sign of malicious activity". Trading eventually resumed at 3:10 pm ET the same day.


  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    2016

    DJIA hits an all-time high of 18,873.6

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    2016

    In 2016, the DJIA hits an all-time high of 18,873.6.


  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    Wednesday Jan 25, 2017

    DJIA reaches 20,000 for the first time

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    Wednesday Jan 25, 2017

    In 2017, the DJIA reaches 20,000 for the first time (on January 25).


  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    Thursday Jan 4, 2018

    DJIA reaches 25,000 for the first time

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    Thursday Jan 4, 2018

    In 2018, the DJIA reaches 25,000 for the first time (on January 4).


  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    Monday Feb 5, 2018

    Largest point drop in history (1,175 points drop)

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    Monday Feb 5, 2018

    On February 5, the DJIA dropped 1,175 points, making it the largest point drop in history.


  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    Friday May 25, 2018

    Stacey Cunningham became the first female leader in the exchange's 226-year history

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    Friday May 25, 2018

    On May 25, 2018, Stacey Cunningham, the NYSE's chief operating officer, became the Big Board's 67th president, succeeding Thomas Farley. She is the first female leader in the exchange's 226-year history.


  • New York City, New York, U.S.
    Mar, 2020

    NYSE announced plans to temporarily move to all-electronic trading

    New York City, New York, U.S.
    Mar, 2020

    In March 2020, the NYSE announced plans to temporarily move to all-electronic trading on March 23, 2020, due to the COVID-19 pandemic in New York City.


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