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  • Iran
    Monday Jan 15, 1979

    Ruhollah Khomeini

    Shah left the country

    Iran
    Monday Jan 15, 1979

    Khomeini was not allowed to return to Iran during the Shah's reign (as he had been in exile). On 16 January 1979, the Shah left the country (ostensibly "on vacation"), never to return.




  • Egypt
    Tuesday Jan 16, 1979

    Iranian Revolution

    Shah and his family left Iran for exile in Egypt

    Egypt
    Tuesday Jan 16, 1979

    On the morning of 16 January 1979, Bakhtiar was officially appointed prime minister. The same day, a tearful Shah and his family left Iran for exile in Egypt, never to return.




  • Tehran, Iran
    Wednesday Jan 31, 1979

    Iranian Revolution

    Khomeini Returned To Tehran

    Tehran, Iran
    Wednesday Jan 31, 1979

    Bakhtiar invited Khomeini back to Iran, with the intention of creating a Vatican-like state in the holy city of Qom, declaring that "We will soon have the honor of welcoming home the Ayatollah Khomeini". On 1 February 1979 Khomeini returned to Tehran in a chartered Air France Boeing 747. The welcoming crowd of several million Iranians was so large he was forced to take a helicopter after the car taking him from the airport was overwhelmed by an enthusiastic welcoming crowd.




  • Iran
    Wednesday Jan 31, 1979

    Ruhollah Khomeini

    Return to Iran

    Iran
    Wednesday Jan 31, 1979

    Two weeks later, on Thursday, 1 February 1979, Khomeini returned in triumph to Iran, welcomed by a joyous crowd estimated (by the BBC) to be of up to five million people.




  • Tehran, Iran
    Sunday Feb 4, 1979

    Iranian Revolution

    Khomeini appoints a new government

    Tehran, Iran
    Sunday Feb 4, 1979

    On the day of his arrival Khomeini made clear his rejection of Bakhtiar's government in a speech promising, "I shall kick their teeth in. I appoint the government, I appoint the government in support of this nation". On 5 February at Khomeini's headquarters in the Refah School in southern Tehran, he declared a provisional revolutionary government, appointed opposition leader Mehdi Bazargan (from the religious-nationalist Freedom Movement, affiliated with the National Front) as his own prime minister, and commanded Iranians to obey Bazargan as a religious duty.




  • Tehran, Iran
    Thursday Feb 8, 1979

    Iranian Revolution

    The Rebellion of pro-Khomeini air force Technicians

    Tehran, Iran
    Thursday Feb 8, 1979

    On 9 February, a rebellion of pro-Khomeini air force technicians broke out at the Doshan Tappeh Air Base. A unit of the pro-Shah Immortal Guards attempted to apprehend the rebels, and an armed battle broke out. Soon large crowds took to the streets, building barricades and supporting the rebels, while Islamic-Marxist guerillas with their weapons joined in support.




  • Iran
    Saturday Feb 10, 1979

    Ruhollah Khomeini

    Khomeini appointed his own competing interim prime minister

    Iran
    Saturday Feb 10, 1979

    On 11 February, Khomeini appointed his own competing interim prime minister, Mehdi Bazargan, demanding, "since I have appointed him, he must be obeyed." It was "God's government," he warned, disobedience against him or Bazargan was considered a "revolt against God".


  • Iran
    Saturday Feb 10, 1979

    Ruhollah Khomeini

    Military declared neutrality

    Iran
    Saturday Feb 10, 1979

    On 11 February, as revolt spread and armories were taken over, the military declared neutrality and the Bakhtiar regime collapsed.


  • Tehran, Iran
    Saturday Feb 10, 1979

    Iranian Revolution

    The Final Collapse of The Provisional non-Islamist Government

    Tehran, Iran
    Saturday Feb 10, 1979

    The final collapse of the provisional non-Islamist government came at 2 pm 11 February when the Supreme Military Council declared itself "neutral in the current political disputes... in order to prevent further disorder and bloodshed." All military personnel were ordered back to their bases, effectively yielding control of the entire country to Khomeini. Revolutionaries took over government buildings, TV and radio stations, and palaces of the Pahlavi dynasty, marking the end of the monarchy in Iran. Bakhtiar escaped the palace under a hail of bullets, fleeing Iran in disguise.


  • New York, U.S.
    Monday Mar 12, 1979

    Robin Williams

    First appearance on Time's magazine

    New York, U.S.
    Monday Mar 12, 1979

    Mork became popular, featured on posters, coloring books, lunch-boxes, and other merchandise. Mork & Mindy was such a success in its first season that Williams appeared on the March 12, 1979, cover of Time magazine. The cover photo, taken by Michael Dressler in 1979, is said to have " his different sides: the funnyman mugging for the camera, and a sweet, more thoughtful pose that appears on a small TV he holds in his hands" according to Mary Forgione of the Los Angeles Times. This photo was installed in the National Portrait Gallery in the Smithsonian Institution shortly after his death to allow visitors to pay their respects.


  • Iran
    Thursday Mar 29, 1979

    Iranian Revolution

    The Iranian Islamic Republic referendum

    Iran
    Thursday Mar 29, 1979

    On 30 and 31 March (Farvardin 10, 11) a referendum was held over whether to replace the monarchy with an "Islamic republic". Khomeini called for a massive turnout and only the National Democratic Front, Fadayan, and several Kurdish parties opposed the vote. The results showed that 98.2% had voted in favor of the Islamic Republic.


  • Iran
    Thursday Mar 29, 1979

    Ruhollah Khomeini

    Replace the monarchy

    Iran
    Thursday Mar 29, 1979

    On 30 and 31 March 1979, a referendum to replace the monarchy with an Islamic Republic passed with 98% voting in favour of the replacement, with the question: "should the monarchy be abolished in favour of an Islamic Government?".


  • London, England, United Kingdom
    Friday Mar 30, 1979

    The palace of Westminster England

    A Car bomb

    London, England, United Kingdom
    Friday Mar 30, 1979

    A Car bomb claimed the life of Airey Neave, a prominent Conservative politician, while he was driving out of the Commons car park in New Palace Yard. The attack occurred on 30 March 1979, one day after the announcement of that year's general election; both the Irish National Liberation Army and the Provisional IRA claimed responsibility for Neave's assassination, but it is now accepted that the former were responsible.


  • London, England
    Friday May 4, 1979

    Margaret Thatcher

    The First Female British Prime Minister

    London, England
    Friday May 4, 1979

    The Labour government then faced fresh public unease about the direction of the country and a damaging series of strikes during the winter of 1978–79, dubbed the "Winter of Discontent". The Conservatives attacked the Labour government's unemployment record, using advertising with the slogan "Labour Isn't Working". A general election was called after the Callaghan ministry lost a motion of no confidence in early 1979. The Conservatives won a 44-seat majority in the House of Commons and Thatcher became the first female British prime minister.


  • Iran
    Friday May 4, 1979

    Iranian Revolution

    The establishement of The Revolutionary Guard

    Iran
    Friday May 4, 1979

    The Revolutionary Guard, or Pasdaran-e Enqelab, was established by Khomeini on 5 May 1979, as a counterweight both to the armed groups of the left, and to the Shah's military. The guard eventually grew into "a full-scale" military force,becoming "the strongest institution of the revolution."


  • Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Tuesday May 22, 1979

    Justin Trudeau

    Father's government was defeated

    Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Tuesday May 22, 1979

    Trudeau lived at 24 Sussex Drive, Ottawa, the official residence of Canada's prime minister, from his birth until his father's government was defeated in the federal election on May 22, 1979.


  • Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
    Friday May 25, 1979

    Plane Accidents

    American Airlines Flight 191

    Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
    Friday May 25, 1979

    American Airlines Flight 191, a McDonnell Douglas DC-10-10, crashed on May 25, 1979, shortly after lifting off the runway at Chicago O'Hare Airport after the number one (left) engine and pylon separated from the wing. This broke hydraulic lines, causing leading edge lift devices to retract on that side of the aircraft and resulted in an asymmetrical lift and loss of control. The accident was attributed to improper maintenance procedures. The crash resulted in the deaths of all 271 passengers and crew on board, as well as two people on the ground. It remains the deadliest commercial aircraft accident in United States history


  • United Kingdom
    Tuesday Jun 26, 1979

    James Bond

    Moonraker

    United Kingdom
    Tuesday Jun 26, 1979

    Moonraker is a 1979 spy film and the eleventh in the James Bond series produced by Eon Productions, and the fourth to star Roger Moore as the fictional MI6 agent James Bond. The third and final film in the series to be directed by Lewis Gilbert, it co-stars Lois Chiles, Michael Lonsdale, Corinne Cléry, and Richard Kiel.


  • U.S.
    Friday Jun 29, 1979

    Audrey Hepburn

    Bloodline

    U.S.
    Friday Jun 29, 1979

    Hepburn reunited with director Terence Young in the production of Bloodline (1979), sharing top-billing with Ben Gazzara, James Mason, and Romy Schneider.


  • Tokyo, Japan
    Sunday Jul 1, 1979

    Sony Corporation

    The Walkman Brand

    Tokyo, Japan
    Sunday Jul 1, 1979

    In 1979, the Walkman brand was introduced, in the form of the world's first portable music player using the compact cassette format.


  • Tokyo, Japan
    Sunday Jul 1, 1979

    Akio Morita

    Releasing The Walkman

    Tokyo, Japan
    Sunday Jul 1, 1979

    In 1979, the Walkman was introduced, making it one of the world's first portable music players.


  • Baghdad, Iraq
    Tuesday Jul 17, 1979

    Iran–Iraq War

    Saddam's Speech

    Baghdad, Iraq
    Tuesday Jul 17, 1979

    Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini called on Iraqis to overthrow the Ba'ath government, which was received with considerable anger in Baghdad. On 17 July 1979, despite Khomeini's call, Saddam gave a speech praising the Iranian Revolution and called for an Iraqi-Iranian friendship based on non-interference in each other's internal affairs. When Khomeini rejected Saddam's overture by calling for Islamic revolution in Iraq, Saddam was alarmed.


  • Managua, Nicaragu
    Tuesday Jul 17, 1979

    Nicaraguan Revolution

    President Somoza Resigned

    Managua, Nicaragu
    Tuesday Jul 17, 1979

    on 17 July President Somoza resigned and the FSLN entered Managua, giving full control of the government to the revolutionary movements.


  • U.S.
    Friday Jul 27, 1979

    Muhammad Ali Clay

    Short live retirement

    U.S.
    Friday Jul 27, 1979

    Following this win, on July 27, 1979, Ali announced his retirement from boxing. His retirement was short-lived, however; Ali announced his comeback to face Larry Holmes for the WBC belt in an attempt to win the heavyweight championship an unprecedented fourth time. The fight was largely motivated by Ali's need for money.


  • Los Angeles, California, U.S.
    Monday Aug 20, 1979

    Johan Cruyff

    To Los Angeles

    Los Angeles, California, U.S.
    Monday Aug 20, 1979

    At the age of 32, Cruyff signed a lucrative deal with the Los Angeles Aztecs of the North American Soccer League (NASL).


  • New York, U.S.
    Thursday Aug 23, 1979

    Robin Williams

    Second appearance on Time's cover

    New York, U.S.
    Thursday Aug 23, 1979

    Williams also appeared on the cover of August 23, 1979, issue of Rolling Stone, photographed by Richard Avedon.


  • Havana, Cuba
    Monday Sep 10, 1979

    Fidel Castro

    NAM president

    Havana, Cuba
    Monday Sep 10, 1979

    In 1979, the Conference of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) was held in Havana, where Castro was selected as NAM president, a position he held until 1982.


  • Giza, Egypt
    Friday Sep 28, 1979

    Frank Sinatra

    Sinatra's Performance in Egypt

    Giza, Egypt
    Friday Sep 28, 1979

    He performed in front of the Egyptian pyramids for Anwar Sadat, which raised more than $500,000 for Sadat's wife's charities.


  • Finland
    Wednesday Oct 10, 1979

    Robert Fulton

    The Olkiluoto Nuclear Power Plant

    Finland
    Wednesday Oct 10, 1979

    The Olkiluoto plant consists of two boiling water reactors (BWRs), each producing 890 MW of electricity. A third reactor, Unit 3, is expected to be online in February 2022.


  • Iran
    Sunday Oct 21, 1979

    Ruhollah Khomeini

    Demanding the Shah's return to Iran for trial

    Iran
    Sunday Oct 21, 1979

    On 22 October 1979, the United States admitted the exiled and ailing Shah into the country for cancer treatment. In Iran, there was an immediate outcry, with both Khomeini and leftist groups demanding the Shah's return to Iran for trial and execution.


  • Tehran, Iran
    Saturday Nov 3, 1979

    Iranian Revolution

    Iran hostage crisis

    Tehran, Iran
    Saturday Nov 3, 1979

    On 4 November 1979 youthful Islamists, calling themselves Muslim Student Followers of the Imam's Line, invaded the US embassy compound in Tehran and seized its staff. Revolutionaries were angry because of how the Shah had fled abroad while the Embassy-based American CIA and British intelligence organized a coup d'état to overthrow his nationalist opponent who was a legitimately elected official. The students held 52 American diplomats hostage for 444 days, which played a role in helping to pass the constitution, suppressing moderates, and otherwise radicalising the revolution.


  • Tehran, Iran
    Saturday Nov 3, 1979

    Iranian Revolution

    The Fall of The provisional government and Bazargan's Resignation

    Tehran, Iran
    Saturday Nov 3, 1979

    The provisional government fell shortly after American Embassy officials were taken hostage on 4 November 1979. Bazargan's resignation was received by Khomeini without complaint, saying "Mr. Bazargan ... was a little tired and preferred to stay on the sidelines for a while." Khomeini later described his appointment of Bazargan as a "mistake."


  • Tehran, Iran
    Saturday Nov 3, 1979

    Jimmy Carter

    Iranian students took over the U.S. Embassy in Tehran

    Tehran, Iran
    Saturday Nov 3, 1979

    On November 4, 1979, a group of Iranian students took over the U.S. Embassy in Tehran. The students belonged to the Muslim Student Followers of the Imam's Line and were in support of the Iranian Revolution.


  • Tehran, Iran
    Saturday Nov 3, 1979

    Ruhollah Khomeini

    Iran hostage crisis

    Tehran, Iran
    Saturday Nov 3, 1979

    On 4 November, a group of Iranian college students calling themselves the Muslim Student Followers of the Imam's Line, took control of the American Embassy in Tehran, holding 52 embassy staff hostage for 444 days – an event known as the Iran hostage crisis.


  • New York, U.S.
    Tuesday Nov 13, 1979

    Ronald Reagan

    Announcement his candidacy for President of U.S.

    New York, U.S.
    Tuesday Nov 13, 1979

    Ronald Reagan announced his candidacy for President of the United States in New York City on November 13, 1979. On July 17, 1980, he became the nominee of the Republican Party for the 1980 presidential election.


  • Karratha, Western Australia
    Wednesday Nov 21, 1979

    Red Dog (Pilbara)

    Poisoned

    Karratha, Western Australia
    Wednesday Nov 21, 1979

    Although Red Dog was well liked, it is believed that he was deliberately poisoned in 1979 with strychnine.


  • Ross Island, Antarctica
    Wednesday Nov 28, 1979

    Plane Accidents

    Air New Zealand Flight 901

    Ross Island, Antarctica
    Wednesday Nov 28, 1979

    Air New Zealand Flight 901, an Antarctic sightseeing flight, on November 28, 1979, collided with Mount Erebus on Ross Island, Antarctica, killing all 237 passengers and 20 crew on board. The flight crew had not been informed that the computer coordinates for the flight path of the McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30 had been changed the night before, directing the flight directly into Mount Erebus rather than the usual path down McMurdo Sound.


  • Montreal, Canada
    Sunday Dec 16, 1979

    Trivial Pursuit

    Created

    Montreal, Canada
    Sunday Dec 16, 1979

    The game was created on December 15, 1979 in Montreal by Canadian Chris Haney, a photo editor for Montreal's The Gazette, and Scott Abbott, a sports editor for The Canadian Press.


  • U.S.
    Saturday Dec 29, 1979

    Gulf War

    The developing US list of State Sponsors of Terrorism

    U.S.
    Saturday Dec 29, 1979

    The US disliked Iraqi support for many Arab and Palestinian militant groups such as Abu Nidal, which led to Iraq's inclusion on the developing US list of State Sponsors of Terrorism on 29 December 1979.


  • Alcatraz, San Francisco, USA
    Monday Dec 31, 1979

    June 1962 Alcatraz escape attempt: Escape from Alcatraz

    FBI closing files

    Alcatraz, San Francisco, USA
    Monday Dec 31, 1979

    The FBI closed its file on December 31, 1979, after a 17-year investigation. Their official finding was that the prisoners most likely drowned in the cold waters of the bay while attempting to reach Angel Island, it being unlikely that they made it the 1.25 miles to shore with the strong ocean currents and the cold seawater temperatures ranging between 50 and 55 degrees Fahrenheit. They cited the remnants found of the raft as well as the personal effects of the men, as evidence to bolster the official line that the raft broke up and sank at some point after having launched from Alcatraz and that the three convicts tried to swim for it, but then surely succumbed to hypothermia, their bodies swept to sea by the rapid currents of the San Francisco Bay. However, the FBI did hand the investigation over to the U.S. Marshals Service, who have not closed theirs since. As Deputy U.S. Marshal Michael Dyke told NPR in 2009: "There's an active warrant, and the Marshals Service doesn't give up looking for people." Dyke also pointed out that the bodies of two out of every three people who go missing in San Fransisco Bay are eventually recovered.


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