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  • Algeria
    Monday Jan 7, 1957

    Algerian War

    Lacoste summoned General Salan and General Massu

    Algeria
    Monday Jan 7, 1957

    On 7 January 1957, Governor-General Robert Lacoste summoned General Salan and General Massu commander of the 10th Parachute Division (10e DP) and explained that, as the Algiers police force was incapable of dealing with the FLN and controlling the Pied-noirs, Massu was to be granted full responsibility for the maintenance of order in Algiers.




  • Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.
    Thursday Jan 10, 1957

    Martin Luther King

    SCLC

    Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.
    Thursday Jan 10, 1957

    In 1957, King, Ralph Abernathy, Fred Shuttlesworth, Joseph Lowery, and other civil rights activists founded the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). The group was created to harness the moral authority and organizing power of black churches to conduct nonviolent protests in the service of civil rights reform. The group was inspired by the crusades of evangelist Billy Graham, who befriended King after he attended a 1957 Graham crusade in New York City.




  • Tonopah, Nevada, U.S.
    Saturday Jan 12, 1957

    Howard Hughes: The Aviator

    Marriage to Jean Peters

    Tonopah, Nevada, U.S.
    Saturday Jan 12, 1957

    On January 12, 1957, Hughes married actress Jean Peters at a small hotel in Tonopah, Nevada. The couple met in the 1940s before Peters became a film actress. They had a highly publicized romance in 1947 and there was the talk of marriage, but she said she could not combine it with her career. Some later claimed that Peters was "the only woman Hughes ever loved," and he reportedly had his security officers follow her everywhere even when they were not in a relationship. Such reports were confirmed by actor Max Showalter, who became a close friend of Peters while shooting Niagara 1953. Showalter told in an interview that because he frequently met with Peters, Hughes' men threatened to ruin his career if he did not leave her alone.




  • Cyprus
    Saturday Jan 19, 1957

    Cypriot intercommunal violence

    The killing of a Turkish Cypriot policeman

    Cyprus
    Saturday Jan 19, 1957

    The killing of a Turkish Cypriot policeman on 19 January, when a power station was bombed, and the injury of three others, provoked three days of intercommunal violence in Nicosia. The two communities targeted each other in reprisals, at least one Greek Cypriot was killed and the army was deployed in the streets.




  • Algeria
    Saturday Jan 26, 1957

    Algerian War

    Female FLN operatives again planted bombs

    Algeria
    Saturday Jan 26, 1957

    On the afternoon of Saturday 26 January, female FLN operatives again planted bombs in European Algiers, the targets were the Otomatic on Rue Michelet, the Cafeteria and the Coq-Hardi brasserie. The explosions killed 4 and wounded 50 and a Muslim was killed by Pied-Noirs in retaliation.




  • Algiers, Algeria
    Monday Jan 28, 1957

    Algerian War

    The FLN called an 8-day general strike

    Algiers, Algeria
    Monday Jan 28, 1957

    In late January the FLN called an 8-day general strike across Algeria commencing on Monday 28 January. The strike appeared to be a success with most Muslim shops remaining shuttered, workers failed to turn up and children didn't attend school. However Massu soon deployed his troops and used armored cars to pull the steel shutters off shops while army trucks rounded up workers and schoolchildren and forced them to attend their jobs and studies. Within a few days the strike had been broken.




  • Algeria
    Saturday Feb 9, 1957

    Algerian War

    2e RCP arrested a prominent young lawyer and FLN sympathiser Ali Boumendjel

    Algeria
    Saturday Feb 9, 1957

    On 9 February, paratroopers of the 2nd Parachute Chasseur Regiment (2e RCP) arrested a prominent young lawyer and FLN sympathiser Ali Boumendjel. After attempting suicide Boumendjel volunteered everything he knew, including his involvement in the murder of a European family.


  • U.S.
    Wednesday Feb 13, 1957

    Audrey Hepburn

    Funny Face

    U.S.
    Wednesday Feb 13, 1957

    Hepburn exhibited her dancing abilities in her debut musical film, Funny Face (1957), wherein Fred Astaire, a fashion photographer, discovers a beatnik bookstore clerk (Hepburn) who, lured by a free trip to Paris, becomes a beautiful model.


  • Algeria
    Tuesday Feb 19, 1957

    Algerian War

    the 3e RPC raided the bomb factory finding 87 bombs, 70 kg of explosives

    Algeria
    Tuesday Feb 19, 1957

    While females had not previously been searched in Algiers; following the Coq Hardi explosion one of the waiters identified the bomber as a woman. Accordingly, female suspects were subsequently searched by metal detectors or physically, limiting the ability of the FLN to continue the bombing campaign from the Casbah. In February Bigeard's troops captured Yacef's bomb transporter, who under extreme interrogation gave the address of the bomb factory at 5 Impasse de la Grenade. On 19 February the 3e RPC raided the bomb factory finding 87 bombs, 70 kg of explosives, detonators and other material, Yacef's bomb-making organisation within the Casbah had been destroyed.


  • Algeria
    Monday Feb 25, 1957

    Algerian War

    Colonel Trinqier's intelligence sources located Ben M'hidi who was captured

    Algeria
    Monday Feb 25, 1957

    On 25 February Colonel Trinqier's intelligence sources located Ben M'hidi who was captured in his pyjamas by Paras at Rue Claude-Debussy.


  • Algeria
    Wednesday Mar 6, 1957

    Algerian War

    Ben M'hidi had committed suicide by hanging himself with his shirt

    Algeria
    Wednesday Mar 6, 1957

    On 6 March it was announced that Ben M'hidi had committed suicide by hanging himself with his shirt.


  • Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    Sunday Mar 10, 1957

    Bin Laden

    Birth

    Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    Sunday Mar 10, 1957

    Osama bin Mohammed bin Awad bin Laden was born in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.


  • Qanat-e Malek, Kerman Province, Iran
    Monday Mar 11, 1957

    Qasem Soleimani

    Birth

    Qanat-e Malek, Kerman Province, Iran
    Monday Mar 11, 1957

    Soleimani was born on 11 March 1957, in the village of Qanat-e Malek, Kerman Province.


  • Algeria
    Saturday Mar 23, 1957

    Algerian War

    A meeting between Massu, Trinquier, Fossy-Francois and Aussaresses

    Algeria
    Saturday Mar 23, 1957

    On 23 March following a meeting between Massu, Trinquier, Fossy-Francois and Aussaresses to discuss what was to be done with Ali Boumendjel, Aussaresses went to the prison where Boumendjel was being held and ordered that he be transferred to another building, in the process he was thrown from a 6th floor skybridge to his death.


  • Rwanda
    Sunday Mar 24, 1957

    Rwandan genocide

    Bahutu Manifesto

    Rwanda
    Sunday Mar 24, 1957

    In 1957, a group of Hutu scholars wrote the "Bahutu Manifesto". This was the first document to label the Tutsi and Hutu as separate races, and called for the transfer of power from Tutsi to Hutu based on what it termed "statistical law".


  • United Kingdom
    Monday Apr 8, 1957

    James Bond

    From Russia, with Love was published

    United Kingdom
    Monday Apr 8, 1957

    From Russia, with Love novel was published.


  • New York, U.S.
    Friday Apr 26, 1957

    Malcolm X

    Hinton Johnson incident

    New York, U.S.
    Friday Apr 26, 1957

    A Nation of Islam member, was beaten by two New York City police officers. On April 26, Johnson and two other passersby‍—‌also Nation of Islam members‍—‌saw the officers beating an African-American man with nightsticks. When they attempted to intervene, shouting, "You're not in Alabama ... this is New York!" one of the officers turned on Johnson, beating him so severely that he suffered brain contusions and subdural hemorrhaging. All four African-American men were arrested. Alerted by a witness, Malcolm X and a small group of Muslims went to the police station and demanded to see Johnson. Police initially denied that any Muslims were being held, but when the crowd grew to about five hundred, they allowed Malcolm X to speak with Johnson. Afterward, Malcolm X insisted on arranging for an ambulance to take Johnson to Harlem Hospital.


  • New York, U.S.
    Thursday May 2, 1957

    Lucky Luciano

    Costello's Assassination Attempt

    New York, U.S.
    Thursday May 2, 1957

    By 1957, Genovese felt strong enough to move against Luciano and his acting boss, Costello. He was aided in this move by Anastasia family underboss Carlo Gambino. On May 2, 1957, following Genovese's orders, Vincent "Chin" Gigante ambushed Costello in the lobby of his Central Park apartment building, The Majestic. Gigante called out, "This is for you, Frank," and as Costello turned, shot him in the head. After firing his weapon, Gigante quickly left, thinking he had killed Costello. However, the bullet had just grazed Costello's head and he was not seriously injured. Although Costello refused to cooperate with the police, Gigante was arrested for attempted murder. Gigante was acquitted at trial, thanking Costello in the courtroom after the verdict. Costello was allowed to retire after conceding control of what is called today the Genovese crime family to Genovese. Luciano was powerless to stop it.


  • Albuquerque, New Mexico, U.S.
    Wednesday May 22, 1957

    Atomic Bomb

    Mark-17 accident

    Albuquerque, New Mexico, U.S.
    Wednesday May 22, 1957

    May 22, 1957: a 42,000-pound (19,000 kg) Mark-17 hydrogen bomb accidentally fell from a bomber near Albuquerque, New Mexico. The detonation of the device's conventional explosives destroyed it on impact and formed a crater 25 feet (7.6 m) in diameter on land owned by the University of New Mexico. According to a researcher at the Natural Resources Defense Council, it was one of the most powerful bombs made to date.


  • Algeria
    Saturday Jun 1, 1957

    Algerian War

    Maurice Audin a Communist university professor was arrested

    Algeria
    Saturday Jun 1, 1957

    The use of torture was not restricted to Muslims, French FLN sympathisers were also picked up and subjected to it. Maurice Audin a Communist university professor was arrested by the paras on 11 June on suspicion of harboring and aiding FLN operatives, Henri Alleg the Communist editor of Alger républicain was arrested by the Paras at Audin's apartment the following day and was told by Audin that he had been tortured, Audin was never seen again and it is believed that he either died while being interrogated or was summarily executed.


  • Algiers, Algeria
    Monday Jun 3, 1957

    Algerian War

    Yacef's forces planted bombs in street lamps at bus stops in the centre of Algiers

    Algiers, Algeria
    Monday Jun 3, 1957

    On 3 June Yacef's forces planted bombs in street lamps at bus stops in the centre of Algiers, the explosions killed eight and wounded 90, a mix of French and Muslims., the explosions killed eight and wounded 90, a mix of French and Muslims.


  • Algiers, Algeria
    Sunday Jun 9, 1957

    Algerian War

    A bomb exploded at the Casino on the outskirts of Algiers killing nine and injuring 85

    Algiers, Algeria
    Sunday Jun 9, 1957

    On 9 June a bomb exploded at the Casino on the outskirts of Algiers killing nine and injuring 85. Following the burial of the dead from the casino, the Pied-Noirs started a ratonnade that resulted in five Muslims dead and more than 50 injured. As a result of this upturn in violence the 10e DP was again deployed to Algiers.


  • U.S.
    Thursday Jul 4, 1957

    Flag of the United States

    The first U.S. postage stamp to feature the flag as the sole subject

    U.S.
    Thursday Jul 4, 1957

    The first U.S. postage stamp to feature the flag as the sole subject was issued July 4, 1957, Scott catalog number 1094.


  • Maracanã, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Sunday Jul 7, 1957

    Pelé

    Pele's International debut

    Maracanã, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Sunday Jul 7, 1957

    Pelé's first international match was a 2–1 defeat against Argentina on 7 July 1957 at the Maracanã.


  • Edwards Air Force Base, California, U.S.
    Thursday Aug 15, 1957

    Neil Armstrong

    His First Flight In a Rocket-Powered Aircraft

    Edwards Air Force Base, California, U.S.
    Thursday Aug 15, 1957

    His first flight in a rocket-powered aircraft was on August 15, 1957, in the Bell X-1B, to an altitude of 11.4 miles (18.3 km). On landing, the poorly designed nose landing gear failed, as had happened on about a dozen previous flights of the Bell X-1B.


  • Algeria
    Monday Aug 26, 1957

    Algerian War

    Intelligence gained by Colonel Godard's operatives

    Algeria
    Monday Aug 26, 1957

    On 26 August following intelligence gained by Colonel Godard's operatives, the 3e RPC raided a house in the Impasse Saint-Vincent where Yacef's new bomb-maker and deputy were believed to be hiding. After suffering several casualties trying to capture the two alive, both men were eventually killed.


  • Algeria
    Monday Sep 23, 1957

    Algerian War

    A Courier for Yacef was arrested

    Algeria
    Monday Sep 23, 1957

    On 23 September a courier for Yacef was arrested by Godard's men.


  • Algeria
    Tuesday Sep 24, 1957
    5 AM

    Algerian War

    the 1e REP commanded by Colonel Pierre Jeanpierre sealed off Rue Caton and raided Yacef's hideout

    Algeria
    Tuesday Sep 24, 1957
    5 AM

    At 5am on 24 September the 1e REP commanded by Colonel Pierre Jeanpierre sealed off Rue Caton and raided Yacef's hideout at No. 3. Yacef and Zohra Drif hid in a wall cavity, but this was soon located by the French troops. Yacef threw a grenade at the French troops but they were eager to take him alive and he and Zohra Drif eventually surrendered. Across the street at No 4, Ali La Pointe escaped the French cordon and went to another safe-house in the Casbah.


  • Oslo, Norway
    Friday Sep 27, 1957

    Harald V

    The First Time to attend The Council of State

    Oslo, Norway
    Friday Sep 27, 1957

    Harald attended the Council of State for the first time on 27 September 1957 .


  • Algeria
    Tuesday Oct 8, 1957

    Algerian War

    the 1e REP surrounded Ali La Pointe's hideout at 5 Rue de s Abderames

    Algeria
    Tuesday Oct 8, 1957

    On the evening of 8 October the 1e REP surrounded Ali La Pointe's hideout at 5 Rue de s Abderames. The paratroops laid charges to blow away the false partition behind which Ali and his comrades were hiding, unfortunately the explosion detonated a store of bombs destroying the house and several neighbouring buildings, killing Ali, his two comrades and 17 other Muslims in neighbouring houses.


  • Cyprus
    Tuesday Oct 22, 1957

    Cypriot intercommunal violence

    Sir Hugh Mackintosh Foot replaced Sir John Harding as the British Governor of Cyprus

    Cyprus
    Tuesday Oct 22, 1957

    On 22 October 1957 Sir Hugh Mackintosh Foot replaced Sir John Harding as the British Governor of Cyprus. Foot suggested five to seven years of self-government before any final decision. His plan rejected both enosis and taksim.


  • Apalachin, New York, U.S.
    Friday Oct 25, 1957

    Lucky Luciano

    Anastasia's assassination

    Apalachin, New York, U.S.
    Friday Oct 25, 1957

    On October 25, 1957, Genovese and Gambino successfully arranged the murder of Anastasia, another Luciano ally. The following month, Genovese called a meeting of bosses in Apalachin, New York to approve his takeover of the Luciano family and to establish his national power. Instead, the Apalachin Meeting turned into a fiasco when law enforcement raided the meeting. Over 65 high-ranking mobsters were arrested and the Mafia was subjected to publicity and numerous grand jury summons.


  • Borgo San Lorenzo, Tuscany, Italy
    Saturday Nov 9, 1957

    Fido (dog)

    Awarded a gold medal

    Borgo San Lorenzo, Tuscany, Italy
    Saturday Nov 9, 1957

    Media interest in Fido grew during his lifetime. Italian magazines Gente and Grand Hotel published the story of the dog, which also appeared in several newsreels of the Istituto Luce. Many readers were struck by the extraordinary faithfulness of Fido, including the mayor of Borgo San Lorenzo, who, on November 9, 1957, awarded him a gold medal in the presence of many citizens including Soriani's moved widow.


  • Apalachin, New York, U.S.
    Thursday Nov 14, 1957

    Russell Bufalino

    Powerful mafiosi convened at Barbara's estate

    Apalachin, New York, U.S.
    Thursday Nov 14, 1957

    On November 14, 1957, powerful mafiosi from the United States and Italy convened at Barbara's estate in Apalachin, New York. Cuba was one of the Apalachin topics of discussion, particularly the gambling and narcotics smuggling interests of La Cosa Nostra on the island. The international narcotics trade was also an important topic on the Apalachin agenda. The New York garment industry interests and rackets, such as loansharking to the business owners and control of garment center trucking, were other important topics on the Apalachin agenda.


  • East Germany, Germany
    Wednesday Dec 11, 1957

    Berlin Wall

    New Passport

    East Germany, Germany
    Wednesday Dec 11, 1957

    On 11 December 1957, East Germany introduced a new passport law that reduced the overall number of refugees leaving Eastern Germany.


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