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  • Tampere, Finland
    Friday May 12, 1865

    Nokia

    Establishement

    Tampere, Finland
    Friday May 12, 1865

    Nokia's history dates back to 1865, when Finnish-Swede mining engineer Fredrik Idestam established a pulp mill near the town of Tampere, Finland (then in the Russian Empire).




  • Helsinki, Finland (Then Russian Empire)
    Thursday Jun 30, 1904

    1905 Russian Revolution

    Governor-General of Finland killed

    Helsinki, Finland (Then Russian Empire)
    Thursday Jun 30, 1904

    Nikolai Bobrikov Governor-General of Finland killed 30 June [O.S. 17 June] 1904 in Helsinki.




  • Helsinki, Finland, (then Russian Empire)
    Sunday Feb 19, 1905

    1905 Russian Revolution

    Procurator of Justice of Finland killed

    Helsinki, Finland, (then Russian Empire)
    Sunday Feb 19, 1905

    Eliel Soisalon-Soininen Procurator of Justice of Finland killed 19 February [O.S. 6 February] 1905 in Helsinki.




  • Russian Empire (Present Day Finland)
    Sunday Nov 12, 1905

    1905 Russian Revolution

    Grand Duchy of Finland, the Social Democrats organised the general strike

    Russian Empire (Present Day Finland)
    Sunday Nov 12, 1905

    In the Grand Duchy of Finland, the Social Democrats organised the general strike of 1905 (12–19 November [O.S. 30 October – 6 November]).




  • Helsinki, Finland, Russian Empire (Now Finland)
    Sunday Aug 12, 1906

    1905 Russian Revolution

    Russian artillerymen and military engineers rose in revolt in the fortress of Sveaborg

    Helsinki, Finland, Russian Empire (Now Finland)
    Sunday Aug 12, 1906

    On 12 August [O.S. 30 July] 1906, Russian artillerymen and military engineers rose in revolt in the fortress of Sveaborg (later called Suomenlinna), Helsinki. The Finnish Red Guards supported the Sveaborg Rebellion with a general strike, but the mutiny was quelled within 60 hours by loyal troops and ships of the Baltic Fleet.




  • Finland (Eastern Finland)
    Thursday Nov 30, 1939

    World War II

    Winter War

    Finland (Eastern Finland)
    Thursday Nov 30, 1939

    Finland refused to sign a similar pact and rejected ceding part of its territory to the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union invaded Finland in 30 November 1939, and the war ended 13 March 1940.




  • Lapland, Finland
    Friday Sep 15, 1944

    World War II

    Lapland War

    Lapland, Finland
    Friday Sep 15, 1944

    The Lapland War was fought between Finland and Nazi Germany effectively from 15 September 1944 to 27 April 1945 in Finland's northernmost region, Lapland. The Wehrmacht successfully withdrew and Finland upheld its obligations under the Moscow Armistice, although it remained formally at war with the USSR and the United Kingdom until ratification of the 1947 Paris Peace Treaty.


  • Finland
    Monday May 9, 1977

    Robert Fulton

    The Loviisa Nuclear Power Plant

    Finland
    Monday May 9, 1977

    Loviisa is the site of two of Finland's nuclear reactors, two VVER units each of 488 MWe, at the Loviisa Nuclear Power Plant. The other operating reactors are at the Olkiluoto Nuclear Power Plant.


  • Finland
    Monday May 9, 1977

    Nuclear Power

    The Loviisa Nuclear Power Plant

    Finland
    Monday May 9, 1977

    Loviisa is the site of two of Finland's nuclear reactors, two VVER units each of 488 MWe, at the Loviisa Nuclear Power Plant. The other operating reactors are at the Olkiluoto Nuclear Power Plant.


  • Finland
    Wednesday Oct 10, 1979

    Robert Fulton

    The Olkiluoto Nuclear Power Plant

    Finland
    Wednesday Oct 10, 1979

    The Olkiluoto plant consists of two boiling water reactors (BWRs), each producing 890 MW of electricity. A third reactor, Unit 3, is expected to be online in February 2022.


  • Finland
    Wednesday Oct 10, 1979

    Nuclear Power

    The Olkiluoto Nuclear Power Plant

    Finland
    Wednesday Oct 10, 1979

    The Olkiluoto plant consists of two boiling water reactors (BWRs), each producing 890 MW of electricity. A third reactor, Unit 3, is expected to be online in February 2022.


  • Finland
    Monday Jul 1, 1991

    Nokia

    The World's First GSM Call

    Finland
    Monday Jul 1, 1991

    Nokia assisted in the development of the GSM mobile standard in the 1980s, and developed the first GSM network with Siemens, the predecessor to Nokia Siemens Network. The world's first GSM call was made by Finnish prime minister Harri Holkeri on 1 July 1991, using Nokia equipment on the 900 MHz band network built by Nokia and operated by Radiolinja.


  • Turku, Finland
    Wednesday Jun 12, 1996

    Nokia

    Nokia sold its television business

    Turku, Finland
    Wednesday Jun 12, 1996

    On 12 June 1996, Nokia announced the sale of its television business to Canada/Hong Kong-based Semi-Tech Corporation. The sale included a factory in Turku, and the rights to use the Nokia, Finlux, Luxor, Salora, Schaub-Lorenz and Oceanic brands until the end of 1999.


  • Espoo, Finland
    Thursday Apr 26, 2001

    Nokia

    Nokia partnered with Telefonica

    Espoo, Finland
    Thursday Apr 26, 2001

    On 26 April 2001 Nokia partnered with Telefonica to supply DSL modems and routers in Spain.


  • Espoo, Finland
    Monday Nov 4, 2002

    Nokia

    Nokia attempted to break into the Handheld Gaming Market

    Espoo, Finland
    Monday Nov 4, 2002

    Nokia was one of the pioneers of mobile gaming due to the popularity of Snake, which came pre-loaded on many products. In 2002, Nokia attempted to break into the handheld gaming market with the N-Gage. the device was a failure, unable to challenge the dominant market leader Nintendo.


  • Espoo, Finland
    Thursday Jun 1, 2006

    Nokia

    Jorma Ollila retired as CEO

    Espoo, Finland
    Thursday Jun 1, 2006

    On 1 June 2006, Jorma Ollila became the company's chairman and retired as CEO, replaced by Olli-Pekka Kallasvuo.


  • Espoo, Finland
    Thursday Feb 4, 2010

    Symbian OS

    The Symbian community objective

    Espoo, Finland
    Thursday Feb 4, 2010

    The Symbian community objective was to publish the source code for the entire Symbian platform under the OSI- and FSF-approved Eclipse Public License (EPL). The code was published under EPL on 4 February 2010; Symbian Foundation reported this event to be the largest codebase moved to Open Source in history.


  • Espoo, Finland
    Friday Sep 10, 2010

    Nokia

    The First non-Finnish Director in Nokia's History

    Espoo, Finland
    Friday Sep 10, 2010

    On 10 September 2010, Olli-Pekka Kallasvuo was fired as CEO and it was announced that Stephen Elop from Microsoft would take Nokia's CEO position, becoming the first non-Finnish director in Nokia's history. Ollila had also announced that he would step down as Nokia chairman by 2012. On 11 March 2011 Nokia announced that it had paid Elop a $6 million signing bonus as "compensation for lost income from his prior employer", on top of his $1.4 million annual salary.


  • Espoo, Finland
    Friday Feb 11, 2011

    Nokia

    Strategic Partnership with Microsoft

    Espoo, Finland
    Friday Feb 11, 2011

    On 11 February 2011, Nokia announced a "strategic partnership" with Microsoft, under which it would adopt Windows Phone 7 as its primary operating system on smartphones, and integrate its services and platforms with its own, including Bing as search engine, and integration of Nokia Maps data into Bing Maps. Elop stated that Nokia chose not to use Android because of an apparent inability to "differentiate" its offerings, with critics also noting that his past ties to Microsoft may have also influenced the decision.


  • Espoo, Finland
    Friday Feb 11, 2011

    Symbian OS

    Nokia announced a partnership with Microsoft

    Espoo, Finland
    Friday Feb 11, 2011

    On 11 February 2011, Nokia announced a partnership with Microsoft that would see Nokia adopt Windows Phone as its primary smartphone platform, and Symbian would be gradually phased out, together with MeeGo. As a consequence, Symbian's market share fell, and application developers for Symbian dropped out rapidly. Research in June 2011 indicated that over 39% of mobile developers using Symbian at the time of publication was planning to abandon the platform.


  • Espoo, Finland
    Tuesday Apr 5, 2011

    Symbian OS

    Nokia reduced its Symbian collaboration

    Espoo, Finland
    Tuesday Apr 5, 2011

    By 5 April 2011, Nokia ceased to openly source any portion of the Symbian software and reduced its collaboration to a small group of pre-selected partners in Japan. Source code released under the EPL remains available in third-party repositories.


  • Espoo, Finland
    Wednesday Jun 22, 2011

    Symbian OS

    Agreement with Accenture

    Espoo, Finland
    Wednesday Jun 22, 2011

    On 22 June 2011, Nokia made an agreement with Accenture for an outsourcing program. Accenture will provide Symbian-based software development and support services to Nokia through 2016; about 2,800 Nokia employees became Accenture employees as of October 2011


  • Espoo, Finland
    Monday Aug 1, 2011

    Nokia

    Nokia announced that it would adopt a New Three-digit Naming System

    Espoo, Finland
    Monday Aug 1, 2011

    On 1 August 2011, Nokia announced that it would adopt a new three-digit naming system for mobile phone products and stop using letters, effectively ending the Nseries, Eseries, and short-lived Cseries.


  • Espoo, Finland
    Friday Sep 30, 2011

    Symbian OS

    Accenture transfer completed

    Espoo, Finland
    Friday Sep 30, 2011

    The Accenture transfer was completed on 30 September 2011.


  • Espoo, Finland
    Friday May 4, 2012

    Nokia

    Ollila stepped down as Chairman

    Espoo, Finland
    Friday May 4, 2012

    Ollila stepped down as chairman on 4 May 2012 and was replaced by Risto Siilasmaa.


  • Finland
    Tuesday Sep 3, 2013

    Microsoft

    Nokia

    Finland
    Tuesday Sep 3, 2013

    On September 3, 2013, Microsoft agreed to buy Nokia's mobile unit for $7 billion.


  • Espoo, Finland
    Wednesday Jan 1, 2014

    Symbian OS

    Symbian terminated

    Espoo, Finland
    Wednesday Jan 1, 2014

    Nokia terminated its support of software development and maintenance for Symbian with effect from 1 January 2014, thereafter refusing to publish new or changed Symbian applications or content in the Nokia Store and terminating its 'Symbian Signed' program for software certification.


  • Finland
    Friday Apr 25, 2014

    Microsoft

    Nokia acquired

    Finland
    Friday Apr 25, 2014

    On April 25, 2014, Microsoft acquired Nokia Devices and Services for $7.2 billion.


  • Espoo, Finland
    Monday Nov 17, 2014

    Nokia

    Nokia planned to re-enter the Consumer Electronics business

    Espoo, Finland
    Monday Nov 17, 2014

    On 17 November 2014, Nokia Technologies head Ramzi Haidamus disclosed that the company planned to re-enter the consumer electronics business as an original design manufacturer, licensing in-house hardware designs and technologies to third-party manufacturers.


  • Espoo, Finland
    Tuesday Apr 14, 2015

    Nokia

    Nokia announced that it had agreed to purchase Alcatel-Lucent

    Espoo, Finland
    Tuesday Apr 14, 2015

    On 14 April 2015, Nokia confirmed that it was in talks with the French telecommunications equipment company Alcatel-Lucent regarding a potential merger. The next day, Nokia announced that it had agreed to purchase Alcatel-Lucent for €15.6 billion in an all-stock deal.


  • Espoo, Finland
    Tuesday Jul 14, 2015

    Nokia

    CEO confirmed that the company would return to the Mobile Phones Market

    Espoo, Finland
    Tuesday Jul 14, 2015

    On 14 July 2015, CEO Rajeev Suri confirmed that the company would make a return to the mobile phones market in 2016.


  • Espoo, Finland
    Monday Aug 3, 2015

    Nokia

    Nokia announced that it had reached a Deal to sell its here Digital Maps Division

    Espoo, Finland
    Monday Aug 3, 2015

    On 3 August 2015, Nokia announced that it had reached a deal to sell its Here digital maps division to a consortium of BMW, Daimler AG and Volkswagen Group for €2.8 billion. The deal closed on 3 December 2015.


  • Espoo, Finland
    Wednesday May 18, 2016

    Nokia

    Microsoft Mobile sold its Nokia-branded feature phone business to HMD Global

    Espoo, Finland
    Wednesday May 18, 2016

    On 18 May 2016, Microsoft Mobile sold its Nokia-branded feature phone business to HMD Global, a new company founded by former Nokia executive Jean-Francois Baril, and an associated factory in Vietnam to Foxconn's FIH Mobile subsidiary. Nokia subsequently entered into a long-term licensing deal to make HMD the exclusive manufacturer of Nokia-branded phones and tablets outside Japan, operating in conjunction with Foxconn. The deal also granted HMD the right to essential patents and featurephone software.


  • Espoo, Finland
    Tuesday Jun 28, 2016

    Nokia

    The First 5G-Ready Network

    Espoo, Finland
    Tuesday Jun 28, 2016

    On 28 June 2016 Nokia demonstrated for the first time a 5G-ready network.


  • Espoo, Finland
    Friday Jun 30, 2017

    Nokia

    Gregory Lee became Nokia Technologies CEO and President

    Espoo, Finland
    Friday Jun 30, 2017

    On 30 June 2017, Gregory Lee, previously CEO of Samsung Electronics in North America, was appointed Nokia Technologies CEO and president.


  • Espoo, Finland
    Monday Jan 29, 2018

    Nokia

    Nokia introduced the ReefShark line of 5G Chipsets

    Espoo, Finland
    Monday Jan 29, 2018

    On 29 January 2018, Nokia introduced the ReefShark line of 5G chipsets, claiming that it triples bandwidth to 84 Gbit/s. It will be released by Q3 2018. It also incorporates artificial intelligence technologies from Bell Labs.


  • Finland
    Tuesday Mar 13, 2018

    Nokia

    Solidium purchased a 3.3% stake in Nokia

    Finland
    Tuesday Mar 13, 2018

    On 13 March 2018, Solidium, the investment arm of the Finnish government, purchased a 3.3% stake in Nokia valued at €844 million.


  • Helsinki, Finland
    Monday Jul 16, 2018

    Donald Trump

    Helsinki Summit

    Helsinki, Finland
    Monday Jul 16, 2018

    After Trump met Putin at the Helsinki Summit on July 16, 2018, Trump drew bipartisan criticism for siding with Putin's denial of Russian interference in the 2016 presidential election, rather than accepting the findings of the United States intelligence community.


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