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  • Alexandria, Egypt
    Sunday Aug 10, 1930
    Cleopatra

    Cleopatra's death

    Alexandria, Egypt
    Sunday Aug 10, 1930

    Cleopatra's death on 10 or 12 August 30 BC.




  • Alexandria, Egypt
    Sunday Jan 1, 2045
    Cleopatra

    Sosigenes of Alexandria

    Alexandria, Egypt
    Sunday Jan 1, 2045

    Sosigenes of Alexandria, one of the members of Cleopatra's court, aided Caesar in the calculations for the new Julian Calendar, put into effect 1 January 45 BC.




  • Alexandria, Egypt
    Sunday Jun 23, 2047
    Cleopatra

    Cleopatra's child

    Alexandria, Egypt
    Sunday Jun 23, 2047

    Cleopatra's alleged child with Caesar was born 23 June 47 BC, as preserved on a stele at the Serapeion in Memphis.




  • Port Said, Egypt
    Monday Sep 28, 2048
    Cleopatra

    Pompey's death

    Port Said, Egypt
    Monday Sep 28, 2048

    In a scheme devised by Theodotos, Pompey arrived by ship near Pelousion after being invited by written message, only to be ambushed and stabbed to death on 28 September 48 BC.




  • Alexandria, Egypt
    Saturday May 31, 1952
    Cleopatra

    Cleopatra was made a regent of Ptolemy XII

    Alexandria, Egypt
    Saturday May 31, 1952

    On 31 May 52 BC Cleopatra was made a regent of Ptolemy XII as indicated by an inscription in the Temple of Hathor at Dendera.




  • Alexandria, Egypt
    Wednesday Jan 15, 217
    Ptolemaic Kingdom

    The result of this synod

    Alexandria, Egypt
    Wednesday Jan 15, 217

    The result of this synod was the Raphia Decree, issued on 15 November 217 BC and preserved in three copies.




  • Egypt
    Friday Oct 14, 996
    Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah

    His inauguration

    Egypt
    Friday Oct 14, 996

    Al-Ḥākim's father had intended the eunuch Barjawan to act as regent until Al-Ḥākim was old enough to rule by himself. Ibn 'Ammar and the Qadi Muhammad ibn Nu'man were to assist in the guardianship of the new caliph. Instead, al-Hasan ibn 'Ammar (the leader of the Kutama) immediately seized the office of wasīta "chief minister" from 'Īsa ibn Nestorius. At the time the office of sifāra "secretary of state" was also combined within that office. Ibn 'Ammar then took the title of Amīn ad-Dawla "the one trusted in the empire". This was the first time that the term "empire" was associated with the Fatimid state.


  • Mansoura, Egypt
    Friday Feb 11, 1250
    Mamluks

    Prior to Turanshah's arrival at the front facing the French

    Mansoura, Egypt
    Friday Feb 11, 1250

    Prior to Turanshah's arrival at the front facing the French, the Bahriyyah, a junior regiment of the Salihiyyah commanded by Baibars al-Buduqdari, defeated the Crusaders at the Battle of al-Mansurah on 11 February 1250.


  • Cairo, Egypt
    Sunday Feb 27, 1250
    Mamluks

    The sultan Turanshah arrived in Egypt

    Cairo, Egypt
    Sunday Feb 27, 1250

    On 27 February, Turanshah, as new sultan, arrived in Egypt from Hasankeyf (Turkish for "rock fortress"), where he had been Emir (Arabic for "Prince") of Hisn Kayfa (Arabic for "rock fortress").


  • Mansura, Egypt
    Tuesday Nov 8, 1250
    Crusades

    Louis IX of France was defeated at Mansura

    Mansura, Egypt
    Tuesday Nov 8, 1250

    Louis IX of France was defeated at Mansura.


  • Cairo, Egypt
    Tuesday Apr 10, 1257
    Mamluks

    Aybak was assassinated

    Cairo, Egypt
    Tuesday Apr 10, 1257

    Aybak was assassinated on 10 April 1257, possibly on the orders of Shajar al-Durr, who was assassinated a week later. Their deaths left a relative power vacuum in Egypt, with Aybak's teenage son, al-Mansur Ali, as heir to the sultanate.


  • Cairo, Egypt
    Sunday Oct 24, 1260
    Mamluks

    Baibars was the fourth Mamluk Sultan of Mamluk

    Cairo, Egypt
    Sunday Oct 24, 1260

    Al-Malik al-Zahir Rukn al-Din Baibars al-Bunduqdari was the fourth Mamluk sultan of Egypt in the Bahri dynasty, succeeding Qutuz. He was one of the commanders of the Egyptian forces that inflicted a defeat on the Seventh Crusade of King Louis IX of France.


  • Egypt
    Saturday Jul 3, 1277
    Mamluks

    Al-Said Barakah was the fifth of the Mamluk Sultan of Egypt

    Egypt
    Saturday Jul 3, 1277

    Al-Said Barakah was a Mamluk Sultan who ruled from 1277 to 1279 after the death of his father Baibars. His mother was a daughter of Barka Khan, a former Khwarazmian amir.


  • Cairo, Egypt
    Sunday Nov 12, 1290
    Mamluks

    Al-Malik al-Ashraf was the ninth Mamluk Sultan of Mamluk

    Cairo, Egypt
    Sunday Nov 12, 1290

    Al-Ashraf Salāh ad-Dīn Khalil ibn Qalawūn was the eighth Mamluk sultan between November 1290 until his assassination in December 1293.


  • Egypt
    Friday Dec 7, 1296
    Mamluks

    Lachin was the 11th Mamluk Sultan of Mamluk

    Egypt
    Friday Dec 7, 1296

    Lachin, full royal name al-Malik al-Mansour Hossam ad-Din Lachin al-Mansuri was a Mamluk sultan of Egypt from 1296 to 1299.


  • Cairo, Egypt
    Wednesday Jun 7, 1341
    Mamluks

    Al-Malik al-Mansur was the Bahri Mamluk sultan in 1341

    Cairo, Egypt
    Wednesday Jun 7, 1341

    Al-Malik al-Mansur Sayf ad-Din Abu Bakr, better known as al-Mansur Abu Bakr was the Bahri Mamluk sultan in 1341. He became sultan, the first of several sons of an-Nasir Muhammad to accede to the throne. However, his reign was short-lived.


  • Cairo, Egypt
    Saturday Aug 5, 1341
    Mamluks

    Al-Malik al-Ashraf was was the Mamluk sultan from August 1341

    Cairo, Egypt
    Saturday Aug 5, 1341

    Al-Ashraf Ala'a ad-Din Kujuk ibn Muhammad ibn Qalawun was the Mamluk sultan from August 1341 to January 1342.


  • Cairo, Egypt
    Sunday Jan 21, 1342
    Mamluks

    Al-Malik an-Nasir was the Bahri Mamluk sultan of Egypt in 1342

    Cairo, Egypt
    Sunday Jan 21, 1342

    An-Nasir Shihab ad-Din Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Qalawun, better known as an-Nasir Ahmad, was the Bahri Mamluk sultan of Egypt, ruling from January to June 1342.


  • Cairo, Egypt
    Saturday Aug 21, 1351
    Mamluks

    Al-Malik as-Salih was the Mamluk sultan in 1351

    Cairo, Egypt
    Saturday Aug 21, 1351

    As-Salih Salah ad-Din Salih ibn Muhammad ibn Qalawun, better known as as-Salih Salih, was the Mamluk sultan in 1351–1354. He was the eighth son of Sultan an-Nasir Muhammad.


  • Cairo, Egypt
    Tuesday Mar 17, 1361
    Mamluks

    Al-Malik al-Mansur was the Mamluk sultan in 1361

    Cairo, Egypt
    Tuesday Mar 17, 1361

    Al-Mansur Salah ad-Din Muhammad ibn Hajji ibn Muhammad ibn Qalawun (1347/48–1398), better known as al-Mansur Muhammad, was the Mamluk sultan in 1361–1363.


  • Cairo, Egypt
    Saturday Mar 15, 1377
    Mamluks

    Al-Mansur Ali II was the Mamluk sultan in 1377

    Cairo, Egypt
    Saturday Mar 15, 1377

    Al-Mansur Ala' ad-Din Ali ibn Sha'ban ibn Husayn ibn Muhammad ibn Qalawun (1368 – 19 May 1381), better known as al-Mansur Ali II, was the Mamluk sultan reigning in 1377–1381.


  • Cairo, Egypt
    Friday Nov 6, 1412
    Mamluks

    Al-Mu'ayyad Shaykh was a Mamluk sultan of Egypt in 1412

    Cairo, Egypt
    Friday Nov 6, 1412

    Al-Mu'ayyad Shaykh was a Mamluk sultan of Egypt from 6 November 1412 to 13 January 1421.


  • Cairo, Egypt
    Saturday Jan 13, 1421
    Mamluks

    Al-Muzaffar Ahmad was a Mamluk sultan of Egypt in 1421

    Cairo, Egypt
    Saturday Jan 13, 1421

    Al-Muzaffar Ahmad was the son of Shaykh al-Mahmudi, and a Mamluk sultan of Egypt from 13 January to 29 August 1421.


  • Cairo, Egypt
    Wednesday Aug 29, 1421
    Mamluks

    Sayf ad-Din Tatar was a Mamluk sultan of Egypt in 1421

    Cairo, Egypt
    Wednesday Aug 29, 1421

    Sayf ad-Din Tatar was a Mamluk sultan of Egypt from 29 August to 30 November 1421.


  • Cairo, Egypt
    Friday Nov 30, 1421
    Mamluks

    An-Nasir ad-Din Muhammad was a Mamluk sultan of Egypt in 1421

    Cairo, Egypt
    Friday Nov 30, 1421

    An-Nasir ad-Din Muhammad was the son of Sayf ad-Din Tatar, and a Mamluk sultan of Egypt from 30 November 1421 to 1 April 1422.


  • Cairo, Egypt
    Monday Apr 1, 1422
    Mamluks

    Barsbay was the ninth Burji Mamluk sultan of Egypt

    Cairo, Egypt
    Monday Apr 1, 1422

    Al-Ashraf Sayf ad-Dīn Bārsbay was the ninth Burji Mamluk sultan of Egypt from AD 1422 to 1438. He was Circassian by birth and a former slave of the first Burji Sultan, Barquq.


  • Cairo, Egypt
    Thursday Jun 7, 1438
    Mamluks

    Al-Aziz Jamal ad-Din Yusuf was a Mamluk sultan of Egypt in 1438

    Cairo, Egypt
    Thursday Jun 7, 1438

    Al-Aziz Jamal ad-Din Yusuf was the son of Barsbay, and a Mamluk sultan of Egypt from 7 June to 9 September 1438.


  • Cairo, Egypt
    Sunday Sep 9, 1438
    Mamluks

    Sayf ad-Din Jaqmaq was the Mamluk sultan of Egypt in 1438

    Cairo, Egypt
    Sunday Sep 9, 1438

    Sayf ad-Din Jaqmaq was the Mamluk sultan of Egypt from 9 September 1438 to 1 February 1453.


  • Cairo, Egypt
    Tuesday Feb 1, 1453
    Mamluks

    Al-Mansur Fakhr-ad-Din Uthman was the Mamluk sultan of Egypt in 1453

    Cairo, Egypt
    Tuesday Feb 1, 1453

    Al-Malik al-Mansur Fakhr ad-Din Uthman ibn Jàqmaq, more simply known as Al-Mansur Uthman was Sultan of Cairo's Mamluk Burji dynasty (1453).


  • Cairo, Egypt
    Tuesday Mar 15, 1453
    Mamluks

    Sayf ad-Din Inal was the 13th Burji Mamluk sultan of Egypt

    Cairo, Egypt
    Tuesday Mar 15, 1453

    Al-Malik al-Ashraf Sayf al-Din Abu an-Nasr Inal al-'Ala'i az-Zahiri an-Nasiri al-Ajrud was the 13th Burji Mamluk sultan of Egypt, ruling between 1453–1461.


  • Cairo, Egypt
    Tuesday Feb 26, 1461
    Mamluks

    Al-Mu'ayyad Shihab al-Din Ahmad was a Mamluk sultan of Egypt in 1461

    Cairo, Egypt
    Tuesday Feb 26, 1461

    Al-Mu'ayyad Shihab al-Din Ahmad was the son of Sayf ad-Din Inal, and a Mamluk sultan of Egypt from 26 February to 28 June 1461.


  • Cairo, Egypt
    Friday Jun 28, 1461
    Mamluks

    Sayf ad-Din Khushqadam was a Mamluk sultan of Egypt and Syria

    Cairo, Egypt
    Friday Jun 28, 1461

    Al-Malik al-Ẓāhir Sayf al-Dīn Abū Saʿīd Khushqadam ibn ʿAbdallāh al-Nāṣirī l-Muʾayyadī was a Mamluk sultan of Egypt and Syria from 28 June 1461 to 9 October 1467. He was born in Cairo, Egypt.


  • Egypt
    Wednesday Oct 9, 1467
    Mamluks

    Sayf ad-Din Bilbay was a Mamluk sultan of Egypt in 1467

    Egypt
    Wednesday Oct 9, 1467

    Sayf ad-Din Bilbay or Yalbay was a Mamluk sultan of Egypt from 9 October to 4 December 1467.


  • Cairo, Egypt
    Wednesday Dec 4, 1467
    Mamluks

    Timurbugha was the seventeenth Burji Sultan of Mamluk Egypt

    Cairo, Egypt
    Wednesday Dec 4, 1467

    Timurbugha was the seventeenth Burji Sultan of Mamluk Egypt, briefly ruling from late 1467 to early 1468 when he was deposed. He used the title of al-Malik al-Zāhir.


  • Cairo, Egypt
    Friday Jan 31, 1468
    Mamluks

    Qaitbay was the eighteenth Burji Mamluk Sultan of Egypt

    Cairo, Egypt
    Friday Jan 31, 1468

    Sultan Abu Al-Nasr Sayf ad-Din Al-Ashraf Qaitbay was the eighteenth Burji Mamluk Sultan of Egypt from (1468–1496 C.E.).


  • Cairo, Egypt
    Friday Aug 7, 1496
    Mamluks

    An-Nasir Muhammad ibn Qaitbay was a Mamluk sultan of Egypt

    Cairo, Egypt
    Friday Aug 7, 1496

    An-Nasir Muhammad ibn Qaitbay was the son of Qaitbay, and a Mamluk sultan of Egypt from 7 August 1496 to 31 October 1498.


  • Cairo, Egypt
    Monday Oct 31, 1498
    Mamluks

    Abu Sa'id Qansuh was the twenty third Mamluk Sultan of Egypt

    Cairo, Egypt
    Monday Oct 31, 1498

    Abu Sa'id Qansuh, also Qansuh Al-Ashrafi, Qansuh I or Al-Zahir Qansuh, was the twenty third Mamluk Sultan of Egypt from the Burji dynasty.


  • Cairo, Egypt
    Saturday Jun 30, 1500
    Mamluks

    Al-Ashraf Janbalat was a Mamluk sultan of Egypt in 1500

    Cairo, Egypt
    Saturday Jun 30, 1500

    Al-Ashraf Abu al-Nasir Janbalat was a Mamluk sultan of Egypt from 30 June 1500 to 25 January 1501.


  • Cairo, Egypt
    Friday Jan 25, 1501
    Mamluks

    Tuman bay I was the twenty fifth Mamluk Sultan of Egypt

    Cairo, Egypt
    Friday Jan 25, 1501

    Al-Adil Sayf ad-Din Tuman bay was the twenty fifth Mamluk Sultan of Egypt from the Burji dynasty. He ruled for about one hundred days in 1501.


  • Cairo, Egypt
    Saturday Apr 20, 1501
    Mamluks

    Al-Ashraf Qansuh al-Ghuri was the second-to-last of the Mamluk Sultans

    Cairo, Egypt
    Saturday Apr 20, 1501

    Al-Ashraf Qansuh al-Ghuri or Qansuh II al-Ghawri was the second-to-last of the Mamluk Sultans. One of the last and most powerful of the Burji dynasty, he reigned from 1501 to 1516.


  • Cairo, Egypt
    Tuesday Oct 17, 1516
    Mamluks

    Tuman bay II was the last Sultan of Egypt

    Cairo, Egypt
    Tuesday Oct 17, 1516

    Al-Ashraf Abu Al-Nasr Tuman bay, better known as Tuman bay II, was the last Sultan of Egypt before the country's conquest by the Ottoman Turks in 1517.


  • Cairo, Egypt
    Thursday Jan 25, 1517
    Mamluks

    The Mamluk Sultanate collapsed

    Cairo, Egypt
    Thursday Jan 25, 1517

    On January 25, the Mamluk Sultanate collapsed.


  • Cairo, Egypt
    Thursday Dec 20, 1517
    Mamluks

    Ottoman sultan Selim I captured Cairo

    Cairo, Egypt
    Thursday Dec 20, 1517

    Ottoman sultan Selim I captured Cairo on January 20, the center of power transferred then to Constantinople.


  • Ottoman Empire (now Egypt)
    Monday Sep 2, 1754
    Disasters with highest death tolls

    1754 Cairo Earthquake

    Ottoman Empire (now Egypt)
    Monday Sep 2, 1754

    1754 Cairo earthquake occurred on September 2, 1754, in Ottoman Empire (now Egypt), there were an estimated 40,000 deaths.


  • Alexandria, Egypt
    Sunday Jul 1, 1798
    Napoleon

    Napoleon landed at Alexandria

    Alexandria, Egypt
    Sunday Jul 1, 1798

    General Bonaparte and his expedition eluded pursuit by the Royal Navy and landed at Alexandria on 1 July.


  • Shubra Khit, Egypt
    Friday Jul 13, 1798
    Napoleon

    Battle of Shubra Khit

    Shubra Khit, Egypt
    Friday Jul 13, 1798

    Napoleon fought the Battle of Shubra Khit against the Mamluks, Egypt's ruling military caste.


  • Giza, Egypt
    Saturday Jul 21, 1798
    Napoleon

    Battle of the Pyramids

    Giza, Egypt
    Saturday Jul 21, 1798

    Napoleon fought on 21 July, the Battle of the Pyramids.


  • Abu Qir, Egypt
    Thursday Jul 25, 1799
    Napoleon

    Battle of Abu Qir (1799)

    Abu Qir, Egypt
    Thursday Jul 25, 1799

    Back in Egypt on 25 July, Bonaparte defeated an Ottoman amphibious invasion at Abukir.


  • Cairo, Egypt
    Thursday Jan 3, 1811
    Mamluks

    Mamluks End of power in Egypt

    Cairo, Egypt
    Thursday Jan 3, 1811

    On 1 March 1811, Muhammad Ali invited all of the leading Mamluks to his palace to celebrate the declaration of war against the Wahhabis in Arabia. Between 600 and 700 Mamluks paraded for this purpose in Cairo.


  • Cairo, Egypt
    Friday Mar 1, 1811
    Muhammad Ali of Egypt

    Massacre of the Mamelukes

    Cairo, Egypt
    Friday Mar 1, 1811

    Muhammad Ali invited the Mamluk leaders to a celebration at the Cairo Citadel in honor of his son, Tusun Pasha, who was to lead a military expedition into Arabia. The event was held on 1 March 1811. When the Mamluks had gathered at the Citadel and were surrounded and killed by Muhammad Ali's troops.


  • Cairo, Egypt
    Saturday Dec 11, 1819
    Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt

    Ibrahim entry into Cairo

    Cairo, Egypt
    Saturday Dec 11, 1819

    On December 11, 1819, he made a triumphal entry into Cairo. After his return, Ibrahim gave effective support to the Frenchman, Colonel Sève (Suleiman Pasha), who was employed to drill the army on the European model.


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