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  • London, England, U.K.
    Saturday Jan 9, 1982

    Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge

    Birth

    London, England, U.K.
    Saturday Jan 9, 1982

    On 9 January 1982, Kate Elizabeth Middleton, now named Catherine, was born at the Royal Berkshire Hospital in Reading into an upper-middle-class family. She is the eldest of three children, she has a younger sister, Pippa, and a younger brother, James, born to Michael Middleton and his wife Carole. Her father's family has ties to British aristocracy and benefited financially from trust funds, which they established over 100 years ago.




  • Creys-Malville, France
    Monday Jan 18, 1982

    Carlos the Jackal

    Attack on the Superphénix French nuclear power station

    Creys-Malville, France
    Monday Jan 18, 1982

    With conditional support from the Iraqi regime and after the death of Haddad, Carlos offered the services of his group to the PFLP and other groups. His group's first attack may have been a failed rocket attack on the Superphénix French nuclear power station on 18 January 1982.




  • The Hague, the Netherlands
    Tuesday Feb 16, 1982

    Carlos the Jackal

    2 of the Group are arrested

    The Hague, the Netherlands
    Tuesday Feb 16, 1982

    On 16 February 1982, two of the group—Swiss terrorist Bruno Breguet and Carlos' wife Magdalena Kopp—were arrested in Paris, in a car containing explosives. Following the arrest, a letter was sent to the French embassy in The Hague demanding their immediate release. Meanwhile, Carlos unsuccessfully lobbied the French government for their release.




  • Chateau Marmont, Los Angeles, California, United States
    Friday Mar 5, 1982

    Robin Williams

    Wake up call

    Chateau Marmont, Los Angeles, California, United States
    Friday Mar 5, 1982

    He was a casual friend of John Belushi, and the Saturday Night Live comic's death in 1982 from a drug overdose, which happened the morning after the two had partied together, along with the birth of his own son Zak, prompted him to quit drugs and alcohol: "Was it a wake-up call? Oh yeah, on a huge level. The grand jury helped, too." Williams later said of Belushi's death, "It sobered the shit out of me." Williams turned to exercise and cycling to help alleviate his depression shortly after Belushi's death; according to bicycle shop owner Tony Tom, Williams said, "cycling saved my life."




  • Iran
    Thursday Mar 18, 1982

    Iran–Iraq War

    Operation al-Fawz al-'Azim (Supreme Success)

    Iran
    Thursday Mar 18, 1982

    The Iraqis, realising that the Iranians were planning to attack, decided to preempt them with Operation al-Fawz al-'Azim (Supreme Success) on 19 March. Using a large number of tanks, helicopters, and fighter jets, they attacked the Iranian buildup around the Roghabiyeh pass. Though Saddam and his generals assumed they had succeeded, in reality the Iranian forces remained fully intact.




  • Khuzestan Province, Iran
    Sunday Mar 21, 1982

    Iran–Iraq War

    Operation Fath-ol-Mobeen (Undeniable Victory)

    Khuzestan Province, Iran
    Sunday Mar 21, 1982

    Iran's next major offensive, led by then Colonel Ali Sayad Shirazi , was Operation Fath-ol-Mobeen (Undeniable Victory). On 22 March 1982, Iran launched an attack which took the Iraqi forces by surprise: using Chinook helicopters, they landed behind Iraqi lines, silenced their artillery, and captured an Iraqi headquarters. The Iranian Basij then launched "human wave" attacks, consisting of 1,000 fighters per wave. Though they took heavy losses, they eventually broke through Iraqi lines. Operation Undeniable Victory was an Iranian victory; Iraqi forces were driven away from Shush, Dezful and Ahvaz. The Iranian armed forces destroyed 320–400 Iraqi tanks and armored vehicles in a costly success.




  • Paris, France
    Monday Mar 29, 1982

    Carlos the Jackal

    Bombing of the Paris-Toulouse

    Paris, France
    Monday Mar 29, 1982

    France was struck by a wave of terrorist attacks, including: the bombing of the Paris-Toulouse TGV 'Le Capitole' train on 29 March 1982 (5 dead, 77 injured).


  • United Kingdom
    Thursday Apr 1, 1982

    Falklands War

    Leach sent orders to a Royal Navy force carrying out exercises

    United Kingdom
    Thursday Apr 1, 1982

    During a crisis meeting headed by the Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, the Chief of the Naval Staff, Admiral Sir Henry Leach, advised them that "Britain could and should send a task force if the islands are invaded". On 1 April, Leach sent orders to a Royal Navy force carrying out exercises in the Mediterranean to prepare to sail south.


  • U.S.
    Thursday Apr 1, 1982

    Computer

    The Grid Compass

    U.S.
    Thursday Apr 1, 1982

    The first mobile computers were heavy and ran from mains power. The first laptops, such as the Grid Compass, removed this requirement by incorporating batteries – and with the continued miniaturization of computing resources and advancements in portable battery life.


  • Falklands
    Friday Apr 2, 1982

    Falklands War

    The Conflict began

    Falklands
    Friday Apr 2, 1982

    The conflict began on 2 April, when Argentina invaded and occupied the Falkland Islands, followed by the invasion of South Georgia the next day, in an attempt to establish the sovereignty it had claimed over them.


  • United Kingdom
    Friday Apr 2, 1982

    Falklands War

    Approval was given to form a task force to retake the islands

    United Kingdom
    Friday Apr 2, 1982

    Following the invasion on 2 April, after an emergency meeting of the cabinet, approval was given to form a task force to retake the islands. This was backed in an emergency session of the House of Commons the next day.


  • New York, U.S.
    Saturday Apr 3, 1982

    Falklands War

    The United Kingdom's United Nations ambassador Sir Anthony Parsons put a draft resolution to the United Nations Security Council

    New York, U.S.
    Saturday Apr 3, 1982

    On the evening of 3 April, the United Kingdom's United Nations ambassador Sir Anthony Parsons put a draft resolution to the United Nations Security Council.


  • France
    Sunday Apr 4, 1982

    Falklands War

    Conqueror

    France
    Sunday Apr 4, 1982

    The nuclear-powered submarine Conqueror set sail from France on 4 April, whilst the two aircraft carriers Invincible and Hermes, in the company of escort vessels, left Portsmouth only a day later.


  • Arica, Chile
    Sunday Apr 4, 1982

    Falklands War

    RFA Tidepool

    Arica, Chile
    Sunday Apr 4, 1982

    The Chilean government also allowed the United Kingdom to requisition the refueling vessel RFA Tidepool, which Chile had recently purchased and which had arrived at Arica in Chile on 4 April. The ship left port soon afterwards, bound for Ascention Island through the Panama Canal and stopping at Curacao en route.


  • Falklands
    Monday Apr 5, 1982

    Falklands War

    The British government dispatched a naval task force

    Falklands
    Monday Apr 5, 1982

    On 5 April, the British government dispatched a naval task force to engage the Argentine Navy and Air Force before making an amphibious assault on the islands.


  • United Kingdom
    Tuesday Apr 6, 1982

    Falklands War

    War Cabinet

    United Kingdom
    Tuesday Apr 6, 1982

    On 6 April, the British Government set up a War Cabinet to provide day-to-day political oversight of the campaign.


  • Falklands
    Wednesday Apr 21, 1982

    Falklands War

    The First landings of SAS troops took place

    Falklands
    Wednesday Apr 21, 1982

    The first landings of SAS troops took place on 21 April, but—with the southern hemisphere autumn setting in—the weather was so bad that their landings and others made the next day were all withdrawn after two helicopters crashed in fog on Fortuna Glacier.


  • Paris, France
    Thursday Apr 22, 1982

    Carlos the Jackal

    The car-bombing of the newspaper Al-Watan al-Arabi

    Paris, France
    Thursday Apr 22, 1982

    The car-bombing of the newspaper Al-Watan al-Arabi in Paris on April 22, 1982 (1 dead, 63 injured).


  • Gama, Federal District, Brazil
    Thursday Apr 22, 1982

    Kaká

    Birth

    Gama, Federal District, Brazil
    Thursday Apr 22, 1982

    Ricardo Izecson dos Santos Leite was born in Gama, Federal District, to Simone dos Santos, an elementary school teacher, and Bosco Izecson Pereira Leite, a civil engineer.


  • Falklands
    Friday Apr 23, 1982

    Falklands War

    A Submarine alert was sounded and operations were halted

    Falklands
    Friday Apr 23, 1982

    On 23 April, a submarine alert was sounded and operations were halted, with Tidespring being withdrawn to deeper water to avoid interception.


  • Khuzestan Province, Iran
    Friday Apr 23, 1982

    Iran–Iraq War

    Operation Beit ol-Moqaddas

    Khuzestan Province, Iran
    Friday Apr 23, 1982

    In preparation for Operation Beit ol-Moqaddas, the Iranians had launched numerous air raids against Iraq air bases, destroying 47 jets (including Iraq's brand new Mirage F-1 fighter jets from France); this gave the Iranians air superiority over the battlefield while allowing them to monitor Iraqi troop movements.


  • Falklands
    Saturday Apr 24, 1982

    Falklands War

    The British forces regrouped and headed in to attack

    Falklands
    Saturday Apr 24, 1982

    On 24 April, the British forces regrouped and headed in to attack.


  • South Georgia Island
    Sunday Apr 25, 1982

    Falklands War

    Operation Paraquet

    South Georgia Island
    Sunday Apr 25, 1982

    The South Georgia force, Operation Paraquet, under the command of Major Guy Sheridan RM, consisted of Marines from 42 Commando, a troop of the Special Air Service (SAS) and Special Boat Service (SBS) troops who were intended to land as reconnaissance forces for an invasion by the Royal Marines.


  • South Georgia Island
    Sunday Apr 25, 1982

    Falklands War

    The Submarine ARA Santa Fe was spotted on the surface

    South Georgia Island
    Sunday Apr 25, 1982

    On 25 April, after resupplying the Argentine garrison in South Georgia, the submarine ARA Santa Fe was spotted on the surface by a Westland Wessex HAS Mk 3 helicopter from HMS Antrim, which attacked the Argentine submarine with depth charges.


  • Khuzestan Province, Iran
    Wednesday Apr 28, 1982

    Iran–Iraq War

    Iran launched The offensive

    Khuzestan Province, Iran
    Wednesday Apr 28, 1982

    On 29 April, Iran launched the offensive. 70,000 Revolutionary Guard and Basij members struck on several axes – Bostan, Susangerd, the west bank of the Karun River, and Ahvaz. The Basij launched human wave attacks, which were followed up by the regular army and Revolutionary Guard support along with tanks and helicopters.


  • Falklands
    Saturday May 1, 1982

    Falklands War

    Black Buck 1

    Falklands
    Saturday May 1, 1982

    On 1 May, British operations on the Falklands opened with the "Black Buck 1" attack (of a series of five) on the airfield at Stanley.


  • Falklands
    Tuesday May 4, 1982

    Falklands War

    The British lost the Type 42 destroyer HMS Sheffield to fire following an Exocet missile strike

    Falklands
    Tuesday May 4, 1982

    On 4 May, two days after the sinking of General Belgrano, the British lost the Type 42 destroyer HMS Sheffield to fire following an Exocet missile strike from the Argentine 2nd Naval Air Fighter/Attack Squadron.


  • Susangerd, Khuzestan Province, Iran
    Tuesday May 11, 1982

    Iran–Iraq War

    Iran Retake Susangerd Area

    Susangerd, Khuzestan Province, Iran
    Tuesday May 11, 1982

    Under heavy Iranian pressure, the Iraqi forces retreated. By 12 May, Iran had driven out all Iraqi forces from the Susangerd area.


  • Falklands
    Friday May 14, 1982

    Falklands War

    The SAS carried out a raid on Pebble Island on the Falklands

    Falklands
    Friday May 14, 1982

    On 14 May the SAS carried out a raid on Pebble Island on the Falklands, where the Argentine Navy had taken over a grass airstrip for FMA IA 58 Pucará light ground-attack aircraft and Beechcraft T-34 Mentors, which resulted in the destruction of several aircraft.


  • South Korea
    Friday May 14, 1982

    Internet

    South Korea's first Internet system

    South Korea
    Friday May 14, 1982

    South Korea's first Internet system, the System Development Network (SDN) began operation on 15 May 1982. SDN was connected to the rest of the world in August 1983 using UUCP (Unixto-Unix-Copy); connected to CSNET in December 1984; and formally connected to the U.S. Internet in 1990.


  • Falklands
    Monday May 17, 1982

    Falklands War

    A Westland Sea King helicopter carrying the assigned team took off from HMS Invincible

    Falklands
    Monday May 17, 1982

    A SAS reconnaissance team was dispatched to carry out preparations for a seaborne infiltration. A Westland Sea King helicopter carrying the assigned team took off from HMS Invincible on the night of 17 May, but bad weather forced it to land 50 miles (80 km) from its target and the mission was aborted.


  • Argentina
    Tuesday May 18, 1982

    Falklands War

    The Final British negotiating position was presented to Argentina

    Argentina
    Tuesday May 18, 1982

    The tempo of operations increased throughout the first half of May as the United Nations' attempts to mediate a peace were rejected by the Argentinians. The final British negotiating position was presented to Argentina by UN Secretary General Pérez de Cuéllar on 18 May 1982.


  • New Zealand
    Thursday May 20, 1982

    Falklands War

    New Zealand would make HMNZS Canterbury available for use where the British thought fit to release a Royal Navy vessel for the Falklands

    New Zealand
    Thursday May 20, 1982

    On 20 May 1982, Robert Muldoon announced that New Zealand would make HMNZS Canterbury, a Leander-class frigate, available for use where the British thought fit to release a Royal Navy vessel for the Falklands. The New Zealand government expelled the Argentinian ambassador following the invasion. The Prime Minister, Robert Muldoon, was in London when the war broke out.


  • Falklands
    Friday May 21, 1982

    Falklands War

    Operation Sutton

    Falklands
    Friday May 21, 1982

    During the night of 21 May, the British Amphibious Task Group under the command of Commodore Michael Clapp (Commodore, Amphibious Warfare – COMAW) mounted Operation Sutton, the amphibious landing on beaches around San Carlos Water, on the northwestern coast of East Falkland facing onto Falkland Sound.


  • Khorramshahr, Khuzestan Province, Iran
    Saturday May 22, 1982

    Iran–Iraq War

    The Iranians began The drive Towards Khorramshahr

    Khorramshahr, Khuzestan Province, Iran
    Saturday May 22, 1982

    In the early morning hours of 23 May 1982, the Iranians began the drive towards Khorramshahr across the Karun River. This part of Operation Beit ol-Moqaddas was spearheaded by the 77th Khorasan division with tanks along with the Revolutionary Guard and Basij.


  • Khorramshahr, Khuzestan Province, Iran
    Sunday May 23, 1982

    Iran–Iraq War

    The Liberation of Khorramshahr

    Khorramshahr, Khuzestan Province, Iran
    Sunday May 23, 1982

    The Iranians hit the Iraqis with destructive air strikes and massive artillery barrages, crossed the Karun River, captured bridgeheads, and launched human wave attacks towards the city. Saddam's defensive barricade collapsed; in less than 48 hours of fighting, the city fell and 19,000 Iraqis surrendered to the Iranians.


  • Falklands
    Thursday May 27, 1982

    Falklands War

    Darwin and Goose Green Attack

    Falklands
    Thursday May 27, 1982

    From early on 27 May until 28 May, 2 Para, (approximately 500 men) with naval gunfire support from HMS Arrow and artillery support from 8 Commando Battery, Royal Artillery, approached and attacked Darwin and Goose Green, which was held by the Argentine 12th Infantry Regiment.


  • Falklands
    Monday May 31, 1982

    Falklands War

    The Mountain and Arctic Warfare Cadre defeated Argentine Special Forces at the skirmish at Top Malo House

    Falklands
    Monday May 31, 1982

    On 31 May, the M&AWC (The Mountain and Arctic Warfare Cadre) defeated Argentine Special Forces at the skirmish at Top Malo House.


  • Falklands
    Tuesday Jun 1, 1982

    Falklands War

    The Arrival of a further 5,000 British troops of the 5th Infantry Brigade

    Falklands
    Tuesday Jun 1, 1982

    By 1 June, with the arrival of a further 5,000 British troops of the 5th Infantry Brigade, the new British divisional commander, Major General Jeremy Moore RM, had sufficient force to start planning an offensive against Stanley.


  • Falklands
    Wednesday Jun 2, 1982

    Falklands War

    Plans were drawn up for half the Welsh Guards to march light on the night of 2 June

    Falklands
    Wednesday Jun 2, 1982

    Plans were drawn up for half the Welsh Guards to march light on the night of 2 June, whilst the Scots Guards and the second half of the Welsh Guards were to be ferried from San Carlos Water in the Landing Ship Logistics (LSL) Sir Tristram and the landing platform dock (LPD) Intrepid on the night of 5 June.


  • Falklands
    Friday Jun 11, 1982

    Falklands War

    British forces launched a brigade-sized night attack against the heavily defended ring of high ground surrounding Stanley

    Falklands
    Friday Jun 11, 1982

    On the night of 11 June, after several days of painstaking reconnaissance and logistic build-up, British forces launched a brigade-sized night attack against the heavily defended ring of high ground surrounding Stanley. Units of 3 Commando Brigade, supported by naval gunfire from several Royal Navy ships, simultaneously attacked in the Battle of Mount Harriet, Battle of Two Sisters, and Battle of Mount Longdon.


  • Falklands
    Monday Jun 14, 1982

    Falklands War

    A Ceasefire was declared

    Falklands
    Monday Jun 14, 1982

    A ceasefire was declared on 14 June and the commander of the Argentine garrison in Stanley, Brigade General Mario Menéndez, surrendered to Major General Jeremy Moore the same day.


  • Falklands
    Monday Jun 14, 1982

    Falklands War

    The conflict lasted 74 days and ended

    Falklands
    Monday Jun 14, 1982

    The conflict lasted 74 days and ended with the Argentine surrender on 14 June, returning the islands to British control. In total, 649 Argentine military personnel, 255 British military personnel, and three Falkland Islanders died during the hostilities.


  • South Georgia Island
    Sunday Jun 20, 1982

    Falklands War

    The British retook the South Sandwich Islands

    South Georgia Island
    Sunday Jun 20, 1982

    On 20 June, the British retook the South Sandwich Islands, which involved accepting the surrender of the Southern Thule Garrison at the Corbeta Uruguay base, and declared hostilities over. Argentina had established Corbeta Uruguay in 1976, but prior to 1982 the United Kingdom had contested the existence of the Argentine base only through diplomatic channels.


  • Baghdad, Iraq
    Sunday Jun 20, 1982

    Iran–Iraq War

    Ceasefire proposal

    Baghdad, Iraq
    Sunday Jun 20, 1982

    On June 20, 1982, Saddam announced that he wanted to sue for peace and proposed an immediate ceasefire and withdrawal from Iranian territory within two weeks. Khomeini responded by saying the war would not end until a new government was installed in Iraq and reparations paid. He proclaimed that Iran would invade Iraq and would not stop until the Ba'ath regime was replaced by an Islamic republic.


  • London, England, United Kingdom
    Monday Jun 21, 1982

    Princess Diana

    First Baby

    London, England, United Kingdom
    Monday Jun 21, 1982

    On 21 June 1982, the Princess gave birth to the couple's first son, Prince William.


  • Bradfield, England, U.K.
    Monday Jun 21, 1982

    Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge

    Baptized

    Bradfield, England, U.K.
    Monday Jun 21, 1982

    On 20 June 1982, Catherine Middleton, then called kate, was baptized at St Andrew's parish church in Bradfield.


  • London, United Kingdom
    Monday Jun 28, 1982

    Prince William

    Name announced

    London, United Kingdom
    Monday Jun 28, 1982

    His names, William Arthur Philip Louis, were announced by Buckingham Palace on 28 June.


  • Barcelona, Spain
    Sunday Jul 4, 1982

    Diego Maradona

    To Europe, "To Barca"

    Barcelona, Spain
    Sunday Jul 4, 1982

    After the 1982 World Cup, in June, Maradona was transferred to Barcelona in Spain for a then world record fee of £5 million ($7.6 million).


  • Spain
    Tuesday Jul 13, 1982

    FIFA World Cup

    First Expansion

    Spain
    Tuesday Jul 13, 1982

    Spain hosted an expanded 1982 World Cup which featured 24 teams, the first expansion since 1934. The teams were divided into six groups of four, with the top two teams in each group advancing to the second round, where they split into four groups of three.


  • Basra, Iraq
    Tuesday Jul 13, 1982

    Iran–Iraq War

    Operation Ramadan

    Basra, Iraq
    Tuesday Jul 13, 1982

    The Iranians planned their attack in southern Iraq, near Basra. Called Operation Ramadan, it involved over 180,000 troops from both sides, and was one of the largest land battles since World War II.


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