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  • Timor-Leste
    1975
    Xanana Gusmão

    The Fretilin Faction Had Gained Control of Portuguese Timor

    Timor-Leste
    1975

    Taking advantage of the internal disorder, and with an eye to absorbing the colony, Indonesia immediately began a campaign of destabilisation, and frequent raids into Portuguese Timor were staged from Indonesian West Timor. By late 1975 the Fretilin faction had gained control of Portuguese Timor and Gusmão was released from prison. He was given the position of Press Secretary within the Fretilin organisation.




  • Timor-Leste
    1975
    Xanana Gusmão

    Gusmão Was arrested and Imprisoned by The UDT

    Timor-Leste
    1975

    During most of 1975 a bitter internal struggle occurred between two rival factions in Portuguese Timor. Gusmão became deeply involved with the Fretilin faction, and as a result he was arrested and imprisoned by the rival faction the Timorese Democratic Union (UDT) in mid-1975.




  • Okhta, Leningrad (Saint Petersburg), Russia
    1975
    Vladimir Putin

    Joined the KGB

    Okhta, Leningrad (Saint Petersburg), Russia
    1975

    In 1975, Putin joined the KGB and trained at the 401st KGB school in Okhta, Leningrad.




  • Saint Petersburg, Russia
    1975
    Vladimir Putin

    Graduation

    Saint Petersburg, Russia
    1975

    Putin studied Law at the Leningrad State University (now Saint Petersburg State University) in 1970 and graduated in 1975.




  • FIFA headquarters, Zurich, Switzerland
    1975
    Sepp Blatter

    Technical Director

    FIFA headquarters, Zurich, Switzerland
    1975

    Blatter worked at FIFA, first as technical director in 1975.




  • Munich, Germany
    1975
    BMW

    Sculptor Alexander Calder was commissioned to paint the BMW 3.0 CSL racing car

    Munich, Germany
    1975

    In 1975, sculptor Alexander Calder was commissioned to paint the BMW 3.0 CSL racing car driven by Hervé Poulain at the 24 Hours of Le Mans, which became the first in the series of BMW Art Cars. Since Calder's work of art, many other renowned artists throughout the world have created BMW Art Cars, including David Hockney, Jenny Holzer, Roy Lichtenstein, Robert Rauschenberg, Frank Stella, and Andy Warhol.




  • England
    1975
    Tony Blair

    Labour Party

    England
    1975

    Blair joined the Labour Party shortly after graduating from Oxford in 1975.


  • Cambridge, England
    1975
    Stephen Hawking

    To Cambridge

    Cambridge, England
    1975

    Hawking returned to Cambridge in 1975 to a more academically senior post, as reader in gravitational physics.


  • Oxford, England, United Kingdom
    1975
    Tony Blair

    Graduated

    Oxford, England, United Kingdom
    1975

    He graduated from Oxford at the age of 22 in 1975 with a second-class Honours B.A. in Jurisprudence.


  • São Bernardo do Campo, São Paulo, Brazil
    1975
    Lula da Silva

    A President of the Steel Workers' Union of São Bernardo do Campo and Diadema

    São Bernardo do Campo, São Paulo, Brazil
    1975

    He was elected in 1975, and reelected in 1978, as president of the Steel Workers' Union of São Bernardo do Campo and Diadema.


  • Caracas, Venezuelan Capital District, Venezuela
    1975
    Hugo Chávez

    Graduation

    Caracas, Venezuelan Capital District, Venezuela
    1975

    In 1975, Chávez graduated from the military academy (the Venezuelan Academy of Military Sciences) as one of the top graduates of the year.


  • Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
    1975
    George W. Bush

    Graduation

    Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
    1975

    In the fall of 1973, Bush entered Harvard Business School. He graduated in 1975 with an MBA degree. He is the only American president to have earned an MBA.


  • Cambridge, Massachusetts, U.S.
    1975
    Bill Gates

    Gates dropped out of Harvard

    Cambridge, Massachusetts, U.S.
    1975

    Gates did not have a definite study plan while he was a student at Harvard, and he spent a lot of time using the school's computers. Gates remained in contact with Paul Allen, and he joined him at Honeywell during the summer of 1974. The MITS Altair 8800 was released the following year. The new computer was based on the Intel 8080 CPU, and Gates and Allen saw this as the opportunity to start their own computer software company. Gates dropped out of Harvard at this time.


  • Bangladesh
    1975
    Muhammad Yunus

    He developed a Nabajug (New Era) Tebhaga Khamar (three share farm)

    Bangladesh
    1975

    In 1975, he developed a Nabajug (New Era) Tebhaga Khamar (three share farm) which the government adopted as the Packaged Input Programme. In order to make the project more effective, Yunus and his associates proposed the Gram Sarkar (the village government) programme.


  • U.S.
    1975
    1973 oil crisis

    U.S. Federal oil depletion allowance eliminated for large producers

    U.S.
    1975

    U.S. Federal oil depletion allowance eliminated for large producers.


  • Pennsylvania, U.S.
    1975
    Microprocessor

    MOS Technology 6502

    Pennsylvania, U.S.
    1975

    Motorola released the competing 6800 in August 1974, and the similar MOS Technology 6502 in 1975 (both designed largely by the same people). The 6502 family rivaled the Z80 in popularity during the 1980s.


  • A Coruña, Galicia, Spain
    1975
    Amancio Ortega

    First Zara Store

    A Coruña, Galicia, Spain
    1975

    In 1975, Ortega opened his first Zara store in 1975 in central A Coruña, Galicia.


  • Colombia
    1975
    Pablo Escobar: Narcos

    Criminal Beginning

    Colombia
    1975

    In The Accountant's Story, Roberto Escobar discusses how Pablo rose from middle-class simplicity and obscurity to one of the world's wealthiest men. Beginning in 1975, Pablo started developing his cocaine operation, flying out planes several times, mainly between Colombia and Panama, along smuggling routes into the United States. When he later bought fifteen bigger airplanes, including a Learjet and six helicopters, according to his son, a dear friend of Pablo's died during the landing of an airplane, and the plane was destroyed. Pablo reconstructed the airplane from the scrap parts that were left and later hung it above the gate to his ranch at Hacienda Nápoles.


  • California, U.S.
    1975
    Microprocessor

    The Intersil 6100

    California, U.S.
    1975

    The Intersil 6100 family consisted of a 12-bit microprocessor (the 6100) and a range of peripheral support and memory ICs. The microprocessor recognised the DEC PDP-8 minicomputer instruction set. As such it was sometimes referred to as the CMOS-PDP8. Since it was also produced by Harris Corporation, it was also known as the Harris HM-6100. By virtue of its CMOS technology and associated benefits, the 6100 was being incorporated into some military designs until the early 1980s.


  • California, U.S.
    1975
    Microprocessor

    Introducing The First 16-bit Single-Chip Microprocessor

    California, U.S.
    1975

    In 1975, National Semiconductor introduced the first 16-bit single-chip microprocessor, the National Semiconductor PACE, which was later followed by an NMOS version, the INS8900.


  • U.S.
    1975
    Computer animation

    Fractals

    U.S.
    1975

    A major step forward to the goal of increased realism in 3D animation came with the development of "fractals". The term was coined in 1975 by mathematician Benoit Mandelbrot, who used it to extend the theoretical concept of fractional dimensions to geometric patterns in nature, and published in the English translation of his book Fractals: Form, Chance, and Dimension in 1977.


  • California, U.S.
    1975
    Cameras

    The Cromemco Cyclops

    California, U.S.
    1975

    The Cromemco Cyclops, introduced as a hobbyist construction project in 1975, was the first digital camera to be interfaced to a microcomputer. Its image sensor was a modified metal-oxide-semiconductor (MOS) dynamic RAM (DRAM) memory chip.


  • Seattle, Washington, U.S.
    Jan, 1975
    Ted Bundy

    Bundy returned to Seattle after his final exams

    Seattle, Washington, U.S.
    Jan, 1975

    In January 1975, Bundy returned to Seattle after his final exams and spent a week with Kloepfer, who did not tell him that she had reported him to police on three occasions. She made plans to visit him in Salt Lake City in August.


  • Snowmass Village, Colorado, U.S.
    Sunday Jan 12, 1975
    Ted Bundy

    Caryn Eileen Campbell

    Snowmass Village, Colorado, U.S.
    Sunday Jan 12, 1975

    In 1975, Bundy shifted much of his criminal activity eastward, from his base in Utah to Colorado. On January 12, a 23-year-old registered nurse named Caryn Eileen Campbell disappeared while walking down a well-lit hallway between the elevator and her room at the Wildwood Inn (now the Wildwood Lodge) in Snowmass Village, 400 miles (640 km) southeast of Salt Lake City. Her nude body was found a month later next to a dirt road just outside the resort. She had been killed by blows to her head from a blunt instrument that left distinctive linear grooved depressions on her skull; her body also bore deep cuts from a sharp weapon.


  • Orly Airport near Paris, France
    Monday Jan 13, 1975
    Carlos the Jackal

    Attacks on El Al airplanes at Orly Airport

    Orly Airport near Paris, France
    Monday Jan 13, 1975

    He later participated in two failed rocket propelled grenade attacks on El Al airplanes at Orly Airport near Paris on 13 and 17 January 1975.


  • New York, U.S.
    Monday Jan 13, 1975
    1973 oil crisis

    Kissinger's interview

    New York, U.S.
    Monday Jan 13, 1975

    Business Week publishes Kissinger's interview hinting at military action against oil countries in case of "actual strangulation."


  • Schenectady, New York, U.S.
    Monday Jan 13, 1975
    Andrew Yang

    Birth

    Schenectady, New York, U.S.
    Monday Jan 13, 1975

    Yang was born in Schenectady, New York, on January 13, 1975. His parents were from Taiwan and immigrated to the U.S. in the 1960s. They met while they were both in graduate school at the University of California, Berkeley. His father graduated with a Ph.D. in physics and worked in the research labs of IBM and General Electric, generating over 69 patents in his career. His mother graduated with a master's degree in statistics and became a systems administrator at a local university. Yang has an older brother, Lawrence, who is a psychology professor.


  • Kerman, Iran
    1975
    Qasem Soleimani

    Contractor for the Kerman Water Organization

    Kerman, Iran
    1975

    In 1975, he began working as a contractor for the Kerman Water Organization.


  • London, England, United Kingdom
    1975
    The palace of Westminster England

    Parliament acquired office space in the nearby Norman Shaw Building

    London, England, United Kingdom
    1975

    As the need for office space in the Palace increased, Parliament acquired office space in the nearby Norman Shaw Building in 1975, and in the custom-built Portcullis House, completed in 2000. This increase has enabled all MPs to have their own office facilities.


  • London, England
    Tuesday Feb 11, 1975
    Margaret Thatcher

    Leader of The Opposition

    London, England
    Tuesday Feb 11, 1975

    Heath's leadership of the Conservative Party looked increasingly in doubt. Thatcher was not initially seen as the obvious replacement, but she eventually became the main challenger, promising a fresh start. Her main support came from the parliamentary 1922 Committee and The Spectator. She defeated Heath on the first ballot and he resigned the leadership. In the second ballot she defeated Whitelaw, Heath's preferred successor. Thatcher became Conservative Party leader and Leader of the Opposition on 11 February 1975; she appointed Whitelaw as her deputy.


  • Vietnam
    Monday Mar 10, 1975
    Vietnam War

    General Dung launched Campaign 275

    Vietnam
    Monday Mar 10, 1975

    On 10 March 1975, General Dung launched Campaign 275, a limited offensive into the Central Highlands, supported by tanks and heavy artillery. The target was Buôn Ma Thuột, in Đắk Lắk Province.


  • South Vietnam
    Tuesday Mar 11, 1975
    Vietnam War

    The ARVN proved incapable of resisting the onslaught

    South Vietnam
    Tuesday Mar 11, 1975

    The ARVN proved incapable of resisting the onslaught, and its forces collapsed on 11 March.


  • Vail, Colorado, U.S.
    Saturday Mar 15, 1975
    Ted Bundy

    Julie Cunningham

    Vail, Colorado, U.S.
    Saturday Mar 15, 1975

    On March 15, 100 miles (160 km) northeast of Snowmass, Vail ski instructor Julie Cunningham, 26 years old, disappeared while walking from her apartment to a dinner date with a friend. Bundy later told Colorado investigators that he approached Cunningham on crutches and asked her to help carry his ski boots to his car, where he clubbed and handcuffed her, then assaulted and strangled her at a secondary site near Rifle, 90 miles (140 km) west of Vail. Weeks later, he made the six-hour drive from Salt Lake City to revisit her remains.


  • Huế, South Vietnam
    Thursday Mar 20, 1975
    Vietnam War

    Thieu reversed himself and ordered Huế

    Huế, South Vietnam
    Thursday Mar 20, 1975

    On 20 March, Thieu reversed himself and ordered Huế, Vietnam's third-largest city, be held at all costs, and then changed his policy several times. As the North Vietnamese launched their attack, panic set in, and ARVN resistance withered.


  • Huế, South Vietnam
    Saturday Mar 22, 1975
    Vietnam War

    The NVA opened the siege of Huế

    Huế, South Vietnam
    Saturday Mar 22, 1975

    On 22 March, the NVA opened the siege of Huế. Civilians flooded the airport and the docks hoping for any mode of escape.


  • South Vietnam
    Friday Mar 28, 1975
    Vietnam War

    35,000 NVA troops were poised to attack the suburbs

    South Vietnam
    Friday Mar 28, 1975

    By 28 March, 35,000 NVA troops were poised to attack the suburbs.


  • Huế, South Vietnam
    Sunday Mar 30, 1975
    Vietnam War

    The Fall of the city

    Huế, South Vietnam
    Sunday Mar 30, 1975

    By 30 March 100,000 leaderless ARVN troops surrendered as the NVA marched victoriously through Da Nang. With the fall of the city, the defense of the Central Highlands and Northern provinces came to an end.


  • Hamilton, Ohio, U.S.
    Sunday Mar 30, 1975
    Mass Shootings in the United States

    Easter Sunday Massacre

    Hamilton, Ohio, U.S.
    Sunday Mar 30, 1975

    James Urban Ruppert is an American murderer, who was responsible for one of the deadliest shootings inside a private residence in US history. On Easter Sunday, March 30, 1975, Ruppert murdered 11 family members in his mother's house at 635 Minor Avenue in Hamilton, Ohio in what has been referred to as the "Easter Sunday Massacre." He is serving two life sentences at the Allen Oakwood Correctional Institution in Lima, Ohio.


  • United Kingdom
    1975
    Brexit

    UK held its first ever national referendum

    United Kingdom
    1975

    Labour again won the election (this time with a small majority), and in 1975 the UK held its first ever national referendum, asking whether the UK should remain in the EC. Despite significant division within the ruling Labour Party, all major political parties and the mainstream press supported continuing membership of the EC.


  • Albuquerque, New Mexico, U.S.
    Friday Apr 4, 1975
    Microsoft

    Establishment

    Albuquerque, New Mexico, U.S.
    Friday Apr 4, 1975

    Gates and Allen officially established Microsoft on April 4, 1975, with Gates as the CEO. The original name of "Micro-Soft" (short for microcomputer software) was suggested by Allen.


  • Xuân Lộc, South Vietnam
    Monday Apr 7, 1975
    Vietnam War

    Three North Vietnamese divisions attacked Xuân Lộc

    Xuân Lộc, South Vietnam
    Monday Apr 7, 1975

    On 7 April, three North Vietnamese divisions attacked Xuân Lộc, 40 miles (64 km) east of Saigon. For two bloody weeks, severe fighting raged as the ARVN defenders made a last stand to try to block the North Vietnamese advance.


  • Grand Junction, Colorado, U.S.
    Sunday Apr 6, 1975
    Ted Bundy

    Denise Lynn Oliverson

    Grand Junction, Colorado, U.S.
    Sunday Apr 6, 1975

    Denise Lynn Oliverson, 25, disappeared near the Utah–Colorado border in Grand Junction on April 6 while riding her bicycle to her parents' house; her bike and sandals were found under a viaduct near a railroad bridge.


  • Paris, France
    Wednesday Apr 9, 1975
    1973 oil crisis

    $25 billion agreement

    Paris, France
    Wednesday Apr 9, 1975

    Twenty-four OECD members sign an agreement to establish a $25 billion lending facility to provide assistance to industrial nations hurt by high oil prices.


  • Saigon, South Vietnam
    Monday Apr 21, 1975
    Vietnam War

    Withdraw towards Saigon

    Saigon, South Vietnam
    Monday Apr 21, 1975

    On 21 April, however, the exhausted garrison was ordered to withdraw towards Saigon. An embittered and tearful president Thieu resigned on the same day, declaring that the United States had betrayed South Vietnam. In a scathing attack, he suggested U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger had tricked him into signing the Paris peace agreement two years earlier, promising military aid that failed to materialize.


  • Washington D.C., U.S.
    Wednesday Apr 23, 1975
    Vietnam War

    A Televised Speech

    Washington D.C., U.S.
    Wednesday Apr 23, 1975

    President Gerald Ford had given a televised speech on 23 April, declaring an end to the Vietnam War and all U.S. aid. Frequent Wind continued around the clock, as North Vietnamese tanks breached defenses on the outskirts of Saigon.


  • Taiwan
    Friday Apr 25, 1975
    Vietnam War

    Thieu left for Taiwan

    Taiwan
    Friday Apr 25, 1975

    Having transferred power to Trần Văn Hương, he left for Taiwan on 25 April.


  • Saigon, South Vietnam
    Sunday Apr 27, 1975
    Vietnam War

    100,000 North Vietnamese troops encircled Saigon

    Saigon, South Vietnam
    Sunday Apr 27, 1975

    On 27 April, 100,000 North Vietnamese troops encircled Saigon. The city was defended by about 30,000 ARVN troops. To hasten a collapse and foment panic, the NVA shelled the airport and forced its closure. With the air exit closed, large numbers of civilians found that they had no way out.


  • Saigon, South Vietnam
    Tuesday Apr 29, 1975
    Vietnam War

    The Largest Helicopter evacuation in history

    Saigon, South Vietnam
    Tuesday Apr 29, 1975

    Schlesinger announced early in the morning of 29 April 1975 the evacuation from Saigon by helicopter of the last U.S. diplomatic, military, and civilian personnel. Frequent Wind was arguably the largest helicopter evacuation in history.


  • Saigon, South Vietnam
    Wednesday Apr 30, 1975
    Vietnam War

    The Last U.S. Marines evacuated the embassy by helicopter

    Saigon, South Vietnam
    Wednesday Apr 30, 1975

    In the early morning hours of 30 April, the last U.S. Marines evacuated the embassy by helicopter, as civilians swamped the perimeter and poured into the grounds. Many of them had been employed by the Americans and were left to their fate.


  • Saigon, South Vietnam
    Wednesday Apr 30, 1975
    Vietnam War

    NVA troops entered the city of Saigon

    Saigon, South Vietnam
    Wednesday Apr 30, 1975

    On 30 April 1975, NVA troops entered the city of Saigon and quickly overcame all resistance, capturing key buildings and installations. A tank from the 324th Division crashed through the gates of the Independence Palace at 11:30 am local time and the Viet Cong flag was raised above it. President Dương Văn Minh, who had succeeded Huong two days earlier, surrendered to Colonel Bùi Tín.


  • Pocatello, Idaho, U.S.
    Tuesday May 6, 1975
    Ted Bundy

    Lynette Dawn Culver

    Pocatello, Idaho, U.S.
    Tuesday May 6, 1975

    On May 6, Bundy lured 12-year-old Lynette Dawn Culver from Alameda Junior High School in Pocatello, Idaho, 160 miles (255 km) north of Salt Lake City. He drowned and then sexually assaulted her in his hotel room, before disposing of her body in a river north of Pocatello.


  • Tokyo, Japan
    Saturday May 10, 1975
    Sony Corporation

    Launching the Betamax

    Tokyo, Japan
    Saturday May 10, 1975

    The company launched the Betamax videocassette recording format in 1975. Sony was involved in the videotape format war of the early 1980s, when they were marketing the Betamax system for video cassette recorders against the VHS format developed by JVC. In the end, VHS gained critical mass in the marketbase and became the worldwide standard for consumer VCRs.


  • Tokyo, Japan
    Saturday May 10, 1975
    Akio Morita

    Releasing The First Betamax Home Video Recorder

    Tokyo, Japan
    Saturday May 10, 1975

    In 1975, it released the first Betamax home video recorder, a year before VHS format came out.


  • Salt Lake City, Utah, U.S.
    Thursday May 15, 1975
    Ted Bundy

    Bundy's Washington State DES coworkers visited him in Salt Lake City

    Salt Lake City, Utah, U.S.
    Thursday May 15, 1975

    In mid-May, three of Bundy's Washington State DES coworkers, including Carole Ann Boone, visited him in Salt Lake City and stayed for a week in his apartment.


  • Argentina
    Thursday May 29, 1975
    Diego Maradona

    International debut

    Argentina
    Thursday May 29, 1975

    He made his full international debut at age 16.


  • Los Angeles, California, United states
    Wednesday Jun 4, 1975
    Angelina Jolie

    Birth

    Los Angeles, California, United states
    Wednesday Jun 4, 1975

    Angelina Jolie Voight was born on June 4, 1975, in Los Angeles, California, to actors Jon Voight and Marcheline Bertrand.


  • United Kingdom
    Thursday Jun 5, 1975
    Brexit

    67.2% of the electorate and all but two UK counties and regions voted to stay in

    United Kingdom
    Thursday Jun 5, 1975

    On 5 June 1975, 67.2% of the electorate and all but two UK counties and regions voted to stay in; support for the UK to leave the EC in 1975 appears unrelated to the support for Leave in the 2016 referendum.


  • United Kingdom
    Thursday Jun 5, 1975
    Brexit

    EC membership referendum of 1975

    United Kingdom
    Thursday Jun 5, 1975

    In the EC membership referendum of 1975, two-thirds of British voters favoured continued EC membership. Over the decades of UK-EU membership, Euroscepticism existed on both the left and right of British politics.


  • Seattle, Washington, U.S.
    Jun, 1975
    Ted Bundy

    Bundy subsequently spent a week in Seattle with Kloepfer

    Seattle, Washington, U.S.
    Jun, 1975

    Bundy subsequently spent a week in Seattle with Kloepfer in early June and they discussed getting married the following Christmas. Again, Kloepfer made no mention of her multiple discussions with the King County Police and Salt Lake County Sheriff's Office. Bundy disclosed neither his ongoing relationship with Boone nor a concurrent romance with a Utah law student known in various accounts as Kim Andrews or Sharon Auer.


  • Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
    Wednesday Jun 11, 1975
    Indira Gandhi

    The Allahabad High Court declaration

    Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
    Wednesday Jun 11, 1975

    On 12 June 1975, the Allahabad High Court declared Indira Gandhi's election to the Lok Sabha in 1971 void on grounds of electoral malpractice. The court ordered her stripped of her parliamentary seat and banned from running for any office for six years. As the constitution holds that the Prime Minister must be a member of either the Lok Sabha or the Rajya Sabha, the two houses of the Parliament of India, this would have effectively removed her from office. However, Gandhi rejected calls to resign and announced plans to appeal to the Supreme Court. Gandhi insisted that the conviction did not undermine her position, despite having been unseated from Lok Sabha.


  • U.S.
    Friday Jun 20, 1975
    Steven Spielberg

    Steven's First Blockbuster

    U.S.
    Friday Jun 20, 1975

    Studio producers Richard D. Zanuck and David Brown offered Spielberg the director's chair for Jaws, a thriller-horror film based on the Peter Benchley novel about an enormous killer shark. Spielberg has often referred to the gruelling shoot as his professional crucible. Despite the film's ultimate, enormous success, it was nearly shut down due to delays and budget over-runs. But Spielberg persevered and finished the film. It was an enormous hit, winning three Academy Awards (for editing, original score and sound) and grossing more than $470 million worldwide at the box office. Jaws made Spielberg a household name and one of America's youngest multi-millionaires.


  • India
    Tuesday Jun 24, 1975
    Indira Gandhi

    Declaring State of Emergency

    India
    Tuesday Jun 24, 1975

    Gandhi moved to restore order by ordering the arrest of most of the opposition participating in the unrest. Her Cabinet and government then recommended that President Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed declare a state of emergency because of the disorder and lawlessness following the Allahabad High Court decision. Accordingly, Ahmed declared a State of Emergency caused by internal disorder, based on the provisions of Article 352 of the Constitution, on 25 June 1975.


  • Australia
    1975
    Red Dog (Pilbara)

    Stazzonelli's death

    Australia
    1975

    Following Stazzonelli's death in 1975, Red Dog spent a lot of time travelling on his own. He was also taken in by many members of the community, and a veterinarian who treated him. Each time he visited the vet, it was with a new owner. Red was made a member of the Dampier Salts Sport and Social Club and the Transport Workers' Union, and was also given a bank account with the Bank of New South Wales, which was said to have used him as a mascot, with the slogan "If Red banks at the Wales, then you can too."


  • Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, U.S.
    Saturday Jun 28, 1975
    Ted Bundy

    Susan Curtis

    Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, U.S.
    Saturday Jun 28, 1975

    On June 28, Susan Curtis vanished from the campus of Brigham Young University in Provo, 45 miles (70 km) south of Salt Lake City. Curtis' murder became Bundy's last confession, tape-recorded moments before he entered the execution chamber. The bodies of Wilcox, Kent, Cunningham, Oliverson, Culver, and Curtis were never recovered.


  • New York, U.S.
    Thursday Jul 10, 1975
    Pelé

    To New York Cosmos

    New York, U.S.
    Thursday Jul 10, 1975

    Pelé retired from Brazilian club football although he continued to occasionally play for Santos in official competitive matches. Two years later, he came out of semi-retirement to sign with the New York Cosmos of the North American Soccer League (NASL) for the 1975 season.


  • U.S.
    Jul, 1975
    Internet

    the network had been turned over to the Defense Communications Agency

    U.S.
    Jul, 1975

    After the ARPANET had been up and running for several years, ARPA looked for another agency to hand off the network to; ARPA's primary mission was funding cutting edge research and development, not running a communications utility. Eventually, in July 1975, the network had been turned over to the Defense Communications Agency, also part of the Department of Defense.


  • U.S.
    Jul, 1975
    1973 oil crisis

    World Bank establishes its "Third Window"

    U.S.
    Jul, 1975

    World Bank establishes its "Third Window," a fund to make loans to countries too rich to qualify for "soft" no-interest loans, but too distressed to afford loans at the prevailing normal lending rates. The action represents significant cooperation between oil-exporting and industrial nations.


  • U.S.
    1975
    Joe Biden

    Biden and Jill Tracy Jacobs met

    U.S.
    1975

    Biden credits his second wife, teacher Jill Tracy Jacobs, with the renewal of his interest in politics and life; they met in 1975 on a blind date


  • Paris, France
    Saturday Jul 26, 1975
    Carlos the Jackal

    A Parisian house party

    Paris, France
    Saturday Jul 26, 1975

    On 26 June 1975, Carlos's PFLP contact, Lebanon-born Michel Moukharbal, was captured and interrogated by the French domestic intelligence agency, the DST. When two unarmed agents of the DST interrogated Carlos at a Parisian house party, Moukharbal revealed Carlos's identity. Carlos then shot and killed the two agents and Moukharbal, fled the scene, and managed to escape via Brussels to Beirut.


  • Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
    Wednesday Jul 30, 1975
    01:15:00 PM
    Jimmy Hoffa

    Hoffa left home

    Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
    Wednesday Jul 30, 1975
    01:15:00 PM

    On July 30, 1975, Hoffa left home in his green Pontiac Grand Ville at 1:15 p.m. Before heading to the restaurant.


  • Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
    Wednesday Jul 30, 1975
    02:00:00 PM
    Jimmy Hoffa

    Disappearance

    Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
    Wednesday Jul 30, 1975
    02:00:00 PM

    Hoffa disappeared on July 30, 1975, after going out to a meeting with Anthony Provenzano and Anthony Giacalone. The meeting was arranged to take place at 2 p.m. at the Machus Red Fox restaurant in Bloomfield Township, a suburb of Detroit. The Machus Red Fox was known to Hoffa; it had been the site for the wedding reception of his son, James. Hoffa wrote the date in his office calendar: "TG—2 p.m.—Red Fox".


  • Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
    Wednesday Jul 30, 1975
    02:15:00 PM
    Jimmy Hoffa

    An Annoyed Hoffa Called His Wife

    Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
    Wednesday Jul 30, 1975
    02:15:00 PM

    On July 30, 1975, At 2:15 p.m., an annoyed Hoffa called his wife from a payphone on a post in front of Damman Hardware, directly behind the Red Fox and complained, "Where the hell is Tony Giacalone? I'm being stood up." His wife told him she had not heard from anyone. He told her he would be home at 4:00 p.m. Several witnesses saw Hoffa standing by his car and pacing the restaurant's parking lot. Two men saw Hoffa emerge from the Red Fox after a long lunch and recognized him; they stopped to chat with him briefly and to shake his hand.


  • Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
    Wednesday Jul 30, 1975
    03:27:00 PM
    Jimmy Hoffa

    Hoffa called Linteau

    Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
    Wednesday Jul 30, 1975
    03:27:00 PM

    On July 30, 1975, At 3:27 p.m., Hoffa called Linteau complaining that Giacalone was late. Hoffa said, "That dirty son of a bitch Tony Jocks set this meeting up, and he's an hour and a half late." Linteau told him to calm down and to stop by his office on the way home. Hoffa said he would and hung up; this is Hoffa's last known communication.


  • Pontiac, Michigan, U.S.
    Wednesday Jul 30, 1975
    Jimmy Hoffa

    Hoffa stopped in Pontiac

    Pontiac, Michigan, U.S.
    Wednesday Jul 30, 1975

    On July 30, 1975, Hoffa stopped in Pontiac at the office of his close friend Louis Linteau, a former president of Teamsters Local 614 who now ran a limousine service.


  • Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
    Thursday Jul 31, 1975
    07:00:00 AM
    Jimmy Hoffa

    Hoffa's wife called her Son and Daughter

    Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
    Thursday Jul 31, 1975
    07:00:00 AM

    On July 31, 1975, At 7:00 a.m. Hoffa's wife called her son and daughter by telephone, saying their father had not come home.


  • Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
    Thursday Jul 31, 1975
    07:20:00 AM
    Jimmy Hoffa

    Hoffa's Unlocked car in the Parking

    Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
    Thursday Jul 31, 1975
    07:20:00 AM

    On July 31, 1975, At 7:20 a.m. Linteau went to the Machus Red Fox and found Hoffa's unlocked car in the parking lot, but there was no sign of Hoffa or any indication of what had happened to him.


  • Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
    Thursday Jul 31, 1975
    06:00:00 PM
    Jimmy Hoffa

    A Missing Persons Report

    Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
    Thursday Jul 31, 1975
    06:00:00 PM

    On July 31, 1975, At 6:00 p.m., Hoffa's son, James P. Hoffa, filed a missing persons report.


  • Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
    Thursday Jul 31, 1975
    Jimmy Hoffa

    Hoffa's wife called the police

    Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
    Thursday Jul 31, 1975

    On July 31, 1975, Hoffa's wife called the police, who later arrived at the scene. State police were brought in and the FBI was alerted.


  • Cambridge, England
    Saturday Aug 2, 1975
    Prince Charles

    Master of Arts degree

    Cambridge, England
    Saturday Aug 2, 1975

    On 2 August 1975, he was awarded a Master of Arts degree from Cambridge, in accordance with the university's practice.


  • Zhumadian, Henan Province, China
    Thursday Aug 7, 1975
    Disasters with highest death tolls

    Typhoon Nina (1975)

    Zhumadian, Henan Province, China
    Thursday Aug 7, 1975

    Typhoon Nina, known in the Philippines as Typhoon Bebeng, was the fourth-deadliest tropical cyclone on record. At least 229,000 people died after the Banqiao Dam (in Zhumadian, Henan Province, China) collapsed and devastated areas downstream. The collapse of the dam due to heavy floods also caused a string of smaller dams to collapse, adding more damage caused by the typhoon.


  • A Coruña, Spain
    Thursday Aug 7, 1975
    Zara

    First store

    A Coruña, Spain
    Thursday Aug 7, 1975

    Zara was founded in 1975 by Amancio Ortega and Rosalía Mera as a family business in the northern part of Spain, downtown Galicia. Its first store featured low-priced, trendy, high-end clothing and fashion lookalike items. Amancio Ortega called Zara as such because his preferred name Zorba was already taken.


  • Granger, Salt Lake City, Utah, U.S.
    Saturday Aug 16, 1975
    Ted Bundy

    Bundy was arrested

    Granger, Salt Lake City, Utah, U.S.
    Saturday Aug 16, 1975

    On August 16, 1975, Bundy was arrested by Utah Highway Patrol officer Bob Hayward in Granger (another Salt Lake City suburb). The police did not have sufficient evidence to detain Bundy, and he was released on his own recognizance. Bundy later said that searchers missed a hidden collection of Polaroid photographs of his victims, which he destroyed after he was released.


  • Washington, U.S.
    1975
    Ted Bundy

    Investigations in Washington

    Washington, U.S.
    1975

    In Washington state, investigators were still struggling to analyze the Pacific Northwest murder spree that had ended as abruptly as it had begun. In an effort to make sense of an overwhelming mass of data, they resorted to the then-innovative strategy of compiling a database. They used the King County payroll computer, a "huge, primitive machine" by contemporary standards, but the only one available for their use. After inputting the many lists they had compiled—classmates and acquaintances of each victim, Volkswagen owners named "Ted", known sex offenders, and so on—they queried the computer for coincidences. Out of thousands of names, 26 turned up on four lists; one was Ted Bundy. Detectives also manually compiled a list of their 100 "best" suspects, and Bundy was on that list as well. He was "literally at the top of the pile" of suspects when word came from Utah of his arrest.


  • Seattle, Washington, U.S.
    Wednesday Aug 20, 1975
    Ted Bundy

    Thompson flew to Seattle with two other detectives to interview Kloepfer

    Seattle, Washington, U.S.
    Wednesday Aug 20, 1975

    Salt Lake City police placed Bundy on 24-hour surveillance, and Thompson flew to Seattle with two other detectives to interview Kloepfer. She told them that in the year prior to Bundy's move to Utah, she had discovered objects that she "couldn't understand" in her house and in Bundy's apartment. These items included crutches, a bag of plaster of Paris that he admitted stealing from a medical supply house, and a meat cleaver that was never used for cooking. Additional objects included surgical gloves, an Oriental knife in a wooden case that he kept in his glove compartment, and a sack full of women's clothing. Bundy was perpetually in debt, and Kloepfer suspected that he had stolen almost everything of significant value that he possessed. When she confronted him over a new TV and stereo, he warned her, "If you tell anyone, I'll break your fucking neck." She said Bundy became "very upset" whenever she considered cutting her hair, which was long and parted in the middle. She would sometimes awaken in the middle of the night to find him under the bed covers with a flashlight, examining her body. He kept a lug wrench, taped halfway up the handle, in the trunk of her car—another Volkswagen Beetle, which he often borrowed—"for protection". The detectives confirmed that Bundy had not been with Kloepfer on any of the nights during which the Pacific Northwest victims had vanished, nor on the day Ott and Naslund were abducted. Shortly thereafter, Kloepfer was interviewed by Seattle homicide detective Kathy McChesney, and learned of the existence of Stephanie Brooks and her brief engagement to Bundy around Christmas 1973.


  • Salt Lake City, Utah, U.S.
    1975
    Ted Bundy

    Baptized

    Salt Lake City, Utah, U.S.
    1975

    In August or September 1975, Bundy was baptized into The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, although he was not an active participant in services and ignored most church restrictions. He would later be excommunicated by the LDS Church following his 1976 kidnapping conviction. When asked about his religious preference after his arrest, Bundy answered "Methodist", the religion of his childhood.


  • Midvale, Utah, U.S.
    Sep, 1975
    Ted Bundy

    Bundy sold his Volkswagen Beetle

    Midvale, Utah, U.S.
    Sep, 1975

    In September, Bundy sold his Volkswagen Beetle to a Midvale teenager. Utah police impounded it, and FBI technicians dismantled and searched it. They found hair matching samples obtained from Caryn Campbell's body. Later, they also identified hair strands "microscopically indistinguishable" from those of Melissa Smith and Carol DaRonch. FBI lab specialist Robert Neill concluded that the presence of hair strands in one car matching three different victims who had never met one another would be "a coincidence of mind-boggling rarity".


  • England, United Kingdom
    1975
    Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon

    Princess was listed among women with whom actor Warren Beatty had had romantic relationships

    England, United Kingdom
    1975

    In 1975, the Princess was listed among women with whom actor Warren Beatty had had romantic relationships.


  • Vienna, Austria
    Wednesday Sep 24, 1975
    1973 oil crisis

    OPEC announces a 15 percent increase in government per barrel revenues as of October 1

    Vienna, Austria
    Wednesday Sep 24, 1975

    OPEC announces a 15 percent increase in government per barrel revenues as of October 1.


  • Grass Valley, Nevada County, California, U.S.
    1975
    Atari, Inc.

    Atari Video Computer System

    Grass Valley, Nevada County, California, U.S.
    1975

    In 1975, Atari's Grass Valley, CA subsidiary Cyan Engineering, started the development of a flexible console that was capable of playing the four existing Atari games. The result was the Atari Video Computer System, or VCS (later renamed 2600). The introductory price of $199 (equivalent to $894 in 2019) included a console, two joysticks, a pair of paddles, and the Combat game cartridge.


  • Manila, Philippines
    Wednesday Oct 1, 1975
    Muhammad Ali Clay

    "Thrilla in Manila"

    Manila, Philippines
    Wednesday Oct 1, 1975

    Ali then agreed to a third match with Joe Frazier in Manila. The bout, known as the "Thrilla in Manila", was held on October 1, 1975


  • U.S.
    Thursday Oct 2, 1975
    Ted Bundy

    Detectives put Bundy into a lineup

    U.S.
    Thursday Oct 2, 1975

    On October 2, detectives put Bundy into a lineup. DaRonch immediately identified him as "Officer Roseland", and witnesses from Bountiful recognized him as the stranger at the high school auditorium. There was insufficient evidence to link him to Debra Kent (whose body was never found, though a skeletal fragment found near the school was later identified as Kent's by DNA analysis). There was more than enough evidence to charge him with aggravated kidnapping and attempted criminal assault in the DaRonch case. He was freed on $15,000 bail, paid by his parents, and spent most of the time between indictment and trial in Seattle, living in Kloepfer's house. Seattle police had insufficient evidence to charge him in the Pacific Northwest murders but kept him under close surveillance. "When Ted and I stepped out on the porch to go somewhere," Kloepfer wrote, "so many unmarked police cars started up that it sounded like the beginning of the Indy 500."


  • Louisiana, U.S.
    1975
    Popeyes

    Popeyes Famous Fried Chicken

    Louisiana, U.S.
    1975

    By 1975, the company had been renamed Popeyes Famous Fried Chicken.


  • Venezuela
    Tuesday Oct 28, 1975
    1973 oil crisis

    Venezuela and foreign oil companies agree on nationalization

    Venezuela
    Tuesday Oct 28, 1975

    Venezuela and foreign oil companies agree on nationalization as of January 1, 1976.


  • Madrid, Spain
    Thursday Oct 30, 1975
    Juan Carlos I

    Franco gives full control to Juan Carlos

    Madrid, Spain
    Thursday Oct 30, 1975

    During periods of Franco's temporary incapacity in 1974 and 1975, Juan Carlos was acting head of state. On 30 October 1975, Franco gave full control to Juan Carlos.


  • Albuquerque, New Mexico, U.S.
    Nov, 1975
    Bill Gates

    A leave of absence

    Albuquerque, New Mexico, U.S.
    Nov, 1975

    Gates took a leave of absence from Harvard to work with Allen at MITS in Albuquerque in November 1975. Allen named their partnership "Micro-Soft" (a combination of "microcomputer" and "software"), with their first office located in Albuquerque.


  • Aspen, Colorado, U.S.
    Nov, 1975
    Ted Bundy

    Three principal Bundy investigators met in Aspen

    Aspen, Colorado, U.S.
    Nov, 1975

    In November, the three principal Bundy investigators—Jerry Thompson from Utah, Robert Keppel from Washington, and Michael Fisher from Colorado—met in Aspen, Colorado and exchanged information with 30 detectives and prosecutors from five states.


  • U.S.
    Monday Nov 10, 1975
    United Nations

    United Nations General Assembly Resolution 3379

    U.S.
    Monday Nov 10, 1975

    Third World nations organized into the Group of 77 coalition under the leadership of Algeria, which briefly became a dominant power at the UN. On 10 November 1975, a bloc comprising the USSR and Third World nations passed a resolution, over the strenuous US and Israeli opposition, declaring Zionism to be racism; the resolution was repealed on 16 December 1991, shortly after the end of the Cold War.


  • U.S.
    1975
    Xerox

    Xerox sold XDS (SDS)

    U.S.
    1975

    Xerox sold XDS to Honeywell in 1975.


  • U.S.
    1975
    Xerox

    Brother Dominic

    U.S.
    1975

    In a 1975 Super Bowl commercial for the 9200, Xerox debuted an advertising campaign featuring "Brother Dominic", a monk who used the 9200 system to save decades of manual copying. Before it was aired, there was some concern that the commercial would be denounced as blasphemous. However, when the commercial was screened for the Archbishop of New York, he found it amusing and gave it his blessing. Dominic, portrayed by Jack Eagle, became the face of Xerox into the 1980s.


  • Washington D.C., U.S.
    1975
    Xerox

    Xerox resolved an anti-trust suit with the United States Federal Trade Commission (FTC)

    Washington D.C., U.S.
    1975

    Following these years of record profits, in 1975, Xerox resolved an anti-trust suit with the United States Federal Trade Commission (FTC), which at the time was under the direction of Frederic M. Scherer. The Xerox consent decree resulted in the forced licensing of the company's entire patent portfolio, mainly to Japanese competitors. Within four years of the consent decree, Xerox's share of the U.S. copier market dropped from nearly 100% to less than 14%.


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