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  • Dagestan, Russia
    Saturday Nov 16, 1996

    Bomb destroyed an apartment building housing Russian border guards

    Dagestan, Russia
    Saturday Nov 16, 1996

    On 16 November 1996, in Kaspiysk (Dagestan), a bomb destroyed an apartment building housing Russian border guards, killing 68 people.




  • Krasnodar Krai, Russia
    Wednesday Apr 23, 1997

    Bomb exploded in the Russian railway station

    Krasnodar Krai, Russia
    Wednesday Apr 23, 1997

    Three people died on 23 April 1997, when a bomb exploded in the Russian railway station of Armavir (Krasnodar Krai)




  • Stavropol Krai, Russia
    Wednesday May 28, 1997

    Bomb exploded in the Russian railway station of Pyatigorsk

    Stavropol Krai, Russia
    Wednesday May 28, 1997

    Two died on 28 May 1997, when another bomb exploded in the Russian railway station of Pyatigorsk (Stavropol Krai).




  • Buynaksk, Dagestan, Russia
    Monday Dec 22, 1997

    forces of Dagestani militants and Chechnya-based Arab warlord Ibn al-Khattab raided the base of the 136th Motor Rifle Brigade of the Russian Army

    Buynaksk, Dagestan, Russia
    Monday Dec 22, 1997

    On 22 December 1997, forces of Dagestani militants and Chechnya-based Arab warlord Ibn al-Khattab raided the base of the 136th Motor Rifle Brigade of the Russian Army in Buynaksk, Dagestan, inflicting severe losses on the men and equipment of the unit.




  • Grozny, Chechnya, Russia
    Mar, 1999

    General Gennady Shpigun, the Kremlin's envoy to Chechnya, was kidnapped at the airport in Grozny

    Grozny, Chechnya, Russia
    Mar, 1999

    In March 1999, General Gennady Shpigun, the Kremlin's envoy to Chechnya, was kidnapped at the airport in Grozny and ultimately found dead in 2000 during the war.




  • Russia
    Sunday Mar 07, 1999

    Interior Minister Sergei Stepashin called for an invasion of Chechnya

    Russia
    Sunday Mar 07, 1999

    On 7 March 1999, in response to the abduction of General Shpigun, Interior Minister Sergei Stepashin called for an invasion of Chechnya. However, Stepashin's plan was overridden by the prime minister, Yevgeny Primakov.




  • Russia
    May, 1999

    Russia announced that it was closing the Russian-Chechnya border in an attempt to combat attacks and criminal activity

    Russia
    May, 1999

    In late May 1999, Russia announced that it was closing the Russian-Chechnya border in an attempt to combat attacks and criminal activity; border guards were ordered to shoot suspects on sight.


  • Dagestan, Russia
    Tuesday May 18, 1999

    Seven servicemen were killed when Russian border guard posts

    Dagestan, Russia
    Tuesday May 18, 1999

    On 18 June 1999, seven servicemen were killed when Russian border guard posts were attacked in Dagestan.


  • Chechnya, Russia
    Thursday Jul 29, 1999

    The Russian Interior Ministry troops destroyed a Chechen border post and captured an 800 meter section of strategic road

    Chechnya, Russia
    Thursday Jul 29, 1999

    On 29 July 1999, the Russian Interior Ministry troops destroyed a Chechen border post and captured an 800 meter section of strategic road.


  • Dagestan, Russia
    Aug, 1999

    Militants moved from Chechnya into the neighboring Republic of Dagestan

    Dagestan, Russia
    Aug, 1999

    In August and September 1999, Shamil Basayev (in association with the Saudi-born Ibn al-Khattab, Commander of the Mujahedeen) led two armies of up to 2,000 Chechen, Dagestani, Arab and international mujahideen and Wahhabist militants from Chechnya into the neighboring Republic of Dagestan.


  • Chechnya, Russia
    Aug, 1999

    Russia mounted a massive air campaign over Chechnya

    Chechnya, Russia
    Aug, 1999

    In late August and September 1999, Russia mounted a massive air campaign over Chechnya, with the stated aim of wiping out militants who invaded Dagestan the previous month.


  • North Ossetia, Russia
    Monday Aug 02, 1999

    Russian policemen were killed by an anti-tank mine blast

    North Ossetia, Russia
    Monday Aug 02, 1999

    On 22 August 1999, 10 Russian policemen were killed by an anti-tank mine blast in North Ossetia.


  • Vladikavkaz, Ossetian, Russia
    Monday Aug 09, 1999

    Servicemen were kidnapped

    Vladikavkaz, Ossetian, Russia
    Monday Aug 09, 1999

    On 9 August 1999, six servicemen were kidnapped in the Ossetian capital Vladikavkaz.


  • Dagestan, Russia
    Monday Aug 09, 1999

    Islamist fighters from Chechnya infiltrated Russia's Dagestan region

    Dagestan, Russia
    Monday Aug 09, 1999

    On 9 August 1999, Islamist fighters from Chechnya infiltrated Russia's Dagestan region, declaring it an independent state and calling for a jihad until "all unbelievers had been driven out".


  • Chechnya, Russia
    Thursday Aug 26, 1999

    Russia acknowledged bombing raids in Chechnya

    Chechnya, Russia
    Thursday Aug 26, 1999

    On 26 August 1999, Russia acknowledged bombing raids in Chechnya.


  • Chechnya, Russia
    Sep, 1999

    The militants were routed from the villages they had captured and pushed back into Chechnya

    Chechnya, Russia
    Sep, 1999

    By mid-September 1999, the militants were routed from the villages they had captured and pushed back into Chechnya. At least several hundred militants were killed in the fighting; the Federal side reported 279 servicemen killed and approximately 900 wounded.


  • Chechnya, Russia
    Wednesday Sep 22, 1999

    Deputy Interior Minister Igor Zubov said that Russian troops had surrounded Chechnya and were prepared to retake the region

    Chechnya, Russia
    Wednesday Sep 22, 1999

    As of 22 September 1999, Deputy Interior Minister Igor Zubov said that Russian troops had surrounded Chechnya and were prepared to retake the region, but the military planners were advising against a ground invasion because of the likelihood of heavy Russian casualties.


  • Russia
    Friday Oct 01, 1999

    Chechen conflict entered a new phase

    Russia
    Friday Oct 01, 1999

    The Chechen conflict entered a new phase on 1 October 1999, when Russia's new Prime Minister Vladimir Putin declared the authority of Chechen President Aslan Maskhadov and his parliament illegitimate.


  • Chechnya, Russia
    Friday Oct 01, 1999

    Russian troops entered Chechnya

    Chechnya, Russia
    Friday Oct 01, 1999

    On 1 October, Russian troops entered Chechnya.


  • Chechnya, Russia
    Saturday Oct 02, 1999

    Russia's Ministry of Emergency Situations admitted that 78,000 people had fled the air strikes in Chechnya

    Chechnya, Russia
    Saturday Oct 02, 1999

    On 2 October 1999, Russia's Ministry of Emergency Situations admitted that 78,000 people had fled the air strikes in Chechnya; most of them went to Ingushetia, where they were arrived at a rate of 5,000 to 6,000 a day.


  • Chechnya, Russia
    Tuesday Oct 05, 1999

    The Russian army moved with ease in the wide open spaces of northern Chechnya

    Chechnya, Russia
    Tuesday Oct 05, 1999

    The Russian army moved with ease in the wide open spaces of northern Chechnya and reached the Terek River on 5 October 1999.


  • Chechnya, Russia
    Sunday Oct 10, 1999

    Maskhadov outlined a peace plan offering a crackdown on renegade warlords

    Chechnya, Russia
    Sunday Oct 10, 1999

    On 10 October 1999, Maskhadov outlined a peace plan offering a crackdown on renegade warlords; the offer was rejected by the Russian side. He also appealed to NATO to help end fighting between his forces and Russian troops, without effect.


  • Chechnya, Russia
    Tuesday Oct 12, 1999

    The Russian forces crossed the Terek and began a two-pronged advance on the capital Grozny to the south

    Chechnya, Russia
    Tuesday Oct 12, 1999

    On 12 October 1999, the Russian forces crossed the Terek and began a two-pronged advance on the capital Grozny to the south. Hoping to avoid the significant casualties that plagued the first Chechen War, the Russians advanced slowly and in force, making extensive use of artillery and air power in an attempt to soften Chechen defenses.


  • Chechnya, Russia
    Tuesday Oct 12, 1999

    The Russian forces crossed the Terek and began a two-pronged advance on the capital Grozny to the south

    Chechnya, Russia
    Tuesday Oct 12, 1999

    On 12 October 1999, the Russian forces crossed the Terek and began a two-pronged advance on the capital Grozny to the south. Hoping to avoid the significant casualties that plagued the first Chechen War, the Russians advanced slowly and in force, making extensive use of artillery and air power in an attempt to soften Chechen defenses.


  • Grozny, Chechnya, Russia
    Friday Oct 15, 1999

    Russian forces took control of a strategic ridge within artillery range of the Chechen capital Grozny

    Grozny, Chechnya, Russia
    Friday Oct 15, 1999

    On 15 October 1999, Russian forces took control of a strategic ridge within artillery range of the Chechen capital Grozny after mounting an intense tank and artillery barrage against Chechen fighters.


  • Grozny, Chechnya, Russia
    Thursday Oct 21, 1999

    Russian Scud short-range ballistic missile strike on the central Grozny marketplace

    Grozny, Chechnya, Russia
    Thursday Oct 21, 1999

    On 21 October 1999, a Russian Scud short-range ballistic missile strike on the central Grozny marketplace killed more than 140 people, including many women and children, and left hundreds more wounded. A Russian spokesman said the busy market was targeted because it was used by separatists as an arms bazaar.


  • Gudermes, Chechnya, Russia
    Friday Nov 12, 1999

    Russian flag was raised over Chechnya's second largest city

    Gudermes, Chechnya, Russia
    Friday Nov 12, 1999

    On 12 November 1999, the Russian flag was raised over Chechnya's second largest city, Gudermes, when the local Chechen commanders, the Yamadayev brothers, defected to the federal side; the Russians also entered the bombed-out former Cossack village of Assinovskaya.


  • Bamut, Chechnya, Russia
    Wednesday Nov 17, 1999

    Russian soldiers dislodged separatists in Bamut

    Bamut, Chechnya, Russia
    Wednesday Nov 17, 1999

    On 17 November 1999, Russian soldiers dislodged separatists in Bamut, the symbolic separatist stronghold in the first war; dozens of Chechen fighters and many civilians were reported killed, and the village was levelled in the FAE bombing.


  • Chechnya, Russia
    Friday Nov 26, 1999

    Final third phase was about to begin

    Chechnya, Russia
    Friday Nov 26, 1999

    On 26 November 1999, Deputy Army Chief of Staff Valery Manilov said that phase two of the Chechnya campaign was just about complete, and a final third phase was about to begin.


  • Grozny, Chechnya, Russia
    Wednesday Dec 01, 1999

    Russian forces under Major General Vladimir Shamanov took control of Alkhan-Yurt, a village just south of Grozny

    Grozny, Chechnya, Russia
    Wednesday Dec 01, 1999

    On 1 December 1999, after weeks of heavy fighting, Russian forces under Major General Vladimir Shamanov took control of Alkhan-Yurt, a village just south of Grozny. The Chechen and foreign fighters inflicted heavy losses on the Russian forces, reportedly killing more than 70 Russian soldiers before retreating, suffering heavy losses of their own.


  • Grozny, Chechnya, Russia
    Saturday Dec 04, 1999

    Grozny was fully blockaded by Russian troops

    Grozny, Chechnya, Russia
    Saturday Dec 04, 1999

    On 4 December 1999, the commander of Russian forces in the North Caucasus, General Viktor Kazantsev, claimed that Grozny was fully blockaded by Russian troops.


  • Chechnya, Russia
    Thursday Dec 09, 1999

    Russian forces were still bombarding Urus-Martan

    Chechnya, Russia
    Thursday Dec 09, 1999

    The separatists in the town of Urus-Martan also offered fierce resistance, employing guerrilla tactics Russia had been anxious to avoid; by 9 December 1999, Russian forces were still bombarding Urus-Martan, although Chechen commanders said their fighters had already pulled out.


  • Shali, Chechnya, Russia
    Saturday Dec 11, 1999

    Russian troops had encircled Shali

    Shali, Chechnya, Russia
    Saturday Dec 11, 1999

    Russian troops started by capturing two bridges that link Shali to the capital, and by 11 December 1999, Russian troops had encircled Shali and were slowly forcing separatists out.


  • Chechnya, Russia
    Wednesday Jan 26, 2000

    Russian government announced that 1,173 servicemen had been killed in Chechnya

    Chechnya, Russia
    Wednesday Jan 26, 2000

    On 26 January 2000, the Russian government announced that 1,173 servicemen had been killed in Chechnya since October, more than double the 544 killed reported just 19 days earlier.


  • Grozny, Chechnya, Russia
    Wednesday Feb 02, 2000

    Russian army seized the city

    Grozny, Chechnya, Russia
    Wednesday Feb 02, 2000

    The Russian assault on Grozny began in early December, accompanied by a struggle for neighboring settlements. The battle ended when the Russian army seized the city on 2 February 2000.


  • Shali, Chechnya, Russia
    Wednesday Feb 09, 2000

    Russian tactical missile hit a crowd of people who had come to the local administration building in Shali

    Shali, Chechnya, Russia
    Wednesday Feb 09, 2000

    On 9 February 2000, a Russian tactical missile hit a crowd of people who had come to the local administration building in Shali, a town previously declared as one of the "safe areas", to collect their pensions.


  • Chechnya, Russia
    Friday Feb 18, 2000

    Russian army transport helicopter was shot down in the south

    Chechnya, Russia
    Friday Feb 18, 2000

    On 18 February 2000, a Russian army transport helicopter was shot down in the south, killing 15 men aboard, Russian Interior Minister Vladimir Rushailo announced in a rare admission by Moscow of losses in the war.


  • Russia
    Tuesday Feb 29, 2000

    The counter-terrorism operation in Chechnya is over

    Russia
    Tuesday Feb 29, 2000

    On 29 February 2000, United Army Group commander Gennady Troshev said that "the counter-terrorism operation in Chechnya is over. It will take a couple of weeks longer to pick up splinter groups now".


  • Chechnya, Russia
    Mar, 2000

    Large group of more than 1,000 Chechen fighters entered the village of Komsomolskoye in the Chechen foothills

    Chechnya, Russia
    Mar, 2000

    In March a large group of more than 1,000 Chechen fighters, led by field commander Ruslan Gelayev, pursued since their withdrawal from Grozny, entered the village of Komsomolskoye in the Chechen foothills and held off a full-scale Russian attack on the town for over two weeks; they suffered hundreds of casualties, while the Russians admitted to more than 50 killed.


  • Grozny, Chechnya, Russia
    Thursday Mar 02, 2000

    OMON unit from Podolsk opened fire on a unit from Sergiyev Posad in Grozny

    Grozny, Chechnya, Russia
    Thursday Mar 02, 2000

    On 2 March 2000, an OMON unit from Podolsk opened fire on a unit from Sergiyev Posad in Grozny; at least 24 Russian servicemen were killed in the incident.


  • Zhani-Vedeno, Chechnya, Russia
    Wednesday Mar 29, 2000

    Separatist ambush on an OMON convoy

    Zhani-Vedeno, Chechnya, Russia
    Wednesday Mar 29, 2000

    On 29 March 2000, about 23 Russian soldiers were killed in a separatist ambush on an OMON convoy from Perm in Zhani-Vedeno.


  • Serzhen-Yurt, Chechnya, Russia
    Sunday Apr 23, 2000

    22-vehicle convoy carrying ammunition and other supplies to an airborne unit was ambushed near Serzhen-Yurt

    Serzhen-Yurt, Chechnya, Russia
    Sunday Apr 23, 2000

    On 23 April 2000, a 22-vehicle convoy carrying ammunition and other supplies to an airborne unit was ambushed near Serzhen-Yurt in the Vedeno Gorge by an estimated 80 to 100 "bandits", according to General Troshev.


  • Chechnya, Russia
    May, 2000

    Direct rule of Chechnya

    Chechnya, Russia
    May, 2000

    Russian President Vladimir Putin established direct rule of Chechnya in May 2000. The following month, Putin appointed Akhmad Kadyrov interim head of the pro-Moscow government. This development met with early approval in the rest of Russia, but the continued deaths of Russian troops dampened public enthusiasm.


  • Georgia
    Monday Oct 08, 2001

    UNOMIG helicopter was shot down in Georgia

    Georgia
    Monday Oct 08, 2001

    On 8 October 2001, a UNOMIG (United Nations Observer Mission in Georgia) helicopter was shot down in Georgia in Kodori Valley gorge near Abkhazia, amid fighting between Chechens and Abkhazians, killing nine including five UN observers.


  • Chechnya, Russia
    Sunday Mar 23, 2003

    New Chechen constitution was passed in a referendum

    Chechnya, Russia
    Sunday Mar 23, 2003

    On 23 March 2003, a new Chechen constitution was passed in a referendum.


  • Chechnya, Russia
    Wednesday Apr 02, 2003

    The 2003 Constitution granted the Chechen Republic a significant degree of autonomy

    Chechnya, Russia
    Wednesday Apr 02, 2003

    The 2003 Constitution granted the Chechen Republic a significant degree of autonomy, but still tied it firmly to Russia and Moscow's rule, and went into force on 2 April 2003.


  • Chechnya, Russia
    2004

    Akhmad Kadyrov was assassinated

    Chechnya, Russia
    2004

    Akhmad Kadyrov was assassinated by a bomb blast in 2004.


  • Qatar
    Friday Feb 13, 2004

    Killing of exiled former separatist Chechen President

    Qatar
    Friday Feb 13, 2004

    Both sides of the war carried out multiple assassinations. The most prominent of these included the 13 February 2004 killing of exiled former separatist Chechen President Zelimkhan Yandarbiyev in Qatar.


  • Georgia
    Tuesday Mar 02, 2004

    Gelayev was killed

    Georgia
    Tuesday Mar 02, 2004

    On 2 March 2004, following a number of cross-border raids from Georgia into Chechnya, Ingushetia, and Dagestan, Gelayev (Ruslan Gelayev) was killed in a clash with Russian border guards while trying to get back from Dagestan into Georgia.


  • Chechnya, Russia
    Wednesday Feb 02, 2005

    Chechen separatist president issued a call for a ceasefire

    Chechnya, Russia
    Wednesday Feb 02, 2005

    On 2 February 2005, Chechen separatist president Aslan Maskhadov issued a call for a ceasefire lasting until at least 22 February (the day preceding the anniversary of Stalin's deportation of the Chechen population). The call was issued through a separatist website and addressed to President Putin, described as a gesture of goodwill.


  • Grozny, Chechnya, Russia
    Tuesday Mar 08, 2005

    Maskhadov was killed in an operation by Russian security forces

    Grozny, Chechnya, Russia
    Tuesday Mar 08, 2005

    On 8 March 2005, Maskhadov was killed in an operation by Russian security forces in the Chechen community of Tolstoy-Yurt, northeast of Grozny.


  • Dagestan, Russia
    Thursday Oct 13, 2005

    Increasingly frequent clashes between federal forces and local militants continued in Dagestan

    Dagestan, Russia
    Thursday Oct 13, 2005

    Increasingly frequent clashes between federal forces and local militants continued in Dagestan, while sporadic fighting erupted in the other southern Russia regions, such as Ingushetia, and notably in Nalchik on 13 October 2005.


  • Chechnya, Russia
    Thursday Feb 02, 2006

    Sadulayev made large-scale changes in his government, ordering all its members to move into Chechen territory

    Chechnya, Russia
    Thursday Feb 02, 2006

    On 2 February 2006, Sadulayev made large-scale changes in his government, ordering all its members to move into Chechen territory. Among other things, he removed First Vice-Premier Akhmed Zakayev from his post (although later Zakayev was appointed a Foreign Minister). Sadulayev was killed in June 2006, after which he was succeeded as the separatist leader by the veteran terrorist commander Doku Umarov.


  • Chechnya, Russia
    Jun, 2006

    Sadulayev was killed

    Chechnya, Russia
    Jun, 2006

    Sadulayev was killed in June 2006, after which he was succeeded as the separatist leader by the veteran terrorist commander Doku Umarov.


  • Russia
    Saturday Jun 10, 2006

    The military campaign lasted only 2 years

    Russia
    Saturday Jun 10, 2006

    In a 10 July 2006, interview with the BBC, Sergei Ivanov, Russia's then–prime minister and former minister of defense, said that "the war is over," and that "the military campaign lasted only 2 years".


  • Chechnya, Russia
    Feb, 2007

    Ramzan Kadyrov replaced Alu Alkhanov as president

    Chechnya, Russia
    Feb, 2007

    Since December 2005, Ramzan Kadyrov, leader of the pro-Moscow militia known as kadyrovtsy, has been functioning as the Chechnya's de facto ruler. Kadyrov has become Chechnya's most powerful leader and, in February 2007, with support from Putin, Ramzan Kadyrov replaced Alu Alkhanov as president.


  • Chechnya, Russia
    Feb, 2007

    Ramzan Kadyrov replaced Alu Alkhanov as president

    Chechnya, Russia
    Feb, 2007

    Since December 2005, Ramzan Kadyrov, leader of the pro-Moscow militia known as kadyrovtsy, has been functioning as the Chechnya's de facto ruler. Kadyrov has become Chechnya's most powerful leader and, in February 2007, with support from Putin, Ramzan Kadyrov replaced Alu Alkhanov as president.


  • Chechnya, Russia
    Nov, 2007

    There were at least seven amnesties for separatist militants, as well as federal servicemen who committed crimes declared in Chechnya

    Chechnya, Russia
    Nov, 2007

    As of November 2007, there were at least seven amnesties for separatist militants, as well as federal servicemen who committed crimes, declared in Chechnya by Moscow since the start of the second war.


  • Chechnya, Russia
    2009

    Russia had severely disabled the Chechen separatist movement and large-scale fighting ceased

    Chechnya, Russia
    2009

    By 2009, Russia had severely disabled the Chechen separatist movement and large-scale fighting ceased. Russian army and interior ministry troops no longer occupied the streets. Grozny underwent reconstruction efforts and much of the city and surrounding areas were rebuilt quickly.


  • Russia
    Friday Mar 27, 2009

    President of Russia Dmitry Medvedev met with Alexander Bortnikov, the Director of the Federal Security Service to discuss the official ending of counter-terrorism operations

    Russia
    Friday Mar 27, 2009

    On 27 March 2009, President of Russia Dmitry Medvedev met with Alexander Bortnikov, the Director of the Federal Security Service to discuss the official ending of counter-terrorism operations in Chechnya.


  • Chechnya, Russia
    Wednesday Apr 15, 2009

    The Government operation in Chechnya was officially over

    Chechnya, Russia
    Wednesday Apr 15, 2009

    On 15 April 2009, the government operation in Chechnya was officially over.


  • Chechnya, Russia
    Thursday Apr 16, 2009

    Anti-terror operation

    Chechnya, Russia
    Thursday Apr 16, 2009

    On 16 April 2009, the head of the Federal Security Service, Alexander Bortnikov, announced that Russia had ended its "anti-terror operation" in Chechnya, claiming that stability had been restored to the territory.


  • Chechnya, Russia
    Thursday Apr 16, 2009

    The counter-terrorism operation in Chechnya was officially ended

    Chechnya, Russia
    Thursday Apr 16, 2009

    On 16 April 2009, the counter-terrorism operation in Chechnya was officially ended.


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