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  • Guangzhou, Guangdong, China
    Thursday Apr 27, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    Second Guangzhou Uprising

    Guangzhou, Guangdong, China
    Thursday Apr 27, 1911

    On 27 April 1911, an uprising occurred in Guangzhou, known as the Second Guangzhou Uprising or Yellow Flower Mound Revolt. It ended in disaster, as 86 bodies were found (only 72 could be identified). The 72 revolutionaries were remembered as martyrs. Revolutionary Lin Juemin was one of the 72. On the eve of battle, he wrote the legendary "A Letter to My Wife", later to be considered as a masterpiece in Chinese literature.




  • Wuchang, Wuhan, Hubei, China
    Sunday Sep 24, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    The Literary Society and Progressive Association Convened a Conference In Wuchang

    Wuchang, Wuhan, Hubei, China
    Sunday Sep 24, 1911

    On 24 September, the Literary Society and Progressive Association convened a conference in Wuchang, along with sixty representatives from local New Army units. During the conference, they established a headquarters for the uprising. The leaders of the two organizations, Jiang Yiwu and Sun Wu, were elected as commander and chief of staff. Initially, the date of the uprising was to be 6 October 1911. It was postponed to a later date due to insufficient preparations.




  • Wuchang, Wuhan, Hubei, China
    Monday Oct 9, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    One of The Bombs accidentally Exploded

    Wuchang, Wuhan, Hubei, China
    Monday Oct 9, 1911

    Revolutionaries intent on overthrowing the Qing dynasty had built bombs, and on 9 October, one accidentally exploded. Sun Yat-sen himself had no direct part in the uprising and was traveling in the United States at the time in an effort to recruit more support from among overseas Chinese. The Qing Viceroy of Huguang, Rui Cheng , tried to track down and arrest the revolutionaries.




  • Wuchang, Wuhan, Hubei, China
    Wednesday Oct 11, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    The Revolutionaries Captured The Entire City of Wuchang

    Wuchang, Wuhan, Hubei, China
    Wednesday Oct 11, 1911

    The revolt was a success; the entire city of Wuchang was captured by the revolutionaries on the morning of 11 October. That evening, they established a tactical headquarters and announced the establishment of the "Military Government of Hubei of Republic of China". The conference chose Li Yuanhong as the governor of the temporary government. Qing officers like the bannermen Duanfang and Zhao Erfeng were killed by the revolutionary forces.




  • Changsha, Hunan, China
    Sunday Oct 22, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    Changsha Restoration

    Changsha, Hunan, China
    Sunday Oct 22, 1911

    On 22 October 1911, the Hunan Tongmenghui were led by Jiao Dafeng and Chen Zuoxin. They headed an armed group, consisting partly of revolutionaries from Hongjiang and partly of defecting New Army units, in a campaign to extend the uprising into Changsha. They captured the city and killed the local Imperial general. Then they announced the establishment of the Hunan Military Government of the Republic of China and announced their opposition to the Qing Empire.




  • Xi'an, Shaanxi, China
    Sunday Oct 22, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    Shaanxi Uprising

    Xi'an, Shaanxi, China
    Sunday Oct 22, 1911

    On 22 October 1911, Shaanxi's Tongmenghui, led by Jing Dingcheng and Qian ding as well as Jing Wumu and others including Gelaohui, launched an uprising and captured Xi'an after two days of struggle.




  • Jiangxi, China
    Monday Oct 23, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    Jiujiang Uprising

    Jiangxi, China
    Monday Oct 23, 1911

    On 23 October, Lin Sen, Jiang Qun, Cai Hui and other members of the Tongmenghui in the province of Jiangxi plotted a revolt of New Army units. After they achieved victory, they announced their independence. The Jiujiang Military Government was then established.


  • Xi'an, Shaanxi, China
    Tuesday Oct 24, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    Capturing Xi'an

    Xi'an, Shaanxi, China
    Tuesday Oct 24, 1911

    After the Xi'an Manchu quarter fell on 24 October, Xinhai forces killed all of the Manchus in the city, about 20,000 manchus were killed in the mass massacre. Many of its Manchu defenders committed suicide, including Qing general Wenrui , who threw himself down a well.


  • Taiyuan, Shanxi, China
    Sunday Oct 29, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    Shanxi Taiyuan Uprising

    Taiyuan, Shanxi, China
    Sunday Oct 29, 1911

    On 29 October, Yan Xishan of the New Army led an uprising in Taiyuan, the capital city of the province of Shanxi, along with Yao Yijie, Huang Guoliang, Wen Shouquan, Li Chenglin, Zhang Shuzhi and Qiao Xi. The Xinhai rebels in Taiyuan bombarded the streets where banner people resided and killed all the Manchu. They managed to kill the Qing Governor of Shanxi, Lu Zhongqi. They then announced the establishment of Shanxi Military Government with Yan Xishan as the military governor. Yan Xishan would later become one of the warlords that plagued China during what was known as "the warlord era".


  • Kunming, Yunnan, China
    Monday Oct 30, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    Kunming Double Ninth Uprising

    Kunming, Yunnan, China
    Monday Oct 30, 1911

    On 30 October, Li Genyuan of the Tongmenghui in Yunnan joined with Cai E, Luo Peijin, Tang Jiyao, and other officers of the New Army to launch the Double Ninth Uprising. They captured Kunming the next day and established the Yunnan Military Government, electing Cai E as the military governor.


  • Nanchang, Jiangxi, China
    Tuesday Oct 31, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    Nanchang Restoration

    Nanchang, Jiangxi, China
    Tuesday Oct 31, 1911

    On 31 October, the Nanchang branch of the Tongmenghui led New Army units in a successful uprising. They established the Jiangxi Military Government. Li Liejun was elected as the military governor. Li declared Jiangxi as independent and launched an expedition against Qing official Yuan Shikai.


  • China
    Wednesday Nov 1, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    Appointing Yuan Shikai as The Prime Minister of The Imperial Cabinet

    China
    Wednesday Nov 1, 1911

    On 1 November 1911, the Qing government appointed Yuan Shikai as the prime minister of the imperial cabinet, replacing Prince Qing.


  • China
    Friday Nov 3, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    Turning The Qing to a Constitutional Monarchy

    China
    Friday Nov 3, 1911

    On 3 November, after a proposition by Cen Chunxuan from the Constitutional Monarchy Movement, in 1903, the Qing court passed the Nineteen Articles, which turned the Qing from an autocratic system with the emperor having unlimited power to a constitutional monarchy.


  • Shanghai, China
    Friday Nov 3, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    Launching Shanghai Armed Uprising

    Shanghai, China
    Friday Nov 3, 1911

    On 3 November, Shanghai's Tongmenghui, Guangfuhui and merchants led by Chen Qimei, Li Pingsu, Zhang Chengyou, Li Yingshi, Li Xiehe and Song Jiaoren organized an armed rebellion in Shanghai. They received the support of local police officers.


  • Guizhou, China
    Saturday Nov 4, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    Guizhou Uprising

    Guizhou, China
    Saturday Nov 4, 1911

    On 4 November, Zhang Bailin of the revolutionary party in Guizhou led an uprising along with New Army units and students from the military academy. They immediately captured Guiyang and established the Great Han Guizhou Military Government, electing Yang Jincheng and Zhao Dequan as the chief and vice governor.


  • Shanghai, China
    Saturday Nov 4, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    Capturing The Jiangnan Workshop

    Shanghai, China
    Saturday Nov 4, 1911

    The rebels captured the Jiangnan Workshop on the 4th and captured Shanghai soon after.


  • Zhejiang, China
    Saturday Nov 4, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    Zhejiang Uprising

    Zhejiang, China
    Saturday Nov 4, 1911

    Also on 4 November, revolutionaries in Zhejiang urged the New Army units in Hangzhou to launch an uprising. Zhu Rui, Wu Siyu, Lu Gongwang and others of the New Army captured the military supplies workshop. Other units, led by Chiang Kai-shek and Yin Zhirei , captured most of the government offices. Eventually, Hangzhou was under the control of the revolutionaries, and the constitutionist Tang Shouqian was elected as the military governor.


  • Anhui, China
    Tuesday Nov 7, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    Anhui Uprising

    Anhui, China
    Tuesday Nov 7, 1911

    Members of Anhui's Tongmenghui also launched an uprising on 7 November and laid siege to the provincial capital. The constitutionists persuaded Zhu Jiabao, the Qing Governor of Anhui, to announce independence.


  • Jiangsu, China
    Tuesday Nov 7, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    Jiangsu Restoration

    Jiangsu, China
    Tuesday Nov 7, 1911

    On 5 November, Jiangsu constitutionists and gentry urged Qing governor Cheng Dequan to announce independence and established the Jiangsu Revolutionary Military Government with Cheng himself as the governor. Unlike some of the other cities, anti-Manchu violence began after the restoration on 7 November in Zhenjiang. Qing general Zaimu agreed to surrender, but because of a misunderstanding, the revolutionaries were unaware that their safety was guaranteed. The Manchu quarters were ransacked, and an unknown number of Manchus were killed. Zaimu, feeling betrayed, committed suicide. This is regarded as the Zhenjiang Uprising.


  • Guangxi, China
    Tuesday Nov 7, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    Guangxi Uprising

    Guangxi, China
    Tuesday Nov 7, 1911

    On 7 November, the Guangxi politics department decided to secede from the Qing government, announcing Guangxi's independence. Qing Governor Shen Bingkun was allowed to remain governor, but Lu Rongting would soon become the new governor.Lu Rongting would later rise to prominence during the "warlord era" as one of the warlords, and his bandits controlled Guangxi for more than a decade. Under the leadership of Huang Shaohong, the Muslim law student Bai Chongxi enlisted in a Dare to Die unit to fight as a revolutionary.


  • Guangdong, China
    Wednesday Nov 8, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    Discussing With The Local Representatives a Proposal For Guangdong's Independence

    Guangdong, China
    Wednesday Nov 8, 1911

    On 8 November, after being persuaded by Hu Hanmin, General Li Zhun and Long Jiguang of the Guangdong Navy agreed to support the revolution. The Qing viceroy of Liangguang, Zhang Mingqi, was forced to discuss with the local representatives a proposal for Guangdong's independence. They decided to announce it the next day. Chen Jiongming then captured Huizhou.


  • Nanjing, Jiangsu, China
    Wednesday Nov 8, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    Molin Pass Uprising

    Nanjing, Jiangsu, China
    Wednesday Nov 8, 1911

    On 8 November, supported by the Tongmenghui, Xu Shaozhen of the New Army announced an uprising in Molin Pass, 30 km (19 mi) away from Nanking City. Xu Shaozhen, Chen Qimei and other generals decided to form a united army under Xu to strike Nanking together.


  • Shanghai, China
    Wednesday Nov 8, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    The Rebels Established The Shanghai Military Government

    Shanghai, China
    Wednesday Nov 8, 1911

    On 8 November, The rebels established the Shanghai Military Government and elected Chen Qimei as the military governor. He would eventually become one of the founders of the ROC four big families, along with some of the most well-known families of the era.


  • Guangdong, China
    Thursday Nov 9, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    Guangdong Independence

    Guangdong, China
    Thursday Nov 9, 1911

    On 9 November, Guangdong announced its independence and established a military government. They elected Hu Hanmin and Chen Jiongming as the chief and vice governor. Qiu Fengjia is known to have helped make the independence declaration more peaceful. It was unknown at the time if representatives from the European colonies of Hong Kong and Macau would be ceded to the new government.


  • China
    Thursday Nov 9, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    Huang Xing invited Yuan Shikai To Join The Republic

    China
    Thursday Nov 9, 1911

    On 9 November, Huang Xing even cabled Yuan Shikai and invited him to join the Republic.


  • Fujian, China
    Saturday Nov 11, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    Fujian Independence

    Fujian, China
    Saturday Nov 11, 1911

    On 11 November, the entire Fujian province declared independence. The Fujian Military Government was established, and Sun Daoren was elected as the military governor.


  • Zhenjiang, Jiangsu, China
    Saturday Nov 11, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    The United Army Headquarters Was Established In Zhenjiang

    Zhenjiang, Jiangsu, China
    Saturday Nov 11, 1911

    On 11 November, the united army headquarters was established in Zhenjiang.


  • Shandong, China
    Monday Nov 13, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    Shandong Independence

    Shandong, China
    Monday Nov 13, 1911

    On 13 November, persuaded by revolutionary Din Weifen and several other officers of the New Army, the Qing governor of Shandong, Sun Baoqi, agreed to secede from the Qing government and announced Shandong's independence.


  • Ningxia, China
    Friday Nov 17, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    Ningxia Uprising

    Ningxia, China
    Friday Nov 17, 1911

    On 17 November, Ningxia the Tongmenghui launched the Ningxia Uprising. The revolutionaries sent Yu Youren to Zhangjiachuan to meet Dungan Sufi master Ma Yuanzhang to persuade him not to support the Qing. However, Ma did not want to endanger his relationship with the Qings. He sent the eastern Gansu Muslim militia under the command of one of his sons to help Ma Qi crush the Ningxia Gelaohui.


  • Guang'an, Sichuan, China
    Tuesday Nov 21, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    Organizing The Great Han Shu Northern Military Government

    Guang'an, Sichuan, China
    Tuesday Nov 21, 1911

    On 21 November, Guang'an organized the Great Han Shu northern Military Government.


  • Sichuan, China
    Wednesday Nov 22, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    Sichuan Independence

    Sichuan, China
    Wednesday Nov 22, 1911

    On 22 November, Chengdu and Sichuan began to declare independence.


  • Ningxia, China
    Thursday Nov 23, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    Establishing The Ningxia Revolutionary Military Government

    Ningxia, China
    Thursday Nov 23, 1911

    The Ningxia Revolutionary Military Government was established on 23 November. Some of the revolutionaries involved included Huang Yue and Xiang Shen, who gathered New Army forces at Qinzhou.


  • Sichuan, China
    Monday Nov 27, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    The Great Han Sichuan Military Government Was Established

    Sichuan, China
    Monday Nov 27, 1911

    By the 27th, the Great Han Sichuan Military Government was established, headed by revolutionary Pu Dianzun. Qing official Duan Fang would also be killed.


  • China
    Tuesday Nov 28, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    Wuchang and Hanyang Had Fallen back To The Qing Army

    China
    Tuesday Nov 28, 1911

    On 28 November 1911, Wuchang and Hanyang had fallen back to the Qing army


  • Wuhan, Hubei, China
    Thursday Nov 30, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    The Revolutionaries Convened Their First Conference

    Wuhan, Hubei, China
    Thursday Nov 30, 1911

    the revolutionaries convened their first conference at the British concession in Hankou on 30 November.


  • Jiangsu, China
    Friday Dec 1, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    The United Army Captured Many Strongholds of The Qing Army

    Jiangsu, China
    Friday Dec 1, 1911

    Between 24 November and 1 December, under the command of Xu Shaozhen, the united army captured Wulongshan, Mufushan, Yuhuatai, Tianbao City and many other strongholds of the Qing army.


  • Nanking, Jiangsu, China
    Saturday Dec 2, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    Capturing Nanking City

    Nanking, Jiangsu, China
    Saturday Dec 2, 1911

    On 2 December, Nanking City was captured by the revolutionaries after the Battle of Nanking, 1911.


  • Shanghai, China
    Monday Dec 18, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    The North–South Conference

    Shanghai, China
    Monday Dec 18, 1911

    On 18 December, the North–South Conference was held in Shanghai to discuss the north and south issues.


  • Urumqi, Xinjiang, China
    Thursday Dec 28, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    Dihua Uprising

    Urumqi, Xinjiang, China
    Thursday Dec 28, 1911

    In Xinjiang on 28 December, Liu Xianzun and the revolutionaries started the Dihua Uprising. This was led by more than 100 members of Geilaohui. This uprising failed.


  • China
    Friday Dec 29, 1911

    Xinhai Revolution

    The First Provisional President

    China
    Friday Dec 29, 1911

    On 29 December 1911, Sun Yat-sen was elected as the first provisional president.


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